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PublicationsMailAgreement40030841germination.caMARCHAPRIL2015CanolaBlacklegontheRiseTheBuzzonHoneybeesUncertaintyinaPost-PatentWorldExploretheNewVarietiesDirectoryCHANGEAGENTDaveBaute ForgenerationstheCyrefamilyhasbeenproducinghighqualitycertifiedseedofSeCangeneticsonourfarmnearWestlockAlberta.Itsinourgenes.GenesthatfityourfarmandItsinourgenesareregisteredtrademarksofSeCan.www.secan.com MARCHAPRIL20151featuresCONTENTSMARCHAPRIL2015departmentsGeneticsarestilltheprimarymanagementtoolandinAugustwebroughttomarketourrstcanolahybridwithmulti-geneblacklegresistance.StrategySession14Toomanytimestheconversationstartsafteranincidentwhenitstoolateforprevention.GiantViews6440CrossPollination50RegulatoryRoundup51WorldStatus52CSTA54CSGA56CSAAC58IndustryNews6004IntheDriversSeatHelpingtonavigatethefutureoftheseedindustryCSTApresidentDaveBauteearnstrustthroughtransparency.08HuntingforAnalystsTheseedtestingindustryworkstoovercomechallenges.12UncertaintyLoomsinaPost-PatentWorldIntransitioningtoaperiodwhenmorebiotechtraitscomeopatentmanyquestionsremainunanswered.18ASDMostlyStatusQuoSeedgrowersshouldexpectmostlythesameforalternativeservicedeliveryofinspectionservicesmovingintothe2015season.20PlantBreedersWithoutBordersPilotsProjectAfteralittlemorethanoneyearofoperationthefounderofPlantBreedersWithoutBordersprovidesinsighttoprogramming.22TheNextYieldFrontierThisinfographicshowcasesthesignicantinvestmentsthathavebeenintherealmofbiologicalsduringthepastdecade.30UnlockingtheFullGeneticPotentialResearchershaveanarrayoftoolsattheirdisposaltoincreaseyieldsandgetthedesiredbenets.Discoverthelatestonthisfront.34TheValueofIntellectualPropertyIntellectualpropertyisoftremendousimportancetotheseedindustrybutwhyAndhowdofarmersandseedcompaniesdetermineit38VotingforWheatRyeandTriticaleVarietiesThePrairieRecommendingCommitteeforWheatRyeTriticaleconsiders35cultivarsforregistration.onthecoverCanadianSeedTradeAssociationpresidentDaveBauteisacommittedleaderbothatMaizexSeedsandfortheindustryasawhole.40HoneybeesOntheRiseAccordingtoStatisticsCanadathiscriticalpollinatorhasbeenincreasinginnumberoverthepastdecade.42HelptheEdisonsMarcelBruinshighlightstheimportanceoftheworkthatplantbreedersdobutalsothecriticalneedtoprotectthatverysamework.43CheckOuttheNewVarietiesEachyeartheteamatGerminationprovidesadirectoryofnewvarietiesavailableforthecominggrowingseason.Seewhatshittingthemarket. 2MarchApril2015-Vol.19No.2ThemagazineotheCanadianseedindustryPUBLISHEDBYIssuesInk6327435CanadaLtd.403-313PacicAvenueWinnipegMBR3A0M2Phone204453-1965Fax204475-5247emailissuesissuesink.comGermination.caPUBLISHERShawnBrooksbrookissuesink.comEDITORJulieDeeringjdeeringissuesink.comEDITORIALMarkHalsallmhalsallissuesink.comLindsayHomanlhofmanissuesink.comShannonSchindlesschindleissuesink.comMarcZienkiewiczmzienkiewiczissuesink.comMARKETINGCraigArmstrongcarmstrongissuesink.comBrendaEzinickibezinickiissuesink.comJillHollosijhollosiissuesink.comMaeganMarriottmmarriottissuesink.comSamMostafasmostaaissuesink.comHitenShahhshahissuesink.comCREATIVETheresaKurjewiczLesleyNakonechnyDIGITALKyleDratowanyCalebMacDonaldCIRCULATIONDeanFrenchdrenchissuesink.comShawnaShimnowskisschimnowskiissuesink.comCONTRIBUTORSMarcelBruinsAngelaLovellJulieMcNabbLorenaPahlRosalieTennisonBrianWallheimerEDITORIALBOARDDaveAkisterHollyGelechShaunHaneyToddHyraDougKnightLeeMarkertRyanMurrayTimWelbanksSUBSCRIPTIONSCanada47.25yearincludingGSTForeign95yearGerminationmakesnoexpressedorimpliedwarrantiesomerchantabilityortnessoraparticularpurposeorotherwiseconcerningtheuseoanyproductandassumesnoliabilityoranyinjuryordamagedirectorconsequentialincurredromtheuseosuchproductsorservicestherein.FederalProvincialandMunicipallawsandregulationssupersedetheinormationcontainedherein.PublicationsMailAgreementNo.40030841.ReturnundeliverableCanadianaddressestoIssuesInk403-313PacicAvenueWinnipegMBR3A0M2PRINTEDINCANADAPleaserecyclewhereacilitiesexist.NopartothismagazinemaybereproducedwithoutthewrittenpermissionothepublisherGERMINATION.CALetsGrowTogetherMulti-purposeRe-UseableWaterproofGluesUsedSiftResistanceBuiltInRugged100lb.TagStockConstructionEasyToUseFold-InFlapsFold-DownTuck-In2802HedbergDriveHopkinsMN55305-3405Ph952545-7124Fax952545-0196WithSpearItsInThBg.SeedGrainSpecialSafetyEnvelopesForSamplingandStorage.CallorSendForFreeSampleKitPricesGummedandUngummedCoinEnvelopesAvailable PurchaseanytimewiththeRBCEquipmentPurchaseLine.Whenyouneedequipmentforyourcroplivestockordairyoperationtimeisalwaysafactor.Nowyoucanpurchaseonyourtermssoyougetwhatsrightforyourfarmoperationrightwhenyouneedit.OpenyourRBCEquipmentPurchaseLinetoday.Visitrbc.comfarmequipmentorcall1-855-561-6723.TrademarksofRoyalBankofCanada.AgriculturelendingproductsareofferedbyRoyalBankofCanadaandaresubjecttoitsstandardlendingcriteria.RBCEquipmentPurchaseLineApplyonceInstantaccessLeaseandborrowingoptionsbuilt-inReadywheneveryouare 4GrowingTowardtheFutureTHREEdecadesagoDaveBautemadethedecisiontochangehiscareerandhislie.Therewasillnessinhisamilyhischildrenweresmallandhewastravellingagreatdealorhisull-timejob.Toachievework-liebalanceatatimewhenthetermwasnotusedregularlyBauteandhiswieBrendaoundedauniqueseedcompanynearthesmalltownoTilburyinthesouth-westerncorneroOntario.TheresultisMaizexSeedsacompanybuiltonhardworktrustandrespect.Bautegrewupinaamilywherehardworkwasvaluedandnojobwastoosmallorinsignifcant.HisatherStartingfromscratchanOntarioseedgrowercontinuestobuildhisbusinessandpayitforward.workedulltimeothearmandassoonashewasoldenoughBauteflledinthegaps.AtertwoyearsocollegeandoneyearouniversityhejoinedKingGrainfrstinsalesandeventuallymovingtotheheadofce.BautecreditsPaulKingoKingGrainwithsettinghimontherightpathintermsobusinessandasamanagerohumanresources.PaulKingtaughtmepatienceandtrustBautesaysohisearliestmentor.Trusthasalwayspaidoormeinbusiness.Heisastrongsup-porterohisstabelievingthatoncegivenajobtheyneedtobetrustedtodoit.Theconvictionhasresultedin MARCHAPRIL20155long-termemployeeswhoareloyaltoMaizexSeedsanditsoperatingenvi-ronment.TheMaizexbusinessmodelisuniquetotheindustryaccordingtoBaute.Wehaveabasicbreedingprogramaproductdevelopmentcycleaproduc-tioncycleandasalesandmarketingstrategyheexplains.Distributionisaccomplishedthrougharmer-dealersordirectsales.Thisbusinessmodelalongwiththeactweempowerourstatodowhatneedstobedonehasproventobeverysuccessul.SupportingMaizexisSoiexFarmsa2000-acreseedarmthatprovidesMaizexproducts.InkeepingwiththecompanysbusinessmodelhoweverMaizexdoesnotrelysolelyontheamilyarmbutcontractsproductionoMaizexbrandseedtoagroupoverycommittedandcompetentseedgrowers.IndustryMindedDespitethegrowingsuccessoMaizexBauteisnotcoastingheisgivingbacktotheindustry.HebecameinvolvedintheCanadianSeedTradeAssociationCSTAatthebeginningohiscareerandhascontinuedtosupportitorthreedecades.Bautehasmoveduptheleadershipranksintheorgani-zationculminatinginhiscurrentroleaspresident.Heisalsoalong-timememberotheCanadianSeedGrowersAssociationandischairotheAgri-oodFoundationbasedattheUniversityoGuelphsinRidgetown.AspresidentoCSTABauteseestremendousopportunitiesbutalsosomemajorchallengesacingtheseedindustryandtheentireCanadianagri-oodindustry.HecommentsThereissomuchgoingonwithintheseedindustrysuchasBillC-18theAgriculturalGrowthActwhichwillbepositiveorarmersbecauseitwillhelpreduceregulatoryburdensanditsintellec-tualpropertyprotectionprovisionswillgivebreedersmoreconfdencetoinvest.HesaysthepassageotheActwillopenCanadianagriculturetoWeareagroupoffarmorganizationsbutwearenotthebestcommunicators.Weneedtogetourstakeholdergroupsspeakingwithonekindersofterconsistentvoicewhenaddressingthepublic.DaveBautebettertechnologythatwillkeeptheindustrycompetitiveworldwide.AsanindustrywehavelosttouchwithsomanyCanadians.Bautesaysopossiblythebiggestchallengeacingagriculturethepublicslackounderstandingotheoodsystem.Mostdontunderstandwheretheirabundantsaeoodsupplycomesromwhichmakesthemagreataudi-enceororganizationsthatthriveonthecreationoearandsuspicion.Astheindustrychargedwitheedingthenationandwithbeinggoodstew-ardsothelandandtheenvironmentBautebelievesaggroupshavedoneapoorjoboreassuringthepublic.WearedoingagoodjobandwewillcontinuetodoagoodjobheThisaerialviewshowsMaizexSeedslocatedinTilburyOnt. 6says.Recently80percentooureortshavebeenpreachingtotheconvertedandinmeetingstalkingtoeachother.Weareagroupoarmorganizationsbutwearenotthebestcommunicators.Weneedtogetourstakeholdergroupsspeakingwithonekindersoterconsistentvoicewhenaddressingthepublic.TheissuesarehugeromanimalhealthtoGMOs.Weneedtogetinrontotheseandweallneedtobeonthesamepage.Bauteissel-eacingsharingthecreditwithBrendaandtheirstaatMaizexandtheCSTAstawhokeephimontrack.Howeverhiscommit-menttohisbusinessandtowhatcanbeachievedinthegreateragriculturalindustryistrulyhis.ItwasBautesvision30yearsagothatpropelledtheideaostartingahybridcornseedcompanyandturneditintotheourthlargestseedcornbrandinthemarketwithsalesacrossCanada.Truetohisnatureheneverorgetshisrootsorhiscorebusinessadmitting80percentomeeatssleepsbreatheshybridcornTheideathathecouldbethedrivertoreturntheCanadianoodproduc-tionindustrytoitsrightulplaceasatrustedandunderstoodcornerstoneotheeconomyisnotunreasonable.Bauteisnotsomeonewhodwellsonthepastotherthantolearnromitandheusesthatknowledgetoimprovetheuture.RosalieTennisonDaveisabusinessinnovatorwhocanseeamarketanddriveitforwardinalogicalandinnovativefashion.FrancisGlennSharingSuccessSomeonewhobelievesBautecanbethepersontocreatetheunifeddia-logueisFrancisGlennaplantbreederwhoBauteconsidersamentor.DaveisabusinessinnovatorwhocanseeamarketanddriveitorwardinalogicalandinnovativeashionGlennsays.Hehasinitiatedmanyinnovationsromhowseedisharvesteddriedandhandledthatarenowcopiedbyothercompanies.Withintheseedtradehehasputtimeintoregulationsinclud-ingthebeeissue.Iheeverretirestheseedindustrywillloseadedicatedguywhounderstandshoweverythingconnects.Bauteisbashulabouttheaccolades.HebelievesheiswhereheisbecauseothesupportopeoplelikeGlennhisormerbossPaulKingandBautesownather.Howeverhedoesunder-standthathissuccessistheresultotheaccumulationolielessonsthatallowhimtoseeabrighterutureoragriculture.FounderofMaizexSeedsDaveBauteworksaspresidentoftheCanadianSeedTradeAssociationtohelptheindustryovercomeissuessuchaspollinatorhealthandneonicotinoidseedtreatments. PlantBreedersRightsNewlegislationcreatesopportunityforCanadianfarmersAsofFebruary272015allnewvarietiessubmittedforPlantBreedersRightsPBRareprotectedunderthenewlegislation.ThisupdateconformstotheUPOV1991conventionbringingCanadainlinewiththerestoftheworldandopeningthedoorforincreasedinvestmenttomakenewvarietiesavailabletoCanadianfarmers.ChangestothePBRActcreateopportunitybuttheyalsobringnewobligationsforthevaluechain.ExpandedBreedersRightsDothebreedersrightshaveimplicationsfortheentirecropvaluechainYesNoFarmersPrivilegeIstheabilitytosavePBRprotectedseedforuseonafarmersholdingsentrenchedinlegislationYesNoNewSeedConditionersandGrainBuyersResponsibilitiesCanseedconditionersandbuyersofharvestedmaterialgrainbeliableforPBRinfringementsYesNoUnderstandingthechangesandyourobligationsNewvarietiesprotectedbyPBRafterFeb.2715VarietiesprotectedbyPBRbeforeFeb.2715FormoredetailsabouthowthenewPBRlegislationafectsyouvisitPBRfacts.ca 8ONEmightnotthinktheseedtestingindustryandaninternationalchainoconveniencestoreshavemuchincommon.ButaccordingtoSarahFosterpresidento2020SeedLabsthethinkingbehindthecom-panysnewManitobalocationwasinspiredinpartbyanunlikelysource.YouhavetobeuniqueinthislineoworkshesaysshowingothenewlablocatedinthesouthendoWinnipegalongamajorthoroughare.Forusitsallaboutconvenience.Growerswantthat.Itsinaconvenientlocationsowecapturealotogrowersromthesouthanditsbasicallyaone-stopshop.Wewanttobelikethe7-Elevenotheseedtestingindustry.ThenewlargerManitobalabopenedintheallmovingromasmallerlocationinamoreremoteareaothecity.AnapartmentcomplexislocatedjustdownthestreetwhichisalsostockedwithbusinessesaSubwayrestaurantamongthem.Hiddenbytheconcretearchitecturethoughareacresuponacresoagriculturalfeldsthat2020SeedLabscallsitsnewWinnipeghome.SeedismoreexpensivetodayFostersays.Seedlabsareexpandingtocapturetheneedortestingthatcomeswithmakingthosemajorinvestments.Weeelthereneedstobethatconvenience.Weneedtobelikeaconveniencestoreopenconvenientreceptiveandservice-oriented.BigDemandsAsthevalueoseedgrowssodoestheneedorappro-priatetestingFosternotes.Thatmeansbigdemandsareplacedonseedtestinglabstooerthepeaceomindthatcomeswithgettingseedtested.HowevertherearealimitednumberoseedanalystsinCanadaandthehuntisalwaysonornewones.Wehave75membersacrossCanadawhoareaccreditedseedanalystsnotesBettyGirardexecutivedirectorortheCommercialSeedAnalystsAssociationoCanadaCSAAC.Itsnotahugenumber.OneoCSAACsgoalsistoprovideitscustomerswithseedanalysisservicesandinormationthatwillmeettheirmarketplaceneeds.Abigpartomeetingthoseneedsisensuringahealthysupplyoseedanalysts.ItshardtogetpeopleintotheindustryGirardsays.Alotothetrainingisdonebymentorship.ItsniceiyouhaveadegreebutyoucancomeinandmentorwithsomeoneandlearnthetradeandatertwoyearswriteyourexaminSaskatoon.EvensoGirardsaysitcanbeachallengetofndpeopleandretainthemaddingthatpeoplechangejobsandcareerpathsmorerequentlytodaythaninthepast.Fosteragrees.Youhavetobeverycareer-orientedtobeaseedana-lystshesays.Everyanalysthasacomprehensiveknowl-edgeorplantandseedtaxonomysystematicsanatomyTheHuntforAnalystsTheseedtestingindustryworkstoovercomechallenges.PhotoMarcZienkiewicz.ShariLafreniereof2020SeedLabsanalyzesaseedsample. Formoreinformationcall306.966.1382Registeronlineatccde.usask.cacmporcall306.966.5539ComplianceManagementProgramCMPforConnedFieldTrialsGainknowledgeandunderstandingonhowtoproperlyconductaconnedeldtrialofplantswithnoveltraitsinCanada.Thisexibleandinteractiveonlinecourseallowsyoutostudywhereandwhenyouwant.EnsureyouarecompliantwithCanadianFoodInspectionAgencyCFIAregulationsComplianceManagementProgramEnrolnow.Cost350.00GSTInvestmentinthisprojecthasbeenprovidedbyAgricultureandAgri-FoodCanadathroughtheCanadianAgriculturalAdaptationProgramCAAP.InOntariothisprogramisdeliveredbytheAgriculturalAdaptationCouncil. 10physiologycellularbiologymicrobiol-ogypathologychemistryentomologyandnematology.Alotoeducationandworkgoesintoconductingwhatsconsideredtoberoutineanalysis.PeoplelikeIoanaStroeknowirst-handhowmuchtrainingandknowl-edgegoesintoseedtesting.The37-year-oldanalystrecentlymovedtoCanadaromtheNetherlandstoworkatthenew2020SeedLabsacilityinManitoba.InEuropesheworkedatanInternationalSeedTestingAssociationcertifedlaboratorywheresheocusedprimarilyonseedpuritytesting.TheCanadianseedtestingsystemisdierentthaninEuropeshesays.ItsagreatopportunitytoworkinCanadaandlearnmoreaboutgermination.WecandrawonpeoplelikeherbecauseEuropeismoreadvancedFostersaysaboutanalystssuchasStroe.WerehamperedinCanadawithanarrowandlimitedscientifcknowledgebase.Itcanbehardtoincentivizepeopletoworkinourproession.RaisingAwarenessCSAAChasanannual500studentgrantavailableorpost-secondarystudiesinthefeldoagricultureandorplantsciencesatarecognizedCanadianinstitution.AccordingtoGirardCSAACwishestoprovideanincentivetoencouragestudentstopursuedegreesrelatedtoagricultureandindoingsohelpattractnewseedanalysts.IttakesacertainpersontobeinseedtestingwithallthedetailyouhavetolookorGirardsays.Themajorityoourmembershiphasatleast10yearsexperience.Purityisaverydetailedscienceallbyitsel.AttractingnewanalyststhoughmeansraisingtheproileoseedtestinginCanadasomethingFostersayshasawaytogo.Wehavetobeeducatingpeopleasanindustryshesays.Testinghasbecomesomuchmorecomplicatedtoday.Wehavemorediseasesvari-etiesarechangingandtheybehavedierently.Seedtestingrepresentsoneothenewacesoagriculturebecauseeverythingessentiallystartswithseed.DerekMohrisaseedproductionassis-tantorManitobasDLSeedswhichcreatescanolahybridvarietiesorNorthAmericanproducers.Hecanattesttothebeneftsohavingaseedlabclosetotheacility.WeprocessalotoseedsohavingthislabhereisahugebonusorusMohrsaysaboutthenew2020SeedLabslocation.Fosterishappytobeabletooerseedtestingservicesoclosetothecustom-erswhoactuallyusethoseservices.Withoutknowingwhatthatseediscapableodoingintermsoper-ormancewhatthegeneticsareandqualityIthinkpeopleundervaluethatFostersays.Itsonlyseedgrow-erswhocompletelyunderstandandrecognizeit.AccordingtoGirardvisibilitygoesalongwaytohelpingtheseedtestingindustryraiseitsprofle.Visibilitycanbeanissuejustpeoplebeingawarethattherearelabsthattestseedshesays.TheresonlysomanylabsacrossCanadathathandlealltheseedthatneedstobetestedandtheresalotogreatpeopleouttherewhoaredoingit.MarcZienkiewiczSeedtestingrepresentsoneofthenewfacesofagriculturebecauseeverythingessentiallystartswithseed.SarahFoster ALLIANCESEED2400-333MainSt.WinnipegMB1-877-270-2890Fax204-272-2893www.allianceseed.comOurpassionandexpertiseiscerealcrops.Itsallwedo.BypartneringwithsomeofCanadaspremiumseedgrowersandtime-honouredgrassrootsagriculturalorganizationsAllianceSeediscommittedtobringingvaluetoyourcerealacresthrougheasyaccesstotopqualitygeneticsandlinkingyourfarmtoallpointsalongthevaluechain.NOWAVAILABLEREDSPRINGWHEATCANADAWESTERNAACELIEAMBERDURUMWHEATCANADAWESTERNAACCURRENT 