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PublicationsMailAgreement40030841germination.caNOVEMBER2014SEEDTREATMENTSPROTECTInthisissuediscoverthescienceandstewardshipeortsthataredecreasingtheseedindustrysenvironmentalfootprint.CreatetheRightForageSeedMixCropLifeCanadaImplementsNewAuditableSeedTreatmentProtocolsALookattheChangingIntellectualPropertyLandscapeChampioningCereals ForgenerationstheJamesfamilyhasbeenproducinghighqualitycertifiedseedofSeCangeneticsonourfarmnearWinnipegManitoba.Itsinourgenes.GenesthatfityourfarmisaregisteredtrademarkofSeCan.www.secan.comItsinourgenes.Itsinourgenes.seedbuyersoftheseedlaws. NOVEMBER20141featuresCONTENTSNOVEMBER2014departmentsTheintroductionofbiotechnologyIPRsTUAsandhybridvarietieshasallowedthecreationofexcludablegoodsinthecanolasector.StrategySession26Theeffectonventurecapitalinvestmentingenediscoveryhasbeenchilling.GiantViews6022WorldStatus46CrossPollination48RegulatoryRoundup50CSTA52CSGA54CSAAC56IndustryNews5704StewardshipinActionCleanFARMSprovidesanenvironmentallyresponsiblewaytodisposeofemptyseedbags.06SeedTreatmentTalkingPointsDespitetheblackeyegiventoseedtreatmentsintherecentpastthesecropprotectantsactuallyoeranumberofbenets.08ScalingUpInspectionNewrequirementsmustbemetforbusinessesthatusescalesinthecommercialsaleofseed.10ChampioningCerealsInvestmentandinnovationareneededinthecerealssectorleadingtotheproposalofnewmodels.14DeectorsHelptoReduceDustInEuropedustdeectorshaveprovenuseful.Learnwhateortsarebeingtakenatthelocallevel.22SoyIndustryLookstoMeasureSustainabilityAframeworkthatmeasuressustainabilityfollowsthevaluechainbacktotheseed.30HarmonizingPhytosanitaryRegulationsGlobalseedtradegetsaprescriptionforsuccesswithaseed-specicInternationalStandardforPhytosanitaryMeasures.31SeedsUnderAttackDothemythsholduptothefactsabouttheseedindustryCheckoutwhattheexpertshavetosay.36ProperlyPairPairingtherightseedwiththerightneedisessentialinhelpingfarmershaveagoodexperience.40ScheduleaBetaAuditAsCropLifeCanadaimplementsnewseedtreatmentstewardshipprotocolscompaniescanparticipateinacomplimentarybetaaudit.44EducatingBuyersofGrassSeedTheCanadianSeedTradeAssociationdevelopedafactsheettohelpinformgrassseedbuyersoftheseedlaws.onthecoverThisbumblebeewhilenotascriticaltotheeconomyashoneybeesrepresentsallofthepollinatorsthatmightbenetfromimprovedstewardshippracticesacrossmultiplefacetsoftheagindustry. 2November2014-Vol.18No.5ThemagazineotheCanadianseedindustryPUBLISHEDBYIssuesInk6327435CanadaLtd.403-313PacicAvenueWinnipegMBR3A0M2Phone204453-1965Fax204475-5247emailissuesissuesink.comGermination.caPUBLISHERShawnBrooksbrookissuesink.comEDITORJulieDeeringjdeeringissuesink.comEDITORIALMarkHalsallmhalsallissuesink.comLindsayHomanlhofmanissuesink.comShannonSchindlesschindleissuesink.comMarcZienkiewiczmzienkiewiczissuesink.comMARKETINGCraigArmstrongcarmstrongissuesink.comBrendaEzinickibezinickiissuesink.comJillHollosijhollosiissuesink.comMaeganMarriottmmarriottissuesink.comSamMostafasmostaaissuesink.comHitenShahhshahissuesink.comCREATIVETheresaKurjewiczLesleyNakonechnyDIGITALKyleDratowanyCalebMcDonaldVinceMendellaCIRCULATIONDeanFrenchdrenchissuesink.comShawnaShimnowskisschimnowskiissuesink.comCONTRIBUTORSMarcelBruinsBertInnesLekanOguntoyinboEDITORIALBOARDDaveAkisterHollyGelechShaunHaneyToddHyraDougKnightLeeMarkertRyanMurrayTimWelbanksSUBSCRIPTIONSCanada47.25yearincludingGSTForeign95yearGerminationmakesnoexpressedorimpliedwarrantiesomerchantabilityortnessoraparticularpurposeorotherwiseconcerningtheuseoanyproductandassumesnoliabilityoranyinjuryordamagedirectorconsequentialincurredromtheuseosuchproductsorservicestherein.FederalProvincialandMunicipallawsandregulationssupersedetheinormationcontainedherein.PublicationsMailAgreementNo.40030841.ReturnundeliverableCanadianaddressestoIssuesInk403-313PacicAvenueWinnipegMBR3A0M2PRINTEDINCANADAPleaserecyclewhereacilitiesexist.NopartothismagazinemaybereproducedwithoutthewrittenpermissionothepublisherGERMINATION.CAAccreditedSeedTechnologistsMembersoftheCommercialSeedAnalystsAssociationofCanada40yearsofanalyticalexperienceConnectdirectlywithatechnologistReportofanalysispromptlyemailedQuickturn-aroundtimeWeofferafulllineofseedtestingservicesincludingGerminationPurityVigourandVomitoxin.PleasecontactusformoreinformationandforyourFREEsampleenvelopesBox5791022ndAve.E.RiversMBR0K1X0Phone204-328-5313Fax204-328-7400KristaGreeniaus-Ericksonkericksonredsper.caDorothyGerrarddgerrardredsper.caMulti-purposeRe-UseableWaterproofGluesUsedSiftResistanceBuiltInRugged100lb.TagStockConstructionEasyToUseFold-InFlapsFold-DownTuck-In2802HedbergDriveHopkinsMN55305-3405Ph952545-7124Fax952545-0196WithSpearItsInThBg.SeedGrainSpecialSafetyEnvelopesForSamplingandStorage.CallorSendForFreeSampleKitPricesGummedandUngummedCoinEnvelopesAvailable Buckhornoersanunmatchedselectionoreusablepackagingsolutionsdesignedtoprotectyourproductsandincreaseyourproftability.BuckhornsCenterFlowseedboxisthesaestmostefcientwaytotransportanddispenseallkindsoseed.Itstacksourhighhandlesloadsupto2500lbs.anddispensesseedquickly-inasastas30seconds.Newor2014Buckhornisoeringabaseandlidonlyconfgurationorsmallerbatchsizeslikeresearchanddevelopmentseed.StopbyASTASeedExpoBooth313tolearnmoreaboutCenterFloworvisitbuckhorncanada.comformoreinformation.US1.800.543.4454Canada1.800.461.7579www.buckhorncanada.com2014BuckhornMyersIndustriesInc.020714BULKBOXESHAND-HELDCONTAINERSIBCsPALLETSSPECIALTYBOXESNEWCenterFlowBaseandLid 4ATmanyarmsemptyseedbagsotenendupeitherinthetrashorgettingburnedinthemiddleoafeld.NowtheresamoreenvironmentallyresponsiblewaytogetridoallthosebagsthankstoapilotprojectorthesaecollectionanddisposalopesticideandseedbagsthatsavailableinpartsoOntarioQuebecandtheMaritimes.TheprogramisrunbyCleanFARMSanot-or-proftorgani-zationcommittedtoenvironmentalstewardshipthroughthepropermanagementoagriculturalwaste.Itsalsosup-portedbyCanadianSeedTradeAssociationwhichcontrib-utesfnanciallytothepilotprojectandisamemberotheCleanFARMSsteeringcommittee.AdditionalundersincludeCropLieCanadatheOntarioMinistryoAgricultureFoodandRuralAairsandtheQuebecMinistryoAgriculture.Itreallyspeakstothetimethatwereinwhenenviron-mentalstewardshipiskeysaysDaveCareyCSTAmanageropolicyinitiatives.Seedcompanieswanttodotheirparttomakesurethattheproductstheyputonthemarketaresaelycollectedandrecycledintheendandthatthisisdoneinanenvironmentallyriendlyway.Undertheprogramarmersbringusedseedbagstocollec-tioncentressetupinheavyseedbagusageareas.Farmersareaskedtoflllargeplasticbagsavailableatallcollectioncentreswithemptypaperseedbags.Forbulkseedgrow-ersareurgedtoplaceanumberoemptybagsinsideonebulkbagandreturnittoacollectionlocation.BuildingonSuccessIn2013thefrstyearotheprojecttherewerefvecollec-tionsitestwoinOntarioandthreeinQuebec.Thisyearitwasexpandedto40locationsinOntarioandQuebecand15intheMaritimes.ExpandingtheprogramallowedustocollectmoredataandwillhelpustoimproveourcollectionprocessandtheprogramasawholegoingorwardsaysBarryFriesengeneralmanageroCleanFARMS.Thereareplanstoaddevenmorelocationsnextyearwithogoaloestablishingapermanentprogramorpesticideandseedbagcollectionanddisposalby2016.Wewillur-therexpandthepilotprogramtoapproximately200retaillocationsinOntarioandQuebecinadditiontoallothemajorretaillocationsintheMaritimesin2015saysFriesen.Industryissupportiveomovingtowardapermanentpro-gram.WedefnitelysupportaullprogramCareysays.Soartheprogramhasexceededexpectations.WesawexcellentparticipationromarmersinthispilotprogramyetanotherdemonstrationotheircommitmenttoensuringthesustainabilityotheagriculturalindustryFriesenadds.ItwasinitiallyhopedthatfvepercentoallbagsinthetargetedregionswouldbecollectedundertheCleanFARMSprogramthisyearitwassevenpercent.Thefnalnum-bersarenotinyetbutweexpecttohavecollectedcloseto100000bagsin2014saysFriesen.SowheredidallthosebagsendupInOntarioandtheMaritimesthebagsweretakentowaste-to-energyacilitiesandconvertedintoenergyandinQuebecthebagswereusedbyalargecementmanuacturerasanalternateuel.OneothoseresponsibleorhelpinggatherseedbagswasTimWilliamsaCleanFARMScollectionagentandaDuPontPioneerseeddealerwhoalsogrowscornsoybeanswheatandalalanearPetroliaOnt.ThiswasWilliamsfrstyearparticipatingintheprogramandhesaystheprogramwaswellreceived.Alotoarm-ersbroughtbacktheirbagshesays.InsomecasesIhadarmerswhobroughtin100or200bags.MarkHalsallStewardshipinActionCleanFARMSofersamoreenvironmentallyresponsiblewaytodisposeoemptyseedbags.SummerstudentsEleanorHawthornletoCleanFARMSandKristenGrantotheOntarioMinistryoAgricultureFoodandRuralAfairshelpcollectusedpesticideandseedbags.PhotoCleanFARMS. NOVEMBER20145Formoreinformationcall306.966.1382Registeronlineatccde.usask.cacmporcall306.966.5539ComplianceManagementProgramCMPforConnedFieldTrialsGainknowledgeandunderstandingonhowtoproperlyconductaconnedeldtrialofplantswithnoveltraitsinCanada.Thisexibleandinteractiveonlinecourseallowsyoutostudywhereandwhenyouwant.EnsureyouarecompliantwithCanadianFoodInspectionAgencyCFIAregulationsComplianceManagementProgramEnrolnow.Cost350.00GSTInvestmentinthisprojecthasbeenprovidedbyAgricultureandAgri-FoodCanadathroughtheCanadianAgriculturalAdaptationProgramCAAP.InOntariothisprogramisdeliveredbytheAgriculturalAdaptationCouncil. 6Theamountoactiveingredientusedinaseedtreatmentisotenone-tenththeamountowhatwouldbeappliedaspartoabroadcastspray.SourceCropLieCanada.SeedTreatmentTalkingPointsEventhoughtheyactuallyoferanumberobenetstoarmersandtheenvironmentseedtreatmentshavebeengivenablackeyeduringthepastewyears.Germinationspotlightsthetruthaboutseedtreatments.SEEDtreatmentshavebeenaroundormorethan100yearsbutithasntbeenuntilthepastdecadethatarmershaverapidlyadoptedtheuseothemacrossmultiplecropsandmillionsoacresthroughoutNorthAmerica.TenyearsagomostCanadianarmerswereusingcropprotectantsasaoliarspraypost-emergenceoverentirefeldswhichleavesbenefcialinsectsandsurroundingspecialtycropsorlandscapingsubjecttospraydritinotappliedproperly.Thescientifcadvancementsintheseedcoatingsindustryhaveallowedseedtobeakeydeliverymethodoungi-cidesinsecticidesandstimulants.Seedtreatmentshaveprovidedbeneftswithrespecttohealthandsaetyproft-abilitycrophealthandtheenvironment.Expertshighlightaewtalkingpointsthatyoucanrelyonwhenapproachedabouttheoveralleectsoseedtreatments.TalkingPointNo.1HealthandSafetyMostotodaysseedtreatmentsarewater-basedandcomeinready-to-applyormulations.AccordingtoAlbertaAgricultureandRuralDevelopmentthisallowstheseedtreatmentapplicatortohandletheproductwithmoreeaseandmakescleaningthetreatingequipmenteasiertoo.Notonlyaretheyeasiertousebutalsoarmersarenotindangeroseriouschemicalexposureastheyarewithbroadapplicationswhichrequiretheuseoprotectiveclothingtopreventchemicalburnsandprecautionstakentoavoidumes.Whilearmersstillneedtousecautionwhenhandlingtreatedseedtoavoiddustthatmightoccurwhenopeningabagtheriskshavebeenminimized.TalkingPointNo.2TheEnvironmentSeedtreatmentsarenotsubjecttospraydritwhereasMODERNSEEDTREATMENTSSEEDTREATMENTIN-FURROWTREATMENTWHOLEAREATREATMENTE.G.SPRAY NOVEMBER20147thetraditionaloliarorpre-andpost-emergenceieldapplicationsare.KevinNixonanAlbertabeekeepersaystheuseoneonicotinoidtreatedseedsseemstohavereducedthatexposurerisktothebeesandkeepsthetreatmentintheground.IarmershadtogobacktooliarapplicationsitwouldbedevastatingtobeekeepersinAlbertahesays.Seedtreatmentsoerprecisiontargeting.CropLieCanadasPierrePetellevice-presidentochemistrysaysoneexam-pleistheuseoseedtreatmentsonsoybeanseeds.SeedtreatmentshavealmosteliminatedtheneedorinsecticidalapplicationsorcontrollingaphidpopulationsPetelleexplains.Whiletheefcacyotheseedtreatmentdoesntlastthewholegrowingseasongrowershavereportedthatfeldsdeveloptheirownecosystemthattakescareoitsel.Basicallytheseedtreatmentprovidesaphidcontrolatthebeginningothegrowingseasonbutitdoesntharmotherbenefcialinsectsunlikeaoliarapplicationwhichkillsallpeststargetandnon-target.Asthetreatmentwearsothebenefcialinsectspreyupontheaphidsprovidingamorenaturalcontrolmethod.Seedtreatmentsprovidetargetedprotectionagainstinsectdamageandreducethepotentialoexposuretobenef-cialinsects.Oneotheadvantagesotreatedseedisthattheamountoactiveingredientusedisotenone-tenthowhatwouldbeappliedaspartoabroadcastsprayPetellesays.Alsotheamountotheenvironmentexposedtotheactiveingredientisotenlessthanonepercentowhatisexposedinthecaseoabroadcastspray.TalkingPointNo.3CropHealthAccordingtoareportbyCropLieFoundationthatlooksattheroleoseedtreatmentinmoderncropproductionseedvarietiesdevelopedthroughmodernbreedingtech-niquescombinedwitheectiveseedtreatmentprovidenearly100percentcropstandalmosteveryseedproducesamatureplant.Seedtreatmentshelptoensureuniormstandestablish-mentbyprotectingagainstsoil-bornepathogensandinsects.Accordingtoapesticideapplicatorsmanualtheyareconsideredsoessentialorcornstandestablishmentthatvirtuallyallcornseedistreated.Seedtreatmentshaveessentiallybeenresponsibleoreradicatingseed-bornepathogenssuchassmutorbuntromwheatbarleyandoats.Theycanalsohelpsuppressrootrotsincertaincrops.Yieldsospringwheatandspringbarleyincreasedby25percentollowingtheapplicationoseedtreatmentaccordingtotrialsconductedatMontanaStateUniversityreportsCropLieFoundation.TalkingPointNo.4ProtabilityTheproftabilityotheuseoaseedtreatmentproductcomesintheormoahealthiercropwhichleadstohigheryields.Notonlythatbuttheamountopesticidesarmersareusingdramaticallydecreaseswhichalsoreducestheirexpensesromacropprotectionstandpoint.Butbecausethisreducestheneedoraoliarapplicationarmersalsosaveonuellabourandequipmentcosts.MichaelGrantaco-authoroSeedsforSuccessTheValueofSeedTreatmentforOntarioGrowersestimatesthatjustinOntariotheabsenceoneonicotinoidtreatedseedswoulddecreasearmersrevenuesby630millionannuallyandreducegrossdomesticproductbynearly440million.AllpesticidesincludingseedtreatmentsinCanadaareregulatedbyHealthCanadasPestManagementRegulatoryAgencywhichdoesacomprehensivescientifcreviewandriskassessmentomorethan200separatestudiesthattestarangeohealthandenvironmentalimpactsbeoreitwillapproveapestcontrolproductorsale.Overallnewseedtreatmentsaremoreeectivecontrolabroaderrangeopestsandaremuchsaertouseorboththeapplicatorandtheenvironment.SeedtreatmentsarestillanemergingtechnologyandwillcontinuetogrowPetellesays.Researchisreallyatitsinancyintermsowhatwecandoattheseedlevelversusthefeldlevel.AccordingtoarecentResearchandMarketsreportCanadasseedtreatmentmarketisprojectedtoreach81.2millionby2020atacompoundannualgrowthrateo5.8percentrom2014to2020butPetellesaysthesenumbersmightbelowbasedoglobalestimatesandCanadasoverallmarketshare.JulieDeering 8Maximizeyouruploadspeedswithourwiderbelt.Batcosnew2400serieswith23.5beltwidthincreasesyourhandlingcapacity.23.5BeltUpto14000buhrINCREASEYOURBANDWIDTHFormoreinformationcontactyourlocaldealerorcall1.877.667.7421batcomfg.comASoAugustseedlaboratoriesandcompaniesmustollownewregulationssetorthbyMeasurementCanadatheederalagencyresponsibleortheintegrityandaccuracyomeasurementsintheCanadianmarketplace.MeasurementCanadanowrequiresmandatoryre-inspectionoscalesandothermeasuringdevicesonaregularbasis.Thenewinspectionrequirementsvarybysectoranddevicetypeandwillbephasedinbasedonthegeographicalloca-tionothemeasuringdeviceaccordingtoamemotheCanadianSeedInstitutereceivedromMeasurementCanada.RequirementsortheseedindustryallundertheagencysGrainandFieldCropscategory.Withintheseedindustryplatormscaleshopperscalesvehiclescalesandrailwayscalesnowmustbeinspectedeverytwoyears.AlanJohnstonpresidentoMeasurementCanadaexplainsthatinspectionsarepartoathoroughprocessomeasuringdeviceevaluationapprovalandmonitoringtoensurecon-sumerandbusinessconfdenceintheairnessandaccuracyomeasurement-basedfnancialtransactions.EectiveAug.12014keyamendmentstotheWeightsandMeasuresActincludeRequirementthatmeasuringdevicessubjecttotheWeightsandMeasuresActbeinspectedatregularintervalsineighttradesectorsincludingretailpetroleumdownstreampetroleumdairyretailoodfshingloggingminingandgrainandfeldcrops.Providingnon-governmentinspectorstheauthoritytoperormmandatoryexaminationsorinspectionspursuantMeasurementCanadaamendeditsWeightsandMeasuresActrequiringscalesusedinthecommercialsaleofseedtobere-inspectedeverytwoyears.ScalingUPInspection