Page 1
Page 2
Page 3
Page 4
Page 5
Page 6
Page 7
Page 8
Page 9
Page 10
Page 11
Page 12
Page 13
Page 14
Page 15
Page 16
Page 17
Page 18
Page 19
Page 20
Page 21
Page 22
Page 23
Page 24
Page 25
Page 26
Page 27
Page 28
Page 29
Page 30
Page 31
Page 32
Page 33
Page 34
Page 35
Page 36
Page 37
Page 38
Page 39
Page 40
Page 41
Page 42
Page 43
Page 44
Page 45
Page 46
Page 47
Page 48
Page 49
Page 50
Page 51
Page 52
PublicationsMailAgreement40030841 MARCHAPRIL 2016 NEXT GEN PLANT BREEDING TECHNIQUES 2016NewVarieties FUELLING theINDUSTRY PGDCREPORT Strategy Session FightingFusarium NEWBLOOD NEWIDEAS AND NEW POTENTIAL For generations families across Canada have been growing and processing high quality certified seed of SeCan genetics. Its in our genes. Genes that fit your farm is a registered trademark of SeCan. Its in our genes. Its in our genes. Bolton Family Dublin ON Cyre Family Westlock AB Galloway Family Fort Saskatchewan AB Szentimrey Family Branchton ON Weigum Family Three Hills AB Wiebe Family Altona MB James Family Winnipeg MB LLSEEDS Lumsden SK MARCHAPRIL 2016 1 features CONTENTS MARCHAPRIL 2016 departments No single management tool will be effective on its own. Strategy Session 26 I expect that the system will become more democratic and the diversity of views on what constitutes merit will drive further evolution of the system. Giant Views 48 CSTA 36 CSGA 37 CSAAC 38 Cross Pollination 40 Regulatory Roundup 41 World Status 42 Industry News 44 04 NewBloodNew Opportunities The next generation of seed professionals share what they find meaningful about their career in seed the growing need for mentoring and knowledge transfer and why its important to keep learning. 08 NewBreedingTechniques Innovative techniques and methods for plant breeding show promise for the future. 14 2016NewVarieties Coming soon to a field near you get the information you need on the latest releases from alfalfa to wheat. 22 PGDCHelpsFuel anIndustry Germination brings you the highlights from the 2016 Prairie Grain Development Committee meetings. 22 04 OntheCover Doug Miller of the Canadian Seed Growers Association is just one of the bright young minds that are part of the next generation of seed professionals in Canada. Photo credit Arman Duggal. Instagram ARMANDUGGAL10 14 2 MarchApril 2016 - Vol. 21 No. 2 The magazine of the Canadian seed industry PUBLISHED BY Issues Ink 6327435 Canada Ltd. 403-313 Pacific Avenue Winnipeg MB R3A 0M2 Phone 204 453-1965 Fax 204 475-5247 email PUBLISHER Shawn Brook EDITOR Julie Deering EDITORIAL ADVISOR Patty Townsend EDITORIAL Mark Halsall Lindsay Hoffman Shannon Schindle Marc Zienkiewicz MARKETING Craig Armstrong Katelyn Daman Hiten Shah CREATIVE Theresa Kurjewicz Lesley Nakonechny DIGITAL Nick Buhr Kyle Dratowany Jill Hollosi Caleb MacDonald Lynne Roy CIRCULATION Dean French CONTRIBUTORS Mike Scheffel Patty Townsend EDITORIAL BOARD Dave Akister Holly Gelech Shaun Haney Todd Hyra Doug Knight Lee Markert Ryan Murray Tim Welbanks SUBSCRIPTIONS Canada 47.25year including GST Foreign 95year Germination makesnoexpressedorimpliedwarrantiesofmerchantabilityor fitnessforaparticularpurposeorotherwiseconcerningtheuseofanyproductand assumesnoliabilityforanyinjuryordamagedirectorconsequentialincurredfrom theuseofsuchproductsorservicestherein.FederalProvincialandMunicipallaws andregulationssupersedetheinformationcontainedherein. Publications Mail Agreement No. 40030841. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to Issues Ink 403-313 Pacific Avenue Winnipeg MB R3A 0M2 PRINTED IN CANADA Please recycle where facilities exist. No part of this magazine may be reproduced without the written permission of the publisher GERMINATION.CA Canadas Seed Testing Leaders Make your foresight 2020 what you cant see wont hurt you or so the saying goes. In the case of seed nothing could be more wrong. What lurks unseen and unknown can cost you and your customers big money. Find out more at 2020seedlabs.cathe2020difference Contact us toll-free at 1-877-420-2099 Join the conversation the2020difference ISO 90012008 certied Fully Accredited for Full Service 100SERVICE VOUCHER LIMITED TIME OFFER Multi-purpose Re-Useable Waterproof Glues Used Sift Resistance Built In Rugged 100lb. Tag Stock Construction Easy To Use Fold-In Flaps Fold-Down Tuck-In 2802 Hedberg Drive Hopkins MN 55305-3405 Ph 952 545-7124 Fax 952 545-0196 With Spear Its In The Bag. SeedGrain Special Safety Envelopes For Sampling and Storage. Call or Send For Free Sample Kit Prices Gummed and Ungummed Coin Envelopes Available CROPINSPECT 70 experienced and fully trained inspectors regionally located across Canada Nationwide leading provider of seed crop inspection Visit for more information and to locate an inspector Inspectors you Know Inspectors you Trust Seed growers across Canada are talking aboutAgCall CropInspect 4 THECanadian Seed Trade Association CSTA actively encourages young people to get involved in one of Canadas largest and most important industries. CSTAs A Career in Seeds project which includes a new section on its website and a video focused on attracting young people to a career in the seed industry was a major undertaking. Attracting young people is a necessity for an industry in which many experienced people are close to retirement. According to CSTA the industry employs more than 14000 Canadians over 3000 in plant breeding and research over 2500 in seed production over 6200 in seed process- ing and production support and more than 2300 in seed sales and marketing. With baby boomers fast beginning to age out of the work- force the industry is rife with opportunity for a new gen- eration of young professionals. Success on the World Stage Doug Miller director of certification and technology ser- vices at the Canadian Seed Growers Association CSGA had Montreal Canadiens owner Geoff Molson and other major industry executives listening this past October when he had the opportunity to explain CSGAs innovative trans- formation from a paper-based seed certification system to a fully electronic one a project the 28-year-old spear- headed. New Blood New Opportunities The seed industry is fast becoming a haven for young people looking for exciting meaningful work. Hosted by Molson at the Bell Centre in Montreal Miller took part in an expert panel to share his experience and expertise leading CSGAs project to automate its certifica- tion system which was necessitated by the introduction of the Alternative Service Delivery ASD program for seed crop inspection. Under Millers watch CSGA transformed its entire business process to a paperless electronic platform using Laserfiche and LincDoc software. The wildly successful initiative was recognized with a LaserFiche Run Smarter Award for the most visionary Laserfiche initiative an international honour awarded to organizations that use LaserFiche software. That was a big feather in our cap. Its a hard contest to win its usually full of Fortune 500 companies with bigger pockets than CSGA says Miller. The fact we were recognized on the world stage that was very gratifying. Whats also gratifying according to Miller is having access to these types of opportunities that allow for personal and career growth. As director of certification and technology services his job is to ensure CSGA runs efficiently and effectively for delivering seed crop certification in Canada. What I love about the seed industry is you can make a noticeable difference and there are many opportunities for growth especially these days when so many other MARCHAPRIL 2016 5 industries are being thrown into turmoil with technologies such as Uber and Airbnb he says. In seed if youre a good talent you can make your career what you want and youre recognized for your achievements. As an increasing number of young people are picking seed as their career of choice Miller says stories like his a tech-savvy young professional discovers new opportunities in an industry eager to benefit from his or her expertise will only become more common. Youre seeing Silicon Valley shift its focus toward agri- culture Miller says referring to companies such as The Climate Corporation that combine the latest technology with agronomy plant breeding and farming. Agriculture is going to get really interesting in the future. Theres a huge influx of young talent that maybe never even considered getting into this industry and theyre going to find meaningful employment in the field. Hands-On Experience Being in the field is something Edmontons Jill Himschoot knows very well. The 31-year-old senior seed analyst for 2020 Seed Labs is stationed in Temuco Chile helping the companys customers conduct tests on canola seed. Its a part of the job she loves. Its fast-paced and always a challenge but I love a chal- lenge she says. I really gravitated toward this. Himschoot didnt plan on getting into the seed industry. She originally went to Albertas Grande Prairie Regional College to study business and accounting. I took a semester off and took a part time job as a lab tech at a seed lab. When the job at 2020 got posted I jumped at the opportunity to train as an analyst. Life takes you down a surprise path sometimes she says. She never did complete the business and accounting program. I was only 21 at the time. My dad worked in the seed business for years so Id always had some insight into the agriculture business. Like all seed analysts she did a considerable amount of on-the-job training something she says she was looking for in a career. I thought You know this works better for me than accounting. Theres no specific course to be a seed ana- lyst its very hands-on learning. You have to train under another analyst to be eligible to write the exam. Its that specialized. As a seed analyst she predominantly performs tests on seed mostly for purity searching through bulk samples AGE 28 JOB Director of Certication and Technology Services Canadian Seed GrowersAssociation EDUCATION Bachelor of Biology Carleton University FUN FACT Despite his goal of a paperless seed certication system Miller is an avid fountain pen user. NAME Doug Miller AGE 35 JOB Territory Sales Representative Dow Seeds Canada EDUCATION Agricultural Economics University of Guelph FUN FACT Up until his son was born he played in three hockey leagues meaning on the ice ve nights a week. Its now down to two nights a week. NAME Drew Pearson AGE 27 JOB Vice-President Nadeau Seeds EDUCATION Bachelor of Science University of Saskatchewan FUN FACT Loves living a healthy t lifestyle enjoys travel learning about dierent cultures photography being in nature and embarking on new adventures. NAME Kara Nadeau AGE 31 JOB Senior Seed Analyst 2020 Seed Labs EDUCATION Fully-Accredited Seed Analyst FUN FACT Enjoys snowboarding beer sampling and yoga. NAME Jill Himschoot 6 to find contaminants as well as germination testing assessing maximum growth potential in seedling lots to determine potential yield. When Im here in Chile we help clients do testing right here at home instead of shipping the seed to Canada and having to wait for the results she says. All About the People Working with people is one of the major things that attracted Manitobas Kara Nadeau to the seed industry. The vice-president of Nadeau Seeds a family-run seed company based in the tiny community of Fannystelle she says its the people she works with each day that make her love coming to work. At just 27 Nadeau may well be one of the youngest vice- presidents in the seed industry. Shes responsible for all the sales at Nadeau Seeds and also spearheads the com- panys marketing. She graduated from the University of Saskatchewan with a Bachelor of Science in agriculture - plant science in 2011 and is constantly educating herself while working for the family business. There are so many opportunities and its endless Nadeau says. You can be in research plant breeding agribusiness you can try so many different things. You can have a job in one part of the industry but still be involved in a different aspect. Its a sentiment echoed by Drew Pearson a territory sales representative for Dow Seeds Canada based in Ingersoll Ont. At 35 Pearson just marked a decade working in the agricultural industry. As vice-president of Nadeau Seed Kara Nadeau heads up the sales and marketing for her familys seed business. While she has learned a great deal from working with her parents Nadeau values new educational opportunities to continue her growth. I enjoy working with the people I see each day he says. You meet so many great people and learn a lot. Ive met so many people from all over Canada and the United States. Opportunity The opportunity that the seed industry offers is a high- light for Pearson. After finishing his ag diploma at the University of Guelph he wanted to go back to the family farm but it wasnt in the cards. He earned a degree in economics and started selling seed for Thompsons. Like Himschoot getting into the seed industry was unex- pected for Pearson but its an example of an industry that welcomes people from different backgrounds. Miller grad- uated from Carleton University with a bachelors degree in biology and working in seed wasnt in his plans either. Im not your typical seedsman and Carleton isnt really known for its ag graduates he says. I find that coming to the table with a different background has served me well. According to Miller some of CSGAs best new employ- ees come from the same program he took at Carleton University. Like Himschoots experience in seed analysis a lot of training at CSGA occurs on-the-job. According to Miller welcoming new blood into the seed industry opens up a wealth of opportunities not just for the employees but also for the industry as a whole. Our workforce at CSGA has changed drastically as a result of becoming electronic he says. I think the new generation has a different way of looking at things. Most of our staff is under the age of 35 now. When we look for someone to work here Dow Seeds Canadas Drew Pearson didnt expect to be working in the seed industry but its a choice hes glad he made. MARCHAPRIL 2016 7 we look for someone who can actually write lines of code and update websites. What were looking for and able to get from the next generation allows us to better serve our members. For Pearson serving customers provides opportunity to work side-by-side with them and use his expertise to help them make a good living. Youre working with farmers and this is their livelihood. Its not like selling a car where if something goes wrong its just an inconvenience for them. If you sell a farmer some corn that doesnt produce now his livelihood is affected Pearson says. Nadeau can attest to that. This is an industry that provides food feed and fuel so theres something new happening all the time she says. I enjoy selling seed and seeing it grow knowing its feeding people. While Himschoot is now a fully accredited seed analyst certified in all crops at home in Canada there are other designations she can pursue. If you want a job that keeps you on the go and motivated this is the industry to be in Himschoot says. You learn so much especially from people whove been working in it for years. I love to learn what other people do and how it applies to my job. Learning from the Best While the amount of young blood flowing into the seed industry is exciting Miller says it wouldnt be possible for the younger generation to learn if it wasnt for the number of experienced people they get to learn from. Ive had a lot of great mentors who helped me out and gave me a lot of opportunities Miller says. He adds that it was Dale Adolphe a former CSGA executive director who gave him the chance to work there and prove himself. Pearson has had much the same experience. He says his employers have faith in him and give him the ability to make the job what he wants. In turn that provides him with a variety of work. Youre not in an office every single day youre on the road he says. There are days when youre doing business planning and other days when youre digging holes in fields looking for germination. Like Miller Pearson also notes that technology plays a huge role in his work and makes it easier thanks in part to the younger generation thats embracing such things. Pearson explains that with a technology like Skype he can talk with the seed partner and have him go to the field with the farmer. He can Skype me and we can discuss the problem agree on a re-plant sign off on it and its done Pearson says. It takes 20 minutes not six or seven hours. Anyone who can master new technologies will really advance their career in the future. However it takes experienced members of the industry to mentor him so hes able to provide the kind of service customers expect. Its exciting having the confidence of the company behind you Pearson says. Challenges While the new generation learning from industry veterans is invaluable Miller says theres a growing generation gap that he encounters on a regular basis. As people retire from the industry their knowledge goes with them. This