12WHENMonsantospatentprotectionoritsrst-generationRoundupReadysoybeantraitexpiredin2011Canadatookawait-and-seeapproach.UnliketheU.S.wherethesametraitcomesopatentthisyeartherearenoindustryagreementsinplace.MonsantohasagreedtokeepinternationalregulatoryapprovalsuptodateorCanadiangrowersallowingoreigntradeosoy-beanscontainingthetechnologytocontinue.Fromalmosteveryperspectivethingshavegonewell.Butewbelieveahands-oapproachcancontinuemuchlongerespeciallyasthersttraitpatentsincanolamovetowardexpiration.ThatswhyCropLieCanadaandtheCanadianSeedTradeAssociationarepullingtogetherajointworkinggrouptourtherdiscusspotentialissuesandactions.AsmoretraitswilleventuallycomeopatentithasuslookingatourindustryasawholesaysIanAfeckCropLieCanadamanagingdirectoroscienceandregula-toryaairs.IntheUnitedStatestheAgAccordisavoluntaryeortledbytheprivatesectortobringtransparencyandpredictabilitytobiotechpatentexpiration.TheAgAccordcomprisedotheGenericEventMarketabilityandAccessAgreementandtheDataUseandCompensationAgreementspellsouthowcompanieswillshareintellectualpropertysettocomeopatentandhowinternationalregulationswillbemaintainedsothattradeisnotdisrupted.Forrst-generationRoundupReadysoybeansMonsantohasagreedtopayorinternationalregulationsuntil2021.WeIntransitioningtoaperiodwhenmorebiotechtraitscomeofpatentmanyquestionsremainunansweredastheCanadianseedindustrynavigatesnewwaters.UncertaintyLoomsinaPost-PatentWorldwanttoensurethatU.S.soybeangrowershavetradeoppor-tunitiesortheproductstheyregrowingsaysNormSissonsU.S.soybeanproductmanagementleadorMonsanto.Itsaboutbeinggoodstewardsorthetechnology.Howevernooneknowswhathappensaterthepatentsontheoldtechnologyexpire.Movingonromtherst-gener-ationtechnologyMonsantointroducedGenuityRoundupReady2YieldsoybeansandithasalreadyreceivedCanadianapprovalorathird-generationproduct.Monsantocouldcontinueupkeepointernationalregulationsacostlyprocessoratechnologyitnolongermarkets.Oranothercompanyorsomecombinationocompaniescouldcontinueupkeeporegulatoryapprovals.Ortheregulatoryapprovalscouldbeallowedtoexpirecuttingointernationaltradeorst-generationglyphosate-resistantsoybeans.Nooneknowsiinternationalregulatoryapprovalswillbecontinuedorotherbiotecheventsastheycomeopatent.Plustherearenoregulationsthatensurequalityinagenericworld.Rightnowthewatchwordisbuyerbeware.Thereispotentialorsomeonetogetaseedthatdoesnotper-ormwellandthereisnoregulationorlabellinginplacesaysLorneHadleyCanadianPlantTechnologyAssociationexecu-tivedirector.Allthoseassurancesandwarrantiesyoureliedoninthepatentworlddisappearinthepost-patentworld.HadleysayscompaniessuchasMonsantoandDowAgroScienceshaveacommercialinterestinensuringtheirexistingcommercialproductsmeetexpectations.They MARCHAPRIL201513ContactusTodayAskforErickat800-992-2824ext111erickks-ka.comwww.krautersolutions.comYourSeedisinGoodHandsKrauterSolutionsClimate-ControlledStorageGrowthChambersNewRetrofttedSystemsOurpatent-pendinginspecteldsandconrmthepresenceothegenesthatconerdesiredtraits.SomeonepickinguptheRoundupReadyrst-generationtraitoragenericsoybeanmightormightnotbedoingthesame.TherearesomesellerswhoaredoingnoqualitycontrolHadleysays.Growershavenoguaranteewarrantyorassurances.Itbecomesincumbentongrowerstoensuretheyregettingtheproducttheyrepromised.Theyalsoneedtobeawarethatjustbecauseatraitcomesopatentdoesntmeanthatallseedcontainingthattraitisairgametosave.AtraitmighthavecomeopatentbuttherecouldbeotherpatentedtraitsinthatseedAfecksays.SomeplantscouldalsobeprotectedunderPlantBreedersRightswhichallowsbreederstoholdexclusiverightstosellandreproduceaparticularplantvarietyorupto18years.Justbecausethepatentprotectionendeddoesntmeanthatanyseedcontainingtherst-generationRoundupReadytraitwasabletobesavedandplanted.Thepatentexpiredin2011duringthegrowingseasonsononeotheseedsromthosecropscouldbesaved.Onlyseedsobtainedroma2012cropwiththeo-patenttraitweresavablemeaning2013wastherstyearplantingthegenerictraitdidntviolategroweragreementsandintellectualpropertylaw.TrishJordanspokeswomanorMonsantoCanadasaysthecompanyworkedtoeducategrowersaboutthoseissuesbeorethepatentexpired.Shebelievesthetransitionhasgonewellbutshesaystherearestillreasonsgrowersshouldbewaryowhattheyrepurchasingitheseedisntcertied.GrowersneedtoasktherightquestionsandmakesuretheyrenotosideJordansays.Aretheytakingthesellerswordoristheredocumentationprovidedthatconrmsthevarietyisntprotectedorthatitdoesntalsohavethesecond-generationtraitmixedin.Growersalsoneedtobeawarethattheymightlosetheabilitytomarketgrainproducedromgenericseed.IthecompanyagreestomaintainoreignapprovalsoracertainperiodotimewhathappenswhenthatperiodendsWhatdoesthatdototheabilitytotradeinternationallyasksPattyTownsendCSTACEO.Iaproducerissavingseedthathasatraitthatnolongerhasregulatoryapprovalthatcanhaveanegativeeectontheirabilitytosellproductionromthatseed.Allthediscussionabouthowandwhattheindustryshoulddotoprepareorbiotechpatentexpirationreallycomesdowntoonequestionwilltherebeenoughdemandorgeneric-traitseedstocauseaneedSoartheanswerhasbeenno.Jordansaysmostlicenseesotherst-generationRoundupReadysoybeantechnologymovedonwhenthepatentexpired.Townsendisnotsur-prised.Farmersareeagertopickupnewtechnologyshesays.Itheresabettertechnologytheyrenotnecessarilywillingtostickwithanoldone.BrianWallheimer 14ACCORDINGTOTHECanolaCounciloCanadawhileblackleghasntcostextensiveyieldlossinrecentyearsithasthepotentialtocausesignifcantyieldlossagainiitisntmanagedcareully.SurveyresultssuggestthatblacklegincidenceisontheriseandthisdiseasecanbecomeatradebarriertocanolamarketsthataresensitivetotheungusthatcausesitLeptosphaeriamaculans.TheresnodoubtthatoverthepastseveraldecadesblackleghasbeenanongoingthreattocanolaproductioninWesternCanadasaysTrevorBloisadiseasediagnosticianat2020SeedLabs.Withtheintroductionoresist-antvarietieswegainedanimportanttoolinmanagingthepest.Howeverthepushorshorterrotationscombinedwiththeadapt-abilityothepathogenandlackocommonknowledgeaboutthespe-cifcresistancesavailableindierentcanolavarietieshasresultedinvirulentBusiness-criticalinformationforretailerssellingseedandseedtreatmentproducts.SUPPORTEDBYCANOLASBLACKCLOUDROLLINGBACKINItwasthemostdamagingcanoladiseaseinthe1980sandearly90sbutthankstocultivarresistanceandextendedcroprotationsblackleghasbeenundercontrolforabout15years.Howeverthisyield-robbingdiseasehasstartedtomakeacomebackinCanadascanolafieldssignallingtheneedfornewresistancegenesandimprovedmanagementpractices.Blacklegfruitingbodiesonthiscanolastemproduceswind-bornespores.strainsothepathogencapableoinectingresistanthosts.GaryPengaresearchscientistatAgricultureandAgri-FoodCanadasSaskatoonResearchCentresaysthatalthoughitsnoteasytogeneralizetheblacklegsituationaccuratelyacrossthePrairiesduetoyearlyandregionalvariationsprovincialsurveydatahavehighlightedsouthernManitobaeast-centralAlbertaandnorthwestSaskatchewanasregionswithhigherlevelsoblackleginrecentyears.Whenaveragedovertheprovinceblackleglevelsdidincreasesteadilyinthepastfveyearsalthoughthecauseisstillnotentirelyclearhesays.TostayaheadothediseaseandmanageiteectivelyintotheuturetheCanolaCounciloCanadaormedaBlacklegSteeringGroupwhichdevelopedandreleasedinDecembero2013aBlacklegStrategicPlaninCanadathatoutlinesresearchandExtensioneortsthatareneeded.PhotoCanolaCouncilofCanada.ALLIANCESEED MARCHAPRIL201515GETTINGKEYMESSAGESINTOTHEHANDSTHATNEEDTHEM.ForagrowerhandoutonthistopicvisitGermination.ca..SendusyourcompanynameandlogoandwelldevelopacustomizedPDFforyoutodistributetoyourgrowercustomers.ENDORSEDBYAccordingtothestrategicplanthecanolaindustryinthepasthasreliedonblacklegresistanceasthemainmethodorcontrollingthisdisease.Butthatmethodmaynotprovidedurablecontrolintotheuture.Tostayaheadoblacklegthecanolaindustryneedstoengageinacollaborativeapproachtomanagethisdiseasetodevelopnewtoolsorcontrolandtodevelopconsist-entmessagingormanagementorcanolagrowers.Throughmulti-plevenuestargetsorresearchanddiseaseExtensionmessaginghavebeendeveloped.Theplanoutlinesresearchpriorityareasincluding1.Findnewsourcesoblacklegresistance.2.Identiyandsurveyracesaviru-lencegenesinL.maculansinCanadatomeasureandmonitortheirdistributionovertime.3.IdentiymajorresistancegenesincommercialcultivarsoB.napus.4.QuickfelddiagnosticstoidentiythepresenceoL.maculansaviru-lencegenesinthefeld.FOCUSONRESEARCHSeedcompaniesandgovernmentresearchinstitutionsarejumpingintohelp.CollaborationsbetweenAAFCsPengandDilanthaFernandoattheUniversityoManitobaoundthatblacklegresistanceinWesternCanadamightbeconerredbybothmajor-theadult-plantresistancethatdidtheheavylitingormostcanolacultivars.Thistypeoresistancecanbemorepersistingbutitalonemightnotberobustenoughandmightailundercertainconditions.PengaddsthatbasedontheirresearchtheresistancegenesRlm2Rlm4Rlm6andRlm7shouldbehighlyeective.Itisexpectedthatseedcompaniesactivelyincorporategeneandquantitativeadult-plantresistancewithlessthan70percentothecultivarscarryingthespecifcresistancegeneRlm3and56percentshowingadult-plantresistance.OtherspecifcresistancegeneshoweverareuncommonsaysPeng.Analysesopathogenracestruc-tureinthepastseveralyearsshowedthatRlm3wouldnolongerbeeec-tiveagainstblackleganditmightbeShorterrotationspathogenadaptabilityandlackoknowledgeaboutthespecifcresistancesavailableincanolavarietieshasresultedinvirulentblacklegstrainssaysTrevorBloiso2020SeedLabs. 16SUPPORTEDBYthesespecifcRgenesintotheiradult-plantresistancebackgroundandthisislikelytheoptimalstrategyordura-blehostresistance.Syngentaintroduceditsfrstcanolahybridwithmulti-geneblacklegresist-ancethispastsummer.GeneticsarestilltheprimarymanagementtoolandinAugustwebroughttomarketourirstcanolahybridwithmulti-geneblacklegresist-anceSY4157saysMikeHuttonprod-uctevaluationscientistoroilseedswithSyngenta.Thisisastepupromthepredominantsinglegeneresist-anceandhasheldupbetterunderheavyblackleginection.BlacklegisasignifcantocusorSyngentaandwewillcontinuetodevelopproductstohelpmanageit.MANAGEMENTMATTERSInadditiontoarenewedocusonblacklegresearchandthedevelop-mentovarietieswithnewresist-ancetraitscommunicationopropermanagementpracticesiscriticaltoensuringblacklegdoesntonceagaincrippleCanadiancanolafelds.Breakdownodiseaseresistanceisnotanewproblemincroppro-ductionandaccordingtoBloisitjustneedstobemanagedproperlytopre-ventwidespreadblackleginectionoresistantvarieties.OneothemostpromisingwaystomanagethepestistheAustralianapproachthatinvolvesrotatingbetweendierentvarietalresistancestopreventthepathogenpopulationromadaptingtoasingularresistanceinlargenumbershesays.WelookorwardtoseeingthisapproachgetrolledoutinCanada.Huttonagrees.Blacklegisman-ageablebutthereareincreasingcasesoresistancebreakdownhesays.Thisseemstobeoccurringasaresultoarelianceonlimitedgenet-icsintightercanolarotationswithlimitedsupportromotheragronomicpractices.Huttoncautionsthatblacklegislikelyunderdiagnosedaswell.Thebesttimetoscoutorinectionisaroundharvestwhentimeisatapre-miumandotenthevisiblesymptomscanbemistakenoranotherdiseaseorsimplysomeearlymaturingareasoafeld.Iwemanageblacklegwithallotheavailabletoolsthereisoppor-tunitytokeepitincheckinCanadabutAustraliahasexperiencedamuchlargerprobleminrecentyears.Penghasseenthedamageblack-legcandofrsthandinhisextensiveresearchtrials.Hesaysunderthecur-rentcircumstanceproducersshouldbevigilant.Averysimplethingtodoistomonitorblacklegintheirownfeldsbyclipping50-100lowerstemsaterswathingandcheckingtheincidenceseverityoblackleghesays.Ithediseaseispresentonmorethan30percentoplantswithanaverageseveritygreaterthan1.5thenitmeansthecultivarresistanceiserodingandthereisahugeamountopathogeninoculumavailableintheieldtoattackthenextcanolacrop.Extendingthecroprotationandchangingcanolacultivarsshouldbeconsideredinthissituation.DONTFORGETABOUTSEEDTESTINGAperhapsunderusedmanagementmethodorfghtingblacklegisseedtesting.ItsveryimportantgetyourseedtestedbecauseeveniyoureextremelycautiouswithmaintaininglongrotationsyoucanstillintroducethepathogenbyseedBloissays.AccordingtoBloistransmissiononseeduptonowhasbeenarelativelylowrisk.Duringthepasteightyearsonlyabout6.5percentosamplestestedby2020SeedLabscamebackpositiveorblackleg.OnceinaieldthoughtheblacklegpathogencanoverwinteroninectedstubbleorthreetofveyearsBloissays.ItsorthisreasonandtheobviouspotentialeconomiclossesthatIsayblacklegisthesin-gularmostimportantpathogentotestyourcanolaseedorinWesternCanada.ManitobaSaskatchewanAlbertaPrevalenceIncidencePrevalenceIncidencePrevalenceIncidence201057.87.641.52.953.48.72011699241.4665.420127712323.79821.220137517252NodataNodata20149324.45414NodataNodataOntheRiseThistableshowstheprevalenceandincidenceofblacklegontheprairiesbetween2010and2014.SourceCanolaCouncilofCanada.ALLIANCESEED MARCHAPRIL201517ENDORSEDBYInadditionBloisaddsthattheungusthatcausesblacklegLeptosphaeriamaculanscontinuestobelistedasapestundertheProvinceoAlbertasAgriculturalPestsAct.AnyseedthatisbeingplantedinAlbertashouldbetestedandshowntobediseasereehesays.Thiscouldmeansomeshort-termlossesorarmerswhetherromlongerrota-tionsorbuyingnewseedandnewvarietiesinordertomaintainlong-termgainsbypreventingthediseaseromtakingholdanddecimatingauturecrop.Bloissays2020hastwodierentmethodstotestseedandplanttissueorblacklegatraditionalplantpathologymethodwhichcantakebetweenonetothreeweekstocom-pleteandamoleculartestthattakes24-48hourstocomplete.BlacklegcanbeadevastatingdiseaseBloissays.Whileitmaybeonlyonesmallpartotheconsid-erationsthatgrowersneedtomakethroughoutayeartheoldadageyoureapwhatyousowringstruewhichiswhyplantingdiseasereevigorousseedisotheutmostimportance.IMPLEMENTANINTEGRATEDSTEWARDSHIPAPPROACHPengsaysthereisnosilverbulletorthestewardshipothetoolstocopewithblacklegitcomesdowntoacombinationonewvarietiesandbettermanagementpractices.Cultivarresistanceiskeytoblack-legmanagementandnewcultivarswithdierentRgenesorR-genecombina-tionswilllikelybeavailableinthenottoodistantuturehesays.Howeverthepathogenwilleventuallyadapttoanyresistancegenesemployedandbestmanagementpracticesareirre-placeable.Wewillcontinuetomoni-torthepathogenracestructureacrosstheprairiestoprovideindustrywithuptodateinormationonwhichRgeneswilllikelyworkornotworkorblacklegresistancebreedingPengsays.Forproducerscheckingthediseaseontheirarmsandrotatingcropscultivarswillhelpmitigatetheriskoblacklegepidemics.Huttonagreesthattherearevari-ousstewardshippractices.WithcanolarotationsremainingtightanintegratedapproachisbecomingCommunicationisKeySeedcompaniesandretailersareinthebestpositiontoeducatearmersonproperblacklegmanagement.Blackleginectionisinitiatedbysporesreleasedrominectedcanolaresidueorstubble.YoucanhelpbyeducatingarmercustomersonthesepracticesromtheCanolaCounciloCanadatokeepthediseaseromimpactingyieldandprotabilityandtoreducethepresenceoblacklegonseed.PlantonlyRresistantorMRmoderatelyresistantratedcanolavarieties.Allcanolavarietiesareratedorresistancetoblackleg.Scoutcanolaeldsregularlyorblacklegsymptomsandprevalence.Thisinormationwillhelpdeterminetheeectivenessoyourblacklegmanagementplan.Maintainabreakbetweencanolacropstoallowtimeorcropresiduetodecompose.Iblacklegbecomesestablishedintheeldaminimumbreakotwotothreeyearsisrecommended.Plantcertiedtreatedseed.Itstherststepinkeepingeldsclean.Rotatevarietiestobringamixoblacklegresistancegenestotheeldovertimewhichcanpreventordelaythebreakdownoresistance.Considerapplyingaungicideithediseaseisidentiedearlyintheseason.Controlvolunteercanolaandotherbrassicaweedsstinkweedshepherdspursewildmustardandfixweedtopreventblacklegbuild-upduringnon-canolayears.moreimportantsaysHutton.Fieldscoutingiskeytounderstandingtheriskatafeldlevel.Croprotationgeneticsandun-gicideareallimportanttoolstomanageblackleginectionandinoc-ulumbuildup.Therewillbemoremulti-geneblacklegresistanthybridscomingtomarketandlikelyagreaterdiversityogenesincorporatedbutgeneticsareonlypartothepuzzle.JulieMcNabb 18LASTyearmarkedayearochangeorseedgrowersinCanadawiththeCanadianFoodInspectionAgencylookingtooutsourceseedcropinspectionser-vices.Giventheastturnaroundotheprogramromideatoimplementationmostseemtothinkthat2014wentassmoothascouldbeexpectedgivenallthechanges.Asorwhatstocomein2015MichaelScheelCFIAnationalmanagerotheSeedSectionsaysthisyearthestainspec-torsandseedgrowerswillmostlybeoperatinginastatusquoenvironmentwiththeexceptionoplotinspections.Inmid-MarchCFIAannouncedthatplottrainingwillbeoeredin2015aspartoapilottoassisttheagencyindeterminingtheappropriateeligibilitycriteriaorplotinspec-tiontrainingandhelpmanageresources.PlottrainingwillbeoeredtooneLicensedSeedCropInspectorLSCIperAuthorizedSeedCropInspectionServiceASCISperregion.Trainingwillconsistotheoryandpracticalcomponents.OtherthanthatindustryshouldntseemuchdierenceromthispastyearScheelsays.Thenin2016wecanlookaturtherexpandingtheprogramtoothercropkindshesays.Amostlystatusquoenvironmentallowsorimprove-mentstobemadetotheexistingprogram.BehindtheScenesScheelexplainsthatanumberochangesarebeingmadetotheinormationmanagementsystem.Onesuchchangehastodowithschedulinginspections.LastyearASCISproviderswererequiredtoscheduleinspectionsatleast48hoursbeoretheyweretooccursoastogiveCFIAinspectorsappropri-atenotifcationtoscheduleseedcropcheckinspections.WhileCFIAstillrequestspriornotifcationScheelsaystheyacknowledgethatitmightnotalwaysbepossibleandhaveincludedalternativestothe48-hourrequirementshoulditbeneeded.ChangestotheinormationmanagementsystemshouldalsohelptoacilitateinspectionschedulechangessavingtheASCIStimeandrustration.Updatesarealsobeingmadetothetrainingmaterial.Weidentifedareasthatwerenotperormedaswellaswehadhopedsoweareupdatingthetrainingmaterialhesays.Thisshouldresultinmoreconsistencyandaccuracyinhowthingsaremeasuredandreportedacrossthecountry.Weneedtobeasconsistentanduniormaspossible.Whenitcomestoalternativeservicedeliveryforauthorizedseedcropinspectiontheresnotmuchnewtoreport.Minortweaksandimprovementsarebeingmadebehindthescenesbutmostofthesewontbenoticeabletooutsiders.ForexampleScheelsaysthatfeldisolationwasonesuchareabeingreportedthathadquiteabitovariation.SeedgrowersarerequiredtomaintainisolationthismightbethreemetresobaresoilorchoppingoutacropScheelsays.Itcangetcomplicatedespeciallywithirregular-shapedfeldsanddrainageditches.CFIAisworkinginpartnershipwiththeCanadianSeedGrowersAssociationonthisissue.Thereauthorizationoserviceprovidersisalsorequired.DuringthepastseveralweeksCFIAhasbeenre-issuinglicensesor2015.ThispastwinterCFIAinspectorsauditedeveryserviceproviderandorwardedtheauditreportandarecommendationorrenewalin2015totheSeedSection.Aterreceivingtherecommendationweneededtocon-frmauthorizedserviceproviderswereinterestedinbeinglicensedor2015whichregionstheywantedtoworkinandtheminimumnumberoinspectionapplicationstheywouldacceptScheelsays.Thesedetailsarebeingconfrmed.Hesaysthisisgoingaccordingtoplan.NowthatwehavebeenthrougheverythingonetimethingswillallinplacemoreeasilythisyearScheeladds.JulieDeeringASDMostlyStatusQuoWhilenotmuchisscheduledtochangeforseedgrowersitisstillimportanttostayinformed. Buckhornoersanunmatchedselectionoreusablepackagingsolutionsdesignedtoprotectyourproductsandincreaseyourproftability.BuckhornsCenterFlowseedboxisthesaestmosteicientwaytotransportanddispenseallkindsoseed.Itstacksourhighhandlesloadsupto2500lbs.anddispensesseedquickly-inasastas30seconds.Visitbuckhorncanada.comformoreinformationandrequestaquotetodayUS1.800.543.4454Canada1.800.461.7579www.buckhorncanada.com2014BuckhornMyersIndustriesInc.040512BULKBOXESHAND-HELDCONTAINERSIBCsPALLETSSPECIALTYBOXES 