NOVEMBER20149fcc.caExpert2ExperttotheWeightsandMeasuresActbutenorcementactivi-tieswillremainwithgovernmentinspectors.Increasingcourt-imposedfnesundertheWeightsandMeasuresActto10000orminoroences25000ormajoroencesandupto50000orrepeatoencesthusprovidinggreaterdeterrenceagainstmeasurementinac-curacyandimprovedconsumerprotection.IntroducingadministrativemonetarypenaltiesundertheWeightsandMeasuresAct.Thishasbeenalong-termprojectthatbeganwithvarioustradesectorreviewswhichledtoanumberorecommenda-tionsregardingtheappropriateleveloMeasurementCanadainterventioninthemarketplaceJohnstonsays.Theseregu-latoryamendmentswererequiredtoimplementtheActtoAmendtheWeightsandMeasuresAct.ThetradesectorreviewsJohnstonreerstowerecompletedinMayo2008.Designedtomaintainaairandcompetitivemarketplacethereviewsevaluatedtherulesandpracticesgoverningthebuyingandsellingograinandfeldcropsbasedonmeasurements.RoyvanWykexecutivedirectorotheCanadianSeedInstitutesaysthatthenewruleshouldbeneftseedcompa-niesandlaboratoriesaswellascustomers.Thishelpstomakesurethatseedcompaniesarentputtingtoomuchproductinabagandlosingmoneyandthere-inspectionrequirementensuresthatthecustomerreceiveswhatheorsheispayingorvanWyksays.TheActstatesthatAllunitsomeasurementusedinCanadashallbedeterminedonthebasisotheInternationalSystemoUnitsestablishedbytheGeneralConerenceoWeightsandMeasures.AccordingtoitswebsiteMeasurementCanadadevelopsandadministerslawsandrequirementsgoverningmeasurementevaluatesapprovesandcertifesmeasuringdevicesandinvestigatescomplaintsosuspectedinaccuratemeasure-ment.JulieDeeringWHEREONTHEWEBForalistofaccreditedserviceproviderstoinspectdevicesonbehalfofMeasurementCanadacheckoutwww.ic.gc.caeicsitemc-mc.nsfenglm00524.html.Thishelpstomakesurethatseedcompaniesarentputtingtoomuchproductinabagandlosingmoney...RoyvanWyk 10CHAMPIONINGCEREALSAnewmodelisunderdiscussionbyCanadascerealssector.Theintentiontosigniicantlyincreaseinvestmentorwheatandbarleyvarietaldevelopmentallowingthesecroptocompetewithcropssuchaspulsescanolaandotheroilseeds.Theresagreatdealointerestinwheatandcerealsbreed-ingsaysTomSteveAlbertaWheatCommissiongeneralmanager.Wehaveageneralconsensusmoreinvestmentisneededbuttherearealsoquestionsthatmustbeanswered.TowhatextentshouldproducersinvestTowhatextentshouldthepublicsectorinvestAndtowhatextentshouldprivatecompaniesinvestCerealshavetraditionallybeenoneoagriculturescor-nerstonesinCanadahoweverduringthepast20yearsthenumberoacresseededorbarleyandwheathavedecreaseddespiteyieldincreasesoabout32percentand45percentrespectively.Othercropshavesimplyout-competedthecerealssectorwithrespecttoon-armyieldsandthevaluereceived.Thishasledtothecreationoacerealsconsortiumiyouwillthatisworkingtoincreaseinvestmentandinnovationinwheatandbarleyvarietaldevelopment.ThereisastrongrecognitionotheneedorincreasedinvestmentandinnovationincerealsandadesirebyAgricultureandAgri-FoodCanadatomoveoutovari-etyfnishingandregistrationsaysStuartGarvenotheSaskatoon-basedGarvenAssociates.Aprivatemanage-mentconsultantthatspecializesinagricultureGarvenwhowascommissionedbytheconsortiumtodevelopaconcep-tualmodelsaysmanyproducerswanttoplayastrategicroleincerealinnovationwhilecreatinganattractivebusi-nessenvironmentortheprivatesector.TheconsortiumwhichwasorganizedbytheAlbertaSeedGrowersAssociationiscomprisedo13organiza-tionsincludingtheAlbertaBarleyCommissionAlbertaWheatCommissionGrainGrowersoCanadaKeystoneAgriculturalProducersManitobaSeedGrowersAssociationSaskatchewanSeedGrowersAssociationWesternBarleyNewinvestmentmodelseekstoincreaseinnovation.GrowersAssociationWesternCanadianWheatGrowersandtheWesternGrainsResearchFoundation.TheconsortiumirstpresentedthisconceptualmodelattheBreadbasket2.0Summitin2013.AtthattimeaterundamentalchangesinthecerealindustrytheManitobaWheatandBarleyGrowersAssociationSaskatchewanBarleyCommissionandtheSaskatchewanWheatCommissionwerejustunderdevelopmentexplainsGarven. NOVEMBER201411Theseproducergroupswhichhavetheauthoritytocollectacheck-oandthemeanstoinvestinresearchandvarietaldevelopmenthavesincejoinedtheconsortiumandarecurrentlydiscussingandevaluatingtheproposedmodel.Garvensaysduringthenextseveralmonthsthesegroupswillbegintoullyunderstandthemodelanddecidehowproducersshouldbeinvolvedintheuture.ItsnotthatCanadiangrowershaventbeeninvesting.Inactgrowershavebeeninvestinginwheatandbarleyvari-etydevelopmentornearly20yearsthroughtheWesternGrainsResearchFoundationtothetuneo60million.GrowersareanimportantcomponentothemodelbecausetheyhavethemeanstoinvestandtheresearchthatsdoneultimatelybenetsthemGarvensays.Thisisaveryhottopicamongthecommissionsrightnowhesays.Themodelwhichisstillconceptualissomethingthatthegrowergroupscanshapetotheirownsenseoneedsandpriorities.Garvenexpectsthatitwilltaketwotothreeyearstoworkthroughandimplementanymodelothisscale.InworkingtowarddevelopingthisconceptualmodelwhichGarvenlikestocallaproducerpartnershipmodelhestud-iedcereal-breedingsystemsaroundtheworldinterviewedmanyrepresentativesromseedcompaniesandgovernmentocials.Additionallytheconsortiumprovidedinputonwhatitwantedanddidntwanttoseeinanewmodel.AsmoreandmorepeoplelookatthemodelandprovideinputitwilllikelychangeandevolvetomeettheneedsoawidergroupGarvensaysaddingthatthenextstepintheprocessistolearnwhatproducerswanttoseeromthemodelandcollecttheireedback.TheModelThemodelcallsoranincreasedinvestmentbyproducersandincreasedpartnershipsbetweenprivatecompaniesandpublicentities.PartnershipsisakeywordbecausethistypeoinvestmentcantbeundedbyproducersaloneGarvensays.ItsdesignedtoallowbreedersandthecerealvaluechaintotransitionromthecurrentsituationtoanewmodelthatmakesthewholeindustrystrongerGarvensays.Oneothecorecomponentsothemodelistheestablish-mentoanot-or-protentitythatisproducerownedandproducernanced.GarvencallsthistheGrainInvestmentCorporGICwhichisahypotheticalnamebuthelpstomakeanabstractconceptmoreconcrete.ThisentityorGICwouldbecomeanagentorAAFCwherebyGICaloneorinpartnershipwithotherswouldtakeontheroleonishingAAFClinesregisteringvarie-tiesandlicensinglines.AndGICvarietieswouldbelicensedtoexistingplayersintheindustry.ThisassumescontinuedAAFCundingingermplasmdevelopmentatthecurrentlevelwithincrementalnewprivatesectorinvestment.PertheproposalGarvenexplainsthatthevisionisorGICtobeownedbyCanadianproducersbutopenorinvest-mentromglobalbreedersandothers.Itwouldlikelyhaveaboardgovernancestructuremadeupoproducersandindustryexpertsandberunasabusinesshesays.TheprimaryocusotheGICwouldbetoensurethecontinuedfowonewandapprovedAAFCgeneticstoproducersandthecerealvaluechain.AdditionallytheGICwoulddevelopthecapacitytoprovidemarket-basedinputintogermplasmdevelopmentatAAFC.TheGICwouldalsobetaskedwithdevelopingpartnershipsModelPrinciplesInworkingtowarddevelopinganewmodeltomeettheneedsofthecerealsectorguidingprincipleswereestablished.Themodelwill1.Operateasabusiness.2.Allowtwosystemstocoexistprivatebreedingprogramsandprivate-producerpartnershipswhichwillcreatemorevarietiesmorechoiceandincreasedcompetitionleadingtomoreinnovation.3.Increaseinvestmentsinvarietyandgermplasmdevelopment.4.Provideamethodoffundstoensurethatadaptedgermplasmcontinuestobeenhancedandmadeavailableforgame-changingtechnologyasandwhenitsavailable.5.Contributetoanimprovedmethodofaddressingtheneedtocollectroyaltiesfromfarm-savedseedtocaptureareturnontheseaddedinvestments.6.Strengthentheenvironmentforareturnoninvestmenttocerealbreedingresearch.Themodelwillnot1.Getinotherpeoplesbusinesses.2.PreventprivatecompanybreedersfromaccessingearlystagegermplasmfromAAFC.3.ReinventthecurrentsystembutinsteadlayanacceptablepathfortransitiontoprivatebreedinginCanadathatallowsaroleforgrowers.4.Controlwhereotherscollectroyaltyonseedorgrainandhowmuchischarged.5.ChangetheSeedAct.Thenewmodelshallmaintaintheintegrityofthepedigreedseedsystem. 12ContactusTodayAskforErickat800-992-2824ext111erickks-ka.comwww.krautersolutions.comYourSeedisinGoodHandsKrauterSolutionsClimate-ControlledStorageGrowthChambersNewRetrofttedSystemsOurpatent-pendingwithprivateanduniversitycerealbreedingorganizationstoacilitategermplasmexchangestechnologylicensingandtraitintegration.SohowmightanentitysuchastheGICbeundedTheproposedmodelrecommendsundingthisentitythroughanend-pointroyalty.Garvenexplainsthatthiscreatesasignifcantandpredictableundingpoolinaairandcost-eectiveway.Heanticipatesthatitwouldlikelydoublecerealbreedinginvestmentwithanend-pointroyaltyo2to3pertonne.ThereareseveralreasonwhyIrecommendusinganend-pointroyaltycollectionmethodGarvenexplains.Firstmostothecerealgrainissoldthrougharelativelysmallnumberobuyersandbuyershaveestablishedtheadminis-trativesystemsorcollectionandremittanceoleviesbasedongrainsales.Sothishelpstokeepadministrationcostslow.Itsalsomorepracticaltoimplementthanaroyaltyonarm-savedseedbecauseothesheernumberoarmersandtheirlocations.Basedoneedbackitslessoensivetogrowersthanacollectionormonitoringsystemthatwouldbeneededorarm-savedseed.Andlastlyitwouldbearoyaltysystembasedonperormancewhichsharetheriskbetweenproducersandbreeders.DevilintheDetailsGarvenhighlightsaeweaturesthatwouldhelptoacili-tatethesuccessotheproducerpartnershipmodel.Othoseistheratiicationothe1991ConventionotheInternationalUnionortheProtectionoNewVarietiesoPlantsbetterknownasUPOV91whichwouldenableutureimplementationoend-pointroyalties.Thedecisiontouseanend-pointroyaltyorseedroyaltywouldbeatthediscretionoeachbreeder.HoweverunderthemodelallvarietiesregisteredandlicensedbytheGICanditspartnerswouldhaveanend-pointroyaltyontheproductionasopposedtoaroyaltyontheseedhesays.Anothereatureisthatasetpercentageotheend-pointroyaltiescollectedonGIC-andpartner-developedlinesandvarietieswouldbereinvestedintolong-termpublicprivatecollaborativestrategicresearcheorts.Theremainingundscollectedromtheend-pointroyaltywouldbereinvestedbyGICinvarietydevelopmentandprovidefnancialandhumanresourcesupporttoAAFCsstrategiclong-termgermplasmdevelopment.GarvensaysthatwhenpartnershipsareestablishedwithprivatebreedersoruniversitiestodevelopvarietiesromAAFClinesthemodelwouldsharetheend-pointroyaltywiththepartnertorecognizeeachpartnerscontributiontothevariety.Hesaysthattheactualend-pointroyaltiesandthepercentallocationsgiventopartnerswouldbedefnedinanagreementbetweentheGICandpartneringbreeders.EarlyDaysCerealshaveanimportantroleincroprotationsGarvensays.Theyreimportantorimprovingsoilertilityandhelptoendopestsanddiseaseswhenincorporatedaspartoanintegratedpestmanagementprogram.Hesaysimprovedvarietiesandaccesstonewgeneticswillallowgrowerstogrowthebestcroppossibleandnotjustincereals.Whiletheresmuchworktobedonetobringsuchamodeltoliesuccesshingesontwokeyelementsachangeinthemindsetogrowersandaparadigmshitoprivatebreedingcompanies.Growersneedtobewillingtopaymoreorgeneticsthroughanend-pointroyaltyoncerealgrainproductionandprivatecompaniesneedtobewillingtopartnerswithcustomerstocreatemaximumvalueandcaptureallopportunitiesGarvensays.AlbertaWheatsSteveremindsthatthereareanumberomodelsthatarebeingpromotedasawaytoincreaseinvest-mentandthatGarvensmodelisoneoanumber.ItsearlydaysStevesays.Thisisacomplexissueandwearejustinthebeginningosomeveryvigorousdiscussions.Rightnowtheresnoindustryconsensus.Thisissuewillonlyintensiyinthecomingmonthsandyearsbecauseweallwanttoincreaseinvestmentinwheatbreedingbuthowandwhatormthattakesistobedetermined.JulieDeeringThisisacomplexandevolvingissuethattheeditorsofGerminationwillcontinuetofollow.Besuretocheckbackwithusforthelatestinformation. POLYMERSCOLORANTSSeedcoatingpolymersthatprovideasmoothevencoveragekeepingyourprotswiththeseednotinthebag.ManycoloroeringsaswellasUNICOATNUDEwhichgivesthecoatedproductanaturalseedappearance.Customblendingproductsforspecializedcustomerrequirements.SystemsEquipmentOver30yearsofexperiencewithequipmentdesignmanufacturingandinstallationoneverycontinentontheglobe.Wehavedoneeverythingfromthesmallestlaboratorysystemtocompletelarge-scaleseedcoatingplants.DaveWaldoc503-507-3499.p503-838-6568edaveuniversalcoating.netwww.ucoatsystems.com3150CCSRotaryCoatingSystemUNICOATCoveringYourSeedCoatingNeeds.Superabsorbentpolymerallowstheseedlingtosurviveforlongerperiodsbetweenwaterapplicationevents.Thiscoatingprovidesasmoothevencoatsignicantlyreducingdusto. 14WITHthegoaloprotectingpollinatorsromseedtreatmentdustduringplantingseedcom-paniesandarmersareinterestedinknowingidefectorsreducepollinatorexposuretodustandwhichonesworkbestwiththeleastamountohassle.WhilepartsoEuropemandatetheuseodefectorstoreducedustmoreresearchisneededinNorthAmerica.Defectorsneedtobetestedortheirimpactonplanterperormanceaswellasecacyinreducingdustconcerns.IntheEuropeanUnionthedefectorispositionedattheoutputotheplanterturbineornegativepressureplantersandintendedtoprojectdustreleasedduringplantingtowardthegroundtoreduceo-elddrit.AstudydoneinItalycalledtheAPENETprojectlookedatthedispersaloseedtreatmentdustusingaprecisionpneumaticplanterequippedwithdefectors.Twoprototypedefectorswereusedtotestdritreduction.IntheEuropeanFoodSaetyAuthoritys2012evaluationothestudyitreportedthatadetailedanalysisotheresultscouldnotbeperormedhowevergeneraltrendscouldbeobserved.EFSAreportsInparticularthedustandthereorethedepositionoresiduesintheo-cropareadecreasedwiththedistancehowevernodecreasewiththedistancewasapparentintheairconcentration.Accordingtothereportwhenusingthedelectorsthereductionindustthathadsettledontopothesoilorimidaclopridrangedrom89percentto95.4percent.Theoverallreductionortheotheractivesubstancesorwas74.4percentorclothianidin88.6percentorthiamethoxamand94.8percentorpronil.EFSAreportedthatreductionsinairconcentrationoimi-daclopridrangedrom53to72percentorthetwoproto-types.Thereductioninairconcentrationwas86percentorclothianidin90percentorthiamethoxamand96percentorpronil.MostrecentlySyngentalauncheditsownresearchprojectlookingavariousdelectorkitsthatarmerscanusetoDEFLECTORSHELPTOREDUCEDUSTNewresearchshowsthattheuseodefectorsonplantershelpstoreducepollinatorexposuretodustromtreatedseed.Seedcompaniesresearchwaystominimizedustromplanting. NOVEMBER201415fusariumbeforeitstarts.Intheground.Intheplant.ThenameinGrainProcessingandHandling.www.canseedequip.com1-800-644-8397332PackhamAve.SaskatoonSK.S7N2T1USCLLCLPX2000SeedTreaterBuhlerSortexASeriesOpticalSorterOliverVoyagerSeriesGravitySeparatorSTOPretrotplanters.AccordingSyngentasthree-yeartrialinEuropethepercentageoactiveingredientthatwasappliedtotheseedwhichendeduponthesoilwashigherorplanterswithoutdefectors.Forinstancewhenthedustlevelsweremeasuredivemetersromtheplantersthesoilaroundtheplanterwiththedefectorkithadameanolessthan0.1percentwhilethesoilneartheplanterwithoutadefectorhadameanoabout0.8percent.Howeverthatgapnarrowstheurtherawayromtheplantermeasurementsaretaken.ChrisDavisonSyngentaCanadaheadocorporateaairsreportsthattestingintheEuropeanUnionandNorthAmericabySyngentaandotherstakeholdersdemonstratesa50to90percentreductionino-eldmovementodust.AndDavisonsaysthatdefectorsareconrmedbyEUmonitoringprogramstoreducethenumberobeeincidents.BayerCropSciencealsopromotessolutionsorcontrollingdust.Onesuchsolutionisanair-cleaningtechnologyordrillersknownasSweepAir.MarcAndrieuxBayerheadoSeedGrowthTechnologyandServicesandSeedGrowthCoatingssaysthatthissystemseparatesdustromtheairwithanycaptureddustbeingdivertedintothegroundalongwithanyactiveingredient.Firsteldtestswiththeproto-typeinEuropeindicatedustreductionlevelsomorethan95percent.BackonthissideotheAtlantictheOntarioMinistryoAgricultureFoodandRuralAairsGrainFarmersoOntarioandSyngentaareworkingwithlocalarmersonapilotprojecttotestdefectorsandhowtheyaectdustdrit.ResearchersarelookingatplanterperormanceairspeedpressurenoiseFluencyAgentbuildupandplantstand.Thispastgrowingseasonwastherstyearorthepilotprojectandnearly30growersromsouthwesternOntariosigneduptoparticipateintheproject.ProtectingpollinatorsandprovidingourarmermemberswithtoolstoreducetheriskodustexposureisapriorityorGFOsaysHenryVanAnkumGFOchair.Defectorshavebeenshowntoworkinothercountriestoreducetheriskodustexposureduringplantingotreatedseedsandthisprojectwillprovideuswithrsthandaccountsromourarmermembersontheirexperiencewithdefectors.AspartothepilotprojectSyngentaprovidedtheequipmentandgrowersinstalledcommercialandater-marketunits.Aterwardsprojectparticipantswereaskedtocompleteasurvey.TodateDavisonsaysgrowersarereportingthatittakesabouttwotoourhourstoinstallthedefectorkitswithsomecustomizingneededareductioninannoiseminimalbuildupoFluencyAgentnegligibletonoimpactonpressureandnoobviousimpactonplantstand.Ocialsurveyresultswillbereleasedlaterthisall.JulieDeering