leaves people such as Miller in need of mentoring more than ever. When the boomers all leave there will be a big informa- tion gap Miller explains. We need to confront that and build it back up. Ive had a lot of great mentors like Dale Adolphe and Randy Preater and now theyre gone. It can be hard for young people since they dont have that background and experience. That generation gap is the biggest challenge I face on a daily basis. Nadeau says its crucial to keep pursuing an education in whatever form it might take. There are difficulties inherent to the seed industry that also pose a challenge according to Himschoot. She works to raise awareness of how important seed testing is in an effort to increase its value and ensure a healthy future for the sector. Its not exactly the highest-paying job being a seed analyst she says. As far as analytical work goes it doesnt have a huge pay grade that is a challenge. The testing we do is technical and the accreditation is dif- ficult to get and maintain but people arent paying a lot for the testing. Its hard to try and sell a specialized job when theres not a lot of monetary incentive. You have to love it to do it long term. For Pearson the fact that many consumers have miscon- ceptions of agriculture is a challenge he deals with on a regular basis. Dow has done a good job getting different companies and organizations in to train us to have those conversations Pearson says. Its our responsibility to brush up on our research a bit as well so we can educate people who are misinformed. Nadeau agrees. The media is always talking about GMOs and organic farming and all those hot-button issues she says. Its important for people to know the truth about agriculture. We eat at least three times a day and its our industry that makes that possible. Marc Zienkiewicz 8 IT has been recited many times before the planet faces some of the most fearsome challenges it has ever seen. Todays farmers need to pro- duce more food and more energy for an ever-growing population with less land less water and fewer resources and in a more sustainable manner all in the midst of a changing climate according to a 2011 report from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. During the past century researchers have improved plant varieties to better cope with population growth. However urbanization has pushed agriculture to ever more marginal lands while yield increases have been plateauing in sev- eral crops. For instance research from Natural Resources Canada shows that from 1988 to 2010 urban and suburban land use in Alberta increased from 2.5 per cent to 6.6 per cent of total land area while agricultural land area increased from 31 per cent to 34 per cent mainly at the expense of wood- lands and grasslands. This same study Urbanization and the loss of prime farmland a case study in the Calgary- Edmonton corridor of Alberta shows that 60 per cent of urban expansion occurred on agricultural land two- thirds of which were highly suitable for farming. There has been a reduction in the average quality of agricultural land because converting the best land to urban and residential use has resulted in agricultural development on poorer quality soils says Navin Ramankutty a lead author of the study and profes- sor of global food security and sus- tainability at the University of British Columbia. All of the above means plant breed- ers will need to step up their efforts. Continuing on the way they have done wont suffice in the coming decades. This is an incredible challenge says Robb Fraley executive vice-presi- dent and chief technology officer at Monsanto. I have no doubt that we can meet the food security needs of the future he says. And I actually think that as we improve yields and productivity by the time we reach 2050 well even have the opportunity to convert some of the lands that we farm back into forests pastures and wetlands. New Breeding TechniquesPromising techniques accelerate innovation in plant breeding. We can be that efficient. The chal- lenge is will we be able to use the tools available. Experts such as Fraley are calling for another revolution and this revolution may very well come in the form of new breeding techniques NBTs. This group of techniques has been developed during the past 10 to 15 years in the public and private sectors. These techniques deliver a desired genetic traits in a much more pre- cise way than other techniques could. In current plant breeding limitations exist in delivering the right characteris- tics to the target varieties. These NBTs offer new possibilities. It is a known fact that conventional plant breeding takes time. Surveys among plant breeding companies show it can take on average from seven to 12 sometimes up to 20 years to generate a new plant variety with the desired characteristics depending on the crop. Use of NBTs significantly shortens this period. For example in certain species it can be very time consuming to introduce a new resistance gene from the same or related species due to the crops com- plex genetics. The result is not all crosses produce fertile offspring. In addition the growth habit of the crop itself can pre- vent a quick introduction of the trait. For example trees take several years until the first flowers and fruits develop and it can take decades to create a new variety. Urban and suburban land use in Alberta increased from 2.5 to 6.6 of total land area. Agricultural land area increased from 31 to 34 mainly at the expense of woodlands and grasslands. MARCHAPRIL 2016 9 This article explores the methods developed including sequence-specific nuclease technology oligonucleotide- directed mutagenesis RNA-dependent DNA methylation reverse breeding GM rootstock grafting induced early flowering cisgenesis and intragenesis. Sequence-Specic Nuclease Technology Sequence-specific nuclease SSN technology often referred to as site-directed nuclease uses natural enzymes to generate a double-strand break at an exact pre-defined location in the DNA. Dan Voytas a University of Minnesota researcher explains that these natu- ral enzymes are introduced in the genome at or near the site where a DNA sequence modification is desired. Voytas shares that these enzymes rec- ognize and sever the target with high specificity. The repair of the break can be directed to create a variety of tar- geted DNA sequence modifications ranging from DNA deletions to the insertion of large arrays of genes he says. There are three application types of SSN SSN-1 SSN-2 and SSN-3. With the application of SSN-1 no donor- DNA is used to guide the repair. Non- homologous end-joining takes place resulting in most instances in small deletions in the DNA however some- times small additions can take place. These small alterations lead to a loss of gene function a gene knock-out. The SSN-2 technique uses a donor DNA which is a copy of the target DNA region with a small modifica- tion. During repair the plant will use this template for the fix and the small modification will be introduced into the plants genome targeted mutation. The repair template of the SSN-3 appli- cation contains a complete new gene. Using SSN-3 intragenes cisgenes or transgenes can be introduced gene addition. In any of the three ways previously described with SSN a gene of interest can be mutated replaced or knocked out Figure 1. CRISPR-Cas9 zinc-finger nucleases ZFNs TALENs and meganu- cleases are all different variants of SSN. For decades plant breeders have been using classical mutagenesis methods such as chemicals or ionizing radia- tion. In a way similar results can be obtained with SSN-1 SSN-2 and classi- cal mutagenesis methods with one big difference classical mutagenesis leads to thousands of random mutations whereas SSN-1 and SSN-2 lead to single specific mutations in a targeted gene. Additionally classical mutagenesis methods require breeders to select plants with the intended mutations Figure 1. This graphic visually outlines the differences between sequence-specific nuclease technologies SSN-1 SSN-2 and SSN-3. Source Wageningen UR. Site-Specic Nuclease SSN Technology SSN DSB repair DNA DNA with SSN-induced double strand break DSB Repair of the DSB by the cells native repair system Non-accurate repair following non-homologous end-joining NHEJ deletion or small modication SSN-1 Accuratehomologous recombination HR-directedrepair usingtemplateDNA withsmallchange small modication SSN-2 C C Accurate HR-directed repair using template DNA with new insert introductionofnewDNA fragment SSN-3 and plant breeders must carry out several generations of backcrossing to eliminate any unwanted mutations. These two latter steps are much sim- pler and faster when using SSN-1 or SSN-2. Oligonucleotide-Directed Mutagenesis The technique oligonucleotide- directed mutagenesis ODM uses oli- gonucleotides small molecules into which in a similar manner to SSN-2 a small repair template is introduced into the plant cell. This is identical to the plants genetic material except for the desired change. Joachim Schiemann head of the Institute for Biosafety in Plant 10 Figure 3. On the left side the plants natural defence system leads to methylation of a viral gene. On the right side recombinant-derived RNA molecules guide the RISC to its natural counterpart resulting in DNA methylation and a subsequent blocking of gene activity. The recombinant gene contains fragments of the natural gene to be targeted. Source Wageningen UR. viral gene viral gene viral gene gene RNA degradation fragments RISC RISC forms complex with RNA RISC-RNA finds matching DNA ... and attaches methyl CH3- groups to DNA ... which blocks activity of the gene natural target gene natural target gene CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 recombinant gene CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 Biotechnology at the Julius Kuehn Institute Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants explains that after the homologous sequence binds to the DNA a mismatch pairing occurs which will be corrected by the repair system of the host cell. He says this leads to new and specific mutations. The sequence of the oligonucleotide can be used as a template for new DNA synthesis during the repair pro- cess Schiemann says. In this way ODM can be used to target the editing of the genome. The difference between ODM and SSN-2 is no genetic construct is copied into the plants DNA. The small repair molecule remains briefly in the plant cell and is quickly degraded Figure 2. This only works in plants that can be regenerated from protoplasts. With SSN-1 SSN-2 and ODM addi- tional genetic variation is created Figure 2. The left DNA helix light bluered with oligonucleotide template tanred containing one intended mismatch dark blue. After the endogenous DNA repair mechanism has copied the change pink into the DNA the template is degraded. The strands return to their original form not shown and the DNA repair mechanism copies the intended change of one strand into the complementary strand successfully completing the process. Source NBT Platform. within an existing species without crossing any species barrier. This crea- tion of additional genetic variation is absolutely crucial and fundamental to plant breeding. RNA-Dependent DNA Methylation RNA-dependent DNA methylation RdDM relies on the plants defence system RNA-induced silencing com- plex which is activated by small dou- ble-stranded RNA molecules. Schiemann says RdDM enables gene expression to be modified by switching off genes or enhancing their function without bringing about any change in the genomic sequence itself. He explains this is achieved by altering the methylation patterns of molecules associated with DNA by the introduc- tion of double-stranded RNAs. These latter molecules are processed by different host enzymes of the RdDM machinery and lead to epi- genetic changes in gene expression which can be stably inherited for at least a few generations he says. Reverse Breeding Its not possible to exactly reproduce a heterozygous plant from seeds. Only vegetative reproduction allows for an exact copy however seed companies are geared to reproduce and commer- cialize elite plant varieties by means of seeds. Vegetative reproduction is often too expensive technically cumber- some and commercialization is often logistically impossible. According to the authors of Reverse breeding a novel breeding approach based on engineered meiosis which appeared in Plant Biotechnology Journal reverse breeding RB is a novel plant breeding technique designed to directly produce parental lines for any heterozygous plant a sought after goal in plant breeding. The method is based on reducing genetic recombination in the selected heterozygote by eliminating meiotic crossing over the authors report. Male or female spores obtained from such plants contain combinations of Oligonucleotide-Directed Mutagenesis RNA-Dependent DNA Methylation MARCHAPRIL 2016 11 Figure 4. During conventional breeding recombination of chromosome pairs results in the reshuing of genetic material and the unique combination of genetic variation will be lost. In reverse breeding a selected heterozygous offspring plant is crossed with itself while chromosomal recombination is suppressed by a transgene resulting in lines with homozygous chromosome pairs. The haploidization step producing plants in which only one chromosome of each chromosome pair is present and the subsequent doubling of the chromosomes producing doubled-haploid plants with homozygous chromosome pairs are not shown here. For hybrid variety production parental lines in which the genetic variation of the chromosome pairs complement each other are selected from the reverse breeding program. Crossing such lines will result in uniform offspring hybrid plants seeds which are genetically similar to the plants with which the reverse breeding was started. Source Wageningen UR. Figure 5. Here a fruit-bearing non-GM scion has been grafted onto a GM rootstock. Source NBT platform. conventional breeding hybrid breeding X X Parent A Parent B Inbred Parent A Inbred Parent B reverse breeding X Ospring A Ospring A Homozygous chromosome pairs recombinations not visible Homozygous chromosome pairs without recombinations Homozygous chromosome pairs with recombinations or or or non-recombinant parental chromo- somes which can be cultured in vitro to generate homozygous doubled hap- loid plants. From these doubled haploid plants complementary parents can be selected and used to reconstitute the heterozygote in perpetuity. Basically RB allows plant breeders to stably produce the heterozygous elite plants through seed Figure 4. GM Rootstock Grafting Grafting is a practice that has been used by growers for thousands of years to control growth and flowering in trees and some herbaceous plants by attaching a scion the upper part of the plant without the roots onto a suitable rootstock according to CropLife International. With GM root- stock grafting the scion is grafted onto a GM rootstock Figure 5. The resulting combined plant is usu- ally regarded as a GM plant but the products such as the flowers or the fruits that are harvested do not carry the genetic modification and are con- sidered GM-free. This is particularly useful in cases where the rootstock conveys beneficial characteristics such as more efficient nutrient uptake from the soil better rooting ability in heavy soils or resist- ance to soil-borne diseases. Induced Early Flowering With this approach recombinant genes that promote flowering in the first year are introduced into a plant. This is particularly helpful in trees that have a long juvenile. The early flowering enables faster breeding and selection in these species. In the final breeding step the recom- binant early flowering genes are crossed out resulting in varieties that are free of any transgenes. The plants produced this way are indistinguish- able from varieties obtained through conventional breeding but are now achieved decades earlier. Cisgenesis Using this method specific traits of interest are introduced into a plant using genetic modification but only using genes from the same species or from a species that can be crossed with it Figure 6. CropLife International reports that the introduced cisgene is an identi- cal copy of a gene from the sexually compatible pool including pro- moter introns and terminator. The donor plant must be crossable with the recipient plant. This means that the same result could be achieved through conventional plant breeding but this would take a much longer period often up to four or five times longer. This technique is especially prom- ising for the development of plant varieties of vegetatively propagated crops such as potato apple banana cassava and grape. A Comparison of Breeding Methods GM rootstock grafting 1212 Intragenesis Plants created with intragenesis contain new genes originating from the species itself or from a crossable species. Intragenesis differs from cisgen- esis by allowing use of new