Two University of Saskatchewan (U of S) computer scientists are among the first grant recipients of Microsoftâ€™s AI for Earth program, aimed at empowering people and organizations to solve global environmental challenges by increasing access to artificial intelligence (AI) tools and educational opportunities that will accelerate innovation.
Valued at $10,000 each, the grants enable the research teams to use new Microsoft technology to improve plant breeding by creating new ways to analyze plants and automatically identify traits related to plant growth, health, resilience and yield. The investment will help researchers better analyze plant genomics associated with crop traits, such as flowering time yield, and resistance to stress from drought.
Ian Stavness, associate professor in the U of S Department of Computer Science, will use Microsoft Azure cloud computing resources to create new ways to analyze images and videos of plants and crops to automatically identify traits related to plant growth, health, resilience and yield.
â€śHaving a computer recognize these traits has potential to increase speed, reliability, and precision of trait identification and will provide new opportunities for crop breeders and farmers to directly compare large numbers of individual crops with differences in genetics, growing environment and crop management,â€ť says Stavness.
Using the Microsoft technology, computer science professor Tony Kusalik aims to uncover the relationship between plant genes and desirable traits.
â€śWe hope the new Azure AI cloud computing platform will help us to enhance deep learning to recognize complex patterns in plant genes so that we can find desirable ones,â€ť says Kusalik. â€śFinding the links between plant genes and favorable crop traits will help breeders speed up their breeding programs.â€ť
Stavness, Kusalik and their teams of researchers, post-doctoral fellows, graduate students and undergraduate research assistants are part of an innovative research and training program at the Plant Phenotyping and Imaging Research Centre (P2IRC) that is working to transform crop breeding and provide innovative solutions to national and global food security. The U of S P2IRC is managed by the Global Institute for Food Security and is funded by the Canada First Excellence Research Fund.
AI for Earth, launched in July 2017, is a Microsoft program aimed at empowering people and organizations to solve global environmental challenges by increasing access to AI tools and educational opportunities, while accelerating innovation.
Via the Azure for Research AI for Earth award program, Microsoft provides selected researchers and organizations access to its cloud and AI computing resources to improve and expand work on climate change, agriculture, biodiversity and/or water challenges. The grant process was a competitive and selective process and was awarded in recognition of the potential of the work and power of AI to accelerate progress.