ItsamajoremployerinCanadawithagandagri-foodprovidingoneineightjobs.Itsreadytostepuptothechallengeoffeedingagrowingworldpopulationthatwillrequire60morefoodby2050.Itembracesthescienceandtechnologythataremakingusmoreecientandmoresustainable.Agricultureisfullofamazingpeoplewhoworkhardandlovewhattheydo.ButweknowCanadiansoftenarentawareofthegreatthingsgoingonintheindustryandinfactmanyhavemisperceptionsaboutwhatagricultureisallabout.Soitsimportantthatwhenyouspeakwithpeopleoutsidetheindustryyoudispelthemythstheybelieveaboutag.Whenyoumeetwithotherproducersspeakpositivelyaboutthisindustryyoulove.Andrememberyourenotinthisalonewehavethefactstobackyouup.Itsgoingtotakeallofustellingtherealstoryofagriculturetochangeperceptionsandattractthepeopleinvestmentandconsumercondenceweneedtogrowthisindustrysfuture.Yourvoiceneedstobeheard.Yourstorymatters.VisitAgMoreTanEver.catoday.HaveyoutoldtheworldwhyyoureproudtobepartofCanadasagricultureindustryIsntittimeyoudidWethinkso.AgricultureMoreThanEverisanindustrycausethatengagesallCanadianproducersagribusinessoperatorsandentrepreneursintellingtherealpositivestoryofagriculture.WhatistherealstoryAgriculturesfuturehasneverlookedbrighter.SpeakupforagricultureTHEREALSTORYOFAG THEREAL AgMoreTanEver.caTHEREALSTORYOFAGOuronlinehubforagvocatesjustgotbetterweveoverhauledthesitetomakeiteasierforyoutotelltherealpositivestoryofCanadianag. HereareafewwaystogetinvolvedandmakethemostofthesiteTHEREALSTORYOFAG5.FollowusonsocialmediaOurTwitterFacebookandInstagramfeedsaregreatplacestojointheconversation.Shareourcontentoraddyourownsothatwecanshareitwithothers.CheckitoutandletusknowwhatyouthinkAgMoreThanEver.ca4.BecomeapartnerAgMoreThanEverisbuiltonpartnerships.OurpartnerscomefrommanydierentbackgroundstoactivelygrowawarenessofthecauseandspreadpositivemessagesaboutCanadianagtotheiremployeesassociatescustomersandthepublic.Ifyoudliketobecomeapartneroursiteistheplacetostart.1.JoinouragvocatelistAddingyournametoouragvocatelistisagreatwaytoshowyoursupportfortheindustry.Joinacommunityoflike-mindedpeopleandreceiveanemailfromuseverymonthwithagvocatetipstohelpyouspeakupforag.2.UseourresourcesWevemadeourresourceseasiertonavigateandaddednewcontenttohelpyoushoweveryoneyourpassionforag.Thesectionislledwitheasy-to-sharefactsphotosinfographicsandmore.3.ShareyourstoryShareexamplesofyouragvocacyinaction.HowhaveyoudispelledmythsstartedconversationsorsharedyouragpridewiththeworldYourstorycanserveasagreatexampleforotheragvocates. THEREALSTORYOFAGItwilltaketimetochangeperceptionsofagriculturesoitsimportanttothefutureofourindustrythatwestartnowandgeteveryoneinvolved.Askyourfamilymembersfriendsbusinesscontactsandcommunitymemberstojointheconversationaswell.Ifyourepassionateaboutagtellotherswhy1.Speakup.WhenyouhearsomethingthatisntaccurateormisrepresentsCanadianagcorrectthemisconception.Listencalmlyandcarefullytotheconcernsofothersandhelpthemincreasetheirknowledgeandunderstandingwithfactsandyourpersonalstory.2.VisitAgricultureMoreThanEver.ca.ClickontheResourcestabandyoullndfreeresourcesincludingimagesphotosandfactsthatyoucanshareonlineandotosharepositivemessagesaboutCanadianagriculture.3.Talkaboutwhatinagricultureexcitesyou.WhydoyouloveworkingintheindustryShareyourpassionandletitshinethroughineverythingyoudo.4.Jointheconversationhappeningonline.FollowusonTwitterandlikeusonFacebook.SharethefactsstoriesandvideostoshowyourprideandtelltherealstoryofCanadianaginyourownwords.AndwhenyoushareyourpositivestoriesuseAgMoreThanEver.Agriculturesfutureisbright.Itsfast-paceddiverseandinnovative.Takeafewminutesandshowtheworldyourepassionateaboutourindustry.Jointheconversationtoday.easywaystojointheconversation4AgricultureMoreThanEverAgMoreThanEveragmorethaneverAgricultureMoreThanEver.ca GerminationisaproudchampionofthiscauseBeanAGvocateHelptelltherealstoryofCanadianagricultureOurindustryneedsmoreagvocatesToreachitsfullpotentialagricultureneedseveryoneintheindustrytospeakupandspeakpositively.gricultureMoreThanEverisanindustry-drivencausetoimproveperceptionsandcreatepositivedialogueaboutCanadianag.Togetherwecansharethefactsandstoriesaboutthisvibrantandmodernindustryandtelltheworldwhywelovewhatwedo.ItsuptoallofustobeagvocatesanditseasierthanyouthinkvisitAgMoreThanEver.caandndouthowyoucangetinvolved. 22SUSTAINABILITYisthebuzzwordonthestreetandhasbeenorseveralyears.ConsumerswanttoknowtheiroodissustainablyproducedandthatsoneotheprimaryreasonsthatGrainFarmersoOntariohasbeenworkingtodeveloptheRoundTableonResponsibleSoy.Insteadohavingrulesorregulationsbedrivenromthetop-downbyconsumersorpolicymakerswearedevelop-ingguidelinesromthebottomupexplainsNickBettsotheOntarioMinistryoAgricultureFoodandRuralAairs.BettswhowasormerlywithGrainFarmersoOntarioasthemarketdevelopmentcoordinatoroenvironmentandsustainabilityhasbeentheleadonthisproject.Ourgoalistoimplementavoluntarythird-partycertifcationsystemtoveriythatsoybeansaresustainablyproducedBettssays.SowhatdoesthismeanortheseedindustryIyoureollowingthelawnothingBettssays.TheCanadianSeedActalreadymeantthatseedcompaniesandseedgrowersproducingcertifedseedareincompliancewiththeRoundTableonResponsibleSoy.MartinHarryoSeCansaysthatCanadawhizzedthroughtheprocessbecauseothelawsandregulationsalreadyinplace.Fromtheseedsidewearealreadytrackingseedandhaveauditingandfeldinspectionsinplaceheexplains.Farmershavetogothroughatwo-tothree-dayaudittobecertifedbutthisisapositivemoveandwillallowustobepreparedoranydemandthatmightcomethrough.BettssaysthatduringthebeginningphaseotheRoundTableonResponsibleSoyhereachedouttostakeholdersupanddownthevaluechaintoseewhatkindoeedbackandsupporttheprogramwouldhave.ThiswassomethingthattheentireindustrywassupportiveoBettssaysnotingthattheRoundTableonResponsibleSoyisagoldstandard.AspartoGrainFarmersoOntariosworkinthisareatheorganizationjoinedtheSustainableAgricultureInitiativeSAIasanafliatemembertorepresentthevoiceoarm-ers.Originallyormedin2002byNestlUnileverandDanoneSAIisdesignedtoacilitatesharingataprecom-petitiveleveloknowledgeandinitiativestosupportthedevelopmentandimplementationosustainableagriculturepracticesinvolvingthedierentstakeholdersotheoodchain.Todayithasmorethan60members.BettsandGrainFarmersoOntariobeganworkingwithSAIinJulyo2013toseehowsuchamodelwouldftintoCanada.ThispastwinterBettsprovidedanationalinter-pretationorwhatthecertifcationstandardswouldmeanorCanadianarmersprocessorsandnon-governmentalorganizations.SomeOntarioarmersreceivedacontractorthe2014growingseasonBettssays.Thisyear10000tonnesosoycropswereauditedandcertifed.BettsadmitsthatDeployingMetricstoMeasureSustainabilityFrameworktomeasuresustainabilityfollowsvaluechainbacktoseed.Specialtyhigh-valuefoodsmadefromsoyhavecompanieswantingtoensuretherawmaterialissustainablyproducedtomeetthedemandsofconsumerswithpurchasingpower. Learnmoretodayatwww.AgroProtection.caTollFree1-800-667-2992TwitterAgroProtectionWhatdoesIntellectualPropertyProtectionlookliketoyouYOURPARTNERSINTHEFIELD 24ASoySurgeAccordingtoStatisticsCanadamorethantwomillionhectareswereplantedwithsoybeansin2014.AsthenumberofacresinCanadabeingdedicatedtosoybeansincreasessodoestheneedforanationalorganizationtorepresenttheentirevaluechainhencetheformationofSoyCanadawhichwillrepresentproducerassociationsprocessorsseedcompaniesandcommodityandfood-gradeexporters.SoybeansarethefourthlargestcropinthecountryandwedidnthaveanationalvoicesaysMartinHarryofSeCanandSoyCanadaboardmember.Nowpeoplearoundtheworldwillhaveaone-stopshopforallsoybean-relatedissues.Governmentisalwaysaskingforexpertsoninternationalissuesandthiswillbeabighelp.SoyCanadawillworkontradeissuessuchaslow-levelpresenceandmarketenhancementtourstoJapanandEurope.ResearchwillalsobeonSoyCanadasagendaasitlookstofurtherexpandthegrowingareaforsoybeans.LearnmoreatSoyCanada.ca.thisisarelativelysmallamountinthegrandschemeothingsbuthesaysitsagoodstartingpoint.ThisinitiativewillhelptoincreasetheavailabilityoCanadianproducts.Wearenottryingtomakeanewstandardwejustwanttomakesurethatourarmershaveaccesstoeverymarketaroundtheglobe.Bettsreportsthatto-datemostothecontractsarewithEuropeancompaniessuchasMarksSpencerandWaitrosewhichareusingthesoybeanstomakeafourorspecialtyoods.ThesesoybeansarenotconsideredacommodityBettsadds.MovingorwardGrainFarmersoOntarioisworkingtodevelopagrowersguidewhichwillprovidearmerstoolstohelpthemimplementspecicsustainablepracticesandhelpthemachievecertication.OntarioarmersalreadyimplementmanysustainablepracticeslikecroprotationresponsibleertilizerapplicationandwatermanagementBettssays.AsmoreandmoresoybeansareplantedinCanadaheexpectsthenumberogrowerscertiedthroughtheRoundTableonResponsibleSoywillincreasetoo.UndertheSAIumbrellasustainableagricultureisdenedastheecientproductionosaehighqualityagriculturalproductsinawaythatprotectsandimprovesthenaturalenvironmentthesocialandeconomicconditionsoarmerstheiremployeesandlocalcommunitiesandsaeguardsthehealthandwelareoallarmspecies.JulieDeering NOVEMBER201425Drive-overHopperConventionalAugerConventionalAuger-FeterlOriginalBacksaverAuger-FeterlOriginal1214BacksaverAuger-FeterlOriginal12BacksaverAuger101316UtilityAugerUnloadingAugerRollermillHammermillGrainVac-PTOModelGrainVac-DieselModelGrainCleanerCrucialdetailsconnectingyourcombinetothemarketVisitwww.farm-king.comtofndadealernearyou.2014BuhlerTradingInc.infobuhler.comwww.farm-king.comHigherinputcostsandtightermarginsrequireacompletegrainmanagementsystemtomakeyouroperationasproftableaspossible.ThecompletelineoFarmKinggrainhandlingequipmentensuresyougettopdollaroryourcrop.WithdecadesograinhandlingexperienceFarmKingoerseverythingyouneedtogetyourgraintomarketateritleavesthecombine.www.farm-king.comGrainCart-10601360 26ASASMALL-tomedium-sizedbusi-nessitsimpossibletodedicatealltheresourcesthatmultinationalsdotourtherresearchanddevelopmentorthebeneftonewandinnovativetechnologies.Butjustbecauseacom-panydoesntcreatethisexcitingnewtechnologydoesntmeanitcanthaveaccessandbuilduponit.Thisiswhenunderstandingpat-entsandlicensingagreementsmate-rialtranseragreementsandplantcellpatentsbecomespivotalincompetingormarketshare.Thesetoolswhenusedproperlycanactasachangeagentorcompanies.RaleGjuricounderoHaplotechsaysthatthemorecompetitiveapar-ticularcropthemoredifcultitcanbetogetaccess.ForexampleitsextremelycompetitiveorcanolainWesternCanadaandnearlytheoppo-siteorwheatandorageshesays.InplantbreedingthegoalistocreatesomethingdistinctuniormandstablesaysLorneHadleyotheCanadianPlantTechnologyAgency.Typicallyplantbreedershaveasetogoalswhetherthatsaocusonmaturityatargetmarketorqualityandtheirstthingtheywanttogenerateisdiversitybymakingcrosses.Thentheyrecombineandgothroughyearsotestingandselectiontogetitbredthrough.UltimatelytheyBusiness-criticalinformationforretailerssellingseedandseedtreatmentproducts.SUPPORTEDBYACCESSTECHNOLOGYTOBETTERCOMPETEusediversitytocreatevarietiesthathaveneverbeenmadebeorethatarenewandinnovative.Thisinturnhelpsthemtogainmarketshare.InsettingouttocreateSystemsthatallowsharingofintellectualpropertyfosterthedevelopmentofnewandmoreeconomicalproductsforthefarm. NOVEMBER201427GETTINGKEYMESSAGESINTOTHEHANDSTHATNEEDTHEM.ForagrowerhandoutonthistopicvisitGermination.ca..SendusyourcompanynameandlogoandwelldevelopacustomizedPDFforyoutodistributetoyourgrowercustomers.ENDORSEDBYnewcombinationsoraninnovativedesirablevarietyHadleysaysbreed-ersmustidentiyamarketdiscoverthegapsandworktofllthem.KnowyourmarketandknowthegapsHadleyrecommends.Tohelpfllthesegapsbreederscanworktoobtainaccesstodier-entvarietiesatraitcompletegeneticpackagesandallthegeneticsoaparticularcell.Ibreedersorcom-panieswantsomethingtheymustfrstcheckthatitsavailableoruseHadleysays.InthecaseovarietiesHadleyexplainsthatavarietysoldandreleasedinCanadaistypicallyavail-ableorotherstousehowevermanycompanieswillhaveatagontheseedstatingthatthevarietycannotbeusedinanotherbreedingpro-gram.InCanadavarietiescannotbepatented.Ithegermplasmortraitiscoveredbyapatentplantbreedersorcompa-niesneedtodierentiateithepatentisonthetraitgermplasmorastackGjuricsays.IndividualscansearchorpatentedmaterialattheCanadianIntellectualPropertyOicespatentsdatabasewhichhasaround94yearsworthopatentdescriptionsandimages.Oncethatsestablishedtwooptionsexisteitherwaitorthepatenttoexpireorgotothetechnol-ogydeveloper.companiestobepreparedtodemon-stratethevalueyourcompanybringstothetableuniquegermplasmadierentgeographyanichemarket.Theywillwantsomethinginreturnwhetheritscompensationoratradehesays.Butitsnotjustprivatecompaniesthatlicensetheirproducts.AgricultureandAgri-FoodCanadaholdsabout600licenseswithmorethan200com-panies.ForexampleitgrantssolerightstoseedcompaniestomarketcropvarietiesdevelopedbyitsplantTheywillwantsomethinginreturnwhetheritscompensationoratrade.RaleGjuricLICENSINGAGREEMENTMostcompaniesorplantbreederswhoareworkingtowardagoalwouldtypicallyreachouttothepatentholdertoarrangeoralicensingagreementHadleysays.Allmajorcompanieshaveproessionalswhoshoptheirgermplasmaroundtheworld.Theyarejustasinterestedinspreadingtheirtechnologyasaplantbreedermightbeingainingaccesstoit.Bothpar-tiesbeneftromsuchagreements.WhenheadingintoalicensingagreementmeetingGjuricadvisesRaleGjuricfounderofHaplotechknowstheintracaciesoftheintellectualpropertylandscape. 28SUPPORTEDBYbreeders.Otherintellectualprop-ertysuchaspatentsorcopyrightsdevelopedbyAAFCresearcherscanalsobelicensedtointerestedparties.Aspartothelicensingprocessapplicantsareaskedtosubmitaplanordevelopingandmarketingthetechnology.AAFCsOiceoIntellectualPropertyandCommercializationisresponsibleandaccountableorallprocessesandproceduresrelatingtoidentiyingprotectinganddeployingitsintellectualproperty.MATERIALTRANSFERAGREEMENTPlantbreedersorcompaniescanalsoobtaincompletegeneticpackagesthathaveneverbeenreleasedandarenotcoveredbyanyotherpatentthroughamaterialtranseragreement.Hadleysaysamajorityomaterialtranseragreementsallowpublicinstitutionstohandovertheirmaterialtobecom-mercializedorthebeneftogrowers.STANDARDMATERIALTRANSFERAGREEMENTAnotheroptionthatplantbreedershaveistoaccessmaterialthroughgenebanks.Gjuricexplainsthatallgenebanksaroundtheworldoperatebywhatscalledastandardmaterialtranseragreement.Howeverhesaysitsimportanttonotethatiyoutakethematerialromthegenebankimproveitandpatentitthenaroyaltymustbepaidtothegenebank.GenebanksarepartoaMultilateralLateralsystemoraglobalpooloplantgeneticresourcesoroodandagriculturesharedandmanagedjointlybycontractingparties.AccordingtotheInternationalTreatyonPlantGeneticResourcesorFoodandAgricultureaStandardPROTEINGENEANDCELLPATENTSOneothemorerecenttoolsavail-ableisaplantcellpatentwhichgivesabreederaccesstoallthegeneticswithinacell.InCanadathecom-missioneropatentsdistinguishesbetweenhigheranimalsandplantsandlowerlieormscellsproteinsandgenes.PlantcellsallintothecategoryolowerlieormswhichcanbepatentedunlikehigherlieormsasdemonstratedbyMonsantoCanadaInc.v.Schmeiser.InthiscasetheSupremeCourtoCanadaoundthatthearmerSchmeiserhadinringeduponMonsantospatentbyknowinglygrowingacropcontaininggenetically-modifedgenesandcellsthatwerenotpurchased.AccordingtoGjuricbarleyandpulsesalsoallintothiscategory.PlantBreedersRightsapat-ent-likesystemthatallowstheplantvarietyownertoprohibitspeciicunauthorizedusesothevarietyisadministeredbytheCanadianFoodInspectionAgency.PlantBreedersRightsaresimilartoapatentinthattheybothoper-atebytemporarilyprivatizingsome-thingthatwouldotherwisehavebeenreelyavailableinthepublicdomainandaeecanbeassessedoraccessaswellasoranyrewardsderivedthroughmarketaccessaccordingtoastudywrittenbyWilliamLesseroCornellUniversity.HoweverLessersstudyPlantBreedersRightsAnIntroductionalsocitescriticaldi-erencesprotectionrequirementsKnowyourmarketandknowthegaps.LorneHadleyMaterialTranserAgreementisaprivatecontractwithstandardtermsandconditionsthatensurestherelevantprovisionsotheInternationalTreatyareollowedbyindividualpro-ducersandrecipientsoplantgeneticmaterial.TohelpacilitatematerialtransertheInternationalTreatydevelopedEasySMTAwhichconsistsotwotoolstheOnlineSMTAGeneratingandReportingtoolandtheOnlineReportingForm.Thesetoolsareavail-ableonlineinsixlanguagesaccordingtoitswebsite.DissimilartoCanadabothEuropeandtheUnitedStatesallowsthepat-entingohigherlieorms.ENVIRONMENTSDIFFERWithsomecropspeciesitmighteelliketheresanabundanceoprotection.Yetorotherstheprotectionwillbeminimal.Asmentionedearliercanolapresentsamuchmorecompetitiveenvironmentthanwheatororages.TherearenopatentedtraitsorwheatGjuricsaysnotingtheresonlyoneleveloprotectionorgerm-plasmwhichisPlantBreedersRights. NOVEMBER201429ENDORSEDBYprotectablesubjectmatterandothercomponents.LesserpointsoutthatunlikethePlantBreedersRightssystemtheutil-ityrequirementorpatentshasseri-ousissueswhenappliedtopatentsorgenesandgeneragments.ProtectedvarietiesasnotedareintendedorsaleandundermanyexaminationsystemsmustdisplaysomepracticalmeritLessersays.Uniormityandstabilityhavenocomparablerequire-mentsunderpatentlaw.LessernotesthatthepatentandPlantBreedersRightssystemsarequitedierentwhenitcomestopro-tectablesubjectmatter.Underthepatentactseverythingispatentableexceptoridentifedexceptionshesays.Onecommonexceptionisorplantandanimalvarieties.PlantBreedersRightscoverallgeneraandspecieswithcertainminimumsunderthe1978Actandthe1991ActotheInternationalUnionortheProtectionoNewVarietiesoPlantsorUPOV.PlantBreedersRightssystemsaredistinctrompatentsinallowinganoptionunderthe1991ActwhichCanadahasnotyetadoptedorarmerstosaveseedorsubsequentseasons.Lessersaysthatunderpat-entssuchactionswouldconstituteinringement.GenerallyindividualswhoholdPlantBreedersRightscertifcatesdonothaveasmuchprotectionaspatentholdersLesserexplainsaddingthatsoneothereasonsmostcommercialbreedersoptorthePlantBreedersRightplusapatent.COMPETITIONINCANOLAIn1997aterthediscontinuationotheidentiypreservedproductionandmarketingothefrstgenetically-modiiedcanolatheadoptionrateoGMherbicide-tolerantcanolaincreasedrom26percentototalproductionto92percentinsixyearsaccordingtoastudytitleResolvingFTOBarriersinGMCanola.TheauthorsViktoriyaGalushkiotheUniversityoReginaandRichardGrayandStuartSmythbothotheUniversityoSaskatchewanreportthatwhenanindustryiscomposedotwoprivatefrmsthatcompeteinthedierentiatedproductmarketsell-ingtwodierentcropvarietiesthosefrmsarebetterobycross-licensingtheirtechnologiesratherthaneachfrmkeepingknowledgeprivate.ThestudypublishedinthejournaloAgroBiotechnologyManagementandEconomicssuggestsafrmcanreduceitsvarietydevelopmentcostsbyusingthealreadydevelopedtechnologyotheotherirm.Thistheysayencouragesmoreresearchanddevelopmentinvestmentthusleadingtoahigher-qualityinnovationthatreceivesasuperiorpriceatthearmlevel.QUICKFACTAsameanstohelpdevelopersindicatethatavarietyisprotectedbyPlantBreedersRightstheCanadianSeedTradeAssociationdevelopedaProgressthroughResearchlogo.HoldersofaPlantBreedersRightcanbecomealicenseduserofthelogobycontactingCSTAsofficeatcstacdnseed.orgtoreceiveacopyoftheagreementandcamerareadymaterials.Accordingtothestudywhenthetechnologiesarecross-licensedbothirmsareabletosupplyahigher-qualityinnovationtoarmersandasaresultthemarketshareoeachindi-vidualfrmdoesnotsuer.Howevertheauthorswritethatwhenbothirmsenclosetheirtechnologiesresearchanddevelopmentcostsarehigherresultinginalowerleveloinvestmentinvarietaldevelopment.Asaresultvarietiescomingoutothebreedingprogramslaginqualityandreceivealowerpriceromarm-ersthushurtingthefrmsprofts.ButanotherstudyTheConsequencesoBiotechnologyABroadViewotheChangesintheCanadianCanolaSector1969to2012reportsthattheincreaseduseogenetraitcross-licensingagreementshaveledtoworriesaboutthecloserelationshipstheseagreementsrequirebetweentheewdominantfrmsletinthesector.DerekBrewinotheUniversityoManitobaandStavroulaMallaotheUniversityoLethbridgewhoauthoredthestudynotethatBayerCropScienceDowAgroSciencesMonsantoandDuPontPioneercontrol85percentoallcanolaseedsalesinCanada.InthestudyTheintroductionobiotechnologyintellectualpropertyrightstechnologyuseagreementsandhybridvarietieshasallowedthecreationoexcludablegoodsinthecanolasector.Whilemuchcanbesaidabouttheadvantagesanddisadvantagesoastrongintellectualpropertyrame-worktheincreasedcompetitionisundeniable.Competitionspursinno-vationandthatsamecompetitionhelpstodelivereconomicalsolutionstoCanadasarmers. 30LetsGrowTogetherFORthepastseveralyearstheseedindustryhasbeenworkingtoimprovephytosanitaryregulationsthroughtheInternationalPlantProtectionConvention.TheIPPCisaConventionthathasbeensignedbymostgovernmentsandprovidestherameworkorregulatingtheinternationaltradeoplantsandplantmaterialssaysGerardMeijerinkseniorgovernmentrelationsadvocateorSyngentainBrussels.TheConventionisarameworkwherecountriesagreetotheoverallaimopreventingthespreadoplantpestsandmoredetailedguidanceisprovidedintheInternationalStandardsorPhytosanitaryMeasures.MostISPMscoveraspectsophytosanitaryconceptswhichhavehorizontalvalidityoranytypeoplantorplantmaterial.Howevertherehasnotbeenaseed-specifcISPMwhichleavesagreatdealopentointerpretation.ThenewISPMswillaectallseedcompaniesthatmoveseedaroundtheworld.SeedcompaniesareincreasinglymovingvaryingquantitiesoseedaroundtheworldornumerousreasonssuchasMoreharmonizedphytosanitaryregulationsarepoisedtooferaprescriptiontotradewoes.breedingseedproductionlaboratorytestingandcommer-cialproduction.Theseedindustrywithitsinternationaltradeisveryspecifcandalsoverycomplexinnatureduetotheactthatseedscanbestoredoralongtimebeorebeingre-exportedsaysJulieAliagadirectorotheinter-nationalstandardsprogramattheUnitedStatesAnimalandPlantHealthInspectionServiceandstewardothenewlyproposedISPMs.Thiscancauseproblemsinthosecaseswhereaphytosanitarydeclarationisneededbasedonrecentevidence.BrentLarsonstandardsofcerattheIPPCSecretariataddsthatthenewISPMshouldhelpharmonizephytosanitaryregulationsamongcountries.AteradoptionothisISPMthenationalplantprotectionorganizationswillhaveguid-anceonhowtoredrattheirnationalrulesLarsonsays.SinceitsfrstrequestoranISPMonseedstheseedindus-tryhasprovidedanumberopapersthatwerespecifcindescribingtheissuesotheseedindustryandatthesametimeaddingpossiblesolutions.InJuly2014thefrstdratothisISPMwasreleasedormemberconsultation.Allcountriesthroughtheirnationalplantprotectionorganiza-tionNPPOhavetheopportunitytogiveeedbackonthedratandtoexpressalternativeproposals.ThisconsultationlaststhroughNovemberothisyear.LarsonadvisestheseedindustrytoengagewiththeNPPOs.GetinvolvedintheprocessandhelpyourNPPOdratyournationalcommentshesays.AdditionallytheInternationalSeedFederationarelevantinternationalorganizationorthisISPMalsohasanopportunitytoprovidesuggestions.MarcelBruinsJustWhattheDoctorOrderedAseed-specicISPMshouldimprovetheinternationalmovementoseed. NOVEMBER201431CANADASseedindustryprovidesemploy-mentormorethan14000peopleandcontributesapproximately5.6billiontotheCanadianeconomyaccordingtotheCanadianSeedTradeAssociation.Andlikealotoothermassiveindustriestheseedindus-tryisthesourceoalotospeculationandmyth.Therearemythsabouttheindustryssupposedmonolithicmakeupitsbiastowardbiotechfrmsanditsdominancebymultinationalcorporations.Theresalsothebeliethatsomeotheindustryslargestcorporationstakeadvantageoarmers.Butthentherearetherealities.TobesuremanyothesemythsareslowlyerodingsaysPattyTownsendCEOorCSTA.Theperceptionsotheseedindustryarechangingshesays.FourorfveyearsagoyouwouldhaveheardthattheseedtradeisdominatedbymultinationalsthatdontwanttoinvestinCanada.Buttheseedtradehasevolved.Yestherearebigmultinationalsweallknowaboutbuttheresalsoalargeportionothattrademadeuposmallerbusinessesorthoseworkingaspartocollabora-tionsorcooperatives.Theindustryhasbeenevolvingshesays.Townsendaddsthattherearehundredsandhundredsoindustryparticipantsthathavenobiotechconnectionwhatsoever.Theseedindustryismuchmorediversethanpeoplethinkitisandthanpeopleportrayitshesays.Townsendcreditssomeotheseedindustrysevolvingperceptionstoincreasedtransparencyandamoreopenatmosphereandbecausemorepeoplebetterunderstandit.MythsExistStillsomeothemythspersist.Hereareaew1.Largeseedcorporationstakeadvantageoffarmers.Theresaperceptionthatmanyarmersareunsophisticatedandill-inormedaboutthecontractstheysignwithbigcompaniestousetheirpatentedproducts.Asaresulttheperceptiongoestheyotenendupinlegalhotwaterwiththesecompanies.ButarmersareverywellversedinthecontractualarrangementaboutseedssaysTrishJordanpublicandSeedsUnderAttackGerminationputsrumoursabouttheseedindustrytorest. 32AuthorizedlocaldistributorCan-SeedEquipmentLtd.T800.644.8397salescanseedequip.comwww.canseedequip.comBuhlerSortexInc.T209.983.8400sortexsalesbuhlergroup.comwww.buhlergroup.comSuperiordetectionormaximumyield.TheSORTEXAMultiVisionensuresultimatequalityandyieldoragriculturalseedsincludingfeldcropsvegetableseedslawnseedsandmanyothers.UtilizingitsadvancedMultiVisioninspectionsystemandbroadbandLEDilluminationthesorterisexceptionalintheremovalocontaminantsandoreignmaterialssuchasdiscoloredbrokensplitspotdeectsandmud-stainedproductbirdexcretaglassstonesandotherseeds.Theadvancedinspectionsystemcanevendetectthemostchallengingapplicationssuchasbarleyergotandusariumromwheat.CleanSeed.ProductiveSeed.industryaairsdirectoroMonsantoCanadainWinnipeg.Ithinkthatsageneralmisunderstanding.IyouaskedmostarmersitheywouldratherhavethetechnologyandnothavetosignacontractIthinkmostwouldsayyes.Butarmersaresophisticated.TheyrealizethattohaveaccesstonewseedandenhancedseedthesethingscostmoneyandwhentherearebeneftstheyaremorethanwillingtosigntheseagreementsJordansays.Monsantoinparticulararousestheireoactivistsorper-ceivedhardballtactics.OnecommonmisconceptionisthatiaMonsantoseedaccidentallylandsinaarmersfeldthecompanywillgoaterthearmerincourtsaysJordan.Wehaveneverdonethatandwewillneverdothatshesays.ItssomethingthatcomesupinactivistcirclesthatiourseedcomesinbywindorabirddropsittherethenMonsantowillsue.Werenevergoingtodothat.2.Newseedtechnologydisproportionatelybenetsbigcompaniesthatproducethem.Theresnoquestioneveryoneinthisbusinessarmersretailersbiotechfrmssmallandbigseedcompaniesareinthistomakemoney.Butevenorthelargecorporationstheproftsarenotaswideassomebelieve.ForthearmersusingenhancedseedvarietiestheressomequestionabouthowmuchothebeneftcomestomeandhowmuchgoestoyouortheshareholderssaysJordan.Whennewseedcomesoutthegrowergenerallyseesthattheseedcostgoesup.Whereitgetstrickyiswhentheyrepayingalotoinvest-mentortheseedup-rontinthehopethateverythingturnsoutperect.Forarmerstheremaysometimesbeaquestionaboutwhethertheyregettingairshareothevalue.Ourcommitmentistoshareairlyinvalue.Itheproductgeneratesadollarovaluewetryingtosplitthatthreeways.Wedontselldirectlytothearmerandsowetrytosharevaluewiththeretailnetwork.Andthebalanceobviouslygoestothearmer.StephenDenysvice-presidentosalesandmarketingorPrideSeedsandaarmerwhogrowscornsoybeanswinterwheatandwhitebeansinChathamOnt.saysunderstandingtheperspectiveotheseedcompanyisimportant.TherealityistheseedcompanyhasaninvestmentDenyssays.Oneothecausesothemisunderstandingisthebeliethattheinvestmentisonlyinthatseed.Thatinvestmenthastoberecouped.Youhavetogetsomereturninordertostayinbusiness.Andyourenotgoingtostayinbusinessiyourenotgivingthearmersomethinggoodorbetterthanhehadbeorehesays3.Theindustryisamadeupofafewmultinationals.ActuallytheindustryisverydiversesaysDenysaormer ALLIANCESEED2400-333MainSt.WinnipegMB1-877-270-2890Fax204-272-2893www.allianceseed.comOurpassionandexpertiseiscerealcrops.Itsallwedo.BypartneringwithsomeofCanadaspremiumseedgrowersandtime-honouredgrassrootsagriculturalorganizationsAllianceSeediscommittedtobringingvaluetoyourcerealacresthrougheasyaccesstotopqualitygeneticsandlinkingyourfarmtoallpointsalongthevaluechain.NOWAVAILABLEREDSPRINGWHEATCANADAWESTERNAACELIEAMBERDURUMWHEATCANADAWESTERNAACCURRENT 34USCLLC.866-703-7472www.USCLLC.com3provenweighingmethodsStandard42tiltingdrumMoreintuitiveautomationpackageAdjustablechambercontrols17widerframeforboxstackingstabilityAndsomuchmoreThemosttrustednameinseedtreatingtechnologyhascreatedthemosteconomicalandinnovativetreateronthemarketINTRODUCINGTHELPVSEEDTREATERTheLPVsetsaNewStandardinTreatingTechnologyCSTApresident.Thereareamily-ownedbusinessesandsmallerbusinesseshesays.TheboardodirectorsorCSTAismadeupothoseproducingorganicseedproductstothoseproducingseedswithtraits.Theboardmembershipisquiteacrosssectionromsmallpacketstomaincropsandsoybeans.AllmembersregardlessosizearewellrepresentedDenyssays.Townsendsaysthesedaystheseedtradeandtheseedsectoringeneralaremuchmoreinclusive.Theressuchpressureonmarginsandeverythingelseshesays.Theseedindustryandsectorareworkingmuchmorecloselytogether.Whentheyworktogethertheyunderstandwhateachothersneedsarewhattheirgoalsareandwhattheirchallengesare.Thegraingrowersworkcloselywiththeseedindustryandtheseedindustrywiththehorticultureindustry.AstheyworktogethertheystartbuildingtrustandunderstandtheycantdoitaloneTownsendsays.4.Multinationalscontrolseedprices.Ionlyitwerethatsimple.InacttheseedmarkethasbecomeextremelycompetitiveinrecentdecadessaysDenys.Theresaeelingthatseedproducersaregettingatonthepriceoseedhesays.Buttherealityistheopposite.Westayinthebusinessbecausewerestillabletomakeareturnandorourshareholdersthisisourcorebusiness.Buttherealityisthatourmarginsarelessthantheywere20yearsago.Moreintensecompetitionhesayshascontributedtoshrinkingmargins.Largeproducershavemorepricelev-eragehesays.Therearegoodchoicesoutthere.Youvegotcompaniesouttherefghtingorashrinkingnumberoproducers.5.Farmershavenooptionswhenitcomestoseedtreatment.TheperceptionisthatlastyeararmerswereorcedtobuytreatedseedDenyssays.Theactiseveryseedcompanyoeredanoptionwithoutseedtreatmentonit.Therealityisarmershaveveryclearchoices.Someingovernmenteelthatarmersdonothaveachoice.Therealityisarmersdohaveachoice.6.Adropincommoditypricesmeansadropinseedprices.Actuallythereisnodirectcorrelationbetweenthecostothecommodityandcostotheseed.Thereslessoaconnectionbetweenseedpricesandcom-moditypricesthanthereusedtobe.Whenyougointohybridproductionyouhavecoststhere.Salarieshavegoneup.Saetystandardshavegoneupovertime.Theresbeenawholesalechangeover20yearsintermsowhatgoesintoabagoseedcorn.Itsaverydierentindustrythatitwas.LekanOguntoyinbo FORMANASBANERJEEfounderandCEOoftheWinnipeg-basedXiteBioTechnologiesInc.thekeytosuccessintheworldofseedinocu-lantsisaboutonethinginnovation.Everythingwedohastobeinno-vativehesays.Ifitsnotwedontpursueit.XiteBioTechnologieshasbeensellingitschemical-freeinoculantsforpeaslentilsandsoybeansintheUnitedStatesforseveralyearsandnowhasregulatoryapprovaltodosoinCanadawherethecompanyisgettingnoticedfromOntarioallthewaytoAlberta.ItsnotcommontogrowsoybeansinAlbertabuttheresinterestthereandusingourproductcanhelpdoitBanerjeesays.Thatsatestamenttotheinnova-tiveandasthecompanysnamesuggestsexcitingproductsdevel-opedbyXiteBioTechnologies.BacterialSynergyAccordingtoBanerjeetraditionalinoculantsintroducebacteriathatmustcompeteagainstthatwhicharealreadypresentinthesoil.TheconceptbehindXiteBiosproductsiswhatBanerjeecallsbac-terialsynergytheprocessofworkingwithratherthanagainstmicrobialorganismsinthesoiltoconvertnitro-gentoaformplantscanuse.Withotherinoculantsonthemarketsometimestheinoculantissuccessfulindisplacingwhat-everisinthesoilthatthegroweristryingtocombatanditmakesanimpactsaysBanerjeewhoisalsoaUniversityofWesternOntarioadjunctprofessor.OthertimestheinhabitingmicrobesaresopowerfultheywontlettheinoculantestablishXiteBioThrivesThroughInnovationitself.Thatswhenthegrowerdoesntseeresults.Ourtechnologytakescareofwhatyouhaveinyoursoil.Itinvigor-atesthenaturalmicroflorayouhaveandcreatesasynergy.Thesuccessismuchbetterthisway.TriedandTestedXiteBiosproductshaveproventheireffectivenessinresearchtrialsatfacilitiessuchasNorthDakotaStateUniversityOhioStateUniversityMontanaStateUniversityandtheUniversityofNebraska-Lincolnshowinganaverage17percentincreaseincropyieldforXiteBiospeaandlentilinoculantanduptoa21percentyieldincreaseforitssoybeaninoculant.XiteBioSoyRhizoandXiteBioPeasRhizoarelow-volumever-satileliquidinoculantsthatcanbeappliedon-seedorin-furrowandareavailableinready-to-usepack-ages.TheyarebasedonanAGPTAdvancedGrowthPromotingTechnologyplatformarevolution-aryconceptwhichallowsthemtoEncouragegreaterrootnodulation.Boosthighernitrogenfixation.Enhanceoverallplantperformance.Growhealthierplants.ThrivingThroughInnovationThecompanysmottoisThrivingThroughInnovation.ThroughitsInnovationResearchandDevelopmentCentreXiteBiocon-stantlystrivestodosomethingnew.Youlookatanyothercompanytheyallhavearesearchanddevel-opmentdepartmentbutyoudontseethewordinnovationintherehesays.Weareresearchdrivenandperformance-proven.BanerjeeaddsthatXiteBioispassionateaboutresearchbutmorethanthatitspassionateaboutprovidingnext-generationgo-greentechnologiestocustomerswhilemakingadifferenceinagriculture.InadditiontoitssoybeanandpealentilinoculantXiteBioisalsoworkingonbiologicalsforcanolacornwheatbarleyandsugarbeets.Itsalsodevelopingabiofungicidetotacklefusariumheadblight.By2050ourworldpopulationwillbeoverninebillionBanerjeesays.Tofeedallthosepeopleourtraditionalcropbreedingwillnotsuffice.Wedonthaveanymorelandtogrowmorecropssowemustincreaseproductionperunitacre.Andbacterialsynergyispartofthat.XiteBiosproductsofferafun-damentalswitchfromreactivetoproactivecropproduction.TheresahugefutureforthenextgenerationofbiologicalsandatXiteBioweareexcitedtobeapartofit.BRANDBUZZXiteBioTechnologiesispassionateaboutprovidinggrowerswithnext-generationgo-greentechnology.XiteBiosManasBanerjeedeliversinnova-tiveinnoculantsolutionstothemarket. 