20PLANTBreedersWithoutBordersistheconceptoAnthonyLeddinanAustralianplantbreederwhohasakeeninterestinaiddevelopment.IvebeensoortunateandluckytobecomeaplantbreederLeddinsays.Nowitistimetohelpinregionsotheworldthatarenotasortunate.PlantBreedersWithoutBordersisasystemwhereplantbreederscanvolunteertheirtimeinplantbreedingprojectsinthirdworldanddevelopingcountries.ButLeddinsvisiondoesntstopthere.Heseesthisasanoppor-tunityorundergraduatestudentswhoareinterestedinplantbreedingtogetinvolved.TheywillbementoredbytheseniorplantbreederontheprojectsothatwecanincreasethenumberoplantbreedersaroundtheworldandshowstudentshowexcitingplantbreedingcanbeLeddinsays.Peopleonthegroundwillbetrainedasplantbreederssothattheyhaveownershipotheprojectanduturejobopportunitieswithintheindustry.PlantBreedersWithoutBordersMakesNewInroadsNotonlywilltheindustrybeneftrombreederswhoareabletothinkoutsideotheboxbuttheywillalsohavetoworkwithlimitedunding.ItteachesplantbreederstoworkwithwhattheyhavemakingthemmoreresilientLeddinsays.HisideaorPlantBreedersWithoutBordersissimilartothatoDoctorsWithoutBorders.Plantbreederswouldberesponsibleorhelpingtrainlocalsabouttheartandscienceoplantbreedingwhilementoringundergraduatestudentsromoverseas.Theideaistotrainpeopleonthegroundwithhands-onexperiencesothatwhenvisitingplantbreedersleavethelocalarmerscancontinuethebreedingworkwithsupportromtheplantbreederbackintheirhomecountryheexplains.LeddinattributeshisinspirationtoabookcalledTheComingFamineauthoredbyJulianCribb.Thisbookisabouttheneedtodoubleoodproductionby2050toeedtheestimated9billionpeoplethatwillinhabittheworldLeddinsays.BybreedingcropswithhigheryieldsandOneplantbreederiscommittedtomakingadiferenceineedinganever-growingglobalpopulation.VisionaryAnthonyLeddinworkstomakePlantBreedersWithoutBordersareality.PhotoAnthonyLeddin. MARCHAPRIL201521BatcoBeltConveyorsminimizeimpactdamageprotectingthegradequalityandgerminationperormanceoyourdelicateseed.BatcomanuacturesLongConveyorsandFieldLoadersaswellasLowProfleTransersPitStopsandcustomconveyoroptions.Handlingwhatsimportant.877.667.7421batcomfg.comMINIMUMDAMAGEMAXIMUMGERMINATIONgreaterdiseaseresistanceplantbreed-erscanhelpsolvethischallenge.LeddinalsobelievesthatmanyplantbreederswhowerepartoftheGreenRevolutionhaveorareretiringmakingknowledgetransfertothenewgenera-tionofplantbreedersmoreimportantthanever.Itstimetoshowthenextgenerationthatplantbreedingisanexcitingcareerthatoffersopportuni-tiestotraveloverseasandworkonmeaningfulprojectsLeddinsays.NewDevelopmentsLeddinisveryproudthatPlantBreedersWithoutBordersdebuteditsfirstpilotprojectinEthiopiainFebruary2015.InpartnershipwiththeInternationalLivestockResearchInstituteinAddisAbbatheprojectfocusesonimprovingforagesforsmalllivestockholders.PlantbreedershavebeenverypositivetowardPlantBreedersWithoutBordersandwanttovolunteerLeddinsays.Thereisgreatinterestfrombreederswhohavebeenexposedtoregionswithpooragriculturalareastheyknowwhatitisliketoseehunger.TodayLeddinislookingforchampi-onsindifferentregionsoftheworld.Thesechampionswillhelppromotetheimportanceofplantbreedingandfurtherthereachoftheprogram.WhilehewontadmititLeddinistheprimarychampion.Hesspentnumer-oushourscallinguponanumberoforganizations.IhavefouruniversitiesinAustraliathatareinterestedintheundergraduatementoringprogramLeddinsaysnotingthattheuniver-sitiesarewillingtoprovidefundingtogetthestudentsonsite.Healsohasgovernmentandnon-governmentorganizationsinterestedinfundingtravelcostsforplantbreederswhosignuptoworkonPlantBreedersWithoutBordersprojects.AdditionallyCropsfortheFuturewhichisdedicatedtothedevelopmentofneglectedandunder-utilizedplantspecieshasagreedtohelpLeddindetermineandidentifylocationsandplantspecieswhereaPlantBreedersWithoutBordersprojectcanyieldmeaningfulresults.OtherorganizationsLeddinhopestobringonboardincludetheFoodandAgriculturalOrganizationoftheUnitedNationsAustraliaBusinessVolunteersTheCrawfordFundandTheNobleFoundation.OpportunitiesAboundIseegreatopportunitiesfortheWesternworldtobecomeinvolvedandtohelppreventhungerLeddinsays.Therearemanyregionsthathaveopportunityforgrowthinagricul-tureandplantbreedersareimportanttoensuringthisgrowthcontinues.Inessencethepurposeoftheprogramistohelptransferknowledge.UltimatelyLeddinhopestocreatemoreplantbreedersaroundtheworldtofeedtheworldsgrowingglobalpop-ulation.HismottoforPlantBreedersWithoutBordersGivepeopleseedfeedthemforayear.Givethematreefeedthemfor10years.Givethemtheknowledgetoplantfeedthemforalifetime.ShannonSchindle 22TheNextYieldFrontier1.Morethan700productsusedinmorethan130countries.2.MonsantosagriculturalbiologicalplatormeaturesBioDirecttechnology.3.Aglobalinoculantcompanywithmorethan70employeesacrossNorthAmericainresearchmanuacturingmarketingandmanagementandinitsjoint-ventureoperationsinAustralia.4.AninnovatorintheuseomicrobesoragricultureAgBiomeconsiderstheparticipationothesestrategicinvestorsinthecompanys17.5millionSeriesAroundarareandpowerulassemblyothebestmindsintheagbiologicalspace.MONSANTOAGRADISNOVOZYMESAGBIOMEBIOAGALLIANCETJTECHNOLOGIESEMDMERCKCROPBIOSCIENCEINCPHILOMBIOSPARTIALOWNERSHIPPARTNERSHIPCOLLABORATIONFULLOWNERSHIPBIOCONSORTIABAYERCROPSCIENCEOTTERCAPITALKHOSLAVENTURESAGRAQUESTPOLARISPARTNERSARCHVENTUREPARTNERSHARRISHARRISINNOTECHADVISORSBIODISCOVERYLTD.5.HeadquarteredinDavisCali.AgraQuestaglobalsup-plierobiologicalpestmanagementsolutionsbasedonnaturalmicroorganismswasoundedin1995byPamMarrone.6.AgraQuesthadproductbrandsSerenadeRhapsodySonataandBalladungicidesandRequieminsecticides.ThroughtheacquisitionBayerCropScienceintegratedAgraQuestsstate-o-the-artbiopesticidesproductionacilityinTlaxcalaMexicoaswellasthecompanysresearchanddevelopmentsiteinDavisCali.2013December2013300millionstrategicpartnership201020072013July2012forUS425millionplusmilestonepayments13421514561312SYNGENTATheseedindustryhasmadesignifcantinvestmentsintotheresearchanddevelopmentobiologicalsbeitthroughacquisitionsortheirownresearchteams.Herewehighlightsomeotheinvestmentsthathavebeenmaderecognizethebrandsandsomeothepeoplewithin. MARCHAPRIL2015237.BeckerUnderwoodwasoundedin1982andwasexpectedtogenerate240millioninannualsalesorthe201112scalyear.8.In2006PamMarroneoundedMarroneBioInnovationsMBItodiscoveranddevelopefectiveandenvironmentallyresponsiblebiologically-basedproductsorpestmanage-mentandplanthealth.9.MBIandtheItalianbiostimulantsrmValagrocollaborateonthediscoveryanddevelopmentobiopesticidesandotherbioactives.10.MBIandtheDutchliesciencesrmDSMFoodSpecialtiessignedacollaborativeagreementinvolvingearly-stageresearchoseveralbiologicalactiveingredients.11.MBIandtheIsraeliplantbiotechnologyrmEvogenereachedamulti-yearagreementaimedatthejointdiscoveryonewmodesobiologicalactionorinsectpestcontrol.12.Establishedin2014astheparentcompanytoNewZealand-basedsubsidiaryBioDiscoveryLimitedwhichwasoundedin1994byPeterWigleyandAndrewBroadwell.13.In2009BioDiscoverymadeabreakthroughdiscoveryoarapidplant-microbeselectionprocess.14.In2010KhoslaVenturesinvestedinthecompanyandspentveyearsworkingontheresearchanddevelopmentplatorm.15.In2014thecompanymadethedecisiontoglo-balizeasBioConsortiaraising15millionromKhoslaVenturesandOtterCapitalandestablish-ingtheirheadquartersandlabsinDavisCali.whereMarcusMeadows-SmithservesasCEO.16.AdvancedBiologicalMarketingABMwasoundedbyarmersagronomistsadagricul-turalconsultantstobetheleadingdevelopermanuactureranddistributoroagriculturalbiologicalsthatincreaseyieldsandimprovearmproductivitywhilesimultaneouslyinteract-ingwiththeenvironmentinapositivemanner.DanCustisservesasCEOandDonBlandservesaspresident.BASFBECKERUNDERWOODMARRONEBIOEVOGENEVALAGRODSMFOODSPECIALTIESXITEBIOTECHNOLOGIESADVANCEDBIOLOGICALMARKETINGINCOTECLALLEMANDPLANTCAREBRETTYOUNGSeptember20121.02billion20147810119181617201917.In2014ABMenteredintoanagreementwithINCOTECtocombineABMsinoculantswithINCOTECsseedcoatingtechnologies.18.XiteBioTechnologiesisengagedinmicrobialtechnologyandagriculturalinputsinCanadatheUnitedStatesEuropeandSouthAmerica.Foundedin2010byManasBanerjeeXiteBiomarketsSoyRhizoandPeasRhizo.19.InMarch2014LallemandPlantCareacquiredtheintellectualpropertyrightsandassociatedassetsrelatedtotheNorthAmericanbiologicalproductsportoliooBrettYoungincludingtheBioBoostlineoproducts.20.ThetwocompaniesarecollaboratingtoextendthecurrentrangeobiologicalproductsdistributedbyBrettYoungthroughnewsolutionsdevelopedbyLallemand. THEREALSTORYOFAGThereareplentyofreasonswhyAnaginglabourforcemeansfewerworkers.Competitionforthoseworkersfromothersectorsissteep.Andthenatureandlocationoftheworkmaynotbewhatpeopleoriginallyhaveinmind.ButastheExecutiveDirectoroftheCanadianAgriculturalHumanResourceCouncilCAHRCsaystherearethingswecandoasanindustryandinsideourbusinessestotipthescalesinourfavour.Anditallstartswithlettingpeopleknowwhatsoutthere.Althoughopportunitiesaboundagricultureisnottopofmindforyouthandtheirinuencersexploringcareeroptions.Itismisrepresentedandmisunderstoodasunsophisticatedlackingininnovationrepetitiveandnon-entrepreneurialsaysPortiaMacDonald-Dewhirst.Asanindustryweneedtoincreaseawarenessofalltheopportunitiesinagricultureandletpeopleknowwhatapersonallysatisfyingexcitingandrewardingcareeritis.MacDonald-Dewhirstalsonotesthatbusinessescandoalotintheirownbackyardtoattractandretaintherightpeople.Thatstartswithunderstandingwhattheyrelookingforwheretonditandhowtocreateanenvironmentwherenewemployeescansucceed.EmployersneedtounderstandthevalueandreturnoninvestmentthatcanberealizedbyfocusingonHRmanagementshesays.Ifyouprovidetrainingandothersupportareexibleandopentonewideasandactivelymanageperformanceyoullberewardedwithloyalproductiveemployees.Therealgoodnewsistherightpeopleareoutthere.AnyonewhoseeksactiveworkthatrequirescreativeproblemsolvinginaninterestingenvironmentshouldlookintoagriculturesaysMacDonald-Dewhirst.Italsooersgreatopportunitiesforthosewithentrepreneurialinterests.NomatterwhatroleweplayintheindustrybigorsmallwecanallsetthefoundationbysharingtherealstorywithyoungpeopleatcareereventsorbygettinginontheconversationsthatarealreadyhappeningaboutCanadianagricultureandtheopportunitiesitholds.Ifyourelookingtobringnewemployeesintoyourbusinessyouveseenrst-handhowdicultitcanbetoattracttherightpeople.AwarenesspreparationkeytolandinggreatemployeesForinformationandtoolscheckouttheCAHRCswebsiteatcahrc-ccrha.caorvisitAgMoreThanEver.ca. THEREALSTORYOFAG THEREALSTORYOFAGCanadasagindustryhasfarmorejobsthanpeopletollthem.Andthatspellsopportunityforworkersacrossthecountry.Lotsofopportunity.Employersarelookingforenergeticenthusiasticpeoplewhowanttolearnandgrowwiththisdynamicindustry.Itsthereforthetaking.CanadianagriculturehasneverbeenmoreimportanttoCanadaortheworldandtherearesomanywaystobepartofitbothonthefarmando.Hundredsofoccupationsdirectlycontributetoagineldslikemanufacturingresearcheducationnancetraderetailandmore.Theopportunitiesareendless.TeopportunitiesinagareendlessInorderforourindustrytoreachitsfullpotentialweneedtocapturetheimaginationsofthousandsofskilledenergeticworkers.Thegoodnewsiswecandoit.Onepersonatatime.IfyouknowsomeonewhoisstillweighingtheircareeroptionsorlookingforachangetaketheopportunitytoletthemknowthatCanadianagricultureoersmoreopportunitiesandmorethingstodothantheymightrealize.AndencouragethemtoconsiderthesefactsFrom2013to2022therewillbealmost74000projectedopeningsinCanadianagbutonly49000projectedjobseekers1.Opportunityabounds THEREALSTORYOFAGYoureingoodcompany.Assomeonewhoworksinagyoureoneof2.1millionpeoplewhopropelthesectorforwardeveryhourofeveryday.ThatsoneoutofeveryeightCanadianjobsItstimetogetthewordoutbecauseeventhoughtherearealotofustheresdenitelyroomformore.ThecareeropportunitiesinCanadianagareincrediblydiverseandsoaretheopportunitiestotrainforthosecareers.Thatmeansifyoucanimagineacareerinagyoullprobablyndthetrainingyouneedtolandthejobclosetohome.TheimpactofagricultureonCanadaseconomycommunitiesandfamiliesistrulyremarkable.Andthisisjustthebeginning.Sospreadtheword.Encourageyoungpeopletobuildacareerinag.Theresneverbeenabettertime.LearnmoreatAgMoreThanEver.ca.1EmploymentandSocialDevelopmentCanadawww23.hrsdc.gc.ca.4cc.5p.1t.3onsummaryd.2tail-eng.jsptid1202CanadianAgriculturalHumanResourceCouncilwww.agritalent.caSourceAnOverviewoftheCanadianAgricultureandAgri-FoodSystem2014AgricultureandAgri-FoodCanadaCreatedAugust2014CANADIANPOST-SECONDARYEDUCATIONINSTITUTIONSOFFERMORETHAN1200AG-RELATEDCOURSESANDPROGRAMS2 PARTNERPOWERCreatingapositiveperceptionofCanadianagricultureisabigjob.ThatswhyAgMoreThanEverisbuiltonpartnerships.Ourpartnerscomefrommanydierentbackgroundstosupportonegreatindustry.TheyactivelygrowawarenessofthecauseandspreadpositivemessagesaboutCanadianagtotheiremployeesassociatescustomersandthepublic.InterestedinbecomingapartnerVisitAgMoreThanEver.caPartnerstondouthow.FindyourplaceinagAreyouorsomeoneyouknowlookingforacareerinagriculturebutdontknowwheretostartTheCanadianAgriculturalHumanResourceCouncilhassomegreatonlineresourcestohelp.Agripathways.caThissitefeaturesagreatvirtualtooltohelpyoundopportunitiesinagthatmatchyourinterests.Itsagreatstartingpointforyourcareerpath.Agritalent.caOnceyouhaveanideaoftheopportunitiesyouwanttopursueitstimetondouthowtopursuethem.Agritalent.caisanationaldatabaseoflearningopportunitiesinagriculture.IfAgripathwaysisyourstartingpointAgritalentisyourroadmap.THEREALSTORYOFAG THEREALSTORYOFAGSafefoodanimalwelfaresustainabilitypeoplecaredeeplyaboutthesethingswhentheymakefoodchoices.Andallofusintheagricultureindustrycaredeeplyaboutthemtoo.Butsometimesthegeneralpublicdoesntseeitthatway.WhyBecauseforthemostpartwerenottellingthemourstoryandtoooftensomeoneoutsidetheindustryis.Thejourneyfromfarmtotableisaconversationweneedtomakesurewereapartof.Soletstalkaboutittogether.VisitAgMoreThanEver.catodiscoverhowyoucanhelpimproveandcreaterealisticperceptionsofCanadianag.Weallsharethesametable.Pullupachair.Wetakeprideinknowingwewouldfeelsafeconsuminganyofthecropswesell.Ifwewouldnotuseitourselvesitdoesnotgotomarket.KatelynDuncanSaskatchewanThewelfareofmyanimalsisoneofmyhighestpriorities.IfIdontgivemycowsahighqualityoflifetheywontgrowuptobegreatcows.AndrewCampbellOntarioThenaturalenvironmentiscriticaltofarmerswedependonsoilandwaterfortheproductionoffood.Butwealsoliveonourfarmssoitsessentialthatweactasresponsiblestewards.DougChorneyManitoba 30JUST10plantgenomesweresequencedbetween2000and2008.In2012bycomparison13genomeswerepublishedand12morein2013.Theyincludecornwheatbarleyricesoybeanshempcottonfaxapplepeachwatermelontomatoandthelistgoeson.HavingtheseincreasinglycomprehensivecollectionsoDNAallowsustomineuseulgenesmoreecientlyandmakebetteruseothemsaysOwenHoekengaresearchmolecularbiologistorCornellUniversity.Oncethegenomehasbeensequencedgenotypingtoolscanbeusedtodeterminethegeneticvariantsthatanyindividualplantsmightpossess.Genotypingprovidesinor-mationaboutthecompletegeneticmakeupoaparticularplantvarietyorspecies.Itallowsbreederstoquicklyiden-tiydesirabletraitsthatcanpotentiallybedeployedacrossvarietiesothesamespeciesandinsomecasesacrossdierentplantspeciesusingtransgenictechnologies.AsgenotypingtoolsbecomeincreasinglyinexpensiveitllbemorestraightorwardtodeploytraitsintoawiderrangeogermplasmorbroaderimpactsaysHoekenga.ShotgunSequencingInNovember2012ateamointernationalscientistsannouncedthattheyhadsequencedthewheatgenomethatcontains96000genesandisvetimeslargerthanthehumangenome.ThatwasollowedbysequencingothebarleygenomeinOctober2012whichhas5.3billionlet-tersogeneticcode.Becausethegenomesoplantssuchasbarleyandwheataresolargescientistsuseatechniquecalledshotgunsequencingwhichessentiallybreaksthegenomeintosmallermoremanageablesegmentsoranaly-sisandthenreassemblesthem.ShotgunsequencingisroutinelyappliedtoincreasinglylargeandcomplexorganismssaysHoekenga.Itssomuchmoreecientintermsohowmuchinormationyourecoverromasingleexperiment.DNAMappingandSequencingManypeoplemistakeDNAmappingandsequencingorthesamethingbuttheyaredierentprocessesthatprovidedierentinormation.ADNAorgeneticmapshowswherecertainthingsidentiedwithgeneticmarkersarelocatedandinwhatorderonthechromosomeoagenome.DNAsequencingoagenomeismuchmorecomprehensiveandrevealsnotjustwherethingsareonthechromosomebutalsowhattheylooklikeandwhattheydo.Geneticsequencingidentiesthespecicgenesorormsoageneallelesthatconerorcontroltraitsorunctionsthatcouldbeuseultoplantbreederssuchasthosethatinfuenceyieldoilorproteincontent.Itsnowmoretimeandcosteicienttousegenomesequencingtoaskgeneticmappingquestionsbecauseorthesameamountotimeeortandcostwecanget100000piecesoinormationsimultaneouslyratherthan10saysHoekenga.UNLOCKINGTHEFULLGENETICPOTENTIALOFPLANTSSince1995thegenomesonearly50plantshavebeensequencedandthankstoadvancesintechnologytherateatwhichthesesetsogeneticinstructionsarebeingdecipheredisincreasingrapidly.ComparisonowheatsampleswithDNAmarkerslabelledwithfuorescentdyes. Formoredetailsvisitwww.cdnseed.org92ndAnnualMeetingJuly12142015CaesarsWindsorWindsorOntariocanadianseedtradeassociationlassociationcanadienneducommercedessemences 