Artificial intelligence is an increasingly popular tool in the agricultural sector. Discover what one company is doing to make the technology more accessible for growers.
MentionÂ the term artificial intelligence and it usually conjures up memories of HAL from 2001: A Space Odyssey or R2-D2 from Star Wars.
Artificial intelligence, though, is becoming an increasingly popular tool. Itâ€™s used on farms to monitor soil moisture, manage crop quality and operate automated irrigation systems.
In short, artificial intelligence, or AI, is the use of computational models to replicate some aspects of human intelligence and problem-solving.
Vasant Honovar, a professor at Pennsylvania State Universityâ€™s College of Information Sciences and Technology, says artificial intelligence has been in use since the adoption of precision ag methods nearly 20 years ago. Whatâ€™s different now, he explains, is there are far more ways of compiling the data needed for machine learning applications, and the cost of gathering that information is more affordable.
â€śThis relatively recent phenomenon of advances in sensors and computing technology makes it increasingly possible to assemble and analyze these massive data sets. Thatâ€™s a game-changer,â€ť says Honovar, a member of Penn Stateâ€™s artificial intelligence research lab. â€śOnce you have these large data sets, you can use machine learning to try and make accurate predictions.â€ť
One of the most popular uses of AI in agriculture is predicting pest and disease pressures. In Taiwan, itâ€™s being used to combat oriental fruit flies.
ec2ce, a small company based in Seville, Spain, is a pioneer in the field of predictive AI technology for agriculture. It uses proprietary software analytics and numerical algorithms to analyze field data from individual farms to predict the future.
Ricardo Arjona Antolin, ec2ceâ€™s chief technology officer, says his companyâ€™s system is unique because it provides a complete methodology that can be adapted to the specific needs and characteristics of each of its customersâ€™ operations and improve overall performance. In addition, ec2ceâ€™s AI technology can create predictive scenarios for trading and hedging decisions, generating farm management simulators to optimize productivity and predictive scenarios to optimize commercial and logistical planning.
The company has completed several commercial projects including corn yield forecasts in 13 U.S. states, greenhouse pepper productivity forecasts in Spain and olive fly pest predictions in Spain and Portugal.
Antolin says AI predictive technology can be extremely accurate. ec2ceâ€™s olive fly pest models were applied to more than 50,000 acres this year and had an accuracy rate of over 95 per cent while anticipating the development of pests by up to four weeks.
â€śRight now, we can say that we are surpassing our customersâ€™ expectations,â€ť he says.
â€śCustomers are really satisfied with the results of having such an accurate predictive tool, as they can make smarter decisions and anticipate the risk,â€ť he says.
In addition to being highly accurate, Antolin says the system is scalable, meaning it can be easily customized for both large and small operations.
Although he declines to discuss costs, CEO Pedro Carrillo says the system is affordable. He says the cost of the system is far lower than the value of the benefits that it provides to users.
â€śGood decisions increase productivity and minimize the cost of inputs,â€ť Carrillo says. â€śWe see the product evolving from predictive modelling to a decision tool and, in certain applications, as a base to automate decisions within greenhouses and trading.â€ť