36WHENsellingforagesindustryspecial-istsstresstheimportanceofhelpingfarmersandranchersrememberthatthepurchaseofseedisalong-terminvestment.Asasalesrepresentativeitscriticaltokeepinmindhowtheproductwillbeusedandthebuyersendgoal.Purchasinganyseedisalargeinvest-mentbutwithforagesyouneedtoknowamyriadofaspectsandthiswhereyouneedtoasktherightquestionssaysRoelandKapsenbergvice-presidentofforageseedsforDLFPickseed.Itsimportanttoknowthecustomersneedstodeterminetherightmixforthatfarm.LyndonMansellchairoftheAlbertaForageIndustryNetworkagrees.Whencomparedtoothercropsheexplainsthatforagesareprimarilyatwo-tofour-yearinvestmentwhereascerealsandoilseedsareplantedonanannualbasis.Weneedtofindoutwhatisbest-suitedtothatparticularcustomersneedsMansellsays.Itssoimportanttorememberthatthisisalong-terminvestmentandtakesnotonlytimetoestablishbutcanalsobedoublyexpensivetoredo.AsktheRightQuestionsWithsomanyoptionsavailablelegumesgrassesandpasturespe-ciessalesrepresentativesneedtoSelecttheRightMixofForagesWithanumberofoptionstochoosefromitsimportanttoknowyourcustomerwhenputtingtogetheraseedmix.knowthecharacteristicsofthevariousnativeandpasturespeciesthatareavailableandhaveagoodworkingknowledgeofthelocalgeographiestoselectthebestspecies.Whenprovidinganewforagerecom-mendationexpertsadvisethatyouconsidertheClimaterainfallandfrost.Speciesthatgrowwelllocallyfrostanddroughthardiness.Soiltypeandhealth.Typeofanimalstobegrazed.Existingpasturetypeandspeciesgrown.Needforannualsorperennials.Long-andshort-termrotations.Purpose.IsitforgrazingcuttingoracombinationForageseedsalesrepresentativesworkingwithfarmersneedtoconsidermorethantheenduse.BytheNumbers36millionhectaresofforageareusedforlivestockgrazingandtheproductionofforagecropsinCanada.72percentofproductionisnativerange.11percentiscultivatedpasture.17percentisforagecrops.SourceStatisticsCanada BraggingRights.Smartfarmersreadthefineprint155independentlarge-plottrialsinCanadabetween1994and2012showedanaverageyieldincreaseof6.Individualresultsmayvaryandperformancemayvaryfromlocationtolocationandfromyeartoyear.Thisresultmaynotbeanindicatorofresultsyoumayobtainaslocalgrowingsoilandweatherconditionsmayvary.Growersshouldevaluatedatafrommultiplelocationsandyearswheneverpossible.CalculationbasedonnetsalesofJumpStartfrom19972014.JumpStartisatrademarkofNovozymesBiologicalsLimited.Usedunderlicense.MonsantoBioAgandDesignisatrademarkofMonsantoTechnologyLLCMonsantoCanadaInclicensee.Allothertrademarksarethepropertyoftheirrespectiveowners.2014MonsantoCanadaInc.236-108.14Foracanolacropyoucanbeproudoforderyourseedpre-treatedwithJumpStartinoculanttodiscoverincreasedrootgrowthandleafareaandhigheryieldpotential.JumpStart.Quickerstartstrongerfinish.Over20millionacrescantbewrong.isavailableoncanolavarietiesfromForacompletelistofvarietiesvisituseJumpStart.ca 38AccordingtoKapsenbergyoureallyneedtoknowwhattheenduserwantstoaccomplishandmoveor-wardromthere.Whatisthemainconcernothecus-tomerProductionpotentialReducingbloatMilkproductionDrymatterheasks.Allothesequestionsneedtobeaddressed.Mansellalsoacknowledgesthatattimessalesrepresentativesdespitetheirduediligenceonproductaware-nessmightbeswayedbyproducersbecauseopriceconcerns.Buthecau-tionsthatthisisnottherightapproachwhenselectingthebestingredientsorthemix.InvestmentinResearchNeededWhileMansellandKapsenbergagreethatthereareanumberoproductsinthemarketplacethatareeectiveintermsoqualityandquantitythereisarealneedorcontinuedresearchanddevelopmenttomaintainapipelineoproductsthatcanmeettheneedsotodaysarmersandranchers.Iyoucomparetheamountoresearchbeinginvestedincornandnewproductscomingdownthepipe-linetothatoorageitsobviousthatthenewcornvarietiesarsurpassthatoneworagespeciesMansellexplains.Whilethereisongoingresearchintoneworagemixturesandvarietiestheturnaroundtimeorbringinganewproducttomarketismuchlongerthanthatoanannualcrop.Itsknownthatsomelargeseedcom-paniesarespendingbillionsodol-larsoncornresearchbutthatdollarnumberisnowherenearthesameororageresearchMansellsays.Kapsenbergagreesthatcompetitionorresearchanddevelopmentdollarsisfercesimplyduetothecomplexnatureotestingneworagevarieties.ForanoilseedorcerealresearcherswillknowtheyieldandqualitydatawithintheirstyearbutororagedevelopmentresearcherswillnotnecessarilyknowinthefrstyearoestablishmentwhetheritwillworkKapsenbergsays.Itsalongerpro-ductioncycleanditsalsoalonger-terminvestmentwithrespecttoresearchdollars.ProductKnowledgeSalesrepresentativesreceiveexten-sivetrainingonselectingtherightmixortherightarm.ForthemostparttheyredoingaverygoodjobatitinCanadaandtheUnitedStatessayMansellandKapsenberg.ButKapsenbergaddsthatsometimespro-ducersneedtore-evaluateproductstheymighthaveoverlookedinprevi-ousyears.ThereneedstobeproothatoneproductisbetterthananotherKapsenbergsays.Howeverproductturnaroundisslowerduetothelengthotimeaoragestandcanbeproduc-tiveanduptakeonewvarietiesisalsoalotslowersimplyduetothenatureothebusiness.Mansellnotesthatpickingtherightvarietiesinthemixisacomplexdeci-sionbutwhenmanagedproperlygrowersarereapingthebenefts.SomemixtureswillmultiplywhileotherswilldowellonavarietyosoiltypessuchassainoinMansellsays.Itsknownthatsomelargeseedcompaniesarespendingbillionsofdollarsoncornresearchbutthatdollarnumberisnowherenearthesameforforageresearch.LyndonMansell NOVEMBER201439WHEREONTHEWEBFormoreinformationaboutDLFPickseedsfestuloliumproductsvisitdlfis.comForageSpecies_and_VarietiesFestulolium.aspx.Sainoinisaoragelegumethatdoesnotcausebloatandalsocomesinwinter-hardystrainsthatproducehayandpastureyieldsclosetothatoalala.ItsalsoadaptedorbetterregrowthorrotationalgrazingandmaintainsgoodtanninlevelstohelpreduceorpreventbloatingrazinganimalsMansellexplains.Kapsenbergnotesthatmanyseedcompaniesareresearchingspe-ciesandredevelopingthesespeciesorbetteradaptationtovariousgeo-graphicalareas.Festuloliumisagreatexampleotheresearchbeingdonetocreatenewadaptivequalitiesoruseinvari-ousgeographiesKapsenbergsays.Theseadaptationshaveallowedestuloliumtooernotonlyhigheroragequalitiesbutalsohigheryieldandalargergeographicalgrowingrange.Geneticmakeupimprovementshavecreatedahighergeneticqualityoes-tuloliumanditsthesevariationsthathaveopenedthedoortonewoptionsorgrowersandsalesrepresentativesacrossNorthAmerica.Festuloliumnowoerssomanymorechoicesorproducersandsalesrep-resentativesexplainsKapsenberg.Weareproudotheinroadswehavemadewithestuloliumastestifedbytheongoingtrialevaluations.Thisisnotanewconceptbutwehaveexpandedthepotentialuseothishybridizedgrassorthemarketplaceandgrowers.Kapsenbergaddsthatthemultiplegeographiesestuloliumcannowthriveinprovidesanewrangeouseoraproductthatatonetimemighthavebeenoverlookedwhenselectingtherightmix.ShannonSchindleConferenceAddressesNeedforForageandGrasslandResearchThe5thAnnualCanadianForageGrasslandConferencewillbeheldNov.17-19inBromontQuebec.ThethemeofthisyearsconferenceisClosingtheForageGapAddressingtheCompetitivenessofForagesintheAgriculturalLandscape.ThereducedfocusonforageresearchanddevelopmentcoupledwithincreasingreturnsforannualcropsandtheresultingdecreaseinacreagehasnegativelyimpactedtheindustryreportstheCanadianForageandGrasslandAssociation.WerecognizethattheindustryhasresearchanddevelopmentcapacityaswellandcouldworkinconjunctionwiththepublicsectortofurtherforageandgrasslandresearchsaysRonPidskainyCFGAexecutivedirector.CFGAalsonotesthatforageseedproductionisdroppingasseedproducersmovetoannualcropproduction.ConferencesessionswillbeginNov.18withanoptionaltourNov.17.Sessiontopicswillcoveravarietyoftopicsrangingfromintegratingforagesintomulti-functionallandscapestointernationalcooperationintheforageindustryandfromforageresearchinCanadatoforagesforhumanhealth.Registrationis450perperson.FormoreinformationvisitCFGAswebsiteatcanadianfga.ca. 40DURINGthepastsev-eralyearsseedtreatmentshavecomeunderincreasedscrutinyfromthepollinatorcommu-nityandothergroupsoutsideofagri-culture.SomecountriessuchasthoseintheEuropeanUnionhaveplacedatwo-yearmoratoriumonthesaleofseedtreatmentscontainingneonico-tinoidsclothianidinimidaclopridandthiamethoxam.Howevertheseedandcropprotect-antindustriesarguethatitsmoredetrimentaltotheenvironmenttodis-continuetheuseofseedtreatments.ForexampleJonEntinefounderanddirectoroftheGeneticLiteracyProjectexplainsthatEuropeangrow-ersarenowforcedtousepesticidesthataredemonstrablyworsefortheenvironmentthanneonicotinoidseedtreatments.Seedtreatmentsaredefinedastheapplicationofbiologicalorganismsandchemicalingredientstoseedtosuppresscontrolorrepelplantpath-ogensinsectsandotherpeststhatattackseedlingsorplants.TheresonlysomuchgrowerscandoabovegroundsaysKevinBrostFMCglobaldirectorofseedtreatment.Ifyouput100seedsinthegroundyouwant100plantstoemerge.Youdonthaveachanceiftheydontcomeoutoftheground.Seedtreatmentsprotecttheseedwhenitsmostvulnerable.Brostsayscompaniesdevelopingseedtreatmentshavespentagreatdealoftimeworkingonformulationsthatgetgoodcoverageandstayput.Werestartingwithalowamountofactiveingredientandthendoingagoodjobofkeepingitontheseedhesays.Tohelpeducatethoseinvolvedinstoringapplyingandusingseedtreatmentsanumberoforganiza-tionshavedevelopedseedtreatmentstewardshipprotocolsorguidelines.ForinstancetheAmericanSeedTradeAssociationworkedwithCropLifeAmericatodeveloptheGuideToSeedTreatmentStewardshipwhichpromotesthesafehandlingandman-agementoftreatedseed.AlongthatsameprincipleCropLifeCanadawhichrepresentsCanadiandevelopersmanufacturersanddis-tributorsofpestcontrolproductsandNewProtocolsforSeedTreatmentStewardshipCropLifeCanadaimplementsnewprotocolsforseedtreatmentstewardship.seedtreatmentshasalsoworkedtodevelopasetofauditableseedtreat-mentstandards.PavingaPathtoSustainableUseThesenewprotocolsorstandardsaredesignedtobeconsistentwithindustryscommitmenttolifecyclestewardshipandestablishclearandconsistentenvironmentalhealthandsafetystandardssaysRusselHurstCropLifeCanadaexecutivedirectorofsustainabilityandstewardship.Withtheseprotocolswerelookingtoimproveconsistencyandpredictabilitywithintheregulatoryandregistrationprocessthereforeincreasingaccesstonewtechnology.In2009whenCropLifeCanadabeganthisprojectmembersknewitwascriticaltothesuccessoftheprogramPhotoBayerCropScience.Newprotocolsforhandlingseedtreatmentsaredesignedtohelpimproveproductstewardship. ANINNOVATIVEALL-IN-ONESEEDTREATMENTFORWHEAT.NewNipsItSuitedeliverscompleteseedandseedlingprotectioninwheat.ItsEngineeredtoProtectplantgrowthandyieldfromthemostdamagingdiseaseandinsectpests.AndtheuniqueLockTighttechnologymakesNipsItSuiteeasytoapplyandenhancesseedflowconsistency.PutthebestprotectiononyourwheatcropwithnewNipsItSuite.Contactyourlocalretailerformoreinformation.Innovativesolutions.Businessmadeeasy.1.800.868.5444Nufarm.caAlwaysreadandfollowlabeldirections.NipsItEngineeredtoProtectandLockTightaretrademarksofValentU.S.A.Corporation.NipsItSuiteisregisteredonwheatspringwinterdurumwithregistrationpendingonbarleyandoats.40188-1014INTRODUCINGNIPSITSUITE 42thattheycollaboratewithregulatorsandengagestakeholdersthroughoutthevaluechain.Theyputtogetheramulti-stakeholdercommitteewhichincludeddevelopersretailersandseedindustrymembersaswellasrepresentationromgovernment.Ourgoalwastodevelopstandardsthatwerepracticaldoableimple-mentableandthatmettheneedsoregulatorsandtheoverallindustryHurstsays.ThenewprotocolsocusonseedtreatmentstorageandtheprocessusedtoapplytheseedtreatmentbutnotthestoragetransportorhandlingpracticesatertheseedhasbeentreatedaccordingtoHurst.Thepro-tocolsapplytoindoorexteriorandmobileseedtreatmentoperations.TodayHurstreportsthat76auditpro-tocolswhichhavebeenapprovedbyCropLieCanadasboardodirectorsexist.Howeverhesaysthatnotallotheprotocolsarenew.Othe76protocols66areexistingregulationsthathavetodowithfrebuildingandlabourcodesHurstexplains.Theremaining10protocolsareindustrybestmanagementpracticesthatweeltwarrantedinclusionintheproto-cols.Wearefndingthroughourbetaauditsthatabouttwo-thirdsotheprotocolsareapplicabletoanyoneoperation.Theprotocolsaredividedamongsevencategoriessitingandexte-riorrequirementsbuildingstructureandequipmentoperationstrainingdocumentationemployeeknowledgeandemergencyresponse.Withineachothosecategoriesprotocolscanbemandatoryscoredandrecommended.ForexampleHurstsaysthatunderthesitingandexteriorrequirementscategorythereareeightprotocolsowhichthreearemandatoryandfvearescored.Thescoreditemsareveryimportantbutinsomecasesdependingontheoperationtheymightchoosetoabidebythestand-ardsorlosethepointsavailableHurstexplains.Wevetriedtobuildsomelexibilityintothemodelorpeoplegoingthroughthisprocess.Theyneedtocapture80percentoscoreditemstopasstheaudit.AdditionallyHurstsaysthattherearesomegrandatherclausesorexistingacilitiesunderthesitingandexteriorrequirementscategory.ForexampleHurstsaysthatianexistingacilityislocatedinaloodplainornearanopenbodyowatertheywontbeaskedtomoveitbutnewacili-tieswouldnotbeabletolocatethere.Wejustaskthattheyhaveprotocolsinplacetomitigateanyenvironmen-talconsequencesianeventweretohappenhesays.CurrentlymembersoCropLieCanadacandesignateseedtreatmentproductsandthecompaniesorindi-vidualswhohandlethemtocompleteathird-partyauditonatwo-yearbasis.Whilebusinessescanbeginimplementingtheprotocolsimmedi-atelythefrstofcialauditwonttakeplaceuntil2017.ARouteforSuccessBystretchingthisintoathree-yearimplementationitgivespeopleanopportunitytoamiliarizethemselveswiththeprotocolsandgetaccus-tomedtoanewprocess.EssentiallytheacilitywillbeauditedagainsttheprotocolsHurstexplainsnotingthatcompaniescangetajump-startbygoingthroughabetaaudit.Theacil-itywillbeprovidedanauditscorehighlightinganydeiciencies.Thisgivesthecompanyanopportunitytomakecorrectivemeasurespriortothe2017audit.AccordingtoHurstCropLieCanadawillcoverthecostsoallbetaauditsperormedthroughMarcho2015.Allbetaauditsperormedaterthatwillbeattheexpenseotheseedtreat-mentacility.Onaverageanauditshouldtakethreehoursandcost400.Todate31auditorsromtheAgrichemicalWarehousingStandardsAssociationandtheCanadianSeedInstitutehavebeennationallyapprovedtoauditbusinesseswishingtohandledesignatedseedtreatmentproductstothenewprotocols.TimelinetoImplementation2009CropLieCanadaormedamulti-stakeholdercommitteetodevelopauditableseedtreatmentstandards.2013CropLieCanadaboardodirectorsapprovedtheimplementationotheAccreditedSeedTreatmentOperationsStandards.201415CropLieCanadamembersbegindesignatingseedtreatmentproductsortheprogram.Seedtreatmentacilitiescanparticipateintheindustry-sponsoredbetaaudit.201516Seedtreatmentacilitiescanmakeimprovementstotheiroperationpriortotheormalaudit.2017Firstofcialaudittakesplacewithreoccurringauditseverytwoyears.Programisconsideredmature.Wesawanopportunitytoincreasethestewardshipofourproducts.Ifwecancometogetherandlinkarmsinawaywecansetourownproductstewardshipdestiny.RusselHurst