32PACKINGPALLETIZINGCOMPANYPPCPROVIDINGCUSTOMBAGGINGTAGGINGANDPALLETIZINGSOLUTIONSBULKBAGFILLERPALLETIZERT204331-3000www.ppcinc.caEtpppcinc.caTAGPLACERGeneSilencingTechnologyUnderstandinghowplantsturnspecifcgenesonandotoperormcertainunctionsordeendthemselvesmaypavethewayornewvarietieswithincreasedpestanddiseaseresistancethroughtheuseogenesilencingtech-nology.OneothesetechnologiesRNAintererenceRNAiisbeingemployedbymajorseedcompanies.Monsantoistryingtoprovideresistancetopestssuchascornrootworm.RNAiisoneoanumberomechanismsbywhichgenescanbesilencedorturnedosaysHoekenga.PartoRNAireliesontheactthatinplantstherearesensingmecha-nismsthatcanrecognizeRNAmoleculesthattheyregardasbeingpathogensinsomeway.IyoucanintroduceintoaplantasequencethatcreatesanRNAmoleculethatmatchesthegeneyouwanttoturnotheplantwillrecognizethistriggerandturnothetargetgene.Genesilencingcannotonlybeusedtosilencegenesthatexistintheplantbuttheycanalsobeusedtosilencegenesoorganismsthatinteractwiththeplantlikediseasesandpests.ImprovingYieldsTwogeneticdiscoveriesin2013mayhelpraiseglobalcropyields.AnIsraeliagri-techcompanyhopestoincreasecropyieldswithouttheaidogeneticmodifcationbyspeedingupthemultiplicationocropgenomesusingatechniquecalledgenomedoubling.Genomedoublingoccursinnaturebuttakesthousandsoyears.Hoekengaexplainsthatalthoughthismaybeanewwaytousegenomedou-blingalsocalledpolyploidyitsnotanewtechnology.Cornellresearchersalsoannouncedthediscoveryoascarecrowgenewhichleadstomoreefcientplantpho-tosynthesis.ResearcherssaythediscoveryopensthedoortothetranserenceoC4plantmechanismsintoC3plantssuchaswheatandricewhichwouldallowthemtobegrowninhotterdryerenvironmentswithlessertilizerandstillachieveupto50percenthigheryields.PestsandDiseasesThegenomesopestssuchasthepeaaphidandthedia-mondbackmothhavebeensequencedandresearchersareclosertoimprovedresistancetosoybeancystnematode.ForyearsgrowershavebeenplantingsoybeanswithjustonegeneRhg1asadeenseagainstSCN.AU.S.researchteamhasdiscoveredthatRhg1isactuallythreegeneslocatednexttoeachotheronthechromosomewhichworktogethertoprovideSCNresistanceandithisgenegroupcanbeidentifedinmultiplevarietiesshouldprovidemoreoptionstodevelopbetterresistance.Diseasesarealsobeingexaminedatthemolecularlevel.Aninternationalteamoscientistsin2010crackedthegeneticcodeoaplantpathogenHyaloperonosporaarabidopsi-disthatcausesdownymildew.Thisstealthbomberoplantpathogensisabletosneakundetectedpastaplantsimmunedeensesandunderstandingthegeneticmecha-nismsitusestodothiswillbeuseulindevelopingbetterresistancetoavarietyoplantpathogens.AngelaLovellAgenedubbedthescarecrowgenehasbeenstudiedinthestemsandrootsoplants.CornellUniversityresearchershoweverdiscoveredthatthegeneisalsooundintheleavesocertainplants.TheC3pathwayisthemostcommonphotosyntheticpathwayinplantsandisoundincropssuchasrice.TheC4photosyntheticpathwayisusedincornsorghumandmilletwhicharegrowninaridclimates.PlantsthatusetheC4pathwayusewaternitrogenandsunlight50percentmoreefcientlyinareaswherewaterisscarcethanthosethatusetheC3pathway.WHEREONTHEWEBToreadtherestofthisarticlewhichincludesinformationonbioinformaticsnextgenerationgenomesequencingandthefutureofgenomicsvisitGermination.caGenetic_Potential. BULKSEEDSYSTEMSWith30yearsofexperiencedesigningandmanufacturingseedhandlingsystemsConvey-Allisthelogicalchoiceforyourbulkseedsite.Whetheryourequireanindividualcomponentoracompletesystemforyouroutsidestorageyardorinsideyourplantoursystemsaredesignedtohandledelicateseedsandreducecrosscontamination.WithConvey-AllyougetthepeaceofmindthatallourproductsincludeCompletecustomdesignfabricationinstallationandaftersalesservicesIn-plantandstorageyardsystemsCapacitiestomatchyourexactrequirementsSeedtreatingandothersystemsarecompatibleandcanbeincorporatedIdealforbulkseedplantsfromConvey-AllIndustriesInc.RECEIVEACOMPLIMENTARYSEEDHANDLINGINFORMATIONPACKAGECall1-800-418-9461orregisteratWWW.CONVEY-ALL.COMwww.convey-all.com 34ITreadslikeascriptoraHollywoodcrimethriller.CorporatespiesromChinastealbiologicalsecretstheyintendtosendbackhometogivetheircountryatechnologicaledgeintheinternationalmarketplace.Itsnotascreenplaythough.CourtdocumentsallegethisiswhathappenedinKansasin2013whenanemployeeoabiotechrmandaresearchgeneticistortheU.S.DepartmentoAgricultureZhangWeiqiangandYanWenguiallegedlygavepatentedriceseedstoaChinesedelegationvisitingtheUnitedStates.TheseedswereoundinthedelegationsluggagebyborderguardsattheairportwhentheyattemptedtofybacktoChina.InanothercasereportedwidelyinrecentmonthsDuPontPioneerwasthevictimoseedthetinanintricatecasethatrststartedin2011whenaeldmanagerinIowanoticedanAsianmanonhiskneesinaeldoanewcornvarietynotyetreleasedpubliclybythecompany.TheeldmanagerconrontedthesuspiciousmanwhosaidhewasromtheUniversityoIowaonhiswaytoanagriculturalconerence.HewasaccompaniedbyanothermansittinginaparkedcarnearbyarentedcarpolicewoulddiscoverbelongedtoamannamedMoHailong.MoHailongwasarrestedinDecembero2013andveotherChinesecitizenshavebeenindictedonchargesostealingtradesecrets.Althoughthestorymightbeanenter-tainingonewithallthemakingsoabestsellingcrimenovelitrepresentsaseriousrealityintheNorthAmericanseedindustrythetointellectualproperty.GAUGINGTHEVALUEOFIPIntellectualpropertyisoftremendousimportancetotheseedindustrybutwhyAndhowdofarmersandseedcompaniesdetermineitStealingSeedSecretsAccordingtoPaulHealdalawproessorattheUniversityoIllinoisatUrbanainChampaignandanexpertonintel-lectualpropertylawold-ashionedespionagetacticsareemployedintheseedindustryorasimplereasonitstheonlywayorthievestoactuallygettheirhandsonanotherseedcompanysproductandmakeseriousprotsotheirintellectualproperty.AslongasonecankeepparentlinessecretthenahybridcanusuallybekeptexclusivetothedeveloperHealdsays.Myunderstandinghoweveristhattechnologyhasmadeitmucheasiertoreverseengineerwhichistotallypermis-sibleromalegalperspectiveahybridandpuzzleoutwhattheparentlinesmustbe.Thatabilitytogureoutthegeneticpuzzlemakesintellec-tualpropertythetappealingtothosewhowishtoprotothediscoveriesotheircompetitors.Likeanyareaotheeconomywherethereisrapidinnova-tiontherearetimeswhenpeoplewilllookorshortcuts.UnortunatelythatswhatwereseeingsaysAndyLaVignepresidentotheAmericanSeedTradeAssociation.Asourmembersinvestmoreinresearchanddevelopmentothercompanieswillnaturallytrytotakeadvantageothatinordertogetaheadbecauseitstheeasywayinsomecases.AccordingtoauthoritiesthedeendantsintheMocasevis-itedseedtestingplotsinIowaandIllinoisusedbyMonsantoandPioneertonamejusttwoseedcompaniestheystole MARCHAPRIL201535rom.Accordingtocourtdocumentstheyhidtheirstolenseedsincommoneverydaycontainerslikerestaurantnap-kinsandpopcornbags.Theseedsthattheystolewererominbredlineswhichintherighthandscouldbecrossedtocreatehybridseedsthatcouldbesoldtoarmers.AccordingtoanafdavitfledbyFBIspecialagentMarkBettenintheMocaseoneinbredlineotheseedthedeendantswereatertakesfvetoeightyearsoresearchandcancost30millionto40milliontodevelopasignifcantinvestmentoraseedcompany.Tohavethatinvestmentmisappropriatedrepresentsanopportunityoranotherseedcompanytousethattechnologytoitsownadvantagesavingmoneyonresearchandtakingashortcuttotheproftstage.ProtectingPropertyForRodMerryweatherCEOotheSaskatchewan-basedseedproducerFPGeneticsprotectingthatintellectualpropertyishugelyimportant.Thisisntalow-stakesgamehesays.Intellectualpropertydelivershugevaluetothewholevaluechain.Iveheardarmerssaythehybridizationocanolaandthesubsequentbenefttheygotromherbicidetoleranceandthesubse-quentyieldenhancementdelivered100anacreincremen-talproft.Andthatsjustincanolahesays.Tohavethatpropertystolenandexploitedisahugeblowtonotjusttheseedindustrybutthewholevaluechainhesaysincludingconsumers.IntellectualpropertyissomethingthatsfercelyprotectedinCanadaandtheUnitedStates.Bothcountrieshaverobustlegalrameworksensuringthatintellectualprop-ertyisprotectedortheseedindustry.InCanadaavarietyotoolsexistthatallowseedindustrystakeholderstoprotecttheirintellectualpropertyincludingtheCanadaSeedsActPlantBreedersRightsPBRlegislationbagandortaglicensesproductioncontractsorTechnologyUseAgreementsTUAspatentsandtrademarks.AccordingtotheCanadianSeedTradeAssociationsweb-siteProtectingseedintellectualpropertyisasharedresponsibilityonalocalandglobalbasis.Itostersinnova-tionintheseedsectorprovidingmanybeneftstoCanadianarmersandtosocietyasawhole.CSTAalsonotesthatseeddealersplayacriticalroleinitssuccessbothintheshorttermandlongterm.DeterminingtheValueofIPThevalueintellectualpropertyhasorbusinesseslikeFPGeneticscanbedeterminedbyanumberoactorsbutorMerryweatheritsthevalueitdeliverstothegrowerthatisotheutmostimportance.Herbicidetolerancewasohugevaluetothegrowerandconsumerbutthepeoplewhosawitthemostwerethegrowerssinceitreducedthecostomanagingweedsboostedyieldandreducedtheoverallcostoarmingandmadedirectseedingandno-tillarmingpossible.Thoseadvancementsneedtobeprotectedheaddsbecauseitstheirvaluetogrowersthatmakestheirthetsoattractivetosome.ButhowdoesabusinessdeterminewhatvaluetheirintellectualpropertyholdsThevalueoIPisdeterminedbytheutilityorvaluethatitpotentiallydeliverstosocietyandtotheusersothattech-nologyMerryweathersays.Thatswhatdeterminesvalueorusthevalueitcreatesorourcustomersandthatswhytheindustryneedsthatintellectualpropertyprotection.Certaincropsholdhigherintellectualpropertyvaluethanothersheaddswhichcanservetocomplicatemattersorbusinessesthatdealinmultiplecropvarietieswhenitcomestodeterminingtheworthotheirintellectualproperty.Thisisntalow-stakesgame.Intellectualpropertydelivershugevaluetothewholevaluechain.RodMerryweatherIyouweretoputherbicidetoleranceintowheatyoumaynotseeasmuchreturnoninvestment.TheClearfeldwheatthatwasdevelopedIdontbelievedeliveredasmuchvaluetogrowersasRounduporLibertygoingintocanolaandthereasonwastherewasalreadyalototech-nologythatdidaverygoodjoboweedcontrolinwheatMerryweathersays.Thatdidntdeliverasmuchvalueasitcouldhave.Acorncropyielding200bushelsanacreat6abushelisprob-ablymoreworthwhileinnovationtherecoulddeliveralotmorevaluethanwheatorexample.RaleGjuricpresidentotheManitoba-basedHaplotechInc.anddirectorothePlantBreedingAcademyattheUniversityoCaliorniainDavisCali.saysthatwhilethevalueointellectualpropertyisntsimpleorstraightorwardthesystemthatprotectsitinCanadaandtheU.S.hasalongenoughhistorytodemonstratehowvaluableitreallyis.TheRDbudgetsintheseedindustryrangearound5to15percentothetotalannualexpendituresoabusinesshesays.Itverymuchdependsonthecropcompeti-tivenessbiotechversustraditionaletcetera.Thegeneticroyaltiesnospecialtraitsbiotechornativeassociated 36withspecialroyaltiesrangerom8to12percentoseedretailpricesbarebulk.OnewouldassumethatroyaltiesneedtorecovertheRDexpensesbutnotnecessarily.Itdependsonthebusinessmodel.RDcanalsobeseenasalong-terminvestment.HenotesthatvegetablecropsusuallyhavelowerRDbudgetsandfeldcropshavehigher.CropsbredthroughtraditionalmethodsarecheapertoproducethanbiotechproductswhichcomewithenormousRDexpenses.PreventionEspionageandintellectualpropertyprotectionintheseedindustryarebecomingahottertopicastimegoeson.ItsontheagendamoreotenbecauseastechnologycontinuestochangerapidlyintheindustrybothdomesticallyandgloballycompaniessometimesfnditchallengingtokeepupLaVigneexplains.Althoughintellectualpropertythetisaseriousconcernorseedcompaniespreventingitotenisnteasilydone.DavidMillerIowaFarmBureauresearchdirectornotesthatarm-erstypicallydonterectsecurityencesaroundtheirfeldsandhedoesntthinkthatsabouttohappenanytimesoon.MostotheresearchcompaniesIknowotheirearlydevelopmentisalmostalldonebehindchainlinkencesataresearchacilitythathassecurityaroundit.Atthelaststageocommercialdevelopmentyoucantdothat.OncethevarietygoesintotheexpansionmodeyouneedacresMillersays.OtentheonlysecuritythatexistsaroundafeldoseedisaewNoTrespassingsignshenotes.Aseedcompanysbestdeenceattheendothedayisthelaw.AccordingtotheCanadianSeedTradeAssociationsofcialpolicyinintellectualpropertyprotectionCSTApromotestheavailabilityanduseoallrelevanttoolstoprotectintel-lectualpropertyinseedsandthattheimplementationothesetoolsshouldprotectholderstothehighestdegree.CSTAisastrongsupporterochangesthatareunderwaythatwillimproveCanadasPlantBreedersRightslegisla-tionaormointellectualpropertyrightsbywhichplantbreederscanprotecttheirnewvarietiesinthesamewayaninventorprotectsanewinventionwithapatent.WiththegrantoPlantBreedersRightsoranewplantvarietytheownerobtainstheexclusiverightstoproduceorsaleandtosellreproductivematerialothevariety.ThatgovernmentoversightandinterventionintheprocessisavaluablethingortheindustryinCanadaandbeyondMerryweathernotes.Thegovernmentwantstobettersocietybymakingoodmoreaordablebutintellectualpropertyprotectionalsogeneratesrevenuethatprovidesjobsandtaxationorthegovernment.Whenincomeismadetaxesarepaidonitwhichbettersthecountryhesays.IwedidnthavepatentsandIPprotectionthenultimatelypeoplewontreleasethatinormationandthatbeneftisgoneandactu-allymakesyourindustrylesscompetitive.IdeallyhowevercollaborationandtrustarethebestwaysopreventingintellectualpropertythetinthefrstplaceLaVignenotes.GlobalRelationshipsYouseecollaborationacrosstheboardEuropeancom-paniesaredoingbusinesshereintheUnitedStatessellingseedintoSouthAmericaorexampleLaVigneadds.Thoserelationshipsarehappeningmorerequentlyandtheindustryisbecomingmoreglobalbecauseotheneedtofndvarietiesthatmightbemoreresistanttoweatheroccurrencesandthingslikethat.ButitsimportantLaVigneaddsthatseedcompaniesrec-ognizethatnotallpartsotheworldhaveasmuchappre-ciationorintellectualpropertyasNorthAmericadoes.Knowingthatiskeywhendoingbusinessabroad.InternationalrelationshipsaredevelopingrapidlyorallsizesoseedcompaniesandthatsexcitingbutitsalsoanareaocautionorcompaniestotryandunderstandwhatintellectualpropertyprotectionlookslikeinotherpartsotheworldbeitChinaBrazilIndiaorwhereverLaVignesays.MarcZienkiewiczRodMerryweatherservesasCEOofFPGenetics.RaleGjuricservesaspresidentofHaplotechInc. WeveGotYouCovered.CompleteStorageandHandlingSolutionsUnderOneRoof.Whenitcomestoseedyouneedreliabilitysafetyandefciency.Meridianoffersavarietyofindustry-leadingstorageandhandlingproductsmanufacturedwithcommitmenttothehighestqualitythatisunmatched.ForseedhandlingandstorageMeridianisthebestchoice.Formoreinformationvisitmeridianmfg.comorcall800437-23342015MeridianManufacturingInc.RegisteredTrademarksUsedUnderLicense.www.meridianmfg.comWatchourVideosOnlinewww.meridianmfg.comvideos 38THISyearthePrairieGrainDevelopmentCommitteemetFeb.23-25inBanAltatoreviewnewcultivarsandputorththosethatwilldeliverbeneftstoarmersorend-users.PGDCiscomprisedoourinde-pendentrecommendingcommitteesresponsibleorthetestingevaluationandrecommendationograincropcandidatecultivarsorregistrationinWesternCanada.TheseincludetheWheatRyeTriticaleCommitteetheOatBarleyCommitteePulseSpecialCropsCommitteeandtheOilseedsCommittee.TheannualPGDCmeetingservesaorumortheexchangeoinormationrelevanttothedevelopmentoimprovedgraincultivarsorthewesternCanadianprairies.AtthetimeoprintnotallcommitteereportsromthePGDCmeetingwereavailablebutheressomeinsightastohap-peningsromtheWheatRyeTriticaleCommitteeandtheOilseedsCommittee.ThePrairieRecommendingCommitteeorWheatRyeTriticalePRCWRTconsistsothreeevaluationteamsocusedonagronomydiseaseandend-usequality.TherewerearecordnumberolinessupportedatthemeetingthisyearsaysCurtisPozniakPRCWRTchair.Intotal35cultivarswereconsideredowhich17ullandinterimwereautomaticallysupported.Theremainingcul-tivarswereconsideredbytheCultivarVotingPanel.Twoothe35cultivarlinesputorthwerenotsupportedorcultivarregistration.TheincreasednumberocultivarssupportedthisyearwillprovidearmerswithagreaterchoiceocultivarsthatarebestsuitedtotheirproductionsystemsanduniqueenvironmentalconditionsPozniaksays.Fourteencultivarswereputorthandsupportedorullregistrationbyallthreeevaluationteamsagronomydiseaseandend-usequality.TheseincludebutarenotlimitedtoCanadianWesternRedSpringvarietiesBW965andBW966bothputorthbyAgricultureandAgri-FoodCanadasSemiaridAgriculturalResearchCentreSPARCinSwitCurrentSask.AlsopartothismixisT235aspringtriticaleromSeed-linkinLindsayOnt.andRT209andRT210bothallryesromKWSLochowGMBHinEinbeckGermany.CanadaWesternAmberDurumsincludedDT577DT578andDT579putorthbytheCropDevelopmentCentreCDCattheUniversityoSaskatchewanandDT856putorthbyAAFCSPARC.Pozniakaddsthatthiswasthesecondyearthecommitteeimplementeditsrevisedoperatingproceduresbywhichacultivarvotingpanelcomprisedo23memberscon-sideredcandidatecultivarsnotautomaticallyendorsedbythethreeevaluationteams.Anadditional11varietiesweresupportedorregistrationaterthevarietywaspresentedandvoteduponbythePRCWRTcultivarvotingpanel.ThevotingpanelconsistsosevenmembersromeachevaluationteamplusonerepresentativeeachromtheCanadianSeedGrowersAssociationandtheCanadianSeedTradeAssociationwhichhelpstoensurebalancedThePrairieGrainDevelopmentCommitteesupportedtheregistrationofmorethan30wheatryeandtriticalevarietiesaddingmorechoiceinthemarketplaceforfarmers.DeliveringMoreChoicetotheMarketplace