gene combinations created by in vitro re- arrangements of functional genetic elements shares Inger Holme a senior researcher in the Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics at Aarhus University in Denmark and lead author of Intragenesis and cisgenesis as alternatives to transgenic crop development. With cisgenesis genes are a new combination of genetic elements that cannot be obtained with tradi- tional breeding. For example one can replace the natural promotor with a promotor from another gene that comes from the same species. As with every technique there are limi- tations. Holme explains that one of the limitations shared by both cisgenesis and intragenesis is traits outside the sexually compatible gene pool cannot be introduced. Additionally she says the creation of intragenic crops requires new expertise and more time compared with transgenic crops. The desired genes or fragments of genes might not be readily available but have to be isolated from the sexually compatible gene pool. Also the production of select marker- free plants often requires the imple- mentation or development of new methods since such methods might not be readily available for the crop. This means considerable efforts have to be spent especially on crops with low transformation efficiencies to pro- duce high numbers of modified plants. However Holme says the disadvan- tages for intragenesis and cisgenesis are greatly compensated by their potential to overcome some of the limitations of conventional plant breeding. Both concepts confer a faster and more precise tool for the transfer of genes between related species than classical backcross breeding she explains. Equally important the link- age drag often seen in conventional backcross programs is avoided. The intra-cisgenic concepts can also overcome limitations of classical breeding when it comes to improving traits with limited natural allelic vari- ation. A higher expression level of a trait can be obtained through cisgen- esis by inserting an additional gene copy of the trait or through intragen- esis by introducing a hybrid gene con- taining an advantageous promoter and terminator isolated from the sexually compatible gene pool. Lower expres- sion levels can be obtained through intragenesis by the introduction of dif- ferent silencing constructs. Valuable New Tools New plant breeding techniques sig- nificantly reduce the time and effort needed to produce new plant varieties and allow more precision. Exploring these new genome editing techniques allows not only even more precise plant breeding but also a remarkable range of new opportuni- ties for future crop improvement and production Schiemann says. Considering the immense chal- lenges ahead the NBTs provide valu- able tools to plant breeders that are much needed in light of the global challenges concerning population increase climate change food security and the sustainable use of resources. Marcel Bruins Figure 6. Genetic changes can be achieved through conventional plant breeding transgenesis and cisgenesis. Source Wikipedia. NBTsPotential Applications Potatoes with reduced amylase content and late blight resistance Apples with scab resistance and decreased allergenicity Rice with bacterial leaf blight resistance Oilseed rape with herbicide tolerance Wheat with powdery mildew resistance Maize with drought and herbicide tolerance Soybean with improved oil quality Transgenesis vs. cisgenesis Figure 6. Genetic changes can be achieved through conventional plant breeding transgenesis andFigure 6. Genetic changes can be achieved through conventional plant breeding transgenesis and Transgenesis vs. cisgenesis Always read and follow label directions. NK NK Design the Alliance Frame the Purpose Icon and the Syngenta logo are registered trademarks of a Syngenta Group Company. 2016 Syngenta. h 2009 Canadian Plant Breeding and Genetics Award h 2013 CSGA Honorary Life Membership Award After 40 years with Syngenta we thank Don McClure for his contribution and excellence in soybean breeding. Wishing Don a long happy and healthy retirement. Readers have indicated that Germinations New Varieties List is one of the most eagerly anticipated features of the year. The list is sponsored by seed companies across Canada their logos are featured below. For more information about the varieties listed in this section be sure to check out the New Varieties List online at Here you will nd URL links to distributors websites containing valuable seed information. Thank you to the following sponsors of Germinations 2016 new varieties list 2016 New Varieties 14 KEY TO NEW VARIETIES LIST DISEASE RESISTANCE S Susceptible MS Moderately Susceptible MR Moderate Resistance R Resistant IIR Intermediate Resistance SCL Sclerotinia Resistance OTHER CHU Corn Heat Units HU Heat Units RIB Refuge in a Bag WCCRRC Western Canada Canola Rapeseed Recommending Committee TRAITS CL Cleareld Production System GENVT2P RIB Genuity VT Double Pro RIB Complete GENSS Genuity SmartStax RIB Complete GENRR2Y Genuity Roundup Ready 2 Yield GENRR2YSCN Genuity Roundup Ready 2 Yield Soybean Cyst Nematode LL Liberty Link RR Roundup Ready RR2 Roundup Ready 2 RR2Y Roundup Ready 2 Yield SS SmartStax WHEAT CPS Canada Prairie Spring CPSR Canada Prairie Spring Red CWAD Canada Western Amber Durum CWRS Canada Western Red Spring CWRW Canada Western Red Winter MARCHAPRIL 2016 15 ALFALFA Company Contact Variety Name Type Use Hay or Grazing Winter Hardiness Merit Tested in Canada YN Highlights BrettYoung 1-800-665-5015 Stronghold Tap Root Hay or Haylage Excellent Low Fall Dor- mancy Y Excellent yield and forage quality Superior winterhardiness with a lower fall dormancy Excellent disease resistance Proven Seed Crop Production Services Spredor 5 Creeping rooted Medium to Upright Hay and Grazing Multiple Cut Excellent N Fifth generation creeping root trait Adapted as a legume pasture rejuve- nation Tested and proven yields in salt toler- ant trials PV Ultima Tap Root Medium to Upright Hay and Grazing Multiple Cut Excellent N Later fall dormancy excellent winter hardiness Strong disease package Fast regrowth BARLEY Company Contact Variety Name Type Maturity Yield DiseasePest Resistance Highlights CANTERRA SEEDS 1-877-439-7333 Canmore 2-Row General Purpose Similar to Cham- pion 102 of Amisk 115 of AC Metcalfe R to Smuts MR to Spot Blotch Scald I to FHB Greatly improved lodging resistance over Xena Applications for the feed market as well as the developing shochu market CANARYSEED Company Contact Variety Name Type Maturity Yield DiseasePest Resistance Highlights CANTERRA SEEDS 1-877-439-7333 CDC Calvi Glabrous itchless Earlier than Keet 127 of CDC Maria Glaborous itchless type Improved test weight CANOLA Company Contact Variety Name Type Maturity Yield DiseasePest Resistance Highlights Bayer CropScience 1-888-283-6847 InVigor L241C Hybrid napus LL -1 day than Aver- age of Checks 102 of InVigor 5440 and 45H29 in 201213 WCC RRC Trials R to Clubroot Predominant clubroot pathot- ypes identied at time of registra- tion The newest clubroot resistant hybrid with outstanding yield potential strong standabilty and a mid maturity suited for all clubroot affected regions of Western Canada InVigor L241C yielded 2 higher then InVigor L135C InVigor L157H Hybrid napus LL -1 day than Aver- age of Checks 97 of InVigor 5440 and 45H29 in 201414 WCC RRC Trials The newest evolution hybrid in the InVigor Health hybrid offering Matures a day earlier than InVigor L156H and offers growers higher yield potential plus the security of a contract premium Short to medium height strong stand- ability 16 CANTERRA SEEDS 1-877-439-7333 CS2000 Hybrid napus RR Mid 105 of 45H29 R to Blackleg R to Fusarium Wilt R to Clubroot High yielding hybrid with best avail- able clubroot resistance R to existing clubroot pathotypes 2 3 5 6 8 Intermediate resistance to the new 5x clubroot pathotype CS2100 Hybrid napus RR Long 110 of 45H29 in LSZ Multigenic R to Blackleg R to Fusarium Wilt High yielding hybrid with multigenic resistance to blackleg Higher observed pod shatter tolerance relative to 45H29 Superior lodging resistance to 45H29 CS2200 CL Hybrid napus CL Mid-Long 101 of 45H29 R to Blackleg R to Fusarium Wilt High yielding non-GMO hybrid Good standability R to blackleg CARGILL 1-888-855-8558 VICTORY V- Class V12-3 Hybrid napus GENRR 12 day earlier than check Co-op checks 5440 and 45H29 103 of 45H29 First year co- op trials all-zones 2014 Multi-genic black- leg resistance delivering an R rating R to Clubroot R to Fusarium Wilt The rst specialty canola hybrid to combine clubroot resistance with multi-genic blackleg resistance. V12-3 has very good early season vigour and great yield potential with excellent standability. V12-3 is part of the Cargill Specialty Canola Program delivering higher returns for growers. Contact your Cargill representative or indepen- dent dealer for more information BrettYoung 1-800-665-5015 6080 RR 0.86 days 108 of 45H29 5440 R to Blackleg R to Fusarium Wilt Superior yielding hybrid with mid maturity Excellent harvestability Suited to all canola production zones 6076 CR 2.4 days 99 of 45H29 5440 R to Blackleg R to CR pathotype 23568 IR to CR pathotype 5x New top yielding clubroot resistant hybrid with intemediate resistance to pathotype 5x A vigorous plant with built in defenses for the toughest conditions DEKALB 1-800-667-4944 75-45 RR -1 100 of L130 107 of 45S54 Monsantos 2014 eld scale trials R to Blackleg R to Fusarium Wilt Unique combination of early maturity and high yield potential Fits very well in short season zones Similar standability to 74-44 BL 75-65 RR 0.8 99 of L252 103 of 45S54 Monsantos 2014 eld scale trials R to Blackleg R to Fusarium Wilt Strong agronomic foundation and improved pod integrity that offers the option for straight cutting Dark seed coat and is slightly later maturing than 74-44 BL Strong yield potential Proven Seed Crop Production Services PV 200 CL Hybrid napus CL Mid 111 of VR 9560 CL R to Blackleg R to Fusarium Wilt High yield Excellent standabilty Leader in Cleareld segment PV 533 G Hybrid napus RR Mid 104 of PV 530 G R to Blackleg R to Fusarium Wilt High yield Premium blackleg resistance Excellent standability PV 540 G Hybrid napus RR Mid 110 of PV 530 G R to Blackleg R to Fusarium Wilt Top yield with leading yield stability Excellent standability World class blackleg resistance PV 580 GC Hybrid napus RR Mid 100 of PV 530 G R to Clubroot R to Blackleg R to Fusarium Wilt First true multigenic clubroot resistant variety High levels of resistance to current clubroot pathotypes and newly emerged pathotype 5X Excellent alternative disease package for clubroot management PV 590 GCS Hybrid napus RR Mid 105 of PV 530 G R to Clubroot R to Blackleg R to Fusarium Wilt Tolerance to Sclerotinia Most complete disease resistance pack- age available today Improved yield over traditional sclero- tinia tolerant genetics Clubroot protection XCEED X122 CL Hybrid juncea CL Early 114 of X121 CL R to Blackleg R to Fusarium Wilt High yield for brown soil zone Heat and drought tolerant World class standability CORN Company Contact Variety Name Type Maturity Yield DiseasePest Resistance Highlights Elite BrettYoung 1-800-665-5015 Durango Conventional Hybrid Silage 2500 CHU Excellent A high yielding hybrid for growers looking for a non-gmo hybrid for silage A tall plant suited for high quality silage production or grazing MARCHAPRIL 2016 17 From manual treaters and basic pump stands to fully automated prescriptive treating systems USC offers the most diverse product line available in seed treating solutions. Industry Leader. Industry Innovator. 866.729.1623 USC LLC. 2320 124th Rd Sabetha KS 66534 DEKALB 1-800-667-4944 DKC 23-17 RIB 2075 CHU GENVT2P RIB Early owering early maturing Excellent harvest appearance and agronomics fast drydown Brings improved yield potential to its maturity zone DKC23-21 2075 CHU RR2 Excellent early cold emergence and vigour Above average plant health and dis- ease tolerance Very good test weight DKC 32-12 RIB 2450 CHU GENVT2P RIB Top end yield potential Improved agronomics over existing offerings in the same RM and a shorter stature Good ear ex and performance under drought stress Good test weight and grain quality DKC37-93RIB 2650 CHU GENVT2P RIB Strong all season long excellent seed- ling vigour all the way to outstanding late season appearance Strong upper-end yield potential Excellent grain quality DKC40-35RIB 2725 CHU GENVT2P RIB Strong stable performing hybrid Versatile across all soil types and yield environments Great disease package DKC48-56RIB 2950 CHU GENSS Widely adaptable hybrid and top end yield potential Nice late season appearance and stand- ability Very good test weight and grain quality Dow Seeds 1-800-265-7403 TMF81S81 GM Hybrid FeedSilage 2400 HU Excellent Gt Medium-tall early silage specic hybrid with very good digestability starch scores and medium soft kernel density Adapts well to variable production en- vironments delivering strong tonnage and has very good standabilty Suitable for both corn silage and high moisture corn production 18 Dow Seeds 1-800-265-7403 BMR90B94 GM Hybrid FeedSilage 2600 HU Excellent HxXtra Early season BMR silage specic hybrid Excellent digestibility for top quality silage Good tonneage production and stress tolerance F2F345RA GM Hybrid FeedSilage 2700 HU Excellent SSXRA Medium tall BMR silage specic hybrid Superior digestability for top quality silage SmartStax trait protects whole plant from yield robbing pests with RIB convenience F14392SR1 GM Hybrid FeedSilage 2850 HU Excellent SSXRA Tall dense BMR silage. Specic hybrid with superio digestability Excellent tonneage production with high starch scores SmartStax trait protects whole plant from yield robbing pests with refuge in bag convenience TMF99Q47RA GM Hybrid FeedSilage 3000 HU Excellent SSXRA Tall dense high yielding silage specic hybrid Moderately soft kernel texture for optimum starch utilization SmartStax trait protects whole plant from yield robbing pests with RIB convenience DS01D87RA GM Hybrid FoodFeed 3050 HU Excellent SSXRA Delivers big yields across variable environments Strong agronomics including excellent stalks and Northern Corn Leaf Blight tolerance SmartStax trait protects whole plant from yield robbing pests with RIB convenience DS04S86RA GM Hybrid FoodFeed 3150 HU Excellent SSXRA High yielding genetics adapts well to variable soil types and production environments Excellent stalks and roots with above average stress tolerance SmartStax trait protects whole plant from yield robbing pests with RIB convenience FLAX Company Contact Variety Name Type Maturity Yield DiseasePest Resistance Highlights CANTERRA SEEDS 1-877-439-7333 CDC Neela Oilseed Flax Similar to Flan- ders 105 of Bethune Excellent yield potential compared to Bethune Signicantly higher iodine value than Flanders and Bethune Large seed OATS Company Contact Variety Name Type Maturity Yield DiseasePest Resistance Highlights CANTERRA SEEDS 1-877-439-7333 CS Camden 115 of CDC Dancer Shorter stature with better lodging resistance Improved quality - higher plump less thins higher beta-glucan FP Genetics Inc. 1-877-791-1045 AAC Justice Milling 3 days of CDC Dancer 104-109 of CDC Dancer I to Crown Rust and Stem Rust R to Smut Good lodging resistance Excellent milling attributes High yield potential CDC Rufan Milling 3 days of CDC Dancer 107-112 of CDC Dancer I to Crown Rust R to Smut Good standability Desirable milling quality High yield potential SOYBEANS Company Contact Variety Name Type Maturity Yield DiseasePest Resistance Highlights EliteBrettYoung 1-800-665-5015 Notus R2 2300 CHU 00.1 Relative Maturity Excellent for Maturity IDC Tolerant PRR VG Field Resis- tance Rps1c gene VG Tolerance to White Mould Early maturity variety with excellent yield potential Medium-sized plant MARCHAPRIL 2016 19 EliteBrettYoung 1-800-665-5015 Lono R2 2450 CHU 00.5 Relative Maturity Excellent IDC Semi Tolerant PRR Excellent Field Tolerance VG Tolerance to White Mould High yielding medium maturity variety Excellent pod height Semi bushy medium to tall plant Podaga R2 2525 CHU 00.8 Relative Maturity Excellent IDC Semi Tolerant PRR Excellent Field Tolerance VG Tolerance to White Mould High yielding late maturity variety A tall slender plant type DEKALB 1-800-667-4944 26-14RY 2600 CHU GENRR2Y Very good eld tolerance to phytophthora root rot Well suited to wider rows and heavier soils 28-15RY 2800 CHU GENRR2Y Excellent emergence Excellent eld tolerance to phytophthora root rot Well suited to all soil types and row widths 29-62RY 2950 CHU GENRR2YSCN Very good white mould tolerance Excellent phytophthora root rot eld tolerance Very adaptable variety well suited to all soil types and row widths Resistant to soybean cyst nematode 31-14RY 3125 CHU GENRR2YSCN Very strong phytophthora eld tolerance Moderately resistant to sudden death syndrome Weak suited to tougher growing condi- tions and no-till systems 32-62RY 3250 CHU GENRR2YSCN Soybean cyst nematode resistant Phytophthora root rot stack trait