NOVEMBER201443ItsthePrairiesbestkeptsecret.IfyouveeversearchedforthesecrettoconsistentandreliableyieldsyouprobablyalreadyknowtheanswerisProvenSeed.YearoveryeargrowerschooseProvenSeedbecausewespendsomuchtimeresearchingdevelopingandtestingourseedvarietiesacrosswesternCanadatoensureitsthebestchoiceforlocalgrowers.LearnmoreatProvenSeed.caoraskyourCPSretailer.WHEREONTHEWEBForalistofseedtreatmentfacilityauditorsauditprotocolsandalldesignatedseedtreatmentproductsvisitawsa.ca.Hurstaddsthatexistingprovincialregulationsandotherauditingactivi-tieswillbetakenintoaccountwithprotocolsthatwillbedeemedasequivalentsuchastheAlbertaSeedTreatmentCertifcationAWSAstand-ardsandprovincialtrainingprograms.Come2017thiswillbeamaturepro-gram.Iaseedtreatmentacilityhasnotbeenaccreditedorcropyear2017thatacilitywillnotbeabletohandledesignatedseedtreatmentproducts.Theauditprocesswillbemanageddeliveredandenorcedthroughano-shippolicybyAWSAinasimi-larmannertotheAWSAchemicalwarehouseandanhydrousammoniaertilizerstewardshipprograms.AllaccreditedoperationswillbeassignedacertifedsitenumberwhichwillbemadeavailableonAWSAswebsite.InspeakingtoindustrygroupsabouttheAccreditedSeedTreatmentOperationsStandardsHurstsaysthathesreceivedpositiveandchalleng-ingeedback.Itischangeandchangebringsapprehensionhesays.Seedtreatmentsareagrowingaspectotheseedandagchemicalindustriessoitsanevolution.Wesawanopportu-nitytoincreasethestewardshipoourproductsIthinkeveryoneseesthevalueinwherewearegoing.MonicaKlaasgeneralmanagerortheAssociationoAlbertaCoopSeedCleaningPlantssaysthatthenewprotocolsdoincreasecostsandaddmoreredtapetoprocessbutitisasteporward.AsanindustrywenowhavetothinkaboutoursociallicensetooperateKlaassays.Whilemostoperatorsaredoinganexcellentjoboproductstewardshipthereistypicallyroomorimprovement.Itsprobablyashort-termpainoralong-termgain.IwecancometogetherandlinkarmsinawaywecansetourownproductstewardshipdestinyHurstsays.JulieDeering 44ATTHErequestofsomeofitsmem-berstheCanadianSeedTradeAssociationrecentlydevelopedaBuyerBewarefactsheettoitsmembersregardingthepurchaseandsaleofforageandgrassseedinCanada.TitledBuyingGrassSeedBuyerBewareItstheLawthefactsheetisdesignedtohelpseedbuyersensurethattheseedtheyarerequestingandbuyingislegalforuseandsaleinCanada.AdditionallyithelpstoremindindividualsandcompaniesthatsellseedaboutCanadaslawsurroundingthesellingofgrassseed.MunicipalitiesandcitiesoftenrequestspecificvarietiesofgrassesforparksandbermsandtheresoftennotalotofunderstandingoftheSeedsActsaysPattyTownsendCEOforCSTA.SometimesthemunicipalityorcitywillreleaseatenderrequestingvarietiesthatarenotregisteredinCanadaortheyrequestvarietiesbynamewithoutknowingthattheseedcantbesoldbyvarietynameunlessitiscerti-fied.Wejustwantthemtobeawareofthelawwhentheyissuetendersandmakepurchases.SeedsoldinCanadaisgovernedbytheSeedsActandSeedsRegulationswhicharebothoverseenbytheCanadianFoodInspectionAgency.Somegrassseedvari-etiesmaynotbeimportedadvertisedorsoldinCanadabecausetheyarenotregis-teredhereaccordingtothebuyerbewarefactsheet.AndwhilesomecropkindsandtypesdonotneedtoberegisteredtobesoldtheyarestillsubjecttotheSeedActandSeedsRegulationsTownsendexplains.AccordingtotheCSTAfactsheetTheSeedsActandSeedsRegulationsstillhaveauthorityoverthesaleofseedofthesecropsinCanada.Plantbreedersidentifyvarietiesandthecharacteristicsthattheydeliverwithavarietyname.Whenyoupurchaseseedlabelledwithavarietynameyoushouldbeassuredthattheseedisactuallyofthatvarietyandthatitwilldelivertheattributesyouareseeking.Youshouldalsobesurethattheseedisbeingsoldlegally.SeedofthesecropsmayonlybelabelledandsoldwithavarietynameifitisgradedwithaCanadapedigreedgradenamee.g.CanadaCertifiedNo.1alfalfaalkaligrassbromegrassallcanarygrassallcloverallfescuealloatgrassorchardgrassryegrassallsudangrasswheatgrassallandwildryeall.CSTAissuesfactsheettowarnagainstbuyingnon-registeredgrassseed.BUYERBEWARESometimesthemunicipalityorcitywillreleaseatenderrequestingvarietiesthatarenotregisteredinCanada...PattyTownsend NOVEMBER201445Convey-AllindustriesInc.seedhandlingandstoragesystemsaredesignedtomovedeliverandstoreyourseedmorequicklyandsafelywhilemaintainingthehighestseedqualitypossible.Youbenetfromseedhandlingsystemswithsofttouchbelttechnologydesignedtohelpensureyouachievemaximumproductivityperformanceandmostofallprots.GROWPROSPERFORALIMITEDTIMEONLYContactustoorderyourcomplimentaryseedhandlinginformationpackageandreceiveAFREEGIFTVALUEDUPTO300www.convey-all.com1-800-418-9461orregisteratWWW.CONVEY-ALL.COMGIFTIyoureaskingoraspecifcvarietytheonlywayyouwillreallyknowthatitsothatvarietyisiitcarriesabluetagTownsendnotes.ThebluetagassuresbuyersthattheyarepurchasingseedthatcanbelegallysoldinCanada.Italsoguaranteesthatthebuyergetswhatisonthelabelorwhatheorsheispayingor.TherehavebeensomeinstanceswhereourmembershavereportedthattheyrebeingaskedtosupplyvarietiesnotregisteredinCanadawhenregistrationisarequire-mentTownsendsays.AccordingtoCFIAsupplyingsuchvarietiescanleadtoenvironmentalconsequences.Theimportproductionandsaleounregisteredvarietiesevenwhennotnamedastovarietyriskstheintroductionoplantvarietiesandplantgeneticsthatmighthavenega-tiveeectsontheCanadianagriculturalsystemandtheenvironmentsaysaCFIAspokesperson.DocumentedCasesCFIAhasdocumentedrecentcasesounregisteredvarie-tiesbeingsoldinCanada.TheCFIAmonitorsseedimportedintoCanadaandseedoeredorsaleinCanadaorcompliancewiththeSeedsRegulationsincludingcompliancewiththerequirementorseedocropssubjecttovarietyregistrationtobeoaregisteredvarietywhenimportedorsoldthespokes-personexplains.Whenanoncomplianceisidentifedcomplianceandenorcementactioncanincludeissu-anceoawarningletterdetentionotheseeduntilthevarietyisregisteredorsuspensionoaregisteredseedestablishmentdependingonthecompliancehistoryotheimporterorsellerotheseed.Townsendaddsthepotentialorbothenvironmentalandlegalconsequencesisamajorreasonwhytheasso-ciationisencouragingitsmemberstobeawareotheregulationstoensurenoillegalseedisrequestedbybuyers.Shesaysitsincumbentonseedsellerstomaketheirbuyersawarethattheycanonlysellseedthatcomplieswiththelaw.CommunicationisimportantTownsendsays.Seedcompanieshavetomaketheirbuyersawareotheregulationsunderwhichtheymustoperate.AccordingtoCFIAtherearenopenaltiesorbuyingunregisteredvarietiesocropssubjecttovarietyreg-istration.Thepenaltiesonlyapplythosewhoimportorsellunregisteredvarietiesothosecropssubjecttovarietyregistration.AllregisteredvarietiesarelistedonCFIAswebsiteatinspection.gc.caenglishplavegvarietregvare.shtml.InterestedindividualscanalsodownloadCSTAsactsheetatcdnseed.org.MarcZienkiewicz 46STATUSAfricaTHEINTERNATIONALFoodPolicyResearchInstituteinpartnershipwiththeAricanDevelopmentBankreleasedareportGMagriculturaltechnologiesorAricaAstateoaairs.AccordingtothereportAricaneedstoembraceagriculturalinnovationstocompeteglobally.TheauthorsprovideinormationonthestatusobiotechnologyinAricawithanemphasisongeneticallymodifedcropsandassesstheopportunitiesoeredbyandconstraintsonadoption.ThereportalsodiscussestheneedtotransormAricanagricultureromlowproductivitytoonethatdriveseconomicdevelopment.Theauthorsidentifedseveralinitiativesthatcouldhelpovercomeobstaclessuchasincreasingpublicinvestmentsinagriculturalbiotechnologyresearchanddevelopmentimprovingregulatoryrame-worksandcapacityanddevelopinganeectivecommunicationsstrategy.JudithChambersJosFalck-ZepedaGuillaumeGrureKarenHokansonDebdattaSenguptaandPatriciaZambranoauthoredthereport.Theypresentacomprehensiveevidence-basedsituationanalysisthatoutlinestherolebiotechnologycouldhaveinAricasagriculturaldevelopmentwithapathwayorward.TheauthorswriteIndevelopingthisreviewwenotedanumberocleargapsandneedsthatwithtargetedandsustainedeortsandresourcescouldbeaddressedtocreateapathwayorprogressindemystiyingthetechnology.Chieamongthesewastherecognitionthataccurateandrecentdataareseriouslydefcientonmanyotheissuestoucheduponinthisreportcapacityfnancingtheeconomicimpactsovariouscropsscientifcinrastructurepoliticalunderstandingandsocietalattitudesandperceptions.Thispresentsanimmediateproblemorprioritizingactionplansandresourceallocationsbecausedecisionsmadeanytimesoonwillbebasedonincompleteorpossiblyinaccuratedelineationotheproblemsandopportunitiesathand.BasedonthisreviewinadequateundingopublicagriculturalresearchanddevelopmentRDonbiotechnologyandgeneticmodifcationGMtechnologyandlackocapacityinregulatorysystemstoinormthedecisionmakingprocessaboutbiotechnologyareparamountissuesinArica.Theseissuesneedurgentattentiondespiteanumberoinitiativesthatareunderway.ToenhancetheavailabilityoGMvarietiessuitedtoAricaincreasedpublicinvestmentinagriculturalRDorbiotechnologyincludingthebreedingoGMcropsisessential.Toguaranteescience-basedregulationonewGMvarietiesappropriateregulatorysystemsareneeded.OnlysevenAricancountrieshaveunctionalregulatoryrameworksExpandedeortsareneededtobuildpracticalunctioningrameworksinadditionalcountries.FortheullreportvisittheInternationalFoodPolicyRe-searchInstituteatipri.org.STATUSAustraliaDURINGAGrainsResearchandDevelopmentCorporationGRDCtourCentralQueenslandgrowersdemonstratedtheycouldadapttoproductionchallenges.Manyothegrowerswemetwitharecombattingdifcultproductionissuessuchasherbicideresistancefndingsuitablerotationalcroppingoptionsandsoilertilitydeclinebyimplementingindustry-leadingbestmanagementpracticesandusingnewbetteradaptedcropvarietiessaysKeithHarrisGRDCnorthernregionpanelist.Harrissaysthedierenceinapproachismarkedcomparedtothepanelspreviousvisitin2011.Theeortsogrowersandconsultantsshouldbeapplaudedhesays.OneothemostimpressiveaspectsothevisitwastheadoptionobettercroprotationwithasignifcantincreaseintheuseochickpeasandmungbeansHarrissays.HereportsthatgrowersexpressedGovernmentsaroundtheworldfromAfricatoChinaandVietnamareturningtheirattentiontowardgeneticallymodifiedcropsandlookingathowtheycanbenefitfromtheadoptionofthisproventechnology. NOVEMBER201447appreciationoGRDC-undedresearchintonewpulsecropvarietiesparticularlytheendeavorsoColDouglasromQueenslandsDepartmentoAgricultureFisheriesandForestryandKristyHobsonromtheNewSouthWalesDepartmentoPrimaryIndustriesinTamworthindevelopingpulsevarietiesbettersuitedtotheCentralQueenslandenvironment.TheGRDCremainscommit-tedtodirectinginvestmentintoprojectsthatdirectlysupportthegrainsindustryinCentralQueenslandHarrissays.Someotheeedbackhere-ceivedwastheneedorsoundrecommendationsonpulsecropagronomyincludingseedratesrowspacingsowingtimesplantingdepthsweedcontrolnutritionappropriateplantbackintervalsanddesic-cationoptions.STATUSChinaINANattempttostifeanti-GMOsentimentthathasgatheredmomentumtheChinesegovernmentannouncedthatitwillkickoamediacampaignsupportinggeneticallymodiedcropstoaiditsgoalooodsecurity.ChinasagricultureministrywillusetelevisionnewspapersandtheInternettoeducatethegeneralpublicaboutGMOs.Theagricultureministryreportedthatitwouldcreateasocialatmospherewhichisbenecialorthehealthydevelopmentothegenetically-modiedindustry.OnOct.10agricultureministerHanChangusaidthattheChinesepeopleshouldkeeptheirricebowlsintheirownhandstoensureoodsecurityasmassivegrainimportswillbeunsustainableorthenation.InanarticlepublishedbytheQuishiJournalthefagshipmagazineotheCommunistPartyoChinaCentralCommitteeHansaidthetasktoensureoodsecurityremainsdicultgiventhecountryspopulationo1.3billionandatightgrainsupply.Chinahasplacedimportanceonthedevelopmentomodernbiotechnologybutkeepsawaryeyeonthepossiblerisksthatmightresultromthetechnology.InMayothisyeartheMinistryoAgricultureothePeoplesRepublicoChinasaiditwouldstrengthenoversightoGMOsintheagriculturalsectortoensurebiosaety.Inastatementtheministrysaidregulatoryoversightosuchproductsisimportanttograinsaetyoodsaetyandecologicalsaety.InthatsamestatementitvowedtocrackdownontheillegalspreadoGMOseedsandothermalpractice.STATUSVietnamATAconerenceinearlyOctobertheheadoVietnamsAcademyoAgriculturalSciencesPhamVanToansaidhewantedtostartcultivatingnewstrainsogeneticallymodiedcropsin2015withagoaloexpandingGMcropcultivationby30percentto50percentototalarmlandby2020.DespitedieringopinionsaroundtheuseoGMcropstheMinistryoAgricultureandRuralDevelopmentapprovedtheuseoourstrainsoGMcorntoproduceoodorhumansandeedorlivestockinAugust.TheninearlyOctobertheMinistryoNaturalResourcesandEnvironmentdecidedtoissuetheCerticateoBiosaetyortheGMcornvarietyMON89034oDekalbVietnamCo.Ltd.asubsidiaryoMonsanto.SuchmovesbythetwoministriesindicatethesupportorGMcropsbycentralauthorities.TheacreageoGMcornintheworldisexpandingastandsoartherehasbeennoevidenceprovingtheGMoodhasnegativeimpactonhumanhealthsaidNguyenLanDungascientistattheconerence.Wehavetoimportbiotechcornandsoybeansowhydontwegrowthemourselvesheasked.MinisteroAgricultureCaoDucPhatsaidpreviouslythatgeneticmodicationtechnologyisamajorachievementohumankindwhichVietnamshouldnotmissandthattheagricultureministrywillcontinuetostudyandevaluatethecultivationoGMcrops.TranDinhLongchairmanotheVietnamSeedTradeAssociationtoldanearlierconerenceonrestructuringagriculturethattheGMstrainapprovedbytheministriesoagricultureandnaturalresourcesenvironmentisre-sistanttofiesandherbicides.Howeverthosespecialtiesothecornvarietycannotguaranteesucientmate-rialsupplyorlivestockeed.Greaterproblemsacingcorncultivationaredroughtandlackoequipment.SourceSGTVNN 48Exploringideasandviewsonallaspectsoftheseedindustry.CANADIANSCIENTISTSHELPSEQUENCETHECANOLAGENOMEWithmorethan100000genescanolahasamassivegenomeandIsobelParkinanAgricultureandAgri-FoodCanadaresearcherfromSaskatoonhelpedtosequenceit.LedbyBoulosChalhoubfromtheNationalInstituteforAgriculturalResearchinFranceParkinwaspartofaninternationalteamofscientistsfrom30researchinstitutesfromallregionswherethecropisproduced.Thesequencingofcanolasgenomewillpro-videresearcherswithuniqueevolutionaryinsightsandnewtoolsforplantbreeders.CanadascontributionwasanessentialcomponentoftheresearchassistingwiththecomplicatedtaskofassemblingthecanolagenomeandprovidingaccesstothegenomeforoneoftheancestralparentalspeciesChalhoubsays.ParkinaddsThegenomesequenceofcanolahasuncoveredthecomplexitieswhichdefinethisimportantcrop.Thisknowledgewillproveinvaluableformakingfutureagronomicimprovements.Intheprocesstheteamgainedground-breakingknowledgeabouttheoriginsofcropspeciesthatwillhelpaccelerateon-goingbreedingeffortsinthecropcontributingtosustainableincreasesinoilseedcropproductiontomeetgrowingdemandsforbothedibleandbiofueloils.Canolaoneofthemostrecentplantspecieshasauniqueorigin.ThefirstBrassicanapusplantsoriginatedjustafewthousandyearsagofromunintentionalcrossesbetweenEuropeancabbagesandAsianturnips.Becauseallfloweringplantsoriginatedfromsucheventsbutinmostcasesmillionsofyearsagothecanolagenomeprovidesuniqueinsightintotheearlyformationofnewspeciesinplants.Unlikemanyotherplantscanolahasretainedalmostallofthegenesofitstwoparentalspecies.CanolawithitsbrightyellowflowersisafamiliarsightontheCanadianPrairiesgrownonmorethan20millionacresin2014itrepresentsasignificantcontributiontotheagriculturaleconomy.AccordingtotheCanolaCouncilofCanadaCanadian-growncanolacontributes19.3billiontotheCanadianeconomyeachyear.MISCONCEPTIONSABOUTAGDEBUNKEDBYNEWRESEARCHFarminginCanadaisnotwhatmanythinkitisaccordingtoRealitiesofAgricultureinCanadaAsectorofinnovationandgrowth.ThisnewreportfromtheCanadianFederationofIndependentBusinessshowsthatCanadianshavemanymisconcep-tionsaboutagricultureincludingthatitisshrinkingharmstheenviron-mentandisntinnovative.Italsoindi-catestheperceptionoffamilyfarmsbecomingextinct.ThereportoutlinesthefollowingrealitiesAgricultureisinnovativeandmodernthesectorisgrowingfarmersworktoprotecttheenvironmentandfarmsarestayinginthefamily.Herearesomequickstatsthattellthestory.One-in-fourfarmersplantoadoptvalue-addedinitiatives22percentplantodiversifyintoothercommoditiesand12percentplantospecializetheiroperations.Farmersarealsolookingtogrowtheirbusi-nesswith44percentplanningtoexpandtheiroperationwithinthenextthreeyears.Additionally95percentoffarmershelpprotecttheenvironmentwith63percentinvestinginmoreenergy-efficientorenvironmentallyfriendlyequipmentmachineryorvehicles.Another61percentarebettermanaginghazardousproducts60percentareprotectingwatersourcesandwaterwaysand56percentareadoptingenergyconser-vationpractices.Lastnearlyone-in-threefarmersplantotransfertheirbusinessinthenextthreeyears.Ofthose83percentplantotransfertheirbusinesstoafamilymember.THEFIRSTBRASSICANAPUSPLANTSORIGINATEDJUSTAFEWTHOUSANDYEARSAGOFROMUNINTENTIONALCROSSESBETWEENEUROPEANCABBAGESANDASIANTURNIPS. NOVEMBER201449PUREEFFICIENCY.NowyoucaneasilyimprovethequalityandintegrityofyourhighvalueseedthankstoincredibleVisionSeriesColorSortersfromOliverManufacturing.Usinginfraredoptictechnologyandvisual-recognitionsoftwareVisionseparatorsinstantlydetectandremovevisiblyimperfectseedsbasedonyourpre-programmedcriteriasuchasdiscolorationblightdeformitiesetc.Theresultisthatyourdeliveredproductsrepresenthigherlevelsofpurityperformanceandcustomersatisfaction.NewVisioncolorsortersalsooersimpletouch-screenprogrammingeasymaintenanceandmulti-productsortingonthesamemachinetomaximizethroughput.ThroughourpartnershipwithglobalindustryleaderASMOlivercanoerVisionseparatorstoenhanceouralreadyimpressiveportfolioofgravityseparatorsdestonersprecisionsizersanduidizedbeddryersalldesignedtohelpyouoptimizeyourseedproductsandprots.ForfurtherdetailscontactyourOliverrepresentativeorvisitolivermanufacturing.comDestonerFluidizedBedDryerGravitySeparatorPrecisionSizerINTRODUCINGVISIONSERIESCOLORSORTERSSeeusattheCSTASemi-AnnualMeetingtolearnmoreaboutVisionSeriesColorSortersandothermachinesfromourprocessingline. 