MARCHAPRIL201539TheSTORMSeedTreatmentOptimizedRateMeteringisthelatestinnovationinseedtreatmentequipmentdeliveringprecisionapplicationinaconvenientandsimpletousepackageorin-the-yardtreatingthatyoucontrol.Specifcallydesignedtomaximizethereturnoseedappliedproductsandtotaketheguessworkoutothetreatmentprocess.SeeyourlocalWestfeldorWheatheartdealerormoreinormation.855.662.6609aggrowth.comstormTAKETHEGUESSWORKOUTOFSEEDTREATMENTWITHTHESTORMSEEDTREATER.OilseedsThePrairieRecommendingCommitteeorOilseedsreviewedeightaxvarietiesandalleightwererecommendedorregistrationfvebrownvarietiesandthreeyellowvarieties.OneyellowvarietyOmegawasputorwardorinterimregistration.Twobrownmustardsandoneorientalmustardwererecommendedorregistration.ReportssuggestthebiggestchallengeorthePRCOwillbethenumberoco-optrialsconductedmovingorward.AAFCandCropProductionServicesarepullingtheirbreedingprogramsduringthenexttwoyearswhichleavesonlytheCropDevelopmentCentre.Theideaistoreducethenumberoco-optrialsromthreetoonemeaningthebrownyellowandNortherntrialswilllikelybecombinedintoone.Multiplesiteswouldstillexistbutthenumberoindependentco-optrialsandcheckvarietieswouldbereduced.FordetailedhappeningsfromthePGDCOatBarleyCommitteePulseandSpecialCropsCommitteetheOilseedsCommitteeaswellastheWesternCanadaCanolaandRapeseedRecommendingCommitteepleasevisitGermination.ca2015_PGDC.WEBWHEREONTHErepresentationoentirevaluechainwhenlookingatnewcultivars.PozniaksaysthatthecommitteealsoconsideredanumberocultivarsorinterimregistrationmostnotablyorthecultivarsoFallerandProsper.ThisrequiredthePRCWRTtosetasideouroperatingguidelinestoallowsubjectiveassessmentothesecultivarswhichprovidenichevaluehesays.Thissupportsthefexibilityoourcurrentoperatingprocedures.InterimRegistrationFalleravarietyputorthbyNorthDakotaStateUniversityResearchFoundationandSeedDepotCorp.theexclusivelicenseeanddistributorinCanadareceivedathree-yearinterimregistration.Fallerwasprevi-ouslypartoaclosedloopintellectualpropertyprograminManitoba.Thisinterimregistrationwillenablethemtoexpandmarketdevelopment.TheoundationalsointroduceditssistervarietyProsper.Thecultivarvotingpanelalsosup-portedinterimregistrationorW530anexperimentalhardwhitewinterwheatdesignedoruseintheAsianmarketorsteamedbuns.BredbyR.J.GraoAAFCattheLethbridgeResearchCentrethisparticularvari-etyhasexhibitedgreatloadqualityunctionalityandproducesareallywhitefour.BelvoirandSparrowbothwheatvari-etiesthatallintotheCanadaWesternGeneralPurposeclassalsoreceivedinterimregistrationandcanbeusedintheethanollivestockandgeneralpurposemarkets.Thesetwovarie-tiesdemonstratedhigheryieldsandarelatermaturing.FPGeneticsElginNDaCanadianPrairieSpringRedwheatalsoreceivedinterimregistra-tion.LorenaPahlandJulieDeering 40BEESareanessentialcomponentoCanadianagri-culturewiththeCanadianHoneyCouncilpeggingthevalueohoneybeestocroppollinationinthiscountryaloneatmorethan4.4billion.InrecentyearsconcernshavebeenraisedinCanadaandaroundtheworldaboutbeepopulationdeclinesandlong-termpollinatorhealthpromptingquestionsaboutthesustainabilityotheCanadianhoneybeeindustry.ThelatestfguresromStatisticsCanadahoweverindicatethenumberohoneybeesinthiscountryhasbeenrisingduringthepastdecade.Theamountobeecoloniesroserom615541in2005to694217in2014anincreaseoalmost13percent.The2014totalisalsojustshyotherecordnumbero707375coloniesin1986.Thenumberobeekeeperstendingallthosebeeswentupby10percentduringthepastdecadetotalling8777in2014.WhyhasthenumberohoneybeesgoneupOnesimpleexplanationisthatmorepeopleareraisingbeesbutRodScarletttheCHCexecutivedirectormaintainsthatthenatureobeekeepingandwhosdoingitisalsochanging.Scarlettpointsoutthatanincreasingnumberosmaller-scaleoperatorsaswellashobbyistsandurbanapiaristshavejoinedtheranksoCanadianbeekeepersinthepastdecade.WeveseebiggrowthinthisareaparticularlyinOntarioandB.C.hesays.Scarlettnotestheresalsoadefnitetrendtowardyoungerpeoplegettingintobeekeepingespeciallyonthecommer-cialside.Itsayoungindustryandthatsuniquewithintheagriculturalsectorhesays.Scarlettcitesanumberootheractorsbehindthehoney-beegrowthtrendincludingAbetterunderstandingandtreatmentoimportantbeepestsanddiseasessuchasthevarroamiteandaunguscallednosema.Improvedhivemanagement.Betterbeestock.Scarlettsaysadvancesinrecentyearshaveenabledbee-keepersandgrowerstogetabetterhandleonmanagingriskstobeehealth.Wehaveaewmoretoolsinthetoolkitheexplainsnotingthatintegratedpestmanagementisonesuchtool.HONEYBEESONTHERISEAccordingtoStatisticsCanadathiscriticalpollinatorhasbeenincreasinginnumberduringthepastdecade.PhotoJimCampbell.Manitobabeekeepersinprotectivegearcheckhivestrengthinthespring.PhotoJimCampbell.Ahoneybeecollectsfoodforthehive. MARCHAPRIL201541USCLLC.866-703-7472www.USCLLC.comSeedTreatersScaleWeighHoppersCompleteUSCAutomationPumpStandsTri-FloContinuousTreatingSeedConveyorsWalkingLegsVibratingHoppersAirOperatedBinGatesDumpRe-bagHoppersUSCBulkSeedSystemsIncludeMixTanksU-ToteDirectInjectBinFillConveyorsUnderbinConveyorsTruckUnloadConveyorsTheonlycompanytodesignengineermanufactureandinstallcompleteBulkSeedSystems.Withover15yearsexperienceUSCisapioneerinseedtreatmenttechnologyandthemosttrustedpartnerintheindustry.NoonecomparestoUSCscustomizedtreatingsolutionsWATCHAUSCBULKSITECOMETOGETHERNeonicotinoidinsecticide-treatedseedanditsimpactonpollinatorhealthhavecomeunderincreasingscrutinyinrecentyears.Scarlettacknowledgestheresagrowingawarenessintheagriculturalcommunityotheneedorpesticideriskreductionandmanagementpracticesthatshouldbenefthoneybeesinthelongrun.Thewholearmcommunitywhichincludesbeekeepersistakingagoodlookattheuseopesticideshesays.Itsapartothepuzzle.MarkBrockisthechairmanoGrainFarmersoOntariowhichisinvolvedinacampaigncalledBeesMatter.Thecam-paignwaslaunchedbyacoalitionogrowerorganizationsindustryassociationsandagri-businessesthatarelobbyingagainsttheOntariogovernmentsplanstocutneonicotinoidpesticideuseintheprovinceby80percentby2017.TheresbeenalotonegativepublicityaroundthestateohoneybeehealthinCanadaspecifcallyinOntario.Wewantedtoensurethatconsumersandsocietyingen-eralhavetheopportunitytohearbothsidesothestoryandthattheresgoodcommunicationonallrontssothatpeopleunderstandtheissueandcanmakeinormeddeci-sionsBrocksays.Wetakeprideindoingagoodjobonourarmsandusingproductsonlywhennecessaryheadds.Wealwaystrytobalancethosedecisionswithbestmanagementpracticeslikehavingintegratedpestmanagementsystemsinplace.BrockmaintainstherehasbeensignifcantprogressintreatedseedstewardshipbyeveryoneintheindustryinrecentyearstheGrainFarmersoOntarioorexampleisapplyingthefnishingtouchestoaproposalorprovidingadditionalprotectionsorpollinatorhealththatitplanstopresenttotheOntariogovernment.Duringspringplantingin2012and2013somebeekeep-ersinpartsoOntarioandQuebecreportedbeemortalityincidents.SubsequentinvestigationsledHealthCanadasPestManagementRegulatoryAgencytoconcludethatdustreleasedduringtheplantingoneonicotinoidinsecticide-treatedcornseedcontributedtothelosses.ThePMRAthenimplementedaseriesomitigationmeas-urestoreducedustexposuretopollinatorsincollaborationwithindustrystakeholders.TheagencyhasbeenmonitoringbeehealthandinNovember2014itreportedthatinorma-tiontodateindicatesthenumberoincidentreportsassoci-atedwithneonicotinoidpesticideuseduringtheplantingperiodin2014was70percentlowerthanin2013.ThePMRAcautionedagainstmakingadirectcorrelationtotheriskmitigationmeasuresandsaidthatthe2014springweatherinOntariowaslikelyacontributingactor.Theagencyisconductingathoroughinvestigationoall2014incidentsandisstudyingalargenumberosamplesorthepresenceopesticidesandbeeviruses.AclearerpictureshouldemergelaterthisyearwhenPMRAreleasestheresultsoitsanalysis.MarkHalsall 42MARCELBRUINSisanindependentconsultantspecializingintheseedsectorplantbreedingplantbreedersrightsintellectualpropertytradefacilitationandinternationaloutreach.LearnmoreaboutBruinsfromhisLinkedInprole.Hecanbereachedatmbruins1964gmail.com.LetsHelptheEdisonsoftheWorldArecentpollomorethan10000peoplein17countriesaskedparticipantstonameasmanyinventorsastheycould.ThomasEdisonwasthemostwell-knownat27percentollowedbyAlbertEinsteinatninepercentAlexanderGrahamBellatvepercentLeonardodaVinciatourpercentandSteveJobsatthreepercent.AremarkablemanEdisonworked18hoursadayandwasaproliicinventorwith1093patents.Researchshowsthatthebestinsightsotenoccurattheedgesosleepwhenotherbrainpartssuchastheoccipitallobearereetoplay.Butthoseinsightsquicklygoawayisleepovertakesbeoreonewakesup.TopreventlosingtheseinsightsEdisonwouldtakeshortnapswhilesittinginachairwithhisarmsdrapedoverthesides.Heheldasteelballineachhandandonthefooronbothsidesothechairlayametalpan.Iheellasleeptoodeeplytheballswouldallwakinghimintimetowritedownanyuseulthoughtsbeoretheydisappeared.Theworldacesenormouschallengesandweneedtheinnovatorsandtheplantbreedersonthisplanetmorenowthaneverbeore.ThisyearooddemandinAricaisorecasttoreach100billionwhichisdoublethato2000accordingtotheInternationalFoodPolicyResearchInstitute.By2020theWorldWaterCouncilprojects17percentmorewaterwillbeneededtoeedtheworldandIFPRIestimatesworldagriculturalgrossdomesticproductwilldecreaseby16percentduetoclimatechangeandotheractors.By2025theWorldBankestimatesthatonehectareneedstoeedvepeoplewhereasin1960thatnumberwasonlytwopeople.By2030theInternationalEnergyAgencycalculatesenergydemandwillhaverisen55percent.Finallyby2050whenourglobalpopulationhasrisentoatleast9.2billionpeopletheUNestimatesthat50percentocurrentarablelandwillhavebecomeunusableduetodeserticationandlanddegradation.Thisleadstoanalarmingconclusionthatagricul-turalproductionneedstoincreaseby60percentaccordingtoFAO.Thatswhywedesperatelyneedplantbreedersworkingaroundtheclocktodevelopbettervarieties.Howeveritsonethingtodevelopanewvari-etybutquiteanothertomarketit.Thelatterismorelikelytooccuritheintellectualpropertyisprotectedandthebreederknowsrevenuecanbegenerated.Breedersneedeectiveintellectualpropertyrightsthatarepredictabletransparentandcost-eective.WithoutagoodIPsysteminplacecompanieshesitateandevenrerainromsellingtheirbestvarieties.HavingattendedmeetingsotheInternationalUnionortheProtectionoNewVarietiesoPlantsorthepast17yearsIrealizetheimportanceohavingharmonizedIPregulations.Toootenweseeapatchworkodierentnationalimplemen-tationsthatcreatesunnecessarycostsdelaysandimpedesbusiness.Thisistrueoralltrade-relatedregulationssuchasseedcerticationseedtestingandphytosanitaryregulations.Themoreeectivelycountriescancometogetherthebetteritisortheinnovators.Toacilitatetradeitisnecessaryorgovernmentstoprovideanenablingenvironmentwiththerightsetoregulationsortheplantbreedingandseedindustriestocreatethosenewvarietiesandtradetheirseedsinternationally.Itisimperativethatgovernmentsimplementgloballyharmonizedregulationsandrerainromdeviatingromthoseagreed-uponinternationalguidelines.Theplantscienceandseedindustriesaceincreasingregulationsthatcanstifeprogressandtrade.Anyregulationshouldbebasedonscienticresearchandshouldbeclearlyandconsistentlycommuni-cated.Alltoootenregulationsareeitherunknowntotheshipperandarenotsciencebased.Governmentshaveaclearandunequivocaldutytoamendsuchsituationsbyadaptingtheirnationalregulationstobeinlinewithinterna-tionalguidelines.Atthesametimethereisalsoaburdenontheintergovernmentalorganiza-tionssuchastheOrganizationorEconomicCo-operationandDevelopmentInternationalSeedTestingAssociationUPOVandInternationalPlantProtectionConventiontomakesuremembersimplementregulationsinawaythatisinlinewiththeguidelines.Itsalsouponthemtoensureoodsecuritythroughinternationalseedtrade.Sothenexttimeyouseeaplantbreedernappinginachairwithtwometalballsineachhanddontdisturbthatpersonhessavingtheplanet. 2015NewVarietiesReadershaveindicatedthatGerminationsNewVarietiesListisoneofthemosteagerlyanticipatedfeaturesoftheyear.ThelistissponsoredbyseedcompaniesacrossCanadatheirlogosarefeaturedbelow.FormoreinformationaboutthevarietieslistedinthissectionbesuretocheckouttheNewVarietiesListonlineatGermination.ca.HereyouwillndURLlinkstodistributorswebsitescontainingvaluableseedinformation.ThankyoutothefollowingsponsorsofGerminations2015newvarietieslistallianceseed.combayercropscience.camycogen.casecan.combrettyoung.cacanterra.comsyngentafarm.cahylandseeds.comcpsagu.caprovenseed.caALLIANCESEEDMARCHAPRIL201543 44KEYTONEWVARIETIESLISTDISEASERESISTANCESSusceptibleMSModeratelySusceptibleMRModerateResistanceRResistantIIntermediateOTHERHUHeatUnitsCPTCanolaPerformanceTrialsWCCRCCWesternCanadaCanolaRapeseedRecommendingCommitteeTRAITSLLLibertyLinkRRRoundupReadyRR2RoundupReady2RR2YRoundupReady2YieldSCLSclerotiniaResistanceSSSmartStaxWHEATCPSCanadaPrairieSpringCWADCanadaWesternAmberDurumCWRSCanadaWesternRedSpringALFALFACompanyContactVarietyNameTypeUseWinterHardinessMeritTestedinCanadaHighlightsbrettyoung.caBrettYoung800-665-5015Hybriforce3400HybridHayandSilageExcellentYesThirdgenerationhybridalfalfaFeaturesrapidestablishmentandregrowthnestemsthatdeliverhigh-qualityforagewithoutstandingyieldsBARLEYCompanyContactVarietyNameTypeMaturityYieldDiseasePestResistanceHighlightsprovenseed.caCPSCanadaProvenSeed403-336-4826BrahmaFeed2-RowEqualtoACMetcalfe113ofACMetcalfeMStoLeafSpotMStoLeafStemRustsItoFusariumHeavybushelweightGoodstandabilitysecan.comSeCan800-665-7333AmiskFeedBarley6-Row-1daythanACMetcalfe111ofACMetcalfeMRtoSpottedNetBlotchMRtoSpotBlotchStrongerstrawthanVivarPlumperkernelsthanVivarCDCMaverickForageSilageBarley2-RowSmoothAwn-1daythanACMetcalfe98ofACMetcalfeMRtoFHBMRtoSpottedNetBlotchSmoothawnedforagesilagebarleySimilartoCDCCowboyWellsuitedtodryorlowinputconditionsOACBelwood6-RowEarliermaturingthanDignityGreatYieldPotentialGoodDiseasePackageLargekernelsizeGoodstrawvolumesCANOLACompanyContactVarietyNameTypeMaturityYieldDiseasePestResistanceHighlightsbayercropscience.caBayerCropScience888-283-6847InVigorL252NapusHybridLL1dayofchecksInVigor5440andDuPontPioneer45H29110ofchecksInVigor5440andDuPontPioneer45H2920112012WCCRCCTrialsThetopperformeratthe2012WCCRRCTrialsThetopperformeratthe2013CPTSuperiorblacklegresistanceandexcellentstandabilityInVigorL261NapusHybridLL2dayofchecksInVigor5440andDuPontPioneer45H29107ofchecksInVigor5440andDuPontPioneer45H2920112012WCCRCCTrialsHighyieldingandmid-maturingInVigorL261deliverssuperiorblacklegresistanceandstandabilityyoucancountonInVigorL140PNapusHybridLL-0.5dayofchecksInVigor5440andDuPontPioneer45H29100ofchecksInVigor5440andDuPontPioneer45H2920112012WCCRCCTrialsPatentedpodshatterreductiontechnologyoffersgrowersyieldprotectionandharvestexibilityandsuperiorblacklegresistanceInVigorL160SNapusHybridLL2dayofchecksInVigor5440andDuPontPioneer45H2997ofchecksInVigor5440andDuPontPioneer45H2920112012WCCRCCTrialsInVigorL160SprovidesvaluablesclerotinaprotectionandtheyieldofanInVigorhybridwithsuperiorblacklegresistance MARCHAPRIL201545brettyoung.caBrettYoung800-665-50156074RR1.4days109ofDK73752014CPTRtoBlacklegHighestyieldingGenuityRRvarietyin2014CPTExcellentharvestabilityConsistentperformerandthenewperformanceleader6064RR1.5days138of46A65andQ2RtoBlacklegExcellentstandabilityinahighyieldinghybridSuitedtoallcanolazonescanterra.comCANTERRASEEDS204-988-9750CS2000NapusHybridRRIntermediate105of45H29RtoClubrootRtoBlacklegResistanttoexistingclubrootpathotypes2356and8aswellasintermediateresistancetonew5xpathotypeHighyieldingvarietywithexcellentstandabilityNextgenerationofblacklegresistanceprovenseed.caCPSCanadaProvenSeed306-445-1692PV531GEarly110ofDK73-15RRRtoBlacklegRtoFusariumWiltMediumheightWorldclassstandabilityPV532GEarly113ofDK73-15RRRtoBlacklegRtoFusariumWiltMediumheightWorldclassstandabilityPV533GMid104ofDK74-44BLRtoBlacklegRtoFusariumWiltStrongRratingtoblacklegMediumheightWorldclassstandabilitysyngentafarm.caSyngentaCanada877-964-3682SY4157NapusHybridRRMid-to-longRtoBlacklegHighyieldingvarietywithstrongagronomicperformanceverygoodearly-seasonvigourStrongblacklegresistanceandexcellentlodgingscoresSY4105NapusHybridRRMid-seasonRtoClubrootDeliversexcellentearly-seasonvigourandstrongyieldperformanceAnexceptionalseedchoiceinareaswhereclubrootisofconcernCORNCompanyContactVarietyNameTypeMaturityYieldDiseasePestResistanceHighlightsbrettyoung.caBrettYoungElite800-665-5015YukonRR2SilageGrazing2150HUforSilageExcellentEarlymaturitysilagegrazinghybridwithexcel-lentdigestibilityAtophybridforcattleproducersinearlyseasonareasTallwithexcellentspringvigourandstrongstalkshylandseeds.comHylandSeeds800-265-74032164Non-GMHybridFoodFeed2500HUCompetitiveNoInsectProtectionNoHerbicideToleranceExcellentchoicewhereanearlyconventionalhybridisdesiredWideareaofadaptationpromotesuseofthishybridinearlyproductionzonesGreatlateseasonhealthandstrongstalksHLS4302GMHybridCornSilageFeed2800HUVeryHighTonnageHerculexExtraInsectProtectionRR2LLVeryhightonneagepotentialfromthistalldenseleafytypesilagehybridExcellentdiseasetolerancepromotesseasonlongattractivenessVerygoodtipllandearconsistencydowntherow2398Non-GMHybridFoodFeed2875HUCompetitiveNoInsectProtectionNoHerbicideToleranceConventionalhybridofferingstrongstalksandrootsVerygoodplanthealthandstresstoleranceGoodgraintestwieghtandgraindrydownHLS4325GMHybridCornSilageFeed2900HUVeryHighTonnageHerculexExtraInsectProtectionRR2LLLeafysilagegeneticspromotesverydensecanopyandveryhighyieldsSemi-exeartypeensureshighgraintostoverratiosovervariablepopulationsStrongearlyseasonvigourandgrowthhylandseeds.commycogen.caHylandSeedsMycogenSeeds4078GMHybridFoodFeed2250HUCompetitiveHerculexExtraInsectProtectionRR2LLEarlyoweringandnishforearlycornproduc-tionareasGoodtestweightgraindrydownandearconsistencyStrongemergenceandearlyseasonvigour4164GMHybridFoodFeed2500HUChartTopping3122InsectProtectionRR2LLVeryhighyieldpotentialwithstabilityovervariableenvironmentsWideareaofadaptationpromotesuseofthishybridinearlyproductionzonesGreatlateseasonhealthandstrongstalks3175GMHybridFoodFeed2575HUCompetitiveRR2ExcellentearlyseasonvigourandemergencefromcoolsoilsVerygoodstresstoleranceandlateseasonplantintactnessGoodhuskcoverageandgrainquality8211RAGMHybridFoodFeed2600HUExcellentSmartStaxInsectProtectionRR2LLConsistenteardevelopementandtipllprovidesexcellentyieldformaturityStronglateseasonstalksVerygoodgrainqualityandtestweight 