resis- tance to Rps1c and 3a Resistant to sudden death syndrome Broad-acre t with any soil type and till- age system Dow Seeds 1-800-265-7403 DS0067Z1 RR2Y 2450 Excellent Good PRR means good stand estab- lishment Strong emergence and excellent yields for an early variety DS032R1 RR2Y 2625 Excellent rps 1k Early soybean with good phytopthora tolerance Very good emergence with excellent lodg- ing tolerance DS038A1 RR2Y 2625 Excellent rps 1c SCN Resistance Excellent disease tolerance package Very good PRR tolerance DS064Y1 RR2Y 2700 Excellent SCN Resistance Very good disease tolerances Consistent yields across all environments DS101C0 2775 Excellent Good Brown Stem Rot Tolerance Yellow hilium variety with large seed and higher than average protein Good emergence DS124U1 RR2Y 2850 Excellent rps 1c SCN Resistance Extremely attractive line with good disease tolerance and adaptable to all soil types Strong agronomic package DS215Y1 RR2Y 3050 Excellent rps 1c SCN Resistance Strong resistance to SCN and good eld tolerance to PRR Attractive short plant with good lodging resistance Excellent yields in high yielding environ- ments DS244N1 RR2Y 3175 Excellent SCN Resistance Good emergence and standability Good disease package Excellent performance on lighter well- drained soils DS268V1 RR2Y 3175 Excellent rps 1k SCN Resistance Dominant yield performance Excellent disease package SeCan 1-800-665-7333 SC-2250R2X RR2 Xtend 2250 HU Great potential in western Manitoba and Saskatchewan Good Disease Package Tall aggressive and branchy plant Very good early season vigour Resistant to both glyphosate and dicamba Mahony R2 Genuity RR2Y 2350 HU 109 Yield Index S to IDC Early maturity Bushy plant type Expedition R2X RR2 Xtend 2700 HU Great Yield Potential Very Good White Mold Tolerance Medium height with good lodging resistance Performs well in narrow rows Resistant to both glyphosate and dicamba Flex R2X RR2 Xtend 2850 HU Excellent SCN Resistance Good Phytophthora Resistance Performs well on all soil types Great disease package - SCN and PRR resistance Resistant to both glyphosate and dicamba Explorer R2X RR2 Xtend 3175 HU Very Good SCN Resistance Good Phytophthora Resistance Tall robust and branchy plant Great disease package - SCN and PRR resistance Resistant to both glyphosate and dicamba 20 PACKING PALLETIZING COMPANY PPC PROVIDING CUSTOM BAGGING TAGGING AND PALLETIZING SOLUTIONS BULK BAG FILLER PALLETIZER T 204 331-3000 E TAG PLACER WHEAT Company Contact Variety Name Type Maturity Yield DiseasePest Resistance Highlights CANTERRA SEEDS 1-877-439-7333 AAC Crusader CPSR Similar to AAC Penhold 100 of AAC Penhold R to Rusts I to FHB Short strong straw suited for high mois- ture and high inputs Improved FHB reaction Awned AAC NRG097 CWGP Earlier than Pasteur 104 of Minnedosa and SY087 in Alberta Comparable to Andrew R to Leaf Rust and Bunt I to FHB Widely adapted and earlier maturing than Pasteur Heavy test weight and large seed size Good standability AAC Connery CWRS Earlier than Carberry 105 of AC Barrie in Alberta 107 of Checks R to Rusts MR to FHB Semi-dwarf stature suitable for intensive management Large seed size Awnless Thorsby CWRS Similar to AAC Redwater 106 of AC Barrie R to Rusts I to FHB Early maturity and great yield make it suited to a broad geography Proven Seed Crop Production Services CDC Fortitude CWAD 1 day of Strongeld 101 of Strongeld IMR to FHB R to Leaf Rusts First solid stem durum Sawy resistance Excellent for high fertility or irrigation acres 5605HR CL CWRS 1 day of AC Barrie 106 of AC Barrie IMR to FHB R to Leaf Rusts Heavy bushel weights Cleareld weed management system Good t where complex eld conditions exist CDC Titanium CWRS -1 day of AC Barrie 103 of AC Barrie Midge Tolerant MR to FHB R to Stripe Rust Highest FHB rating of all midge tolerant varieties Improved standability compared to oth- ers in class Exceptional protein potential SeCan 1-800-665-7333 AAC Foray CPS Red Wheat One day earlier than AC Carberry 118 of AC Carberry Intermed to FHB R to Rust Good Lodging resistance Eight centimetres taller than AC Carberry Top yield in a CPS wheat AAC Penhold CPS Red Wheat Two days earlier than AC Carberry 110 of AC Carberry MR to FHB MR to Rust VG to Sprouting 9 cm shorter than AC Carberry Strong straw High grain protein AAC Marchwell VB CWAD Maturity AC Strongeld 106 of AC Strongeld MS to FHB R to Rust First midge tolerant durum WINTER WHEAT Company Contact Variety Name Type Maturity Yield DiseasePest Resistance Highlights CANTERRA SEEDS 1-877-439-7333 CDC Chase CWRW Similar to CDC Buteo 108 of Buteo in Saskatch- ewan R to Rusts Widely adapted milling wheat Improved winter hardiness over exist- ing varieties HOW DO YOU SEED OPPORTUNITY Looking beyond the obvious choices is what you do. Its how you find the right opportunities to achieve better results year after year. And thats exactly what EverGol Energy with Stress Shield insecticide offers an effective more economical way to give your soybean seeds a head start. With this powerful combination EverGol Energy and Stress Shield you can confidently plant seeds with superior disease and insect protection to give you healthier plants and higher yields. TO SEED THINGS DIFFERENTLY ask your seed dealer for EverGol Energy together with Stress Shield. FIT Healthier Plants FAST Quicker Emergence FIRST Higher Yields EVERGOL ENERGY STRESS SHIELD Always read and follow label directions. EverGol SeedGrowth and Stress Shield are trademarks of Bayer Global. Bayer CropScience Inc. is a member of CropLife Canada. C-OT-0116-10506051-E cropscience.bayer.caEverGolEnergy Bayer4CropsCA1 888-283-6847 NEWvarieties are the fuel that keeps the seed and agriculture industries going and the Prairie Grain Development Committee PGDC helped provide that fuel at its annual meeting Feb. 22-25 in Saskatoon Sask. More than 50 new cultivars in four different crop cat- egories were recommended for registration delivering even more options for stakeholders throughout the agriculture sector and beyond. Twenty-seven cultivars were considered for recommenda- tion by the Prairie Recommending Committee for Wheat Rye andTriticale PRCWRT with 25 of them being recom- mended for registration according to committee chairCurtis Pozniak. This is the third year the PRCWRT has instituted a new voting procedure candidate cultivars that are endorsed by three expert evaluation teams agronomy dis- ease and quality automatically receive support for cultivar registration. Twenty-two of the candidate cultivars considered were auto- matically endorsed with the remaining being considered by the cultivar voting panel CVP. This panel consists of 22 members representing the wheat value chain and it is their responsibility to weigh the positive attributes of a cultivar against potential deficiencies that have been flagged by one or more of the three evaluation teams Pozniak says. Of the five that were referred to the CVP two were tabled until next year and two were supported for interim registra- tion for a three-year period. Two candidate cultivars approved by PRCWRT were in response to the modernization of the Canadian wheat class system. Under the modernization plan two new wheat classes will come into effect Aug. 1 Canada Northern Hard Red CNHR and Canada Western Special Purpose CWSP.Three wheat classes will be eliminated Canada Western Interim Wheat CWIW Canada Western General Purpose CWGP and Canada Western Feed CWF. This year the PRCWRT evaluated two cultivars for the CWRS class but their end-use functionality was better- suited to other wheat classes he says. Our committee is committed to flex- ibility so we decided to set aside our normal voting procedures to consider these lines for either the CNHR or CPS classes. If we had not set aside our rules these two cultivars would likely have not been considered and an opportunity for producers may have been lost. This confirms our commitment to trans- parency and flexibility in our current operating procedures and supports our efforts to ensure opportunities for west- ern Canadian wheat producers. Onesuch cultivar was BW968 which failed to receive a positive recommen- dation in 2015 for CWRS. This year BW968 a spring wheat bred by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canadas Richard Cuthbert was supported as a CPS cultivar. Beans Peas Lentils and Canarygrass Fifteen lines were recommended for reg- istration by the Prairie Recommending Committee for Pulse andSpecial Crops PRCPSC. They included six bean lines four pea lines four lentil lines and one canarygrass line. Its a bit less than in previous years but more diverse says committee chair Glen Hawkins. The beans lines were made up of two cranberry two yellow one pinto and one flor de junio. All pea lines were yellow while lentil lines consisted of PGDC Helps Fuel an IndustryThe Prairie Grain Development Committee supports 52 lines for registration ensuring the marketplace has access to the newest and most promising cultivars. 22 World-renowned Canadian wheat breeder Ron DePauw spoke out against government-imposed limits on how many voting members can sit on the PGDCs four recommending committees. Prairie Grain Development Committee chair Tom Fetch says 271 people showed up for this years annual meeting. MARCHAPRIL 2016 23 one French green one large green and two small red. The sole canarygrass line was a glabrous type. We cover all these crops because they have different growing niches in Western Canada and thats only increasing Hawkins says. We live in a global market so our ability to get products where we want them in the world becomes easier every day. This provides an opportunity to develop niche products that can fit those markets. Lentil is a good example there are so many types and classes of lentils bred for specific markets. When AGT Foods president and CEO Murad Al-Katib spoke during the plenary session the marketing potential of pulses was made clear to the 271 attendees at this years PGDC annual meeting according to Tom Fetch PGDC chair. Based in Regina AGT Foods is one of the largest suppliers of pulses staple foods and food ingredients in the world. Canada is not the only game in town anymore when it comes to cereal production Al-Katib says. If I ask farmers where theyve made money during the past decade many have made money on their pulse rotations. Theyve made money on their canola. This sustainable cereal-oilseed-pulse rotation is one that has shown great economic benefit to Saskatchewan and to western Canadian agriculture. In 2003 when we started our red lentil splitting plant in Regina the whole world said You will never succeed because Canada is a tertiary player in red lentils in the world. Today we produce and export 65 per cent of the worlds lentils so Canada is the centre of the world when it comes to that particular commodity. Al-Katib says new varieties are the lifeblood of his business referring in particular to the King Red lentil developed by Bert Vandenberg of the University of Saskatchewan. Its the biggest red lentil in the world and sold by AGT in Sri Lanka. Its a niche variety but we took two kilos of seed and have 50000 acres of production now he says. Its an example of how we can take this research and create new products. Changes Coming for Oilseeds Committee Four flax lines were considered and recommended for registration by the Prairie Recommending Committee for Oilseeds PRCO according to chair Daryl Rex. These includethreebrown-seeded flax cultivars and one yellow- seeded cultivar. Thats down from 2015 when there were more than 10 lines considered for registration. Changes are in store for the flax and mustard-breeding sec- tors Rex says noting that entities are exiting the business. For years flax has been bred by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and Crop Production Services however both are winding down their flax breeding programs. This leaves the Crop Development Centre at the University of Saskatchewan to do the work. Similarly Viterra and AAFC have traditionally filled the mustard-breeding space but that work will now fall solely on AAFC. The PRCO discussed alterations to its operating procedures which would split the committee into two separate bodies one that deals with flax and the other with condiment mustard. Both the flax and mustard groups will maintain the status quo for another year.The mustard group will form a small subcommittee to explore options and report back to the group later this year. In a way its nothing new for us at one point in time the oilseeds committee handled four or five crop types including sunflower and safflower he says. Five years ago its mandate was changed to focus on flax and condiment mustard. Breeding Barley for Beer Four barley and four oat lines were recommended for reg- istration by the Prairie Recommending Committee for Oat and Barley PRCOB according tocommittee secretary Pat Juskiw. Of the four oat lines three were for milling and one was for equine feed. All fourbarley lines were for malting with two recommended forfull registration and two for interim registration. Malt quality for brewing continues to be front and centre in discussions shares committee chair Rich Joy. With regard to what brewers want they all want something different he says. The big growth in the brewing industry is the craft market and its looking for different things depend- WCCRRCResults Its not a part of the PGDC but an additional 97 lines of canolarapeseed are being recommended for registration by the Western Canada Canola Rapeseed Recommending Committee according to chair Raymond Gadoua. Twenty-six lines were recommended for interim registration at the groups meeting in February four Clearfield two Glyphosate Trulflex Roundup Ready two LibertyRoundup and 18 Roundup lines. The remaining 71 were given full recommendation five Clearfield four Glufosinate Ammonium-RF3 five Glyphosate- Optimum GLY six Glyphosate Truflex Roundup Ready 13 Liberty two LibertyRoundup and 36 Roundup lines. 24 ing who you talk to. Realistically its something the North American varieties are having difficulty delivering very low protein low enzymes high extract- type barley. What that does is it provides a different type of malt quality profile compared to higher protein varieties we currently offer. Our breeders are doing a great job to ensure those types of varieties are being bred if they can be. Current barley varieties commonly used by brewers are getting old he adds and its time for some new ones to take over and replace those time-honoured malting barley varieties. Weve had AC Metcalfe and CDC Copeland since the late 1990s Joy says. Some of those new ones coming up now are looking positive. Im happy to say were getting new varieties that will probably fill some of the niches left by Metcalfe and Copeland when they eventually go away. The two malt lines given full registration were TR13609 a variety submitted by Juskiw that enjoys a yield 112 per cent of AC Metcalfe with later anthesis and maturity higher kernel weight and per cent plump similar test weight and lower DON levels than the checks. TR13812 put forth by the Crop Development Centres Aaron Beattie is a low-protein variety with the LOXless trait. Opposition to Modernization While numerous issues affecting the industry were discussed at the annual meeting a big topic of discussion was the new streamlining procedures for crop-specific recommending committees introduced by the federal government. Recommending committees have been asked to reduce their number of voting members to streamline the process and give Canadian farmers faster access to the newest cutting-edge varieties according to the AAFC website. The plan received considerable opposi- tion at the PGDC meeting and attend- ees were given a chance to express their concerns when AAFC representa- tives addressed the four recommending committees. Mark Forhan an AAFC representative spoke to the PRCWRT which currently has 75 voting members. Forhan says that while he wasnt prepared to offer up a spe- cific number in terms of how many voting members the committee should have 75 is too many and should be reduced. When we set out to come up with this modernization plan the message that came back was that these committees are large onerous groups that are hard for newcomers to decipher Forhan says. All youre doing is reducing the number of people voting. Its totally up to you to decide who gets to vote and what their expertise is. Ron DePauw a world-renowned retired wheat breeder whos now a science adviser for SeCan was one of many who says he fears reducing the number of voting com- mittee members would weaken the com- mittees and place more decision-making power in the hands of fewer people. Its crucial to give people an oppor- tunity to express their point of view DePauw says. At the PRCOB meeting Juskiw asked for a show of hands as to who would not attend future PGDC meetings if they werent able to vote. Many hands in the room went up. Just because this process might be hard to understand the first time you show up is that a reason to change it DePauw asks. Do we change this process to accommo- date that persons lack of knowledge Those very people who might have a hard time understanding the process today could in a few years be the next chair or secretary of the committee. Winter wheat is not like spring wheat and neither one is like durum wheat. The key is to have an open transparent and predictable process. We dont change the parliamentary process to accommodate first-time MPs rather they are assisted to understand the democratic process. Marc Zienkiewicz Rich Joy chair of the Prairie Recommending Committee for Oats and Barley PRCOB says the big growth in the brewing industry is the craft market and its looking for different things depending who you talk to. Daryl Rex chair of the Prairie Recommending Committee for Oilseeds PRCO says the committee could split into two one dealing with flax and one with condiment mustard. Glen Hawkins chair of the Prairie Recommending Committee for Pulse and Special Crops PRCPSC speaks to an attendee of the PGDC annual meeting held in Saskatoon Sask. Feb. 22-25. A high yielding strong strawed CWRS with broad disease resistance. Consistent performance in all environments. Hits the mark on all agronomic factors. Warburtons Approved Variety. A high grading high protein variety with leading root rot resistance. A step forward in yield. Higher HVK protein and test weight. 