50PROVINCIALLAWSUITLAUNCHEDOVERPESTICIDESINONTARIOTwolargehoneyproducershavelaunchedaproposedclass-actionlawsuitagainstBayerCropScienceandSyngentaCanadatwochemicalcompaniesthatmakepesticideswhichbeekeepersallegearelinkedtobeedeaths.SunParlorHoneyLtd.andMunroHoneybothfamily-ownedOntariobusinessessaytheywanttorecoversignicantlossesanddamagesthatweresufferedbyCanadianbeekeepersduetothewidespreaduseofneonicotinoidpesticides.ThetwohoneyproducersallegethatBayerCropScienceandSyngentaCanadaandtheirparentcompanieswerenegligentintheirdesignmanufacturesaleanddistributionofneonicotinoidpesticidesspecicallythosecontainingimidaclopridclothianidinandthiomethoxam.Thelawsuitwhichhasyettobecertiedasaclass-actionsuitseeks450millionindamages.NATIONALBILLC-18NOWBEFORESTANDINGCOMMITTEEAgriculturalMinisterGerryRitzspokebeforetheStandingCommitteeonAgricultureandAgri-FoodOct.7aboutproposedlegislationthatwillprovidestrongermarketsforfarmers.IfpassedtheAgriculturalGrowthActBillC-18wouldmodernizeexistingstatutesthatregulateCanadasagsectorandbringtheminlinewithinternationalpractices.TheActwouldprovidefarmerswithgreateraccesstonewcropvarietiesnancialprogramsandtradeopportunities.BillC-18wouldallowCanadatoadoptandimplementmeasuresfromthe1991InternationalUnionfortheProtectionofNewVarietiesofPlantsUPOV91Conventionwhileprotectingafarmersrighttosavestoreandcleantheirownseed.CanadasfarmersandagsectorneedasystemthatreectstodaysrealitiesandthatwillbolstercompetitivenessathomeandabroadRitzsaid.Iencouragethecommitteetogiveitcarefulconsideration.REGULATORYROUNDUPKeepingyouinformedoflegislativeandregulatorychangesattheprovincialnationalandinternationallevelsfromlawsuitstoapprovalstootherregulatoryissuesaffectingyourbusiness.INTERNATIONALFINALAPPROVALGIVENFORDOWSENLISTSYSTEMTheU.S.DepartmentofAgriculturehasreleaseditsdecisiontoderegulateDowAgroSciencesEnlistcornandsoybeansSept.17andaboutamonthlatertheU.S.EnvironmentalProtectionAgencyregisteredEnlistDuoherbicide.TheEnlisttechnologyfromDowwillhelpfarmersmanageresistantandhard-to-controlweedsincornandsoybeanelds.AccordingtoDowAgroSciencesresistantweedinfestationdoubledbetween2009and2013.ThishasbeenoneofthemostextensiveevaluationsofanewagriculturetechnologyinrecenthistorysaysJohnCuffeglobalregulatorysciencesandregulatoryaffairsleaderwithDowAgroScience.USDAhasproducedathoroughmodernassessment.InthecomingweeksDowAgroScienceswillreleaseits2015marketintentions.RegulatoryauthoritiesoutsidetheUnitedStateshavealreadyapprovedcomponentsoftheEnlistsystemincludingCanadaAustraliaJapanColombiaTaiwanMexicoandothers.CANADAKOREAFTAEXPANDSMARKETFORWHEATTheAlbertaWheatCommissionAWCispleasedwiththeoutcomeoftheCanada-KoreaFreeTradeAgreement.AWCexpectsthefreetradeagreementtoprovideCanadianfarmersandagribusinessesimprovedaccesstotheSouthKoreanmarketlevellingtheplayingeldwithotherinternationalcompetitors.WiththepotentialtoboostCanadaseconomyby1.7billionandbolsterthecountryscompetitiveedgeasoneofthetopveagri-foodexportersintheworldtheagreementwillremovealltariffsonCanadianwheatimports.ThisisgreatnewsforthewesternCanadianwheatindustrysaysKentEricksonAWCchair.AccesstotheSouthKoreanmarketisstrategicandnecessarytoremaincompetitiveontheinternationalstage.Thistradeagreementwillhelpstrengthenthewheatindustrylong-term.InadditiontoopeningupthemarketforCanadianwheatinSouthKoreatheCanada-KoreaFreeTradeAgreementwillhelpexpandfreetradewithotherAsia-Paciccountries.CANOLAONTRACKFORTARIFF-FREEACCESSTOEUTheCanolaCouncilofCanadaCCCisoptimisticthattheformalendofnegotiationsfortheCanada-EuropeComprehensiveEconomicandTradeAgreementCETAmeansthatthecanolaindustrywillsoonreapthebenetsoftheagreement.PrimeMinisterStephenHarperandJoseManuelBarrosopresidentoftheEuropeanCommissionhavesignedaformaldeclarationmarkingtheendofnegotiations.TheCCCsaystheagreementeliminatesoiltariffsandreducesbiotechnology-relatednon-tariffbarriers.TariffsoncanolaoilenteringtheEUwillbeeliminatedimmediatelyuponimplementationwhichisexpectedinearly2016saysCCCpresidentPattiMiller.TheCCCestimatesthatthiscouldprovidetheopportunityforexporterstoincreasesalesbyupto90millionperyear.Inadditiontotarifffreeaccessourindustryisalsoencouragedbycommitmentstondsolutionstotradeuncertaintyanddisruptionrelatedtobiotechnology.Milleraddsthatindustryhasmadesignicantinvestmentsinnewbiotechnologytraitsandthattimelyandpredictableapprovalprocessesencouragemoreinvestment.AworkinggroupwillbetaskedunderCETAtoaddressthetimelinessofapprovalsforgeneticallyengineeredproductsscience-basedpolicyanddevelopmentoflow-levelpresencepolicy.UPOVCOUNCILHOSTSITS48THORDINARYSESSIONTheCounciloftheInternationalUnionfortheProtectionofNewVarietiesofPlantsUPOVmetOct.16.OneofthekeydevelopmentswastothePlantBreedersRightsActforZanzibar.ItwasdeterminedthatthelegislationgoverningbreedersrightsnowcoversthewholeterritoryoftheUnitedRepublicofTanzaniaandtheUnitedRepublicofTanzaniacanbecomeaUPOVmember. OrganizersMainSponsor 52CSTASTUDYSHOWCASESTHESEEDSECTORSCONTRIBUTIONTOTHECANADIANECONOMYNINEOUTOFevery10bitesooodtakenaroundtheworldstartswiththeplantingoaseedreportsAgricultureandAgri-FoodCanada.AccordingtotheJuly2014CanadianSeedSectorProleromtheGeorgeMorrisCentretheseedindustryisamajorcontributortotheCanadianeconomy.ThestudywhichwascommissionedbytheSeedSectorValueChainRoundTableoundthatCanadasseedindustryplaysacriticalroleintheagri-oodvaluechaindrivesagriculturalinnovationencompassesdiversecropsandbusinessesanduelsastrongexportmarket.TheGeorgeMorrisCentrestudyoundthatin2013theCanadianseedsectorcontributed5.61billionandmorethan57000jobstotheeconomy.StudyHighlightsSomehighlightsothestudyincludeMorethan3500armersandseedgrowersproducehighqualitypedigreedseedonmorethan1.2millionacresinCanada.Theyproduceseedomorethan50dierentcropsromwheatbarleycornandoatstocanolafaxandsoybeansandromherbsandspicestooragesgrassesandturcrops.Thisrepresentsthelargestacreageopedigreedseedproductionintheworld.Totalimpliedemploymentis57420jobsaccountingor1.67billioninwagesandsalariesandgeneratingabout81.9millionintaxrevenue.Theinternationaltradeoseedin2013wasvaluedatmorethan875million.In201213Canadianseedexportswerevaluedatapproximately450millionwhileimportswerevaluedat425milliona25millioncontributiontoCanadasbalanceotrade.CanadianseedcompaniesandplantbreedersareinvolvedinmanyaspectsotheinternationalseedtradesuchasgermplasmexchangeglobalresearchanddevelopmentprogramscontractproductionorexportandmarketingnewvarietiesimportedintoCanada.Theseedindustryisthecriticalrstlinkintheagri-oodvaluechain.Itisthestartingpointortheproductionocropstoproduceoodeedandbioproductssuchasbiouelsandbioplastics.Theseedsectorusesthelatestininnovativeandcomplextechnologiestoproducethebestpossibleseedorarmers.Theprivatesectorinvested110millioninplantbreedingresearchandvarietaldevelopmentin2012a90percentincreaserom2007.Canadaisknownoritsadoptionoleading-edgetechnologiesincludingbiotechnologygenomicsandotherplantbreedingadvances.By2017researchanddevelopmentexpendituresbyprivatecompaniesareexpectedtoincreasetoabout116million.Theindustryisdiverseitincludesmanybusinesstypesincludingplantbreedingandresearchseedgrowersseedconditionersandseedtestinglabsaswellasseeddistributorsbrokersandexporters.Thesebusinessesrangeromsmallarmer-ownedseedgrowerstolargemultinationalcorporations.Inlookingatresearchandplantbreedingdataromthereportshowsthatwithintheprivatesectorthereare135scientists227technicians100supportstaand155summersta.UniversitieswithresearchandplantbreedingprogramsincludeMcGillGuelphManitobaSaskatchewanandAlberta.AdditionallyAgricultureandAgri-FoodCanadaandtheprovincialdepartmentsoagriculturealsohaveresearchanddevelopmentprograms.Higheryieldgreaterdiseaseresistanceimprovedqualityimprovednutritionappearanceandprocessingcharacteristicsandareducedenvironmentalootprintitallstartswithaseed.WHEREONTHEWEBReadthefullstudyavailableinEnglishandFrenchonlineatcdnseed.org.TheCanadianSeedTradeAssociationCSTArepresentstheinterestsof130companiesengagedinallaspectsofseedincludingplantbreedingandresearchproductionprocessingmarketingandinternationaltrade. www.agwest.sk.caevents26 54CSGATECHNOLOGYSTREAMLINESSEEDCERTIFICATIONASANYONEINtheseedindustryknows2014wastherstyearoranalternativetothehistoricseedcropinspectionservicesprovidedtoseedgrowersdirectlybytheCanadianFoodInspectionAgencyCFIA.In2014seedcropsproducingoundationregisteredorcertiedseedocropkindscoveredbySections2and3otheCSGAsCanadianRegulationsandProceduresforPedigreedSeedCropProductionweretobeinspectedbyauthorizedprivatesectorserviceproviders.Thesecropkindshadbeentargetedbecauseinatypicalyeartheywouldrepresentabout88percentoalltheseedcropinspectionsandthatwasaboutequivalenttooneoCFIAscostreductioncommitmentsmadeunderthe2012FederalBudget.Asweneartheendothe2014productionseasonwecanbeginevaluatehowthealternativeservicedeliveryprogramperormed.DuetotheneedorCSGAandseedgrowerstonowworkwithmultipleseedcropinspectionservicestheseedcerticationsystemmovedtoadigitalormatorimprovedinormationfowanddatamanage-mentamongtheserviceproviderslicensedinspectorsCSGAseedgrowersandtheCFIA.Whilethecostothenewelectronicsystemwaspartiallyo-setbyacontribu-tionromtheederalgovernmentsGrowingForward2programitwasachallengetogetitoperationalbythespringo2014.ExceedingExpectationsHoweverastheollowingnumbersindicateyearoneoalternativeservicedeliveryinseedcropinspectionexceededmostpeoplesexpectations.CFIAwasandisresponsibleorlicensingserviceprovid-ersandtrainingandlicensinginspectors.Intheend24serviceproviderswerelicensedoroperationin2014andmorethan280inspectorssomeormerCFIAseasonalemployeeswerelicensedtoperormtheseedcropinspec-tionsortheserviceproviders.AlsotheserviceproviderssignedcontractswithCSGAtoensurecompliancewithnewelectronicreportingsystemanddatamanagementrequirements.Seedgrowersrespondedaboveexpectations.Morethan90percentotheapplicationsorseedcropinspectionsarrivedatCSGAelectronicallyromtheonlineapplica-tioncomparedto27percentin2013.Additionally100percentothecropinspectionreportsweresubmittedtoCSGAelectronicallycomparedtoabout10percentin2013duringthepilotphase.Theimprovedelectronicdatafowandthehighusagerateothesystemreducedthetimeittakestoprocesstheapplicationsaswellastheseedcropinspectionreportsrepresentingmorethan34000documents.Theprocess-ingtimeoronlineapplicationsdroppedtotwodaysonaverageromeightdaysorhardcopyapplications.TheserviceproviderswereacceptingtheapplicationsprovidedtothemelectronicallybyCSGAonaverageinlessthanaday.AndthelagtimeromwhenaeldwasinspectedtowhentheinspectionreportarrivedatCSGAwas2.3days.InpreviousyearsdependentonpaperandCanadaPosttheaveragelagtimewas15days.Asweneartheendothe2014seedcerticationyear89.5percentotheinspectionswereperormedbylicensedseedcropinspectionservices.Thatiswellabovethe75to80percentexpectationwehadgoingintothespringo2014.Amajorityothehigh-generationseedplotswerealsoinspectedbyqualiedlicensedinspectors.Thiswaswellaboveanyonesexpectations.Withoutadoubttodaysinormationtechnologywhenappliedtoinormationmanagementinseedcertica-tionallowedustotacklethechallengeomovingtoadigitalsysteminashorttimeramewithmorepeopleinvolvedintheprocess.OneotheprimarysotwaresystemsbeingusedLasercheissoimpressedwiththeaccomplishmentsthattheyareawardingCSGAoneotheirRunSmarterAwardsorthemostvisionaryworkfowinitiative.TheAwardpresentationtakesplaceinCaliorniainJanuary2015.ThelagtimefromwhenafieldwasinspectedtowhentheinspectionreportarrivedatCSGAwas2.3days.Inpreviousyears...theaveragelagtimewas15days. ANYCROP.ANYSTAGE.ANYWEATHER.WriteMotherNatureherlastcheque.LearnmoreaboutBio-ForgeandtheBio-ForgeProfitGuaranteebyvisitingwww.stollerenterprises.caprofitguaranteeorcall1-855-787-4414.WhileharshweathercropstressisinevitableforCanadianfarmerslosingyieldandprofittoitdoesnthavetobe.Bio-Forgeprotectsyourcropandhelpsfightthroughharshgrowingconditionsthatstealyieldandprofit.GuaranteedBIO-FORGEWORKSWEGUARANTEEITApplyBio-ForgeandStollerwillguaranteeanincreaseinnetprofitorwellreplaceit.100SatisfactionGuaranteed 56ASEARCHFORSEEDVIGOURTESTINGSOLUTIONSCSAACTHEBESTWAYtocompareandevaluatethemaximumpotentialoaseedlotiswithagerminationtesthoweverthistestdoesntotenpredictemergenceandperor-manceunderawiderangeoconditions.Seedvigourisanattempttoevaluatetheactivityandperormanceorseedlotsoacceptablegermination.Therearemanywaystoevaluateseedvigour.Thishascreatedsomeconusionorcompaniesgrowersandend-usersastowhatthelaboratoryresultsmeanandhowtointerpretthem.FortunatelymuchworkhasbeendonebytheInternationalSeedTestingAssociationsISTAVigourCommittee.Validatedtestsexistormanyspe-cies.MostrecentlyattheISTACongressinEdinburghScotlandKabulichickpeaCicerarietinumwasaddedtotheconductivityvigourtestwhichalreadyincludedbeanPhaseolusvulgarisgardenpeaPisumsativumandsoybeanGlycinemax.AdditionallyoilseedrapeArgentinecanolaBrassicanapuswasaddedtotheradicleemergencetestwhichhadpreviouslyonlycon-tainedcornZeamays.InCanadathedemandorauniormvalidatedvigourtestincerealshasbeenagrowingconcernorcommod-ityarmersseedgrowersagronomistscropadvisorsandseedcompanies.Therearenovalidatedtestsorcommonwheatdurumwheatbarleyoatryeandtriticale.TwoyearsagotheCommercialSeedAnalystsAssociationoCanadaormedaVigourCommitteetoaddressthesecon-cerns.AsaCSAACVigourCommitteememberIhadtheopportunitytoattendtheISTACongressandtalkwithISTAvigourexpertsaboutourissues.Peopleromlessharshclimateshavegreaterconcernswithvigourinhighvaluevegetableandfowerspeciesaswellascornsothisiswheretheytendtospendtheirresearchdollars.OneothegreatCanadianchallengesromaseedtestingstandpointisthatourcerealsotenhavedormancyissuesthatdonotexistinotherpartsotheworld.Manytimescoldtestsandaging-typetestsshowlowresultsduetoahighpercentageodormantseedsnotlowvigour.ATetrazoliumtestorseedviabilityisotenusedorvigourtestinginSouthAmericawhichallowseveryseedtobeevaluatedregardlessodormancyastheseeddoesnotneedtosproutorthetest.Theproblemhereisthatitsverytimeconsumingandrequiresanexperiencedseedanalyst.CanyousayexpensiveTheconductivitymeasuresleachatesthatcomeoutotheseeds.Conductivitytestsdonotrelatetoeldtrialsingrassessuchascerealslikelybecausethereissomuchmaterialthatisnotalivethestarchyendospermattachedtotheseed.RadicleEmergenceTheCSAACVigourCommitteeisadeterminedgroupandhassomethoughts.Radicleemergencehasgainedrecog-nitionaroundtheworldasitisreplicableandrelativelysimpletoperorm.Itdoeshoweverrequiremuchgreaterprecisionintemperaturetimingandtrainingthanager-minationtest.Eventheslightestchangeintimeandtem-peraturecangiveaninconsistentresult.Inthevalidatedtestorcornseedsareplantedat20Candat66hoursseedlingswitha2-millimetreradiclearecounted.Thisresultsinprovenvaluableinormationontheabilityotheseedtoproduceplantstands.Thereissomeworkthatshowsgreatpromiseintheeldusingthistestinotherwheatproducingareasotheworld.IwecangetoverthechallengesothedormancyactorCSAACwouldliketoengageinstitutionstohelpstudythevalueothistest.FormoreinormationpleasecontactMorganWebborVigourCommitteechairKristaErickson.Contactdetailsareavailableonlineatseedanalysts.ca.SeedvigourcanbediculttodetermineforCanadiancerealseedsbutasolutionmightbeonthehorizon. NOVEMBER201457MonsantoCompanyisamemberofExcellenceThroughStewardshipETS.MonsantoproductsarecommercializedinaccordancewithETSProductLaunchStewardshipGuidanceandincompliancewithMonsantosPolicyorCommercializationoBiotechnology-DerivedPlantProductsinCommodityCrops.Commercializedproductshavebeenapprovedorimportintokeyexportmarketswithunctioningregulatorysystems.Anycropormaterialproducedromthisproductcanonlybeexportedtoorusedprocessedorsoldincountrieswhereallnecessaryregulatoryapprovalshavebeengranted.Itisaviolationonationalandinternationallawtomovematerialcontainingbiotechtraitsacrossboundariesintonationswhereimportisnotpermitted.Growersshouldtalktotheirgrainhandlerorproductpurchasertoconrmtheirbuyingpositionorthisproduct.ExcellenceThroughStewardshipisaregisteredtrademarkoExcellenceThroughStewardship.ALWAYSREADANDFOLLOWPESTICIDELABELDIRECTIONS.RoundupReadycropscontaingenesthatconertolerancetoglyphosatetheactiveingredientinRoundupbrandagriculturalherbicides.Roundupbrandagriculturalherbicideswillkillcropsthatarenottoleranttoglyphosate.AcceleronseedtreatmenttechnologyorcanolacontainstheactiveingredientsdienoconazolemetalaxylMandSisomersfudioxonilandthiamethoxam.Acceleronseedtreatmenttechnologyorsoybeansungicidesonlyisacombinationothreeseparateindividuallyregisteredproductswhichtogethercontaintheactiveingredientsfuxapyroxadpyraclostrobinandmetalaxyl.Acceleronseedtreatmenttechnologyorsoybeansungicidesandinsecticideisacombinationoourseparateindividuallyregisteredproductswhichtogethercontaintheactiveingredientsfuxapyroxadpyraclostrobinmetalaxylandimidacloprid.Acceleronseedtreatmenttechnologyorcornungicidesonlyisacombinationothreeseparateindividually-registeredproductswhichtogethercontaintheactiveingredientsmetalaxyltrifoxystrobinandipconazole.Acceleronseedtreatmenttechnologyorcornungicidesandinsecticideisacombinationoourseparateindividually-registeredproductswhichtogethercontaintheactiveingredientsmetalaxyltrifoxystrobinipconazoleandclothianidin.AcceleronseedtreatmenttechnologyorcornwithPonchoVoTivoungicidesinsecticideandnematicideisacombinationoveseparateindividually-registeredproductswhichtogethercontaintheactiveingredientsmetalaxyltrifoxystrobinipconazoleclothianidinandBacillusrmusstrainI-5821.AcceleronAcceleronandDesignDEKALBandDesignDEKALBGenuityandDesignGenuityRIBCompleteandDesignRIBCompleteRoundupReady2TechnologyandDesignRoundupReady2YieldRoundupReadyRoundupTransorbRoundupWeatherMAXRoundupSmartStaxandDesignSmartStaxTransorbVTDoublePROandVTTriplePROaretrademarksoMonsantoTechnologyLLC.Usedunderlicense.LibertyLinkandtheWaterDropletDesignaretrademarksoBayer.Usedunderlicense.HerculexisaregisteredtrademarkoDowAgroSciencesLLC.Usedunderlicense.PonchoandVotivoaretrademarksoBayer.Usedunderlicense.Allothertrademarksarethepropertyotheirrespectiveowners.TraitStewardshipResponsibilitiesNoticetoFarmersPEOPLENEWSMakhteshimAganofNorthAmericaMANACanadahashiredSteveLepperasareabusinessmanager.LepperwillcoverthesalesterritoryencompassingsouthwestManitobaandsoutheastSaskatchewan.Withmorethan18yearsofexperienceinthecropprotectionbusinessheiswellsuitedtohelpMANACanadafurthergrowitsmarketportfolio.LepperhasworkedontheretailsideoftheseedbusinessandasbranchmanagerofalargefarmretailerinsouthernManitoba.BiotechnologyindustryveteranDonaldMarvinhasjoinedInocucorTechnologiesInc.anagbiotechcompanyinMontrealaspresidentandCEO.PreviouslyMarvinwaspresidentandCEOofCairnAssociatesInc.abiotechnologylifescienceandconsumerproductsstrategydevelopmentandnancialadvisoryrm.InocucorhasalsosigneditsrstcommercialstrategicpartnershipwithQuebec-basedAxterAgroscienceInc.InocucorspartnershipwithAxterfollowstwogrowingseasonsofcollaborationbetweenthetwocompaniesthatbeganin2013.ThecompaniesintendtonalizeeldstudiesonthecombinedactionofIN-M2Inocucorssecond-generationcell-freegrowthstimulantandAxtersbiostimulantstocompletefarmertrialsandbegininitialsalesinspring2015.SteveDouglashasbeennamedAgriumInc.seniorvice-presidentandCFOeffectiveNov.3.FormerlywithBrookeldAssetManagementDouglaswasseniormanagingpartnerandCFOofBrookeldPropertyPartners.AsAgriumCFODouglasisresponsibleforallstrategicelementsofthenancialoperationsandwillbeamemberoftheseniorleadershipteam.TheCanolaCouncilofCanadaCCChasappointedBrianInnesastheCCCsnewvice-presidentofgovernmentrelations.EffectiveNov.1InneswillleadthefullspectrumoftheCCCsgovernmentrelationsactivitiesincludingmarketaccessandregulatoryaffairs.InnesjoinedtheCCCin2011.PRODUCTNEWSCleanSeedCapitalGroupdeliversthenextgenerationinprecisionagriculturewithitsCX-6SmartSeederwhichcustomizesseedandfertilizerrateswithineachrowinaeld.TheCX-6canmeteruptosixdifferentproductsrightaboveeachrowopenersaysColinRosengrenCleanSeedvice-presidentofagronomicpracticesandprotocols.Wevechangedtheapproachtoseedingaltogetherintothenextgenerationofmachinemovingmeteringbacktoeachindiv-idualopenerataplant-levelresolution.Electricmotorsaboveeachopenercontroltheamountofseedfertilizerorotherproductsthatareappliedtothesoil.ValentCanadaInc.announcedthatNufarmAgricultureInc.hasbeenappointedastheexclusivedistributorofNipsItseedtreatmentsforon-farmuseinCanadianmarkets.NipsItInsideINDUSTRYNEWSDesignedforseedprofessionalsIndustryNewsdeliverspeopleindustrybusinessandproductnewsyouneedtoknow.Submissionsarewelcome.Emailusatnewsissuesink.com.isaninsecticideseedtreatmentthatprovideswheatgrowersprotectionfrominsectssuchaswirewormsthroughcontactandsuper-systemicactivity.NipsItInsidestaysintheseedrootzonelongerthanotherinsecticideseedtreatmentsduetoitslowerwatersolubility.NipsItSuitecontainsthefungicidalactiveingredientsmetconazoleandmetalaxylandinsecticidalactiveingredientclothianidin.CanadiancanolagrowersnowhavetheoptiontogrowNexeracanolawithorwithoutaproductioncontractin2015.Withthenew2015FlexibilityAgreementfarmerscangrowNexeraandmarketitasacommoditycanolawiththeaddedpotentialofobtainingadeliverycontractfortheOmega-9oilpremiuminresponsetoend-usedemand.TosignaNexeraFlexibilityAgreementgrowerscancontacttheirlocalDowAgroSciencesrepresentativeanauthorizedNexeracanolaindependentretaileroranauthorizedNexeracanolaCo-opretailer.BUSINESSNEWSDuPontPioneerbeganconstructiononanewmulti-milliondollarresearchfacilityinLethbridgeAlta.Thefacilitywillfocusondevelopingultra-earlymaturitycornproductsforgrowersinAlbertaandWesternCanada.ThisfacilitysupportsourcommitmenttoprovidinggrowersinWesternCanadawithmore 58choicethroughthedevelopmentofultra-earlycornproductsthatmightincreasetheprotabilityoftheiroperationssaysSteveKingcornresearchdirectorforDuPontPioneer.Constructionisunderwayonthe22500square-footresearchfacilityandthebuildingisexpectedtoopenthisfall.Researchplotswereplantedatthesitethispastspring.LovelandProductsInc.asubsidiaryofAgriumandActagroLLChaveenteredintoacommercializationandtechnologydevelopmentagreementforsoilandplanthealthnutritionalproducts.BasedontheActagroOrganicAcidsTechnologyPlatformtheagreementgivesLovelandProductsexpandeddistributioncommercializationanddevelopmentrightstotheplatformintheEasternUnitedStatesCanadaandAustralia.UndertheagreementLovelandProductswillbroadenitsaccesstotheActagroplatformtocomplementitsportfolioofplanthealthandnutritionproducts.LovelandProductsandActagrowillalsointegrateActagrosorganicacidstechnologyplatformintoexistingandfutureproductofferings.INDUSTRYNEWSTheCanadiangovernmentisproviding182558forLaCoopfdreaspartofAgricultureCanadasAgriInnovationprogramforaprojectonintrogressionofdesirablefoodqualitytraitsinsoybeans.TheinvestmentwillenableLaCoopfdretoenhancesoybeanbreedingandseedqualityprovidingCanadianfarmersandfoodprocessorswithnewvarietiesbettersuitedtotheirneeds.Theresultswillhelpsoybeangrowersbettercompeteindomesticandinternationalmarketsandincreaseprotabilitythroughhigheryields.ResearchersattheUniversityofSaskatchewanarepartofaninternationalteamthatpublishedtherstchromosome-baseddraftsequenceofthewheatgenomeadevelopmentthatpromiseswheatbreederspowerfulnewtoolsfordevelopingvarietiesthatmeetthechallengesofglobalpopulationgrowthandclimatechange.Thereleaseofthechromosomaldraftofthewheatgenomesequencewillaccelerategenediscoveryinwheatandpavethewayfordevelopmentoftoolstoimprovebreedingofcomplextraitssuchasyieldinsectanddiseaseresistanceandend-usequalitysaysCurtisPozniakoneoftheprincipalinvestigatorsfortheUniversityofSaskatchewanscontributiontothepaperwhichhasbeenpublishedinthejournalScience.Saskatchewan-basedAgricultureandAgri-FoodCanadaresearcherIsobelParkinispartofaninternationalteamthathasdecipheredthecomplexgenomeofBrassicanapusextensivelycultivatedascanolainCanada.BoulosChalhouboftheNationalInstituteforAgriculturalResearchinFranceledateamofscientistsfrom30researchinstitutesfromallregionswherethecropisproducedincludingNationalResearchCouncilCanada.TheresultsarepublishedinthejournalScience.TheCanadiangovernmentinvests7milliontoBioindustrialInnovationCanadaforarst-of-its-kindnationalbioproductscluster.Theaimoftheclusteristobridgethegapbetweenresearchandmarket-readyproductsbyconnectingtechnologydevelopmentprojectsacrossCanada.TheexpectedresultswillcreateopportunitiesforCanadianfarmersandprovideamorecompetitivefutureforCanadianagriculturebyputtingfarmwastetoprotableuse.AgricultureandAgri-FoodCanadascientistswillexploretheuseoffoodby-productsforthemanufactureofgumsandlandscapeproductsanddevelopnewvarietiesofwheatryeandtriticalethatcanbeusedtoproducehigh-valuebiochemicalsandbioenergy.AccordingtoarecentstudypublishedinthejournalPLOSONEclimatechangemightexpandsuitablecroplandparticularlyintheNorthernhighlatitudesofCanadaRussiaandChinaduringthenext100years.Howevertropicalregionsmightbecomedecreasinglysuitable.ThestudyfoundthatintheabsenceofadaptationmeasuressuchasincreasedirrigationthesimulationprojectsasignicantlossofsuitableagriculturallandinMediterraneanregionsandinpartsofsub-SaharanPACKINGPALLETIZINGCOMPANYPPCPROVIDINGCUSTOMBAGGINGTAGGINGANDPALLETIZINGSOLUTIONSBULKBAGFILLERPALLETIZERT204331-3000www.ppcinc.caEtpppcinc.caTAGPLACER NOVEMBER201459FULLYACCREDITEDSEEDLABNO.1215EMPLOYEEOWNEDOPERATEDCALLUSTODAY1-866-980-8324infoseedcheck.netWWW.SEEDCHECK.NETHaveFaithinOurSeedTechnologists.PreparetoExpectWonders.Africa.ConductedbyFlorianZabelandcolleaguesfromLudwigMaximiliansUniversityinGermanythestudystatesthatmostoftheEarthsaccessibleagriculturallandisalreadyundercultivation.Ecologicalfactorssuchasclimatesoilqualitywatersupplyandtopographydeterminethesuitabilityoflandforagriculture.Climatechangemightimpactglobalagriculturebutsomeregionscouldbenetfromit.Thefederalgovernmentisproviding400000towardresearchtondnewfeedwheatvarieties.Thefour-yearprojectwillfocusondevelopingnewfeedwheatvarietiesthatarehighyieldingoodtolerantfusariumresistantandtoleratehighsalinitysoils.Researcherswillusetraditionalplantbreedingtechniquessoanyresultingvarietieswillnotbeconsideredgeneticallymodiedandcouldbeusedinalllivestockoperations.TheresearchwillbeledbytheWesternFeedGrainDevelopmentCo-opwhichwillalsocontribute1.8milliontowardthisprogram.TheWesternFeedGrainDevelopmentCo-opislookingforwardtoapplyingthesefundstoourbreedingprogramandaddressingmajorareasofconcernforPrairieproducersincludingpost-seedingexcessmoisturesalinityandasteryellowssaysDavidRourkeWesternFeedGrainDevelopmentCo-opdirector.DuringthenextfouryearstheCanadianWheatAlliancealongwithplantbreedingcompaniesKWSandSyngentaInc.willpartnertodevelophigh-qualitywheatplantsbyimprovingdoubledhaploidtechnologies.Thesemethodsexposeimmaturegrainstotreatmentsthatdoublethegeneticmaterialandreducethelengthofcropimprovementcycles.Thepartnerswillincreaseefciencytoproducefertiledoubledhaploidwheatplantscomparedtomoretraditionalmethods.Thepartnerswillalsoleveragethenewdoubledhaploidtechnologyplatformintheirrespectivewheatbreedingprograms.AstudywasconductedbyResearchandMarketstitledCanadaseedtreatmentmarketgrowthtrendsandforecastsbyapplicationareaandcroptypecornmaizesoybeanswheatricecanolacottonandothercrops2014-2020.AccordingtotheauthorstheCanadianmarketforseedtreatmentsisprojectedtoreachUS81.2millionby2020atacompoundannualgrowthrateof5.8percentfrom2014to2020.Whilechemicalagentsconstitutethelargestapplicationsegmentestimatedtoaccountfor94.5percentin2014demandforbiologicalagentsislikelytorecordthefastestcompoundannualgrowthrateatsevenpercent.Bycroptypedemandforseedtreatmentisthelargestincornmaizewhichisestimated32.6percentofthemarketin2014andfastestgrowingincanolawithasevenpercentcompoundannualgrowthratefor2014-2020. 60Theseedindustrysgoalistoattractandmain-taininvestmentinthecreationandcommercialdevelopmentonewplantvarietiestheunderpinningogeneticgain.Theabilitytodelivernewplantvarietiestothemarketplacemightbebroadlythoughtoasree-domtooperatewhichhastwocomponentsasociallicenseandanintellectualpropertyIPlicense.ThesociallicensereerstoregulatoryandconsumeracceptancewhiletheIPlicenseincludesownersotheIPrightspermissionwhichisincorporatedintothenewproductorhasbeenusedinitscreation.Previousauthorshavecalledattentiontothelackosociallicensedespitethedemonstratedtraitandchemicalstewardshipandtheenvironmentalbenetsomodernagriculture.IdliketoocusontheIPcomponenthowthepoliciesoIPrightsgrantingagenciescanaectinvestmentininnovationinnewplantgeneticsandvarieties.IntellectualpropertyrightsIPRareintendedtoincentivizeandrewardinvestmentinriskytechnologieswhensuccessul.InCanadawehavelongsincemovedpasttheOncomousedecisionwithplantcellpatentspurportedlyprotectingnewplantvarietiesandwithotherstrategiestoprotectsuchvarieties.IndeedthependingBillC-18wouldmodernizeCanadasPlantBreedersRightsPBRlegislationandconsequentlyregulations.WhilethebillhasbeendiscussedatlengthitshouldbekeptinmindthatPBRprotectsthevarietywithoutencumberingthegermplasm.Inotherwordsthegermplasmcomprisingaprotectedvarietyisavailabletootherbreedersoruseintheirprograms.Thedierencewithpatentsisthatthegermplasmisnotavailabletootherbreeders.VariousjurisdictionsaretakingdivergentpathssoIwillocusondevelopmentsinpatentingonovelgeneticmaterialintheUnitedStates.OnMarch4theU.S.PatentandTrademarkOceissuedaguidancememorandumGuidanceForDeterminingSubjectMatterEligibilityOfClaimsRecitingOrInvolvingLawsofNatureNaturalPhenomenaNaturalProductstoimplementanewprocedureordeterminingthesubjectmattereligibilityoclaimsinviewotheSupremeCourtsdecisionsinAssociationforMolecularPathologyv.MyriadGeneticsInc.2013andMayoCollaborativeServicesv.PrometheusLaboratoriesInc.2012.Thesehaveparticularrelevancetogenesequencesalthoughplantextractsandothermedicinalnutritiondiagnosticandtherapeuticproductswilllikelyalsobeaectedandnolongerconsideredaspatentablesubjectmatter.TheguidanceisarguablynoncompliantwithTrade-RelatedAspectsoIntellectualPropertyRightsandtradeissueshavebeenraisedparticularlyinlightoanearlySeptemberAustralianFederalCourtdecisionupholdingalowercourtsholdingthattheMyriadpatentsconstitutedacceptablesubjectmatterinAustralia.VigorousdiscussionontheguidanceromtheIPcommunityhasledtheUSPTOtoissuearevisedguidance.Theeectonventurecapitalinvestmentingenediscoveryhasbeenchilling.Ipatentprotectionisnotavailableandtradesecrecyisnotanoptionprotectionomarketpositionbecomesproblematic.Whilethiseecthasnotyetbeennotedinthelargermultinationalresearch-basedcompaniesinstitutionalinvestorshaveexpressedconcerns.Theeectonundabilityoresearchintoplantgeneticsisnegativeandasseedisthepreerreddeliveryvehicleortheseinnovationsthecontinuedgeneticgainincultivarsisarromassured.ThequestionorpatentingnewplantcultivarsdevolvestoDoesthereexistnoworinthepastanaturallyoccurringgenotypeidenticaltothatproposedInmyopiniontheanswerwouldbecropspecicorhybridcornitisunlikelyandorCanadaWesternRedSpringwheatitsprobable.TraditionalplantbreedingmethodswillcontinuetomovecropspeciesintonewareassuchastheincreaseincornandsoybeanacresManitobaandSaskatchewan.Howevermodernbreedingtechniquesusinggeneticmanipulationocropspeciesaretheonlymethodswhichhavethepotentialtoeedtheanticipated9billionpeopleby2050.Targetedgeneeditingandothertechniquesavoidingnaturallyoccurringgenesequenceshavegreatpotentialandinvestmentisbeginningtofowinthisdirection.Attheendothedayinvestmentincropimprovementwillcontinuetobedrivenbymarketorceswhichrespondtochangingintellectualpropertyregimesincreativewaysdirectingresearchintoeectiveandprotablechannels.BertInnesPh.D.andprincipaloEagleBiotechnologyConsultantsandadjunctproessorintheDepartmentoPlantScienceattheUniversityoManitobaTheChangingIntellectualPropertyLandscape NOVEMBER201461PlatinumPromodelshown2014MeridianManufacturingInc.RegisteredTrademarksUsedUnderLicense.IntroducingMeridianslatestinnovationtheMeridianFuelExpressFuelTrailer.BuiltwiththesamequalitythatMeridianproductsareknownforourFuelExpressisconstructedwithmaximumdurabilityinmindsoyoucanbecondentitisruggedenoughforanything.Forsuperioron-farmstorageandhandlingsolutionsMeridianisthebestchoice.TolearnmorevisityourlocalMeridianDealerorwww.meridianmfg.comwww.meridianmfg.comNewNewNewNewNewNew