46hylandseeds.commycogen.caHylandSeedsMycogenSeeds8315RAGMHybridFoodFeed2825HUExcellentSmartStaxInsectProtectionRR2LLWidelyadaptedoverawiderangeofenviron-mentsprovidingyieldstabilityStrongstalksandrootsseasonlongFlex-typeearpromotesgreatyieldpotentialatlowtomoderatepopulations4425GMHybridFoodFeed2950HUChartTopping3000GTInsectProtectionRR2LLTremendousyieldpotentialacrossvariableenvironmentsSeasonlongstalkandrootstrengthExcellentdroughttoleranceandyieldstabilityovervariableenvironments8445RAGMHybridFoodFeed3000HUExcellentSmartStaxInsectProtectionRR2LLExcellentlateseasonplanthealthandstalkstrengthExcellentstresstoleranceandyieldstabilityTolerancetopoorlydrainedsoils8598RAGMHybridFoodFeed3200HUExcellentSmartStaxInsectProtectionRR2LLExcellentlateseasonplanthealthandintactnessVerygoodtipllandhuskcoverageWidelyadaptableacrossenvironmentsandsoiltypesmycogen.caMycogenSeeds877-692-6436TMF8106GMHybridCornSilageFeed2425HUVeryHighTonnageSmartStaxInsectProtectionRR2LLTallattractiveplantwithconsistenteardevelop-mentVerygooddigestabilityandstarchscoresSemi-exeartypeprovidesexabilityacrossvariableplantdensitiesTMF4302GMHybridCornSilageFeed2800HUVeryHighTonnageHerculexExtraInsectProtectionRR2LLVeryhightonneagepotentialfromthistalldenseleafytypesilagehybridExcellentdiseasetolerancepromotesseasonlongattractivenessVerygoodtipllandearconsistencydowntherowTMF8312GMHybridCornSilageFeed2825HUVeryHighTonnageSmartStaxInsectProtectionRR2LLConsistentyieldwithgooddigestabilityHightonnagewithexcellentstarchscoresSemi-exeartypeprovidesexabilityacrossvariableplantdensitiesFLAXCompanyContactVarietyNameTypeMaturityYieldDiseasePestResistanceHighlightsprovenseed.caCPSCanadaProvenSeed403-336-4826WestLin723daystoCDCBethune108ofCDCBethuneExcellentlodgingandshatterresistanceMediumheightsecan.comSeCan800-665-7333CDCGlasBrownSeeded1dayCDCBethune104ofCDCBethuneMRtoPowderyMildewMRtoFusariumWiltHigheryieldthanCDCBethuneStrongerstrawthanCDCBethuneCDCSanctuaryBrownSeeded3daysCDCBethune103ofCDCBethuneMRtoPowderyMildewMRtoFusariumWiltTopaxyieldindrierareasofthePrairiesOATSCompanyContactVarietyNameTypeMaturityYieldDiseasePestResistanceHighlightscanterra.comCANTERRASEEDS204-988-9750CSCamdenWhiteMillingM115ofcheckCDCDancerinmultiyearinternaltrialsShorterstaturewithbetterlodgingresistanceExceptionalyieldpotentialImprovedqualitywithhigherplumppercentagelessthinsandhigherbeta-glucanCDCMorrisonWhiteMillingL98ofCDCDancerRtoCrownRustAningredientoatwithhigherlevelsofbeta-glucanExcellentstrawstrengthExclusiveenduserIPproductioncontractsavailablesecan.comSeCan800-665-7333CDCHaymakerForage2daysACMorgan95ofCDCDancerStoCrownRustStoStemRustTallerthanaverage10cmtallerthanACMorganHigherforageyieldthanCDCBalerHigherseedyieldandplumpnessthanCDCBalerSOYBEANSCompanyContactVarietyNameTypeMaturityYieldDiseasePestResistanceHighlightsbrettyoung.caBrettYoungElite800-665-5015AkrasR22375HUMediumEarlyExcellentIDCSemiTolerantPRRVeryGoodRps1kGeneWhiteMouldVeryGoodWidelyadaptedwithasuperiorcombinationofyieldandmaturityAnewElitevarietythatsetsitselfapartwithexcellentpodheightforeasyharvest MARCHAPRIL201547hylandseeds.comHylandSeeds800-265-7403HS14RYS44RR2Y2900HUExcellentYieldPotentialStrongSCNResistanceAverageWhiteMouldToleranceGoodPhytoph-thoraFieldToleranceGreatearlyemergencewelladaptedtono-tillMediumheightplantwithverygoodlodgingscoresAdaptabletoallrowwidthsHS15RYS452925HUCompetitiveYieldSCNTolerancePhytophthoraTolerancefromRPS1-KGeneVeryGoodWhiteMouldToleranceConsistentperformanceacrossenvironmentsExcellentlodgingscoresGooddiseasetoleranceHS25RYS473175HUCompetitiveYieldGoodPhytophthoraFieldToleranceAverageWhiteMouldToleranceSCNToleranceStrongyieldpotentialSolidagronomicsExcellentlodgingscoresHS28RYS483250HUExcellentYieldPotentialPhytophthoraTolerancefromRPS1-KGeneGoodWhiteMouldToleranceGoodBrownStemRotToleranceGreatyieldpotentialMediumheightplantwithverygoodlodgingscoresPerformswellinallrowwidthshylandseeds.commycogen.caHylandSeedsMycogenSeeds5A255RR23200HUChartToppingYieldsGoodWhiteMouldTolerancePhytophthoraTolerancefromRPS1-aGeneExcellentPhy-tophthoraFieldToleranceOutstandingyieldpotentialacrossclayandloamenvironmentsAdaptstoallrowwidthsandmanagementThisisamust-growvarietymycogen.caMycogenSeeds877-692-64365A050RR22650HUExcellentYieldPotentialExcellentPhytophthoraFieldToleranceExcellentlodgingscoresHighlyadaptedtonarrowrowsWelladaptedtono-till5A075RR22725HUChartToppingYieldsPhytophthoraTolerancefromRPS1-KGeneGoodWhiteMouldToleranceExcellentBrownStemRotToleranceTopperformingvarietywithoutstandingyieldpotentialMediumcanopywithverygoodstandabilityWelladaptedtono-till5A105RR22825HUExcellentYieldPotentialPhytophthoraTolerancefromRPS1-KGeneGoodWhiteMouldToleranceVeryGoodBrownStemRotToleranceExcellentyieldsformaturityVerygoodlodgingscoresVerygoodagronomicsanddiseasepackagesecan.comSeCan800-764-5487CamaroR2GenuityRR2Y2675HUTopYieldforitsMaturityGreatWhiteMouldToleranceExcellentyieldpotentialPerfectforwinterwheatgrowersTopperformerin2600HUto2700HUzonesCorvetteR2GenuityRR2Y2825HUGreatYielderinOfcialTrialsGreatcomplementaryvarietytoAbsoluteRRPerformswellin7to15inchrowsEquinoxR2GenuityRR2Y3150HUGreatYielderonHeavyClayandLoamSoilsSCNToleranceGreatresultsonheavyclaysin2014TallplantwithgreatstandabilityOACBrookeConventional3050HUBigYieldsvs.OACKentGoodPhytophthoraRootRotResistanceReplacementvarietyforOACKentwitha16yieldadvantageGreatstandabilityIPpremiumsavailableMcLeodR2GenuityRR2Y2375HU104ofChadburnR2ToleranttoIDCCombinesearlymaturityandhighyieldpotentialHeroR2GenuityRR2Y2375HU103ofChadburnR2Semi-toleranttoIDCEarlymaturitybushyplantHigheryieldinwesternMBandeasternSK 48WHEATCompanyContactVarietyNameTypeMaturityYieldDiseasePestResistanceHighlightsALLIANCESEEDallianceseed.comAllianceSeed877-280-2890AACCurrentCWAD1dayACStrongeld105ofACStrongeldRtoStemandLeafRustUniqueRootRotResistanceHighgrainproteinVeryhightestweightHighyieldpotentialwithhvkAACElieCWRS2daysACBarrie113ofACBarrieRtoStemandLeafRustMRtoStripeRustHighyieldingstrongstrawedSemi-dwarfwithbroadbaseddiseaseresistancecanterra.comCANTERRASEEDS204-988-9750AACW1876CWRSL111ofACInnityRtoLeafRustMRtoStemRustAnewvarietyendorsedbyWarburtonsandincludedintheirIPcontractingprogramExcellentqualityandhighproteinlevelShortstrongstrawthatenablesaninputpackagethatcanmaximizeyieldsprovenseed.caCPSCanadaProvenSeed306-445-16925605HRCLCWRSEqualtoACBarrie108ofACBarrieMRtoLeafSpotMRtoStemRustRtoLeafRustandFHBCleareldtraitHeavybushelweightGoodproteinpotentialCDCTitaniumCWRS-1ofACBarrie103ofACBarrieMidgeTolerantRtoStripeRustFirstmidgetolerantvarietyheavybushelweightExcellentproteinpotentialCDCFortitudeDurumEqualtoACStrongeld100ofACStrongeldItoLeafSpotRtoLeafandStemRustMRtoStripeRustandFHBGoodstandabilityCDCVividDurumEqualtoACStrongeld102ofACStrongeldItoLeafSpotRtoLeafandStemRustMRtoStripeRustHeavybushelweightExcellentproteinpotentialAverageheightgoodstandabilitysecan.comSeCan800-665-7333AACBrandonCWRS2dayslaterthanACBarrie112ofACBarrieMRtoFHBMRtoStripeRustMRtoLooseSmutShortstrongstrawMaturityandheightsimilartoACCarberryBestavailableFHBresistanceAACRedwaterCWRS2daysearlierthanACBarrie105ofACBarrieRtoLeafandStemRustMRtoStripeRustItoFHBEarlymaturity-earliestavailableHarvestMcKenzieparentageforgraderetentionVerygoodsproutingresistanceAACRyleyCPSRedWheatEqualtoACBarrie121ofACBarrieRtoLeafandStemRustShortstrongstrawEarlymaturityequaltoACBarrieGoodsproutingtoleranceAACRaymoreCWADSolidStemDurum1dayearlierthanACStrongeld99ofACStrongeldRtoLeafandStemRustMRtoStripeRustFirstsolidstemdurumforsawytoleranceGoodlodgingresistanceFairsproutingtoleranceWINTERWHEATCompanyContactVarietyNameTypeMaturityYieldDiseasePestResistanceHighlightshylandseeds.comHylandSeeds800-265-7403HY412-SRWMid-full106avgindexareasMStoFHBExcellentyieldpotentialGoodlodgingscoresVerygoodtestweight123-2013 ResponsivedesignallowsaccessonanymobiledeviceConsistentindustryinformationforseedprofessionalsBreakingnewstokeepthereaderinformedEnhanceduserexperienceandnavigationVisuallyenhancedForadvertisingopportunitiescontactmarketingissuesink.comor1-877-710-3222LaunchingSpring2015germination.ca 50Exploringideasandviewsonallaspectsoftheseedindustry.COALITIONLAUNCHESGROWINGMATTERSBayerCropScienceSyngentaandValentUSAcametogethertoformacoalitioncalledGrowingMattersthatseekstopresentthestoriesfactsandexpertresearchoutliningkeyissuesaroundcropproductionandplantprotection.Thewebsitegrowingmatters.orgfeaturesanumberofstudiesthathighlightthevalueofneonicotinoidinsecticidesandseedtreatments.ForexampleonestudyofNorthAmericancornsoybeanandcanolafarmersconductedbyindepend-entagriculturaleconomistswithAgInformaticsLLCfindsthatthevalueofneonicotinoidseedtreatmentsisamongthehighestofallinsectmanagementpractices.TheresearchexaminedthepestmanagementoperationsoffarmersintheUnitedStatesandCanadaincludingtheuseofnon-monetaryfactoranalysisandeconometricmethodstoestimateATOTALFARMERVALUEOF1.4BILLIONINTHESECROPSSURPASSINGTHEVALUEOFALTERNA-TIVEPRACTICES.Inadditionresearchshowsalossofneonicotinoidswouldforcegrowerstorelyonafewolderclassesofinsecticides.Theresearcherscom-paredfarmervalueestimatesofdifferentmanagementpracticesforpestcontrolinthesecropsandfoundthatneonicotinoidseedtreatmentsprovidedsignifi-cantlyhighervaluethandideithersoilorfoliarappli-cations.FarmervalueinCanadiancanolawas11.20perplantedacrecomparedto2.55perplantedacreforfoliarsprays.IntheU.S.thevaluewasestimatedtobe7.56and5.32perplantedacreincornandsoybeansrespectivelycomparedtofoliarinsecticideswhichdeliveredavalueof0.85and2.18perplantedacre.Soilinsecticidesprovidedtheirlowestvalueincorn1.83perplantedacres.Nocomparisonsweremadeforsoilinsecticidesinsoybeansastherearenoregisteredsoilproducts.CANADASEEKSTOMODERNIZEITSWHEATCLASSESAttheendofFebruarytheCanadianGrainCommissionCGCbeganconsultationsonitsproposaltomodernizeCanadianwheatclasses.Thesewheatclassesareestablishedthroughextensiveconsultationwithend-usersbreedersproducersmar-ketersandotherstakeholders.Thereare10classesofwesternCanadianwheatandsevenclassesofeasternCanadianwheat.Eachwheatclasshasitsownsetofperformancechar-acteristicsthatareprimarilybasedonfunctionorend-usecharacteris-tics.WhatwerehearingisthatitstimetohaveagoodlookatthissaysElwinHermansonCGCchiefcommis-sioner.Ifwedothisrightithelpsustocompeteinthemarketplaceandthatswhatwearehopingtodo.TheCGCseeksinputfromgrainhandlersprocessorsmarketersdevelopersproducersandend-usecustomersonitsproposaltomodernizeCanadaswheatclasses.Theproposalincludesstrength-eningthemarketabilityoftheCanadianWesternRedSpringCWRSandCanadaPrairieSpringRedCPSRmillingclassestheadditionofanewmillingclassandareviewofcurrentclasses.Relevantinformationincludingadescriptionoftheissueandafulldescriptionoftheproposalareavail-ableatwww.grainscanada.gc.ca.StakeholdershaveuntilApril202015tosubmitinput.IFWEDOTHISRIGHTITHELPSUSTOCOMPETEINTHEMARKETPLACEANDTHATSWHATWEAREHOPINGTODO.ELWINHERMANSON MARCHAPRIL201551REGULATORYROUNDUPKeepingyouinformedoflegislativeandregulatorychangesattheprovincialnationalandinternationallevelsfromlawsuitstoapprovalstootherregulatoryissuesaffectingyourbusiness.PROVINCIALGFORESPONDSTOPROPOSEDREGULATIONSOFNEONICOTINOIDSTheGrainFarmersofOntariohassubmitteditsresponsetotheOntariogovernmentsdiscussionpaperontheproposedregulationsaroundneonicotinoidpesticidesandpollinatorhealth.GrainFarmersofOntarioopposestheproposedregulationandhasoutlinedinthisresponsetothenumerousareasofconcernwehaveheardfromourfarmermemberssaysHenryVanAnkumGFOchair.WeareactivelyworkingwithastakeholdergrouptodevelopanalternateplantotheproposedregulationthatisworkableandsustainableforbothgrainfarmersandbeekeepersthisplanwillbepresentedtogovernmentinFebruary.GFOisaskingthegovernmenttoconductathoroughcost-benetanalysisbeforeproceedingwiththeapproachoutlinedinthediscussionpaperandtocollaborateonrealsolutionstoprotectpollinatorsandabandonthegoaltoreduceneonicotinoidsby80percentinOntario.NATIONALDUPONTOUTLINESPATHFORGROWTHUPCOMINGREGISTRATIONSDuPontexecutivevice-presidentJamesBorelhasannouncedgrowthprioritiesdrivenbykeyresearchadvancementsandproductlaunchesacrossthecompanysAgricultureandNutritionHealthsegments.BorelhighlightedthattheapproachinglaunchofDP4114willhelpenableittodevelophigheryieldingcornhybridsandexpanditstriple-stackofferingstoabouthalfofitsNorthAmericancornvolumemixintheyearsfollowingintroduction.DP4114receivedcultivationapprovalintheUnitedStatesandCanadain2013andwillbetestedinPioneersIMPACTtrialsystemin2015.Itisanticipatedtolaunchinastackcongurationearlyinthesecondhalfofthisdecadependingcompletionofeldtestingandapplicableregulatoryreviews.InsoybeansDuPontPioneerismakingsolidprogresstransitioningitsNorthAmericasoybeanlineuptoitsnewestPioneerbrandTseriessoybeanvarietieswhichwillaccountforabouttwo-thirdsofvolumein2015.ThisyearPioneerbrandsoybeanvarietieswiththeRoundupReady2XtendtraitwillbetestedinIMPACTtrialswithrstcommercialsalesanticipatedasearlyas2016pendingcompletionofeldtestingandapplicableregulatoryreviews.CFIAAPPROVESTAGTEAMAfterreceivingregulatoryapprovalfromtheCanadianFoodInspectionAgencyCFIAlastfallMonsantoBioAgissettointroduceTagTeamfababeangranularinoculanttogrowersthisspring.TagTeamfababeanisanewdualactioninoculantthatprovidesbalancedphosphateandnitrogennutritiontothecrop.TagTeamfababeanistheonlygranularinoculantregisteredforuseinfababeansinCanadaandwasdevelopedwithaspecially-selectedrhizobiastraintoprovideincreasednitrogenxationtothegrowingcropsaysDarrellWolkowskiCanadianbusinessleadwithMonsantoBioAgbusinessbasedoutofSaskatoonSask.TherhizobiaarecombinedwithPenicilliumbilaiitheactiveingredientinJumpStartinoculanttohelpprovidegoodphosphatenutrition.Fababeanhasahighnitrogenrequirementandisanexcellentnitrogenxingpulsecrop.Whenproperlyinoculatedfababeancanmeetitsentirenitrogenrequirementthroughnitrogenxation.ThegranularformulationofTagTeamfababeanprovideseaseofhandlingandapplicationforgrowers.Itisapplieddirectlywiththeseedintheseedrowusingagranularapplicatoreliminatingtheneedforinoculatingpriortoseeding.ThesynergyoftherhizobiabacteriaandtheP.bilaiiworkingtogethercreatesmorexednitrogenforoptimumyieldpotentialandthebestvalueinaninoculantWolkowskisays.PLANTBREEDERSRIGHTSRECEIVESROYALASSENTOFC-18OnFeb.272015AgricultureMinisterGerryRitzannouncedthattheAgriculturalGrowthActknownasBillC-18receivedRoyalAssent.TheAgriculturalGrowthActwillmodernizeCanadianagricultureandincreasetradeopportunitiesforfarmersaccordingtotheCanadianFoodInspectionAgency.CanadianagricultureisanimportantdriverofeconomicgrowthacrossCanadaMinisterRitzsays.ThepassageoftheAgriculturalGrowthActisamomentousstepforwardforouragriculturalindustry.Thisbillwillgiveproducersacompetitiveadvantageintheglobalmarketplaceleadtoincreasedinvestmentinresearchandinnovationandtranslatetomorejobsthroughoutthesector.ThisnewlegislationstrengthensagriculturalintellectualpropertyrightsthroughtheraticationoftheActoftheInternationalUnionfortheProtectionofNewVarietiesofPlantsalsoknownasUPOV91improvesaccesstothelatestscienticresearchreducesredtapeandregulatoryburdenonproducersandexpandsglobalmarketopportunities.AswellinspectorshavestrongertoolstoenforceregulationsanddeteranyonewhoputsCanadasplantandanimalresourcebaseatrisk.TheCanadianSeedTradeAssociationsupportsallofthemeasuresincludedinthisbillastheycontinuetomodernizeregulatoryandpolicymeasuresaffectionagricultureandagri-foodsaysPattyTownsendCSTApresident.TheamendmentswillofferopportunitiesforincreasedinvestmentanddeliveryofnewvarietiesbothfromplantbreedersoperatinginandoutsideofCanadaandensurethatfarmershaveaccesstonewandimprovedvarietiesdevelopedinCanadaandinternationally.Theseareessentialingredientsforanagriculturalsectortobesustainableinnovativeandcompetitive. 