1-877-270-2890 Business-critical information for retailers selling seed and seed treatment products. SUPPORTED BY STAY VIGILANT WITH FHB MANAGEMENT FUSARIUM HEAD BLIGHT FHB first reported in Canada in 1919 is a fungal disease most often found in wheat. It can also affect barley oats rye corn and some forage grasses. Ontario agronomist Peter Johnson also known as Wheat Pete says Ontario seems to be the epicentre of FHB. In Ontario we have pressure every year and when it is not a widespread issue we have simply dodged the bullet that year Johnson says recalling that an outbreak in Ontario in 1996 had a major impact. Ninety per cent of Ontario wheat was feed sample or worse. On the Prairies FHB was first identified in Manitoba in 1923 but did not cause concern until the mid- 1980s. Higher levels of infection also occurred in Manitoba in 2005 2010 and 2014. In Saskatchewan FHB was first detected in samples from a few wheat fields grown near the Manitoba border in 1993. It is now well established in eastern Saskatchewan and has been moving west. In Alberta the pathogen has been isolated with increasing fre- quency since 2001 especially in south- ern Alberta. Also known as tombstone or scab FHB can cause yield losses but the bigger impact is on quality. FHB pro- duces white shriveled kernels in wheat. The grading term for these kernels is fusarium-damaged kernels or FDK. Canadian Grain Commission grades drop quickly with increased pres- ence of FDK. For example western Canadian hard red spring wheat drops from a No. 1 grade to a No. 2 grade if there is more than 0.25 per cent FDK by weight in the sample. Alberta Agriculture and Forestry estimates that the revenue loss from reduced yield and a downgrade in class from No. 1 wheat to No. 2 is about 52 per acre and a drop to No. 3 or feed wheat is between 62 and 65 per acre. In addition to yield and quality losses the fungi that cause FHB can produce mycotoxins such as deoxyni- valenol DON and zearalenone. In high concentrations DON can affect weight gain in livestock and zearalenone can cause reproductive problems. DON in barley negatively impacts the brewing and malting process so barley is often rejected for malt if DON is detected. Fusarium Here to Stay While it has been the subject of research all around the world there is no cure for FHB. Johnson says Fusarium is ubiquitous. If weather conditions are ideal for infection every management option must be utilized to avoid another problem like we had in Ontario in 1996. Virtually all of the fusarium in a field 26 Variety selection is one of the first steps growers can take in managing fusarium head blight says Pam de Rocquigny of Manitoba Agriculture Food and Rural Development. Kelly Turkington of Agriculture and AgriFood Canada encourages growers to use fusarium risk-assessment tools as part of their management plan. GETTING KEY MESSAGES INTO THE HANDS THAT NEED THEM. For a handout on this topic visit Send us your company name and logo and well develop a customized PDF for you to distribute. ENDORSED BY comes from the field so what growers do on their farms matters. Fusarium fungi can live on dead and decaying plant matter overwinter as spores and survive on seed. It can also live on the roots of other crops includ- ing pulses and oilseeds. All current cereal varieties are susceptible to FHB to differing degrees. Like Johnson Kelly Turkington of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canadas Lacombe research station says Diligent management can help to reduce the impact. The focus needs to be on reduc- ing the build-up of infested crop residues and using as many of the management tools available to suppress this disease and hopefully limit its impact. Pam de Rocquigny provincial cereal crop specialist with Manitoba Agriculture Food and Rural Development agrees. She says FHB is best managed with mul- tiple strategies. No single management tool will be effective on its own she says. But using genetics variety selec- tion together with fungicides which includes proper timing and application crop rotation tillage and seed treatments can have results. To best control FHB experts agree growers should start with crop plan- ning choose less susceptible varie- ties know the seed use treated seed consider a fungicide application and manage crop residue. Start with Crop Planning According to Turkington crop rotation is an important component in the FHB MARCHAPRIL 2016 27 toolbox but it has to be diligently practised. Crop rotation can be effective as long as everyone practises a rotation with at least two years between host crops he says. A single year between wheat crops in a canola-wheat-canola- wheat rotation is not sufficient for decomposition of infested residues before the next wheat crop is grown thus the amount of infested residue will build. Also what is happening in neigh- bouring fields is critical. You as a grower can have an excellent rotation but if your neighbours do not then wind-borne diseases like FHB can easily blow in from adjacent fields. Turkington also advises that cereals should not be planted into corn stubble. Choose Less Susceptible Varieties De Rocquigny says variety selec- tion is one of the first steps in man- aging FHB. There has been great genetic advancement made by breed- ers and since 1999 average disease resistance for FHB has increased she says. There are two varieties now with a Resistant R rating the winter wheat variety Emerson and the Canadian prairie spring red wheat AAC Tenacious VB. Both varieties have shown a consistent resistance response. Thirteen Canadian Western Red Spring wheat varieties are rated as moderately resistant. A number of spring and winter wheat varieties are rated moderately resistant for Ontario and Quebec as well. That is great news for farmers who are trying to manage the disease says de Rocquigny. However she warns that resistance does not equal immunity. Under high levels of the disease all varieties will sustain damage she says. The Prairie Grain Development Committee Ontario Cereal Crops Committee RGCQ in Qubec and the Atlantic Field Crops Committee all pub- lish FHB information for cereal varieties. With the exception of the Atlantic Field Crops Committee all use the same rat- ings Resistant R Moderately Resistant MR Intermediate I Moderately Susceptible MS and Susceptible S. Variety ratings can be found in provin- cial seed guides. Know Your Seed De Rocquigny says seed testing is criti- cal. It is the most accurate way to iden- tify the presence of disease on or in seed she says. Absence of the typical visual symptoms of FHB does not mean it is fusarium-free seed. Sarah Foster president of 2020 Seed Labs congratulates those who consist- ently test their seed. Consistent and regular testing has contributed to an exceptional job of keeping FHB under control in Alberta she says. 2020 offers different types of testing. One in particular DNA testing is prov- ing invaluable Foster says. The DNA test is very sensitive and SUPPORTED BY we test more seed than the plate so accuracy goes up. DNA identifies only fusarium and it detects low levels so it serves as a very good early warning system that FHB is in the area and early management can begin. Use Treated Seed The use of seed-applied fungicides is a growing management tool. According to Nathan Klassen of Bayer CropSciences SeedGrowth division fungicide seed treatments are recognized as contrib- uting to healthier more uniform seed stands. The return you get on seed treatment is ensuring you get the seed you put into the ground up and actively growing he says. Plant populations are critical to maximize yield potential and treating your seed ensures the crop emerges evenly which is key for fungicide application timing later in the season. Klassen says its important to use a treatment that contains both a contact and a systemic fungicide. Contact activity controls patho- gens that are on the seed like fusar- ium. Systemic activity gets the active ingredient throughout the plant for soil- borne disease. Soil-borne fusarium is always a problem for us in Manitoba he says. However producers need to know treated seed does not cure poor seed lots nor does it prevent infection at flowering he adds. Consider a Fungicide Application Research shows that fungicides applied to varieties with some resistance at the right time and in the right way can suppress FHB on wheat. However Turkington says Its important to remember that suppression is not control. Moreover fungicides applied once FHB symptoms are observed will not be effective. Past history stand uni- formity and environmental conditions will all dictate the effectiveness of fun- gicides. Turkington applauds the devel- opment of fusarium risk assessment tools and urges growers to use them as an important part of their fusarium management plans. Since 2008 Ontario growers have had access to a fusarium risk forecast- ing system. DONcast was developed at Ridgetown College. It has been refined over the years and is now offered to growers by Weather Innovations Bayers CropScience division and Pride Seeds as part of the Weather Central website. The DONcast calculator uses actual forecasted and historical weather data along with field-specific agrono- metric data to accurately predict DON concentrations in wheat at harvest. Manitoba Agriculture Food and Rural Development MAFRD pro- vides growers with online FHB risk maps throughout the cereal-growing season. The MAFRD model uses the hours of precipitation and the hours with temperatures between 15 C and 30 C during the previous seven days to determine the level of risk from low to extreme throughout the province. In 2015 for the first time the Saskatchewan Wheat Development Commission also offered an FHB risk map. The Saskatchewan model for spring and winter wheat uses tem- perature and relative humidity in the previous five days plus two days fore- cast to assess FHB risk due to weather from low to high. Turkington and de Rocquigny agree that these tools are very useful but they are only part of the picture. The existence of disease requires three factors the interaction of a suscepti- ble host a virulent pathogen and an environment favourable for disease development de Rocquigny says. Although a risk map may show high risk due to environment disease risk may actually be low if the wheat crop is not at the proper stage for infection. According to Johnson timing is criti- cal when it comes to fungicide applica- tion. He says Producers need to scout their wheat fields regularly. Start counting days with Day 0 being when 75 per cent of the heads on the main stem are fully emerged. Day 2 to Day 4 are the ideal times to spray. It is also important to get maximum coverage of the wheat head. A lot of research on nozzle configuration and sprayer height has been done particularly in Ontario. It is recommended that for- ward- and backward-mounted spray noz- zles or nozzles that have a two-directional spray are used. Spray should be coarse and should be low. The optimum is eight to 12 inches above the wheat canopy. Manage Crop Residues Turkington says that management strat- egies to reduce the amount of infected crop residues may also be beneficial. Chopping and broad distribution of straw may help to enhance decomposi- tion and contribute to an effective FHB management plan he says. Fusarium head blight is present in cereal-growing areas around the world. It is the subject of a great deal of research. Plant pathologists wheat and barley breeders and geneticists agronomists mycologists cereal chem- ists millers and malt producers have all focused on this complex plant disease. In Canada progress in plant breeding fungicides and application technology and forecasting systems have improved the prospects for managing FHB but there is no cure. Management efforts have been tremendously successful but when we slip up as we did in Ontario with a lack of fusarium resistance data on a new variety in 2014 the results rear their ugly heads yet again Johnson says. These are constant reminders that every effort must be made to reduce and manage this very devas- tating disease. Patty Townsend 28 REGISTER TODAY ISSUESINK.COMGERMINATIONWEBINAR PROUDLY SPONSORED BY WEBINAR Management IS KEY TO Controlling Fusarium Head Blight in Cereals During this webinar you will learn about The history of Fusarium Head Blight and its spread in Canada Its impact on the cereals sector and the agricultural economy Best Management Practices for reducing the risk and potential impact including - Crop rotation - Seed and variety selection - Scouting and risk forecasts - Fungicide sprays - Managing crop residues - Seed testing and seed treatments TUESDAY APRIL 19 2016 1 p.m. ET 10 a.m. PT THE REAL STORY OF AG Those of us who work in agriculture who live and love it every day have the responsibility to make sure our industry is better understood. Because if we dont someone else will. And we might not like what they have to say. Social media offers many opportunities to tell ags story. Here are some ways you can start leveraging social media today. Share and like Find and follow people from different sectors or areas of the country who you think are helping tell the real positive story of our industry. You can help spread their great work by hitting the share button or re-tweeting their content. Find common ground Think about what someone outside of ag might want to know walk a mile in their shoes. Speak to issues that matter to them using terms and information that are accessible and responsible. Use hashtags Want to share your perspective on GMO Or curious about what people are saying about how we care for farm animals Follow or search relevant hashtags. Look for conversations that you can contribute to. Share your perspective photos and experiences. Speak from the heart and remember that it isnt about picking a ght its about sharing a conversation. A picture or video is worth a thousand words Share images or videos of your farm or your role in agriculture online to help others see behind the barn doors. Give your ag pride Social media provides a powerful and sim THE REAL STORY OF AG Keep calm and agvocate on Online and off it can be frustrating to hear misperceptions about the industry we love or to deal with people who misrepresent who we are and what we do. Its important for us to stay calm keep our cool and focus on answering questions sharing our stories and experiences as well as the facts and resources that can paint a more accurate picture of our industry. a social life mple channel to tell agricultures story THE REAL STORY OF AG We all live off the land. Lets work together to nd common ground. Build bridges dont go under them Dealing with Internet trolls takes patience and a thick skin Be it on a social media feed or the comment section of your favourite blog or site the Internet has become the great equalizer where anyone can share their point of view. And while most people are looking to engage in respectful conversation even if they have differing points of view there are people known as trolls who are only looking to disrupt and criticize. Bolstered by the relative anonymity of hiding behind a keyboard these trolls main objective is to disrupt conversation with often hurtful and off-topic content. They can be a frustrating part of any online conversation but its a little easier when you have a strategy to deal with them. Here are some things to consider Dont engage Trolls are looking for attention. They crave it. Dont give it to them. Stick to the facts Its not always clear that someone is a troll at rst. If you