52STATUSAfricaMOREAFRICANstakeholdersarecallingorincreasedadoptionogenetically-modifedcropstobeneftarmers.DuringtherecentlaunchotheInternationalServiceortheAcquisitionoAgri-biotechApplicationsISAAA2014reportoncommercializedbiotechcropsstakeholdersinBurkinaFasoandKenyaincludingpolicymakersarmersandacademiasaidthatAricasarmersshouldbeabletoenjoythebeneftsothetechnology.InBurkinaFasothenewMinisterorScienceandTechnologyJean-NoelPodareiteratedthecommitmentbythecountrytousebiotechnologywhichhasalreadygivenconsiderablebeneftstoareaarmers.ArecentstudybytheInstitutdelEnvironmentetdeRecherchesAgricolesINERAthecountrysagriculturalresearchinstituteshowedthatBtcottonarmersgainedabout31percentyieldincreasePodasays.HesaysthankstoBtcottonBurkinaFasoistheNo.1countryincottonproductioninWestAricawith700000tonnesproducedperyear.InKenyaRobertPukosedeputychairotheParliamentaryCommitteeonHealthcalledorthelitingothebanonGMoodimportsinKenyasayingthatearsrelatedtotheirsaetyareunounded.IoranythingoodderivedromGMcropsarehealthierbecausescientistshavetestedthemoradverseeectstohumanswell-being.PukosesspeechwasmuchappreciatedbyarmerswhoaskedthattheybeneftromtheproductsresearchespeciallyBtcotton.OtherarmersarebenefttingallovertheworldwhatispreventingusromenjoyingthesameIitisthebanonGMoodimportsthegovernmentshouldlititsaidMugoMagonduaarmerromEmbuCountyinEasternKenya.FormoreinormationcontactMargaretKarembuISAAAAriCenterdirectorandchairotheOpenForumonAgricul-turalBiotechnologyKenyaProgrammingCommitteeatmkarembuisaaa.org.STATUSSPAINCONTINUINGTOaddresstheneedsotheplantbreedingcommunitytheUniversityoCaliorniaDavisPlantBreedingAcademycompletedthefrstAdvancedModuleinAlmeriaSpainduringthefrstweekoMarch.TheAdvancedModulewasavailableonlytoPlantBreedingAcademygraduates.BruceWalshromtheUniversityoArizonaTucsonjoinedtheinstructorstohelpdeliverthismodule.TheAdvancedModulewasdesignedtobuildthenecessarybackgroundtowardbulidingabetterunderstandingandpracticalapplicationobestlinearunbiasedpredictorsBLUPsandgenomicselectionwithlectureanddiscussiononanumberotopicsincludingmultivariateselectionlinearandmixedmodelsBLUPsgenomicselectionandadvancedexperimentaldesigns.TheclasswascomplementedwithvisitstobreedingstationsandinteractionswithbreedersoMonsantoAgriculturaEspaaandRijkZwaanIbrica.Employersappreciatetheopportunitytoprovidetheirvaluedemployeesadvancedtrainingwithoutdisruptingtheirull-timeemployment.Participantsattendsixsessionslastingsixdayseachduringatwo-yeartimeperiod.Theinstructorsareinternationallyrecognizedexpertsinplantbreedingandseedtechnology.ThePlantBreedingAcademyisapremiumproessionalcertifcateprogramoeredintheUnitedStatesEuropeandArica.Todate171industryandpublicbreedershaveattendedtheacademymakingitoneothemostsignifcantcoursesoitskindaccordingtotheuniversity.Applicationsarebeingaccept-edorEuropeanPlantBreedingAcademyClass4beginningOctober2015.Formorein-ormationabouttheEuropeanPlantBreedingAcademyvisithttppba.ucdavis.edu.SomeworktoadvancetheireducationandmakescientificbreakthroughswhileothersinAfricaandtheUnitedKingdomtrytobreakdownbarriersassociatedwithgenetically-modifiedcrops. MARCHAPRIL201553STATUSUnitedKingdomTHEUKHouseoCommonsScienceandTechnologyCommitteereleasedareportsayingthatthecurrentEuropeanUnionregulationsthatpreventtheadoptionogenetically-modiedcropsintheUKarenottorpurposeandshouldbechangedtoatrait-basedsystemorregulatingbiotechcrops.OppositiontogeneticallymodiedcropsinmanyEuropeancountriesisbasedonvaluesandpoliticsnotsciencesaysAndrewMillercommitteechair.Thescienticevidenceisclearthatcropsdevelopedusinggeneticmodicationposenomorerisktohumansanimalsortheenvironmentthanequivalentcropsdevelopedusingmoreconventionaltechniques.ThereporthighlightsthreefawsintheEUregulationonGMcrops.TherstbeingthatexistingregulationsarebasedontheassumptionthatGMcropsposemoreriskthancropsdevelopedthroughothertechniques.Thisprocess-basedapproachailstorecognizethattheriskposedbyacrophaslittletodowithhowitismadeandmostlytodowiththecharacteristicsitdisplaysandhowitisusedintheeld.SecondthecurrentsystemhighlightsthepotentialrisksoGMproductsandailstobalancethesewithpossiblebenetstothearmersconsumersandtheenvironment.FinallycurrentregulationspreventEUstatesrommakingtheirowndecisionsaboutwhethertoadoptGMcropproducts.ThisorcesmemberstatesthatareundamentallyopposedtogeneticmodicationtodisputethescienceexaggeratetheuncertaintyandmisrepresenttheprecautionaryprincipleinanattempttopreventEU-wideauthorization.InconclusionthecommitteereportsthataprecautionaryprinciplestateinEUlawistonlyorinstanceswherescienticevidenceisinsucientinconclusiveoruncertain.Itisclearromevidencegiventothecommitteethattheseconditionsarenotmetsimplybecauseacrophasbeenproducedthroughgeneticmodication.ContinuedapplicationotheprecautionaryprincipleinrelationtoallGMcropsisnolongerappropriateandactsasabarriertoprogress.STATUSUnitedStatesASTUDYconductedbyPennsylvaniaStateUniversitysuggestsanovelstrategytoenhancegenomeeditingtoincreaseeciencyomakinggeneticimprovementsinawiderangeoorganisms.Theresultscouldhelpboostapplicationssuchasdevelopingbettercropsandtreatinggeneticdiseasesinhumansaccordingtotheresearchers.ThenewstrategyisaimedatimprovinganincreasinglypopulartechniquethatgrewromtherecentdiscoveryoabacterialimmunesystemknownasCRISPR-Cas9.YinongYangaPennStateCollegeoAgriculturalSciencesproessoroplantpathologyandcorrespondingauthorothestudyexplainsthatCRISPRregionsothebacterialgenomecontainstrandsorepeatingDNAseparatedbyspacersthatmatchtheDNAsequencesovirusesthathaveattackedthebacteriumoritsancestors.Thissystemallowsabacteriumtorememberanddeendagainsttheattackeriattackedagainbythesamevirus.ThebacteriumgeneratesastrandoCRISPRRNAcontainingaspecicspacersequencethatcoupledwithaDNA-cuttingenzymeknownasCRISPR-associatedproteinnucleaseCas9targetstheinvaderanddestroysitbyslicingitsDNA.ScientistshavediscoveredthatthissystemcanbeharnessedasapowerultooltotargetandeditalmostanyDNAsequenceinagenome.TheCRISPR-Castechnologyhasbroadapplicationsinbasicbiologicalresearchmedicineandagriculture.Itisseenasthemostimportantbreakthroughinbiotechnologysoarthiscentury.BycreatingsyntheticCRISPRRNAcalledguideRNAgRNAthatmatchesaspecicDNAsequenceinanorganismscientistscandelivertheCas9enzymepreciselytothetargetgenethattheywanttodisableormodiy.Theprocessholdspromiseorprecisionbreedingocropswithdesirabletraitssuchasdiseaseresistanceordroughttoleranceandorgenetherapytocorrectgenet-icdeectsthatcausehumandiseasessuchassickle-cellanemiaandcysticbrosis. 54CSTATHENEWPLANTBREEDERSRIGHTSWHATYOUNEEDTOKNOWMORETHAN22YEARSohardworkbytheCanadianSeedTradeAssociationanditspartnerscametoruitionwiththeRoyalAssentothelandmarklegislationBillC-18anActtoAmendCertainActsRelatingtoAgricultureandAgri-FoodtheCanadianAgriculturalGrowthAct.TheActcontainsanumberoimportantamendmentstoCanadasPlantBreedersRightsPBRActwithoutdoubtoneothemostimportantchangestoourindustryinthepast20years.CanadaisnowonanequalootingwithothercountriesmakingnewvarietiesavailabletoCanadianarmersandkeepingplantbreederscompetitiveintheglobalmarket.Thisbringsopportunityandalsonewobligationsorthevaluechain.NewPBRSymbolAsoFeb.272015allnewPBR-protectedvarietiesallundernewlegislationthatconormstothe1991InternationalConventionortheProtectionoNewVarietiesoPlantsUPOV91andwillcarrythePBR91symbol.VarietiesgrantedprotectionpriortoFeb.272015continueundertheoriginalActandcarrytheoriginalPBRsymbol.ContactPattyTownsendatCSTAtolearnaboutlicensingthenewlogoorPBR-91-protectedvarieties.BreedersRightsBreedersrightsareexpandedunderthenewAct.BreederauthorizationisrequiredtoproducereproducesellcleanorconditionstockimportorexportseedoPBR-protectedvarieties.Breederscanbecompensatedonharvestedgrainitheseedwasobtainedorusedillegallyorwithoutauthorizationothebreeder.Thebreedercanchoosetoseekcompensationincludingorlostroyaltyrevenuelostmarketsandorcourtcostsondeliveredgrainproducedromthatseed.FarmersPrivilegeForthefrsttimearmersprivilegeisentrenchedinthePlantBreedersRightslegislationandallowsarmerstoproducePBR-91-protectedvarietiesoruseasseedontheirarms.Thiseliminatesuncertaintyasunderthepreviouslegislationarmersprivilegewasnotprohibitednorwasitclearlyspelledout.SameasbeorearmerswillnotbeabletoselladvertiseorsaleorexchangeseedtheyhavegrownromgrainoPBR-protectedvarieties.SeedConditionersandGrainBuyersResponsibilitiesAwarenesswillbethekeytoavoidingbreachestobreedersrights.Seedconditionersmustnowbeawareothevarietiesthattheyarebeingaskedtocondition.Forvarietiesprotectedunderthenewlegislationconditionsneedtobesatisfedthattheseedhasbeenacquiredwiththeauthorityothebreeder.Seedcleanersmustalsobesatisfedthattheyarecleaningarm-savedseedthatwillonlybeusedonthearmoaarmerwhohasbroughtitinorcleaning.Harvestedmaterialprovisionsmeanthatgrainbuyersmaybeliableorbreachesothebreedersright.Grainbuyersandhandlerswillneedtobesatisfedthattheseedusedtoproducegrainwaslegallyobtained.LearnMoreThenewPBRActgivesallplantbreedersbigorsmallprivateorpublicanddomesticorinternationaltheconfdencetoinvestinresearchanddevelopnewvarietiesorarmers.UpdatedPBRisalreadyopeningthedoortoincreasedopportunitiesorCanadianarmersandthevaluechain.ButwiththeopportunitycomesobligationsandCSTAwantstomakesurethatallstakeholdersunderstandboth.WithinputromthePlantBreedersRightsOfceandintellectualpropertyspecialistsCSTAhaslaunchedanewwebsitewww.PBRacts.ca.WehopeallreadersoGerminationwillvisitthesitetolearnmore.AllnewPlantBreedersRightsprotectedvarietieswillcarryanewPBR91logopicturedright.VarietiesgrantedprotectionpriortoFeb.272015willcontinuetocarrytheoriginalPBRsymbolpicturedleft. ANYCROP.ANYSTAGE.ANYWEATHER.WriteMotherNatureherlastcheque.LearnmoreaboutBio-ForgeandtheBio-ForgeProfitGuaranteebyvisitingwww.stollerenterprises.caprofitguaranteeorcall1-855-787-4414.WhileharshweathercropstressisinevitableforCanadianfarmerslosingyieldandprofittoitdoesnthavetobe.Bio-Forgeprotectsyourcropandhelpsfightthroughharshgrowingconditionsthatstealyieldandprofit.GuaranteedBIO-FORGEWORKSWEGUARANTEEITApplyBio-ForgeandStollerwillguaranteeanincreaseinnetprofitorwellreplaceit.100SatisfactionGuaranteed 56DRILLBOXSURVEYSHOWSVALUEOFCERTIFIEDSEEDTHECANADIANSEEDGROWERSASSOCIATIONisamemberotheAssociationoOcialSeedCertiyingAgenciesAOSCAandsitsonbothitsboardodirectorsanditsCerticationRequirementsStandardsCouncil.ThevalueothatparticipationorCSGAandCanadianseedgrowershasbeenoutlinedinpreviousissuesoCSGAsmagazineSeedtoSucceed.HowevertestimonialssuchastheollowingadaptedromtheUtahCropImprovementAssociationUtahsseedcerticationagencyFeb.152015newslettercouldshowcaseaddedvalue.ValueinCertiedSeedReprintedwithpermissionoftheUtahCropImprovementAssociationItappearswellbeintheeldsplantingcropsearlierthannormalthisyear.Itsnottooearlyorgrowerstoselectandpurchaseseedorallcropsthatwillbeplanted.Geneticallypurecertiedseedoknownidentityandsuperiorqualityisthepreerredsource.Sometimeshowevergrowersaretemptedtouseseedromtheirownbinsorromaneighbour.Thethinkingistheycansaveaewdollarsonseedcostsandstillgetagoodcrop.ResultsromthemostrecentDrillBoxSurveyshouldconvinceeveryonethatcertiedseedisagreatbargaineveniitdoescostmoreperbagatplantingtime.Onceeachdecadesince1958UtahStateUniversityExtensionUtahCropImprovementAssociationUtahAgriculturalExperimentStationandtheUtahDepartmentoAgricultureandFoodUDAFhaveconducteddrillboxsurveys.ThepurposeistodocumentthekindandqualityoseedthatisactuallybeingplantedinUtahelds.Themostrecentsurveyorsmallgrainsincluded42springsamplesand46allplantedsamples.Inmostcasesthesamplesweretakenromtheboxoagraindrillactuallyplantingintheeld.Insomecasestheycollectedsamplesrombagsinpickupsortruckboxesthatwereparkedintheieldwaitingtobedumpedintothedrillboxes.Inallcasestheyactuallyvisitedthearmandinsomecasescollectedmorethanonesampleromagivenarmitheywereplantingmultipleacresromdierentseedlotsindierentelds.Theprotocolwastoincludegrainromthetopmiddleandbottomportionsoeachdrillbox.Otherwisesmallweedseedswouldlikelysettletothebottomorlargeseedswouldfoattothetop.Withoutpropersamplingprotocolavalidpurityanalysiscouldnotbeassessed.AllsamplesweremethodicallyassessedattheUDAFSeedLaboratory.Foreachsamplecollectedtheyconductedagerminationtestassessedseedpurityidentiedpercentandidentityoweedseedsinertmatterandothercropseedssuchaswheatseedsmixedwithbarleyseed.Thetypicalanalysisoncertiedseedwas99.09percentpurity98percentgerminationzeropercentweedszeropercentothercropsand0.01percentinertmatter.Bycomparisonarmersavedseedwas98.34percentpurebutonlyanaverageo87percentotheseedgerminated.Agerminationtest12percentlowerthancertiedseedisreasonenoughtoonlyplantcertied.Evenmorealarmingwastheactthatgerminationromsomeothearmersavedseedwasaslowas48percent.Anotherrealconcernromnon-certiedseedcameromthedetectiono0.32percentweeds0.26percentothercropseedand1.13percentinertmatter.Muchotheweedseedwasbarnyardgrassgreenoxtailgooseootwildmustardpigweedwitchgrasswildbuckwheatquackgrasslambs-quartersandeldbindweed.Mostotheseseedsaretinysoonapercentbasisamultitudeoweedswerebeingplantedoreachcultivatedcropsuchaswheatorbarley.Anythingsavedontheinitialcostotheseedwassoonlosttoreducedyieldoradditionalherbicidecostsromattemptingtocontrolweedsthatthegroweractuallyplanted.Apurityoabout98percentdoesntlooklikeabadnumberbutwhenyoulookatwhatmakesuptheremainingtwopercentitisamazingthatsomeonewouldconsiderplantingsuchseed.IwillconessthatovertheyearsIveplantedseedonourarmthatcameromourownbinorwaspurchasedromtrustedneighbours.Atthetimewethoughtitwasagreatbargainbecauseitcostlessthancertiedseed.Inmostcaseswetookittoaseedconditioningmillandhaditcleanedbeoreplantingbutnotallgrowersdothat.YearsodataromtheirregularDrillBoxSurveydemonstratethatcertiedseedisactuallyasavingsinsteadoanexpense.Weheartilyencourageallgrowerstopurchaseprovenseedoknownpurityandveriedgermination.Anyperceivedsavingsontherontendoacropissoonlostonthebackendwithincreasedweedpressureloweryieldsandreducedquality.ClarkIsraelsenCSGA 58DEDICATEDMEMBERSLEADASSOCIATIONTOADISTINGUISHEDHISTORYCSAACWHENOURFOUNDINGMEMBERSstartedthisAssociationin1944IwonderiftheyeverdreamedthattheCommercialSeedAnalystsAssociationofCanadaCSAACwouldreachits70thanniversary.Thefoundingmemberswereaninterestinggroupofladies.IvahClarkprobablythebackboneoftheendeavourgaveherheartandsoultoassociation.SheservedassecretaryofCSAACformanyyearsandkeptmeticulousrecordsofeachandeverymeeting.BackinCSAACsearlydaysandformanyyearsafterthatthememberspersonallyabsorbedthecostsofoper-atingCSAAC.Manytookturnshostingmeetingsattheirhomessupplyingrefreshmentsandsolvingproblemsastheycamealong.Therewerenograntsorsubsidiesatthattimeandmeetingswerenotheldduringbusinesshours.Nowandasof1997CSAACisanincorporatednot-for-profitorganization.KathleenBaileyElizabethFordandChristineMcArthurwerealsokeyplayersinthebeginningofCSAAC.Associationmembershavealwaysbeendedicatedindi-vidualsfromthebeginningthroughpresentday.TheCommercialSeedAnalystsAssociationofCanadacouldnothavesurvivedwithouttheirefforts.MargaretLothianwasthefirstanalysttohaveherownprivatelab.ItwascalledSeedTestingServicesanditprosperedformanyyears.OtheranalystsofthattimewereemployedbyTorontoseedcompanies.MaryLamphierwasprobablythefirstwomanseedtraderinCanada.ShewasaseedanalystbutalsodidsomebuyingandsellingofseedtravellingtotheNewLiskeardareaandeventuallytoWesternCanadatobuyTimothyseed.TheseanalystswereallformerDepartmentofAgricultureanalysts.ThegovernmentlaboratoryservicesfellunderthenameofPlantProductsDivision.CSAACreceivedsupportandguidancefromW.H.WrightArthurHeiseB.F.ForwardE.J.DoyleandNormanLewisofAgricultureCanadaaswellasfromtheana-lystsimmediateemployers.TodayCSAAChasagoodworkingrelationshipwithSeedScienceTechnologiesSectionbasedinSaskatoonSask.andtheCanadianFoodInspectionAgencybasedinOttawaOnt.CSAACparticipatesonavarietyofcommitteesworkingcloselywiththesegovernmentagenciesincludingtheCanadianMethodsProceduresforTestingSeedsandSeedAnalystAccreditationCommittee.CSAACwasalsoafoundingmemberoftheCanadianSeedInstituteCSIandcontinuestobepartoftheCSIboard.CSAACisamemberoftheSeedSectorValueChainRoundtablewhichlooksatissuesaffectingallaspectsofseedindustry.WherethereareissuesofseedtestingyouwillfindCSAACmembersthereworkingbehindthescenesorinfrontdrivingthemessage.TheCSAACsealandinsigniahavebeenusedformorethan45yearsandindicateourstatusasaprofessionalorganization.Thesealisrecognizedintheseedindus-tryasasignofqualityworkandintegritywhenanaccreditedseedanalystsignstheirReportofAnalysisbearingtheCSAACseal.Emailcsaacexecutivedirectorgmail.comtocontacttheCSAACofficeorvisitwww.seedanalysts.ca.ThisbriefhistoryofCSAACwassubmittedbyGailLivingstoneofLivingstoneSeedLabinEtobicokeOnt. 60PEOPLENEWSTheCanadianSeedTradeAssociationsPattyTownsendwillresignasCEOeffectiveJuly31.PattyledthechargeonmanyissuesthatareimportanttothecontinuedsuccessofourindustryincludingmodernizationofthevarietyregistrationsystemandadvocacyforpassageofBillC-18justtonameafewsaysDaveBauteCSTApresident.Pattyhasalsobeenabletobringindustryorganizationstothetabletoworkforacommongoodtimeandtimeagain.ScottWolfeManagementisleadingthesearchforCSTAsexecutivedirector.Ifyouareahighly-motivatedandcollaborativeprofessionalinterestedinachallengingandexcitingleadershipopportunitycontactScottWolfeManagementatlaurel.hydescottwolfe.ca.Formoreinformationvisithttpcdnseed.orga-career-in-seeds.BASFhasappointedPaulReaasseniorvice-presidentofcropprotectionforNorthAmerica.ReajoinedBASFAustraliain2001movingtotheUnitedStatesin2004wherehehasheldanumberofpositionsincludingdirectoroftheprofessionalandspecialtysolutionsdivisionandvice-presidentofU.S.cropoperations.MostrecentlyReawasseniorvice-presidentofcropprotectionforAsia-Pacic.TheAlbertaWheatCommissionhaselectedKevinAuchasvicechairmanofitsboardofdirectors.AuchhasservedontheboardsinceAWCsinception.ThepositionwaspreviouslyheldbyHenryVoswhoremainsontheboardofdirectorsandKentEricksonwhoservesaschairman.AWCre-electsitsexecutiveannuallywhileboarddirectorsservetwo-andthree-yearterms.TheCanadianOilseedProcessorsAssociationhashiredChrisVervaetasexecutivedirectoreffectiveMarch23.WeareverypleasedtohaveChriscomeonboardtoleadCOPAsaysPattiMillerpresidentoftheCanolaCouncilofCanada.Hebringsabreadthofexperienceinmarketaccessaswellasregulatoryandtradepolicytotheassociation.Since2011VervaethasbeenanagriculturecounsellorforAgricultureandAgri-FoodCanadainBeijingChinawherehedirectedmarketaccessstrategiesandprovidedregulatoryadviceforCanadasagricultureandagri-foodindustry.Recentcontributionsincludemaintainingaccessforcanolaseedexportsfacilitatingtradeofcanolaoilinanunpredictableregulatoryenvironmentandprovidingtimelyadvicetore-establishcanolamealexports.XiteBioappointedBobReekieasitsnewbusinessandproductmanagereffectiveFeb.2.BasedoutofReginaSask.ReekieworkscloselywithXiteBiosbusinesssalesandmarketingendeavorsandwillprovideleadershipinpromotingthecompanysproductstechnologiesandbusinessgrowthobjectives.ReekiehasalonghistoryinsalesmarketingandbusinessdevelopmentwithBayerCropScienceandmostrecentlyasaconsultant.PreviouslyheservedasdirectorofINDUSTRYNEWSDesignedforseedprofessionalsIndustryNewsdeliverspeopleindustrybusinessandproductnewsyouneedtoknow.Submissionsarewelcome.Emailusatnewsissuesink.com.cerealcropsmarketingCanadadirectorofmarketingWesternCanadadirectorofInterAgandcerealportfoliomanager.AgCallhashiredWendyCarnegieasitsnewprojectleadoftheCropInspectbusiness.CarnegieisresponsibleformanagingCropInspectexecutingthemarketingandsalesplanandgrowingcustomerrelationships.PriortojoiningAgCallCarnegieservedasheadoftheCanadianFoodInspectionAgencysSeedScienceUnitinOttawaOnt.SheshasalsoworkedforMonsantoinWinnipegMan.CarnegieearnedaBachelorofScienceinagriculturefromtheUniversityofManitoba.DuPontPioneerhashiredCollinPhillipasbusinessdirectorforEasternCanada.PhillipwillbelocatedinChathamOnt.PriortojoiningDuPontPioneerheheldmarketingandsupplychainleadershiproleswithintheagriculturalindustry.PRODUCTNEWSCanterraSeedsandCanadaMaltinghaveannouncedthatthecontractingprogramforAlberta-bredBentleybarleywillincreasein201415.CanadaMaltinghasbeencontractingBentleysince2013andplanstoexpanditscontractedacrestomorethan40000in2015.ThevarietyreceivedmaltapprovalfromtheCanadianMaltingBarleyTechnicalCentrein2013andhasbeengaininginterestamongthebrewingworld.WeareverypleasedwiththemaltingresultsofBentleyandourcustomersdemandforthevarietyisexpectedtoincreasethisyearsaysRyanDoddCanadianelevatoroperationsmanagerofCanadaMalting.BentleyistherstmaltbarleybredbyAlbertaAgricultureandRuralDevelopmenttobecommerciallycontractedformalt.Thetwo-rowbarleyhasprovenpopularwithgrowersbecauseofitshighyieldagronomicpackageandexcellentqualityprole.CanterraSeedswilllaunchtherstcanolahybridwithanylevelofresistancetothenew5Xclubrootpathotype.CS2000willhavethemostcomprehensiveclubrootresistanceavailableonthemarketandwillbeavailabletogrowersfor2015planting.CS2000isthenewestadditiontotheCanterraSeedscanolaportfolioandbringsinnovationinclubrootresistancetogetherwithoveralltop-of-classperformanceneverbeforeseeninWesternCanada.CS2000isahugestepforwardforgrowersbattlingclubrootsaysDavidHansenCanterraSeedspresidentandCEO.Andjustasimportantlyitalsobringsexcellentyieldstandabilityandagronomiccharacteristics.MarroneBioInnovationsInc.aproviderofbio-basedpestmanagementandplanthealthproductshasreceivedCanadianapprovalforitsRegaliaMaxxbiofungicide.RegaliaMaxxisaplantextract-basedadvancedbiofungicidethatactivates MARCHAPRIL201561plantsnaturaldefensestoboostplantvigourcombatfungalandbacterialdiseasesandenhanceyieldpotential.InCanadaRegaliaMaxxwillbedistributedexclusivelybyEngageAgro.WearepleasedthatRegaliaMaxxhasbeenapprovedfornewusesinCanadabringinggrowersanexpandedenvironmentallyresponsibleandeffectivesolutionformanagingpestsinconventionalandorganiccropssaysPamMarroneMarroneBioInnovationsCEO.BUSINESSNEWSCanterraSeedshassuccessfullybidinanopencompetitionforexclusiveUnitedStatesdistributionrightsfordrypeapedigreedseedvarietiesdevelopedbytheUniversityofSaskatchewansCropDevelopmentCentreinSaskatoonSask.beginningSept.12015.ThisrelationshipwasbuiltonourstrongtrackrecordbothwiththeCDCandwithU.S.farmerssaysDavidHansenCanterraSeedspresidentandCEO.WeveestablishedarobustdistributionnetworkintheUnitedStatesthathasserveduswellinmarketingawiderangeofcropsandhavepreviouslyprovenourexpertisetotheCDCbysuccessfullymarketingtheirchickpeavarietiesintheU.S.inadditiontodistributingmanyoftheirothercropvarietiesinCanada.ThedrypeavarietieswillbesoldprimarilythroughCanterraSeedsU.S.afliateMeridianSeeds.For2015AgrianuserswillhaveaccesstoallcurrentandhistoricalBlackBridgesatelliteimageryavailablethroughtheBlackBridgeAgricultureMonitoringServiceintheUnitedStatesandCanadaforanominalfee.ThenewpartnershipgivesAgriantheabilitytoleverageBlackBridgesRapidEyeconstellationofveidenticalsatellitesthatcaptureimagesofuptotwomillionsquaremileseveryday.TheimagerywillbepartofAgriansexpandedtechnologyofferingbringingtogetherprecisionagriculturecomplianceandsustainability.BlackBridgesatelliteimageryfromitsRapidEyeconstellationwillbeavailablewithAgrianpremiumorpaidaccounts.FarmersofNorthAmericaFNAandAgraCitywillexpandintotheUnitedStates.WealreadyhavepeopleonthegroundandplansinplacetobeginofferingU.S.farmerstheopportunitytojointheFNAbusinessallianceandtakeadvantageofthevalueweofferparticularlythroughoursupplypartnerAgraCitysaysJamesMannFNApresidentandCEO.TherststageofU.S.marketentrywillbeginwithNorthDakotaSouthDakotaandMinnesota.MannexplainsthatexpansionintotheU.S.hasmanybenetsforCanadianandU.S.farmersandcurrentmembers.TheFNAbusinessalliancesucceedsthroughfarmersworkingtogetherprovidingthemarketpowerneededtobalancethemonopolisticforcesthatarecapturingfartoomuchofthevalueoffarmersworkMannsays.AgriculturebiotechcompanyInocucorTechnologiesInc.hasrelocateditscorporateheadquarterstoMontrealQue.Thisnewfacilitycomprisesnearly10000squarefeetandwillcomprisethecompanysheadquarterofcespilotproductionfacilityandresearchlaboratoriesfordevelopmentofnext-generationproducts.Inocucorproducesbiologicalsoilseedandplantacceleratorsthatimproveyieldsshortengrowingperiodsandpromotehealthiermoreresilientsoilsandplants.Thenewfacilitywillbededicatedtotheresearchandpilotproductionofthecompanysbiologicalproductsforfarmers.RichardsonInternationalLimitedplanstobuildanewhighthroughputgrainelevatortoreplaceitscurrentfacilityinDauphinMan.ThenewRichardsonPioneerelevatorwillhaveatotalof25000metrictonnesofstorageforgrainsandoilseeds.Thebuildwillincorporate15000metrictonnesofexistingsteelbinstorageupgradingthereceivingandshippingspeedtomatchthatofthenewelevator.Italsoincludesahighcapacitygraindryercleanerand104-carspot.ConstructionwillbegininAprilandwilltakeapproximately16monthstobecompleteAugust2016.RichardsonwillbuildatemporaryreceivingandshippingsystemattheDauphinsitetoprovidecustomerswithacontinueddeliveryoptionduringtheconstructionperiod.INDUSTRYNEWSBarleyandoatfarmersacrossOntariohavevotedinfavourofbeingrepresentedbyGrainFarmersofOntario.WearepleasedtoannouncethatbarleyandoatproductioninOntarioisanticipatedtoberepresentedbyGFObyJuly12015saysBarrySenftCEOofGrainFarmersofOntario.ThesecropsareimportanttothegrainindustryinourprovinceandwearekeentoprovidevaluetoOntariosbarleyandoatfarmersintheareasofresearchmarketdevelopmentandadvocacy.TheOntarioFarmProductsMarketingCommissionhasbeguntheprocessrequiredtomaketheregulatorychanges.TheintentistohaveallregulatoryamendmentsnalizedbyJuly1.UndertheamendedregulationsfarmerssellingbarleyandoatstolicensedelevatorsormillswillberequiredtopayGFOalicensefee.TheCanadiangovernmentinvestsmorethan3.3milliontoPulseCanadatohelpincreasetheuseofpulseandpulseproductsinfoodmanufacturingandtoassistmulti-sectorproducersinrespondingtonon-tariffbarriersinoverseasmarkets.ThisinvestmentwillallowPulseCanadatogeneratenewtoolsforthegrainoilseedandpulseindustriestomeasurethesustainabilityandperformanceofagriculturewithinthesesectors.Thisnewinformationwilldemonstratecompliancewithinthefoodindustrysqualityassurancesystemsincreasepulsedemandthroughnewmarketinginitiativesandengagestakeholderstobuildsupportforeliminatingtradebarriers. 62ScientistsattheUniversityofGuelphhaveidentiedagenethatcouldblockgeneticallymodiedcropsfromcross-contaminatingconventionalcrops.AccordingtoSherifSherifleadauthorofthestudythisdiscoverymightputdownargumentsagainstGMfoodcrops.Sherifandteamfoundagenethatcodesforaproteinthatnaturallyallowssomeplantstoself-pollinateandproducefruitbeforetheowerblooms.Asidefromhelpingcropfarmersandfoodproducersthediscoverymightalsobeaboonfortheperfumeindustry.Thegenecouldbeusedtokeepowersclosedandallowfragrantowergrowerstocollectmoreofthearomaticcompounds.Throughaco-fundingpartnershipwiththeAgricultureDevelopmentFundandotherproducercommoditygroupsWesternGrainsResearchFoundationannounced4.4millionofnewfundingfor34crop-relatedresearchprojects.WGRFfundsvarietydevelopmentandcropresearchtobenetwesternCanadianfarmers.Co-fundingpartnershipshelpmaximizetheinvestmentweasproducersaremakingincropresearchsaysDaveSeftonWGRFboardchair.Producersarecommittedtoinvestinginagriculturalresearchbecauseweknowtheknowledgeandtoolsitprovidesarevitalforourcontinuedsuccess.FundingwillbeallocatedtoprojectssuchassequencingofspecialcroprotationslentilvarietydevelopmentwheatmidgeresistancedecreaseoillossesfromcanoladehullingimprovedclubrootresistancedetectionmethodsforstriperustandwesternCanadiancooperativevarietytrials.TheCanadiangovernmentisprovidingupto9.5milliontotheCanolaCouncilofCanadatosupportmarketdevelopmentactivitiesaimedatincreasingtheconsumptionandvalueofcanolaindomesticandglobalmarkets.ThisprojectwillhelpCanadascanolaindustrymeetitsgrowthtargetof26milliontonnesofsustainablecanolaproductionby2025.Thiswillbeachievedthroughmarketresearchaswellasdevelopinginternationalanddomesticstrategicpartnershipsparticipatinginconferencesandtradeshowsanddevelopingrecipesforcanola-basedhealthymeals.TheCanolaCouncilofCanadawelcomesthissignicantinvestmentincanolamarketaccessanddevelopment.With90percentofourcanolaproductiondestinedforworldmarketstheseactivitiesareanintegralpartofboostingcanolasvalueandensuringindustrygrowthsaysPattiMillerpresidentoftheCanolaCouncilofCanada.TheCanadaandManitobagovernmentshaveprovided250000inresearchfundingand969000forequipmenttohelpidentifyandaddressproblemscausedbycanoladiseasesandpests.Theequipmentinstalledatthenewly-openedPestSurveillanceInitiativePSIlabinWinnipegMan.featuresapolymerasechainreactionmachineqPCRwhichcanbeusedGet25AcresofPercNPhosFREEwhenyoupurchase250Acres200LVisitcangrow.compercnphostolearnmoreorcall1-800-353-308660DaysFREEAgronomicSupportIncludedHealthyStart...HealthyCropBoostPlantEnergyReduceStressImproveRootsFormanyyearsUniversityandeldtrialsonmanycropshaveshowntwoapplicationsofPercNPhosat16ouncesacretoimproveseedlingvigorreducestressandincreaseyields.Whenappliedwithglypho-satePercNPhoshasalsobeenshowntoaidcroptolerancetoherbi-cideinjurywhilereducingtheresultingnutritionaldecienciesassoci-atedwithherbicides.ApplyingGlyphosateAddPercNPhosLearnmoretoday.Wellgiveyoueverythingyouneedtogiveyourcropaheadstart.FREEConsultation25AcresOfPercNPhosFREEwhenyoupurchase250acres200LAgronomicSupportandCoachingFromOurTeamOfExpertsLimitedTimeOfferExpiresJune15 MARCHAPRIL201563toidentifylowlevelsofclubrootinsubmittedsoilsamplesandgenesequenceandanalysisequipmenttotrackhowclubrootstrainsmightchangeovertime.ThePSIismanagedbytheManitobaCanolaGrowersAssociationMCGAwithadditionalsupportprovidedbytheManitobagovernment.MCGAhasinvestedanother130000inthelabanditsresearchonbehalfofitsmembers.WhileclubrootistheinitialfocusofthePSIlabsworkotherprojectsofinteresttoManitobafarmersareexpectedtobeginlaterin2015.PSIcurrentlyemploysalabdirectorandhaseldstaffwithspecializedtrainingonsamplingandlabanalysis.TheyhavealsolaunchedaninternshipprogramforstudentresearcherstoworkonprojectsinthePSIfacility.TheCanolaCouncilofCanadahaslaunchedtheCanolaResearchHubanonlinedatabasedesignedtoprovidegrowerswiththelatestresearchndingstoincreaseproductivityandprotability.Thisisarst-of-itskindtechnologytransfertoolsaysCurtisRempelvice-presidentofcropproductionandinnovationwiththeCCC.Itwillallowgrowerstoaccesscanolaresearchbehindparticularrecommendationsandquicklyzeroinonthendingsmostrelevanttotheirregionandconcern.TheCanolaResearchHubwasdevelopedtoillustratethesciencebehindbestmanagementpracticesofCanadiancanolaproductionprovidepracticaltoolstoevaluateagronomicperformanceandinformproductionmanagementdecisions.Userscannavigatethroughalibraryofresearchsummariesviewandlterresearchdatawatchvideointerviewsandclipsaccesspublishedresourcesdownloadmultimediamaterialsandkeepup-to-dateonscience-basedindustrynewsandevents.WHEREONTHEWEBResultsareinforthe2014CanolaPerformanceTrialsCPT.Datafromthescience-basedthird-partyvarietyevaluationshavebeenuploadedtotheonlinecomparisontoolandasummarybookletisalsoavailablefordownloadonCPTswebsite.Theonlinetoolincludesinteractivemapsandtheabilitytorenesearchesbyseasonzoneherbicidetolerancetypeyielddaystomaturitylodgingandheight.Userscanalsocompareresultsfrom201420132012and2011.LinecompaniesindependentretailersandseedcompaniesincludingBayerCropScienceBrettYoungSeedsCanterraSeedsCargillDLSeedsMonsantoProvenSeedCropProductionServicesandSyngentaparticipatedinthe2014trials.TheCPTprogramincludessmallplotandlargeeldscaletrials.Resultsfor2014arebasedon25smallplottrialsand101eldscaletrialsacrossthePrairies.Viewresultsatwww.canolaperformancetrials.ca.FULLYACCREDITEDSEEDLABNO.1215EMPLOYEEOWNEDOPERATEDCALLUSTODAY1-866-980-8324infoseedcheck.netWWW.SEEDCHECK.NETHaveFaithinOurSeedTechnologists. 64WiththecomingandpassingoCanadianAgriculturalSaetyWeek2015theweekoMarch15-21Igaveagreatdealothoughttothetopicasitsnotsomethingtotakelightly.UnortunatelyIvenothadtolookatthisissuethroughapairobinoculars.Ivehadaront-rowseatandknowalltoowellthetollthatarmandagricul-turalaccidentscantakeonarmamiliesthearmitselandthecommunityromgrainbinengulmentstotractorroll-oversandromirestochemicalexposure.Tooutsidersitmightseemthatdangerlurksaroundeverycorner.Wellthatthoughtisnottooaro.Forthoseouswhogrowupinagricultureweareawareothedangersbutwebecomeamiliarwiththem.Somemightevensaythatthroughtheyearswebecomecomplacentandailtorecognizejusthowdangerousorhazardousasituationorjobreallyis.Consideryourseedbusinessoramoment.WhatareasorjobsposethehighestriskDoyouhavestandardoperatingproceduresorSOPsinplaceorthosetasksbeitoperatingapieceomachinerycleaningequipmentorapplyingchemicalsDoyouhaveregularsaetymeetingstohelpincreaseawarenessotheimportanceosaetyaroundtheoperationandpromotegoodpracticesSetthePrecedentWhilestandardoperatingproceduresmightseemredundantoroverthetophavingtheminplacesetsaprecedentandhelpstoensurethatproperprotocolorprocedureisollowed.Thisnotonlyworksinyouravourtokeepamilyandemployeessaewhileatworkbuthelpstoreduceyourbusinessliabilityandexposuretorisk.SOPsareasetomustdorequirementsandrecommendedprocedurestohelpreduceaccidentsbyknownhazards.ForcertaintasksitmightevenbeobenefttokeeprecordowhenthetaskwasperormedandbywhomtodemonstrateAreYouTooComortablewhatwasdoneandavoidanyconusionthatmightoccurwithverbalcommunicationalone.TohelpthoseintheagriculturalcommunitytheCanadianAgriculturalSaetyAssociationhasdevelopedCanadaFarmSaeaprocesstohelparmersmanagesaetyandhealthontheiroperationnomatterthelocationorarmtype.Whilethereareseveraldierencesinrunningaarmcomparedtorunningaseedbusinessmanyothesametasksareperormedjustatdierentscaleswithanemphasisondierentareas.Regardlesssaetyisimportant.IyoudonthaveasaetyplaninplaceortheoneyouhaveisantiquatedyoucandownloadthecoreCanadaFarmSaeplanatnochargeromtheassociationswebsite.ItincludesinstructionsorcomposingageneralpolicystatementorthesaetyandhealthoyourbusinessidentiyinghazardscontrollinghazardsincludingdocumentingSOPsoutliningemergencyactionsconductingtrainingandinvestigatingincidentscommunicatingresponsibilitiesandrenewingtheplan.Saetymeetingscanalsoplayanimportantroleingettingemployeebuy-in.NadeauFarmoFannystelleMan.operatesaseedcleaningacilitywhichcanprocess15tonnesocerealsorsoybeansperhour.Itsalsoaamilybusinesswhereseveralgenerationsochildrenhavegrownupmakingsaetyapriority.OwnerandoperatorBrianNadeauhasevenappointedasaetycoordinatorwholeadsmonthlysaetymeetingsandhascollaboratedwithasaetycompanytocreateanofcialsaetymanualthatdetailsthepoliciesordierentequipmentandprocedures.IyouhaventalreadytakenactiontoensuresaetyisatoppriorityinyourbusinesspleasetakethetimetoestablishSOPsandincreasetheawarenessosaetyatyouroperation.Dontlettheamiliarityoyoursurroundingsmakeyoutoocomortable.Toomanytimestheconversationstartsateranincidentwhenitstoolateorprevention.Thethoughtowhatcouldhappenianaccidentweretooccuratyourplaceobusinessshouldmakeyouuncomortable.Protectyourselandyouremployeestakeactionnow.JulieDeeringeditoroGermination Drive-overHopperConventionalAugerConventionalAuger-FeterlOriginalBacksaverAuger-FeterlOriginal1214BacksaverAuger-FeterlOriginal12BacksaverAuger101316UtilityAugerUnloadingAugerRollermillHammermillGrainVac-PTOModelGrainVac-DieselModelGrainCleanerCrucialdetailsconnectingyourcombinetothemarketVisitwww.farm-king.comtofndadealernearyou.2015BuhlerTradingInc.infobuhler.comwww.farm-king.comHigherinputcostsandtightermarginsrequireacompletegrainmanagementsystemtomakeyouroperationasproftableaspossible.ThecompletelineoFarmKinggrainhandlingequipmentensuresyougettopdollaroryourcrop.WithdecadesograinhandlingexperienceFarmKingoerseverythingyouneedtogetyourgraintomarketateritleavesthecombine.www.farm-king.comGrainCart-10601360