suspect someone youre engaging with is a troll keep your comments to a minimum and stick to stating your case. Usually trolls will reveal themselves in their response then you can simply move on. Dont take it personally Trolls want a negative reaction and to do it they will resort to some very hurtful tactics. Take it for what it is and dont let it get to you. Look to the moderator When all else fails most sites will have some sort of channel to report offensive comments or users. Unfortunately trolls are a reality of having an open dialogue. But if you remain positive and patient you can keep the trolls under the bridge where they belong. THE REAL STORY OF AG Video The power of social media in Canadian agriculture Lyndon Carlson a driving force behind Ag More Than Ever recently sat down to chat about the power of social media in an agricultural context with our partners at the Canadian Association of Agri-Retailers CAAR. In this podcast Lyndon outlines how we as an industry can leverage the power of social media to tell our story. THE REAL STORY OF AG Learn more is lled with resources to help you be an agvocate online or o. Here are just a few Webinar How to use social media to tell ags story Social media guru Megan Madden will tell you everything you need to know to join the ag and food conversation online. Shell help you decide which tools are best for you and show you how you can get in on the ag and food conversations happening online today. Webinar How to get in on the tough ag and food conversations Andrew Campbell talks about the importance of using social media to foster a positive perception of the industry and shows some real-life success stories. He also covers how to deal with some of the not-so-positive dialogue out there. Its not always easy but its important and everyone can do it. THE REAL STORY OF AG Looking to channel your passion for ag Adding your name to our agvocate list is a great way to get started. Youll join a community of like-minded people and receive an email from us every month with agvocate tips to help you speak up for the industry. Visit AgMoreThanEver.caagvocates to join. AGvocates unite 36 CSTA POSITIONING THE CANADIAN SEED TRADE ASSOCIATION FOR TODAY AND FOR THE FUTURE TO PROVIDE solutions to an increasingly global and innovative agricultural sector the Canadian Seed Trade Association must engage in activities that foster a strong vibrant seed sector with opportunities for its members to thrive. Strategic planning is the key to positioning CSTA for today and for the future. CSTA undertakes comprehensive strategic planning every five years and in the years in between takes time to review the plan makes any necessary adjustments and updates specific measures of success. 2015 was such a year. CSTAs strategic plan for 2016 and beyond was approved by the board of directors Feb. 3 and positions CSTA to continue in its current directions and to explore innovative ways to grow the value of the seed sector. The plan is based on five key strategic goals which are essential to CSTA delivering the directions set out by members 1. Open trade 2. Increased investment in innovation 3. Industry-wide voice 4. Efficient regulatory system and 5. Stakeholder and public perception of innovation and agriculture. Defined measures of success which set out specific results and deadlines of when they are expected to be achieved will indicate how the organization is keeping on track. Feedback Key in Planning CSTA surveyed its 125 member companies to learn their on the ground opinions to better understand the challenges and opportunities they see for CSTA. Overall more than 90 per cent of respondents to the survey found the current strategic directions to be very important or somewhat important to their work. CSTA was also found to be very effective or effective in achieving its goals but more can be done to raise stakeholder and public perception of innovation and agriculture. As a result of this feedback the 2016 strategic plan focuses additional resources on this objective. The board of directors has also made a commitment to increase communication with members about the strategic plan. Watch this column and Trade Winds Weekly for updates as the strategic plan is brought to life. Moving Forward CSTAs staff and members are actively delivering the plan. They will regularly report their progress against performance measures such as Increased engagement with governments on an efficient regulatory system Harmonized seed and intellectual property protection policies through active involvement with the International Seed Federation and Seed Association of the Americas Continued outreach and education across the value chain on Plant Breeders Rights and other priorities and Ongoing collaboration with stakeholders to position Canada as favourable for investment in seed innovation. These activities combined with ongoing strategic planning strong leadership from the board of directors and actively engaged members will succeed in positioning CSTA as the primary voice for the seed industry fulfilling its mission to foster seed industry inovation and trade. CSTA members can read the strategic plan behind the member login at or contact Crosby Devitt executive director at to learn more. Strategic planning is the key to positioning CSTA for today and for the future. MARCHAPRIL 2016 37 A ROADMAP FOR THE FUTURE AS THE SEED INDUSTRY in Canada continues to develop and mature the seed regulatory system that supports it will need to continue to evolve with it. In this context as government transfers more responsibility to industry for the management of the seed regulatory system its decisions must be guided by a clear and shared vision of desired future outcomes. By most accounts this vision needs at a minimum to be refreshed and the implementation of any resultant changes the product of a more clearly defined public-private partnership. Recognizing this the Canadian Seed Growers Associations Board of Directors approved an ambitious Action Plan at their last face-to-face meeting in November 2015. Although still in its early stages the implementation of the plan has built momentum on multiple fronts most notably in advancing dialogue with government within CSGA and its provincial branches and with its seed industry partners. Discussions with the latter group are particularly noteworthy and of late have taken the form of a commitment by the Canadian Seed Growers Association the Canadian Seed Trade Association the Canadian Seed Institute the Commercial Seed Analysts Association of Canada the Canadian Plant Technology Agency and CropLife Canada to work together on a joint Seed Synergy project currently being fleshed out by the leadership of the six organizations with the assistance of a facilitating consultant. To date the parties have agreed on the need to be ready if and when the government decides to move forward with a review of the seed regulatory system and by extension with changes to it. In the past these types of exercises have often been long drawn out affairs often spanning years and sometimes decades. While there is no guarantee that past patterns will not repeat there are signs that this time could be different. To begin with there is growing concern that the critical mass of expertise available to operate the seed regulatory system has been reduced to a point where the system in its current form may not be sustainable without a re-design. There is also agreement among seed industry partners on many of the key questions that need to be asked in relation to such a re-design including 1 what should the purpose of the seed regulatory system be 2 what type of next generation system is best suited to fulfill that purpose 3 what should the respective roles of industry and government be in any future system and 4 what institutional arrangements will be required to support it. In addition there is growing awareness that nothing we do as an industry occurs in a vacuum. We cannot take our social license for granted and we need a plan that will allow us to meet future challenges together. The Seed Synergy project is clearly a positive step in this direction. In order for CSGA to continue to be a full partner in this project we will need to develop an even better understanding than we have now of what our members views are on the key regulatory and other issues facing the industry. With the expectation that a detailed Seed Synergy project plan will be agreed upon by early summer work is underway to ensure that CSGAs seven branches and more than 3500 active members can be kept aware of progress and engaged on key issues throughout the Fall and Winter of 2016-2017 as the initial vision of a potential next generation system is expected to take form. Key among this work is the planned launch of consultations on CSGAs next strategic plan which will take place at the July 2016 summer meetings in Clear Lake Manitoba. These are exciting times for the CSGA and for the seed industry as a whole. We look forward to the engagement and discussion to come and ultimately to building the broad consensus required to ensure a bright future for all. CSGA The Seed Synergy project looks to help the Canadian seed and agri-food sectors evolve with the times and thrive while doing it. 38 INVASIVE PLANTS ARE plant species that can be harm- ful when introduced into new areas. These species can invade agricultural and natural areas causing serious damage to Canadas economy and environment. Invasive plants in crops and pastures cost an estimated 2.2 billion each year by reducing crop yields and quality and increasing costs of weed control and harvesting. As Canadas national plant protection organization the Canadian Food Inspection Agency CFIA regulates the import sale and movement of plants into and within Canada monitors imports to prevent entry of invasive plants and conducts surveillance to determine if an invasive plant is here or to confirm that an area is free of a specific invasive plant. The invasive plants regu- lated under the Plant Protection Act are included in the list of Pests Regulated by Canada. The invasive plants regulated under the Seeds Act are listed in the Weed Seeds Order 2005. The following information has been obtained from CFIA at www.inspection.gc.cainvasive. Devils-Tail Tearthumb Periscaria perfoliata L. H. Gross Devils-tail tearthumb is an invasive vine that forms tan- gled mats over other vegetation. It out-competes native plants impoverishes wildlife habitat restricts wildlife movement and reduces the aesthetic value of proper- ties. It was previously detected in British Columbia but did not persist there. Native to eastern Asia it is now highly invasive in the north-eastern United States. Habitats include riverbanks and a wide variety of disturbed areas including road- sides hedges fields pastures and forest edges early forests plantations gardens and parks. Devils-tail tearthumb is a sprawling annual or perennial vine with thin prickly stems. It has small white or pink flowers that give rise to metallic blue berries. Distinctive are its triangular leaves and cup-shaped ocreae leafy sheaths surrounding its flowers and nodes. Backward- curved barbs are present on stems and leaves. Devils-tail tearthumb reproduces by seed but is known for its remarkably rapid vegetative growth. People may unintentionally transport devils-tail tearthumb with nurs- ery stock. The seeds may be transported in root balls INVASIVE PLANTS IN CANADA CSAAC or the vines may be wound around stems. The seeds are transported in association with ornamental seed hay mulch vehicles equipment clothing and baggage. Natural means of dispersal include water ants birds small animals and deer. Similar species Halberdleaf tearthumb is found in eastern Canada and the United States in swampy areas. What you can do about it First avoid planting inva- sive plants in your garden. Use clean high-quality seed. Declare all plants and related products when returning to Canada. Contact your local CFIA office if you sus- pect you have found this invasive plant. The CFIA will follow up and determine if further action is needed. The distinctive spear-shaped leaves metallic blue berries and barbed vines of Devils-tail tearthumb make it easy to identify. PhotoTodd Mervosh Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. Photo L.J. Mehrho University of Connecticut CSAACs Annual 500 Post-Secondary Student Grant Do you know a student enrolled in post-secondary studies in the field of agriculture andor plant sciences at a recognized Canadian institution Visit the CSAAC website to learn more about CSAACs 500.00 post secondary grant and download the application form. Application deadline May 15 2016 For more information call 306.966.1382 Register online at ccde.usask.cacmp or call 306.966.5539 Compliance Management Program CMP for Confined Field Trials Gain knowledge and understanding on how to properly conduct a confined field trial of plants with novel traits in Canada. This flexible and interactive online course allows you to study where and when you want. Ensure you are compliant with Canadian Food Inspection Agency CFIA regulations Compliance Management Program Enrol now. Cost 350.00 GST Investment in this project has been provided by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada through the Canadian Agricultural Adaptation Program CAAP. In Ontario this program is delivered by the Agricultural Adaptation Council. 40 Exploring ideas and views on all aspects of the seed industry. INDIA DRIVES SASKATCHEWANS PULSE EXPORTS Saskatchewans Agriculture Minister Lyle Stewart led a week-long trade mission to India in mid-February to further relations with government officials and help secure exports. This mission will help solidify our trade rela- tionship for established products including crops and potash while also allowing us to have conversations about future imports such as canola flax and oats Stewart said. Face-to-face meetings help Saskatchewan better understand Indias needs identify new areas for collaboration and trade and discuss any barriers. In 2015 Saskatchewan exports to India totalled more than 1.8 billion of which 1.5 billion came from agriculture top exports being lentils peas and potash. According to the Government of Saskatchewan the province relies on international markets to buy goods as only about five per cent of what is produced is consumed locally. With the United Nations declaring 2016 as the International Year of Pulses Saskatchewans presence in India solidifies a larger commit- ment to increase awareness and use of pulses worldwide. BRITISH COLUMBIA RENEWS FOCUS ON AGRICULTURE The provincial government has tabled its fourth consecutive balanced budget which includes new provisions to support the growth and sustainability of agriculture in British Columbia. As part of the budget the B.C. government will invest an additional 3 million during the next three years to help the Agriculture Land Commission proactively monitor and enforce compliance on land located within the Agriculture Land Reserve to keep farmland for farming. The govern- ment will also continue to fund and facilitate rural connectivity to bring high speed internet to rural parts of the province supporting the competitiveness of B.C. farmers and ranchers while helping to improve the safety of workers in remote locations. Additionally the government has allocated 2 million dollars more to B.C.s Buy Local program to facilitate sales of B.C. grown raised and processed agricultural products. Theres also funding for climate change adapta- tion Agriculture in the Classroom and a Farmers Food Tax Credit. INVESTMENT IN AGRICULTURE IS A NO BRAINER says Stan Vander Waal B.C. Agriculture Council chair. Agriculture is a sustainable economic pillar and its regarded by the United Nations as one of the most effective ways to reduce poverty and hunger especially in rural communities. Investment in the resilience of B.C. agriculture is an investment in the health of British Columbians and the long-term success of our provincial economy. 2016 FORECAST TO BE STRONG FOR CANADIAN AGRICULTURE Crop receipts are expected to have increased two per cent to reach 30.7 billion in 2015 and remain virtually unchanged at 30.6 bil- lion in 2016 according to the 2016 Canadian Agricultural Outlook report released by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada in February. Additionally the low Canadian dollar has improved the competitiveness of Canadian agriculture and food products in export markets contributing to higher farm cash receipts. Meanwhile lower crude oil prices are significantly reducing farmers diesel and gasoline expenses. Canadas agriculture and food industry is well positioned for continued success says Lawrence MacAulay Canadas Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food. The Government of Canada will support the continued growth of the sector by working closely with our provincial and territorial partners investing in research and innovation here at home and working to open new markets around the world. The report prepared in con- sultation with provincial governments and Statistics Canada measures the strength of the agriculture sector and its contribution to Canadas economy. MARCHAPRIL 2016 41 REGULATORY ROUNDUP Keeping you informed of legislative and regulatory changes at the provincial national and international levels from lawsuits to approvals to other regulatory issues affecting your business. NATIONAL FARM SOLD PBR-PROTECTED VARIETIES WITHOUT PERMISSION SeCan announces the settlement of a Plant Breeders Rights PBR case between SeCan and Harvey Marcil of Pasqua Farms of Moose Jaw Sask. The settlement relates to unauthorized sales of PBR protected varieties CDC Bethune ax and AC Strongeld durum. While full details of the settlement are not available the parties have agreed to a cash settlement of 150000 and a declaration there will be no additional unauthorized sales. This is the largest individual settlement for SeCan to date the largest prior settlement was 120000 in 2013. HEALTH CANADA WORKS WITH EPA TO INVESTIGATE RISK OF NEONICS ON BEES Health Canada announces it is working jointly with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the California Department of Pesticide Regulation to investigate potential risks to bees from exposure to neonicotinoid insecticides clothianidin imidacloprid and thiamethoxam. In addition Health Canada has already implemented risk mitigation measures to help protect bees from exposure to neonicotinoid-contaminated dust. While other factors may have contributed to the reduction in bee incidents i.e. favourable weather conditions with these measures in place the number of bee incidents dropped by 70 per cent in 2014 and 80 per cent in 2015 compared to 2013 reports the department. CANARY SEED APPROVED FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Canary seed which has been used almost exclusively as birdseed has received novel food approval from Health Canada as well as Generally Recognized as Safe status from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Producer levies paid over the past decade supplemented by various government programs have made food approval possible. Extensive compositional nutritional and toxicological work was required. The approval covers glabrous hairless canary seed varieties with both brown and yellow-coloured seeds. The glabrous varieties currently grown by farmers are brown when the hull is removed. Saskatchewan is the worlds top exporter of canary seed. INTERNATIONAL MORE WORK STILL NEEDED ON EU BIOTECH APPROVALS TIMELINE ASA SAYS The American Soybean Association ASA urges the European Commission to continue its work in addressing delays in the approvals timeline for crops grown with new biotechnology traits saying the delays create a barrier to entry into the market for American soybeans and risk the supply of high quality feed for Europes livestock industry. ASA noted the improvements the current Commission has made and urged the Commission to give nal authorization to new biotech events after they have passed through the EUs long review process. COURT QUASHES EPA ATTEMPT TO VACATE ENLIST DUO LABEL A federal court has denied the U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys motion to vacate the registration of Enlist Duo Dow AgroSciences new herbicide. In a short statement issued by the company Dow AgroSciences says it will continue to work cooperatively with the U.S. EPA concerning Enlist Duo. As a result of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeal decision Dow can continue to market the product and the registration for Enlist Duo remains in place for all labelled uses. EPA approved Enlist Duo in several states over a year ago but last fall led to revoke the registration saying its assessment of the products two active ingredients was incomplete. Enlist Duo combines glyphosate with the herbicide 24-D for use on corn and soybeans. MONSANTO GOES TO COURT TO STOP LISTING OF GLYPHOSATE UNDER CALIFORNIAS PROP 65 Monsanto Company is taking legal action to prevent a listing of the herbicide glyphosate under Californias Proposition 65 which requires the state to maintain a list of chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer. The listing of glyphosate would be awed and baseless because glyphosate does not cause cancer as has been concluded by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency the European Food Safety Authority and pesticide regulators around the world reports Monsanto. The listing would violate the California and U.S. Constitutions because the state would be ceding the basis of its regulatory authority to an unelected and non-transparent foreign body that is not under the oversight or control of any federal or state government entity. EPA REPORT IGNORES NEONIC BENEFITS Bayer responds to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys recent report which says that the pesticide imidacloprid harms honeybees when used on cotton and citrus but not on other crops such as corn. With hundreds of studies conducted and their demonstrated safe use on farmland across the country we know more about the safe use of neonicotinoids to honeybees than any other pesticide Bayers statement says. Neonicotinoids have been widely adopted by growers because of their favourable human and environmental safety prole especially when compared to the older products they replaced. Neonics are critically important to todays integrated pest management programs allowing farmers to manage destructive pests preserve benecial insects and protect against insect resistance. 42 STATUSUS WHAT HAPPENS if genetically modified GM crops were banned from U.S. farm fields A Purdue University study conducted by Wally Tyner James and Lois Ackerman Professor of Agricultural Economics Farzad Taheripour research associate professor of agricultural economics and Harry Mahaffey an agricultural economics graduate student set out to answer this question. The economists gathered data and found that 18 million farmers in 28 countries planted about 181 million hectares of GM crops in 2014 with about 40 per cent of that in the United States. They fed the data into the Purdue developed GTAPBIO model to examine economic consequences of changes to agricultural energy trade and environmental policies. The model shows that if all genetically modified organisms GMOs in the U.S. were to be eliminated corn yields would decline by 11.2 per cent on average soybeans would lose 5.2 per cent of their yields and cotton would drop by 18.6 per cent. Around 102000 hectares of U.S. forest and pasture would have to be converted to cropland and 1.1 million hectares globally for the average case. Greenhouse gas emissions would increase sig- nificantly as more land would be needed for agricultural pro- duction and commodity prices would rise by one to two per cent equivalent to 14 billion to 24 billion per year. With lower crop yields that would result from no GMOs corn prices would increase as much as 28 per cent and soybeans as much as 22 per cent ac- cording to the study. Source Purdue University. STATUSTHE NETHERLANDS SCIENTISTS FROM Wageningen University and Research Centre in the Netherlands Wageningen UR have developed the first method for accurately and simultaneously measuring the photosynthesis of nearly 1500 plants over the course of several weeks. The method can help plant breeders more reliably select plants with an efficient photosynthesis. The scientists published the method which uses a high-tech image analysis robot called the Phenovator designed by Wageningen UR in the scientific magazine Plant Methods. In addition to photosynthesis the robot also measures the growth and movements of plants throughout the day and night. Besides plant breeding research the equipment has major potential for fundamental scientific research into the improvement of photosynthesis in plants. Until now plant breeders could not select plants with increased photosynthesis in a reliable way. While it has been possible for some time to measure photosynthesis in plants the existing techniques are too labour intensive and the measuring results overly dependent on the ambient conditions. The method enables the monitoring of 1440 plants day and night and involves the plants being photographed at various wave lengths of light from deep red to blue several times a day. The extent to which the chloroplasts cellular units that do the actual photosynthesis respond to one specific wave length determines the effectiveness of the photosynthesis at that moment. The images captured at other wave lengths are used to measure the size and colour of all plants. As all 1400 plus plants in the climate space are measured several times a day the scientists can also determine the best moment to select plants with better photosynthesis. Moreover the results are accurate and reliable and reflect the genetic potential of each plant as the ambient conditions can be precisely controlled. The measuring equipment also facilitates new fundamental research into issues such as the heredity of photosynthesis. Because so many plants are monitored it is possible to specifically search for the genes that are relevant to photosynthesis. In addition the Phenovator can be used to study the influence of other processes on photosynthesis A new study shows that a ban of GM crops would be detrimental. Meanwhile researchers have advanced their quest to sequence the genome of bread wheat. MARCHAPRIL 2016 43 such as changes in light intensity temperature or drought and which genes are involved therein. These issues make the equip- ment valuable to research focused on improving the photosynthesis process. There is considerable international interest in this type of research as it is expected that bet- ter photosynthesis can help produce more food on the same amount of land. Source Wageningen UR. STATUSAFRICA A DROUGHT in southern Africa that led to widespread crop failure could nudge African nations to embrace genetically modified GM crops to improve harvests and reduce grain imports. The drought which extends to South Africa the continents biggest maize producer has been exacerbated by an El Nino weather pattern and follows dry spells last year that affected countries from Zimbabwe to Malawi. Aid agency Oxfam has said 10 million people mostly in Africa face hunger because of droughts and poor rains. That has brought GM crops to the forefront especially maize a staple crop grown and consumed in most sub- Saharan countries. Many African countries have banned GM crops arguing that they will cross contaminate other plants pollute the environment and could have long-term health effects for humans. However GMO advocates say the fears are not scientifically proven adding that poor African farmers are likely to benefit most from reduced use of pesticides lower production costs higher yields and high prices for crops. GM crops are one of the al- ternative solutions for reducing hunger on the continent among many others which include good agronomic practices Jonathan Mufandaedza chief executive at National Biotech- nology Authority of Zimbabwe a government agency told Reuters. Source Reuters. STATUS GERMANY CANADA THE INTERNATIONAL Wheat Genome Sequencing ConsortiumIWGSC has announced the production of a whole genome assembly of bread wheat significantly accelerating global research into crop improvement. The project consisted of producing a whole genome assembly of the bread wheat varietyChinese Springbased on Illumina short sequence reads assembled with NRGenes DeNovoMAGICTMsoftware. The collaborative project is coordinated by the IWGSC and co-led by Nils Stein of IPK Gatersleben in Germany Curtis Pozniak of the University of Saskatchewans Crop Development Centre in Canada Andrew Sharpe of the Global Institute for Food Security in Canada and Jesse Poland of Kansas State University in the United States. Project participants also include researchers from Illumina Inc. NRGene in Israel and the United States Tel Aviv University in Israel and the French National Institute for Agricultural Research. Funding for this project was provided by Genome Canada Genome Prairie Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture the Saskatchewan and Alberta Wheat Development Commissions and the Western Grains Research Foundation through the Canadian Triticum Applied Genomics CTAG2project Kansas State University through the U.S. National Science Foundation Plant Genome Research Program and Illumina Inc. The new data will help speed up the delivery of a high quality reference sequence of the bread wheat genome. The new bread wheatde novoshotgun assembly made by NRGene represents a major breakthrough for the IWGSC integrated strategy toward delivering a high quality reference sequence for each of the 21 bread wheat chromosomes Stein says. Kellye Eversole IWGSC executive director welcomes the results. The preliminary results obtained by NRGene are impressive she says. We have been waiting for a number of years to have a high quality whole genome sequence assembly that would complement our chromosome based strategy and accelerate the delivery of the sequence. Thus this assembly comes exactly at the right time because it can be integrated with the IWGSC chromosome specific resources developed over the past 10 years e.g. chromosome shotgun sequences physical maps and physical map-based sequencing to deliver a high quality reference sequence for the wheat genome in less than two years. Pozniak adds This new wheat genome sequence generated by the IWGSC and its partners is an important contribution to understanding the genetic blueprint of one of the worlds most important crops. It will provide wheat re- searchers with an exciting new resource to identify the most influential genes important to wheat adapta- tion stress response pest resistance and improved yield. Source IWGSC. 44 INDUSTRY NEWS Designed for seed professionals Industry News delivers the people industry business and product news you need to know. Submissions are welcome. Email us at INDUSTRY NEWS The Canadian Grain Commissions plan for modernizing Canadas wheat class system will move ahead with the implementation of two new classes and the elimination of three other classes in 2016 as well as variety designation changes in 2018. The new wheat classes Canada Northern Hard Red and Canada Western Special Purpose will take effect Aug. 1. The Canada Western Interim Wheat Canada Western General Purpose and Canada Western Feed wheat classes will be eliminated on that day as well. It wont be until Aug. 1 2018 that 25 varieties of Canada Western Red Spring and four varieties of Canada Prairie Spring Red wheat will move to the Canada Northern Hard Red class. Through a partnership with the Agriculture Development Fund and other producer groups the Western Grains Research Foundation will fund 1.6 million worth of research for 12 crop-related projects. Projects include the screening and management of fusarium head blight in wheat and barley enhancing the durability of clubroot resistance in canola improving faba bean pea and alfalfa varieties investigating optimal inputs for managing ax and quantifying how pulse crop residues contribute to greenhouse gas emissions. University of Saskatchewan researchers have released a draft lentil genome assembly that will help develop new understanding and commercial applications of this ancient crop. The development of genomic tools will allow breeders to track multiple complex traits during their cross-breeding which will help them develop high-quality and high-yielding lentils in a shorter period of time. Improved speed precision and breadth offered by these genomic tools have proven to be complementary to classical eld and phenotype-based breeding practices. A Saskatoon group won the bid to host the 2019 International Wheat Congress a rst-of-its-kind event that will bring together more than 600 wheat scientists to discuss advances in wheat research and the future of wheat in helping avert a global food security crisis by 2050. The successful bid a combined effort of the University of Saskatchewan Genome Prairie Tourism Saskatoon and Ag-West Bio was strongly endorsed by the Saskatchewan and national wheat research community. More than 500 wheat scientists from around the world voted for the Saskatoon venue from the six competing countries. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and the Western Grains Research Foundation WGRF have signed a new ve-year research support agreement for AAFC wheat and barley breeding. Under this renewed partnership WGRF will invest more than 21 million to support AAFCs western wheat and barley breeding programs until 2020. These funds derived from farmer check-offs on wheat and barley sold in Western Canada represent the biggest industry investment in AAFC research. The federal government and three provincial canola grower organizations are jointly funding new agronomic research focused on sustainably and protably increasing canola production in Canada. The investment is being made through Agriculture and Agri-Food Canadas Agri-Science Project under Growing Forward 2. More than 980000 in federal funding is being combined with contributions from the Manitoba Canola Growers Association Saskatchewan Canola Development Commission and the Alberta Canola Producers Commission for a total investment of 1.9 million over ve years. An international consortium of scientists co-led by the University of Saskatchewan has been able to crack the code for understanding the order of about 90 per cent of the highly complex genome of bread wheat the most widely grown cereal in the world. The consortium expects to have the complete picture of the wheat genome puzzle 17 billion base pairs with a clear idea of how the genes are ordered within two years. The wheat genome is ve times the size of the human genome. In partnership with the Canadian Association of Agri-Retailers CAAR the Canadian Seed Growers Association has developed an online program to increase seed retailers ability HAVE YOUR BEST CROP EVER THE CHANCE TO BE ITS BEST WE GIVE A CROP... HAVE YOUR TO BE ITS BEST Use the latest in purity germination vigour 1000 kernel weight and seed health tests combined with the seed knowledge and heart we put into our work. FULLY ACCREDITED SEED LAB NO. 1215 EMPLOYEE OWNED OPERATED 1-866-980-8324 Like us on HAVE YOUR BEST CROP EVER HAVE YOUR Use the latest in germination 1000 kernel weight and combined with the seed knowledge and heart we put into our work. 1-866-980-8324 Like us on MARCHAPRIL 2016 45 to communicate the benets of certied seed to customers. The eLearning tool is designed as a self-administered 20-minute online program with a multiple-choice questionnaire to obtain 0.5 continuing education unit credits. It is important for agri- retailers to understand the benets of the certication system to empower them and allow them to educate customers on their purchasing options and risk management tools for their farm according to CSGA. More information is available at traininginvesting-in-certied-seed. BUSINESS NEWS A joint venture agreement has been signed between Grain Farmers of Ontario and SGS Canada to develop the Ontario Grains Laboratory a full analytical testing facility for cereal crops. The laboratory is expected to be fully operational this spring to conduct a full suite of tests including rheological testing physical dough and bake testing protein levels and more. In its latest earnings statement BASF reports sales in its Agricultural Solutions segment increased in the fourth quarter by ve per cent to 1.2 billion euros due to prices and volumes. Earnings before interest and taxes EBIT prior to special items increased by 21 million euros to 144 million euros due to the Lets Grow Together Seed Grain Testing Soil-Borne Disease Analytics DNA Varietal Purity Seed Crop Inspection more 1-800-952-5407 seed_testing Sherwood Park Winnipeg Grande Prairie ISO 90012008 registered Dealer Enquiries Welcome 1.800.418.94611.800.418.94611.800.418.94611.800.418.94611.800.418.94611.800.418.94611.800.418.94611.800.418.94611.800.418.94611.800.418.94611.800.418.94611.800.418.94611.800.418.94611.800.418.94611.800.418.9461 Looking for reliable equipmentLooking for reliable equipmentLooking for reliable equipmentLooking for reliable equipmentLooking for reliable equipmentLooking for reliable equipmentLooking for reliable equipmentLooking for reliable equipmentLooking for reliable equipmentLooking for reliable equipmentLooking for reliable equipmentLooking for reliable equipment for your agribusinessfor your agribusinessfor your agribusinessfor your agribusiness Check out our extensive line ofCheck out our extensive line ofCheck out our extensive line ofCheck out our extensive line ofCheck out our extensive line ofCheck out our extensive line ofCheck out our extensive line ofCheck out our extensive line ofCheck out our extensive line ofCheck out our extensive line ofCheck out our extensive line ofCheck out our extensive line ofCheck out our extensive line ofCheck out our extensive line ofCheck out our extensive line of Portable Belt Conveyors.Portable Belt Conveyors.Portable Belt Conveyors.Portable Belt Conveyors.Portable Belt Conveyors. Commercial and Standard Seed Tenders.Commercial and Standard Seed Tenders.Commercial and Standard Seed Tenders.Commercial and Standard Seed Tenders.Commercial and Standard Seed Tenders. Our products are produced in North AmericaOur products are produced in North AmericaOur products are produced in North AmericaOur products are produced in North AmericaOur products are produced in North AmericaOur products are produced in North AmericaOur products are produced in North AmericaOur products are produced in North America with North American made components.with North American made components.with North American made components.with North American made components.with North American made components. Contact your local dealerContact your local dealerContact your local dealerContact your local dealerContact your local dealerContact your local dealer ask them about CONVEY-ALLask them about CONVEY-ALLask them about CONVEY-ALLask them about CONVEY-ALLask them about CONVEY-ALLask them about CONVEY-ALLask them about CONVEY-ALLask them about CONVEY-ALLask them about CONVEY-ALLask them about CONVEY-ALLask them about CONVEY-ALLask them about CONVEY-ALLask them about CONVEY-ALLask them about CONVEY-ALLask them about CONVEY-ALLask them about CONVEY-ALL 46 good business with herbicides in North America. Sales in 2015 exceeded the level of 2014 by seven per cent and reached 5.8 billion euros primarily driven by higher sales prices. Throughout 2015 BASF reports continued low prices for agricultural products slowed demand for crop protection products. In emerging markets business development was hindered by the volatile environment and PRODUCT NEWS XiteBio Technologies receives approval for expanded use of XiteBio SoyRhizo in the Canadian market from the Canadian Food Inspection Agency. XiteBio SoyRhizo now offers 64 days of on-seed viability when combined with most major seed treatments. This provides retailers with added exibility when preparing for the upcoming 2016 growing season according to the company. XiteBio SoyRhizo has also been approved for in- furrow use 175 mLac at 30 row spacing enabling producers with multiple methods of application for the inoculant to best t into their agronomic practices. CANTERRA SEEDS announces its CS Camden and CDC Rufan oats have been added to the list of recommended varieties by Grain Millers of Yorkton Sask. Grain Millers has completed the test-run of both and are very satised with the milling performance according to CANTERRA. Additionally CS Camden was added to the recommended list of Richardson International. CS Camden oat was registered in 2014 after being tested within CANTERRA SEEDS internal research program. The high performing oat bred by Lantmannen SW Seed is agronomically superior to others on the market with shorter stature and better lodging resistance. The Maple Glen soybean was selected as the 2015 Seed of the Year at the annual Seed of the Year competition which encourages public breeders to highlight their research accomplishments in developing a new eld crop forage fruit vegetable or herb variety. Maple Glen was developed by Harvey Voldeng and Elroy Cober and released in 1987 as a food grade soybean. More than 1.2 million acres of Maple Glen were sown in a 10- year period following its release. Monsanto Company is ready to commercialize Roundup Ready 2 Xtend soybeans for the 2016 season the next generation dicamba-tolerant technology in soybeans. Field trial results and large-scale farmer demonstration trials have shown depreciation of local currencies. At 1.1 billion euros EBIT before special items almost reached the previous years level. BrettYoung Seeds Limited expands its service capabilities with the addition of warehouse facilities in Clifford Ont. This site allows BrettYoung to better serve the needs of its growing customer base in Ontarios golf and turf markets. 877.667.7421 BATCO FIELD LOADERS. BELT TO LAST. See the FX of change on the Batco 1545 Field Loader. The FX Series is 50 faster than previous models reaching 9000 buhr. The redesigned heavy-duty mover tackles all terrains with ease and the modied hopper keeps grain where it needs to be - on the belt. Contact your Batco dealer for more information. EARN CASH BACK MARCHAPRIL 2016 47 that the Roundup Ready 2 Xtend Crop System is an effective and sustainable weed management tool for tough-to- control and glyphosate-resistant weeds. PEOPLE NEWS The Alberta Seed Growers Association welcomes Kelly Chambers as its new executive director. With more than 30 years experience in the agriculture industry not only in Alberta but across Western Canada Chambers connections and perspective will be a great asset to ASGA and its members. Chambers who holds a Bachelor of Science in agriculture from the University of Saskatchewan comes to ASGA from a recent position as market development and research coordinator at Alberta Barley. Alberta Barleys board of directors re- elects director-at-large Mike Ammeter as chairman and region three director Jason Lenz as vice-chairman. Born and raised in the Sylvan Lake area Ammeter grows barley wheat oats canola and peas with his wife and three children. Lenz lives and farms two miles southwest of Bentley Alta. Both will serve for one year in their respective roles. CANTERRA SEEDS welcomes Lauren Wensley as pedigreed seed territory manager for Saskatchewan. This newly created position will provide additional and continual service to CANTERRA SEEDS seed grower shareholders and retail partners in Saskatchewan. XiteBio adds Shawn Rowson and Ryan Ortman as agricultural sales representatives for Western Canada. Rowson based out of Winnipeg will cover Manitoba and eastern Saskatchewan. Ortman based out of Saskatoon serves as the representative for Saskatchewan and Alberta. Both come to XiteBio from previous roles in the agriculture industry. Former Alberta Agriculture and Forestry researcher Jim Helm is awarded the prestigious American Society of Agronomy Distinguished Service Award. This award is given to highly distinguished individuals who have made a transformational contribution to the agronomy profession. Helm spent more than four decades as head of research at the Field Crop Development Centre located in Lacombe and oversaw the release of 42 cereal cultivars bred specically for conditions in Alberta and Western Canada including 32 barley varieties nine triticale varieties and one winter wheat variety. Marcelo Lu steps into the role of president for BASF Canada. He succeeds Carles Navarro who now heads BASF in Spain and Portugal. In this role Lu leads BASF Canadas leadership team and is responsible for implementing the companys global and regional strategies across the country. He leads the internal business support groups including communications human resources legal nance and market and customer development as well as orchestrates all of BASFs businesses in Canada. The Alberta Seed Growers Association held its annual general meeting honouring several members of the seed industry. Ron DePauw and Bryan Harvey received honorary life awards in recognition of their valuable service to the seed industry in Alberta. The Bill Whitbeck Outstanding Service Award was given to Ward Oatway and Harold Warkentin in recognition of their contribution to pedigreed seed production. During the meeting Tim Macyk Oatway and Renee DeWindt were elected the board of directors. Also Ron Markert was elected for an additional term as a national director. The board reappointed Glenn Logan as president for a one-year term and Oatway for a one-year term as vice-president. 48 Va r i e t y r e g i s t r a t i o n has been a fixture of the Canadian Seeds Regulations since 1923. Its pur- pose then was to verify the iden- tity of a variety and the approve its proposed name the same primary purpose as today. Between 1923 and 2015 vari- ety registration went through numerous changes. The first major change was the intro- duction of a provision whereby the registration of a cereal variety could be refused if found to possess such inferior qualities as to impair its value for commerce. Mandatory merit testing became a feature over the years for all crops subject to variety registration. Beginning about 30 years ago various segments of the seed sector began calling for a more flexible variety registration system suggesting that mandatory merit testing delayed the introduction of new varieties and did not provide robust information about variety performance. Turf grass varieties were the first to be exempt from variety registration while corn and non-oilseed soybeans followed. At the time the Regulations were not flexible and varieties could only be registered if tested for and found to have merit. However in 2009 following consultations over a 10-year period the Seeds Regulations were amended and a flexible variety registration system was implemented. This flexible variety registration system provided for three dif- ferent tiers 1 testing and merit assessment under the authority of an approved recommending committee 2 testing according to procedures developed by an approved rec- ommending committee and 3 basic registration. Despite these changes some stakeholders were still unsatis- fied with the ongoing administrative burden and the inabil- ity to quickly move crop kinds from one tier to another as this required an amendment to the Regulations. In 2013 another consultation on the variety registration system was launched led by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada with support from the Canadian Food Inspection Agency CFIA and the Canadian Grain Commission. It was concluded that variety registration was a valuable tool The Evolution of Variety Registration providing essential information to government and industry but there were still concerns about the administration of the system and the governance of recommending committees. As a result the CFIA develop model operating procedures to guide the recommending committees in developing their operating procedures. The CFIA worked closely with stakeholder organizations to develop the Model Operating Procedures MOPs in 2015 and is in the process of ensur- ing that recommending committees adhere to the guide- lines as soon as possible. The MOPs contain both mandatory elements and guidance. For example the Seeds Regulations specify that a variety registration recommending committee must have operating procedures that ensure its operations are transparent and that varieties are dealt with in a fair and consistent manner. Members of the committee must have the knowledge and expertise required to establish and administer testing pro- tocols and those protocols must be appropriate for the crop kind and based on scientific principles. While the makeup of a recommending committee is not specified by the Regulations the MOPs indicate that it should be a balanced representation reflecting the full value chain of stakeholders for that crop sector. As each recommending committee adapts to the spirit and intent of the MOPs I expect that the system will become more democratic and the diversity of views on what con- stitutes merit will drive further evolution of the system. Recommending committee meetings provide an occasion for crop sector value chain stakeholders to engage for in- depth discussions on technical matters for conversations on goals for the sector and for environmental scanning of challenges and opportunities. We have made good progress but more remains to be done. It will be up to the many volunteers who give their time to the operations of the recommending committees and those interested parties who attend meetings as observers to ensure that the system continues to modernize and move in the right direction. I am confident that it will do so. Michael Scheffel Canadian Food Inspection Agency senior advisor. Scheffel has been with the Seed Program at the CFIA for more than 30 years. Agriculture is our way of life too Meet Justin With a lifetime of experience in ag Justin helps Canadian producers build their dreams. Like everyone on your FCC team Justin knows your industry and hell get to know you. 1-800-387-3232 Justin Vuignier FCC Relationship Manager WHAT A STORY. Times change your farm grows yet Proven Seed is still a strong dependable brand that growers can count on. From our first commercial seed varieties including Delta canola Derby oats Stein barley and Heinrichs alfalfa to our new high-performing genetics in canola cereals and forages thank you for 25 years of growing and succeeding alongside Proven Seed in Western Canada. Proven Seed is a registered trademark of Crop Production Services Canada Inc. CPS CROP PRODUCTION SERVICES and Design is a registered trademark of Crop Production Services Inc. STILL PROVEN 25 years